• Title, Summary, Keyword: 감수성

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Statistical Analysis of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tested on Various Clinical Isolates of Bacteria (임상검체에서 분리된 세균의 항생제 감수성에 관한 통계적 고찰)

  • Bae, Eun-Kyung;Jeon, Chang-Ho;Hong, Seok-Il;Kim, Chung-Sook
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 1986
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility of the bacterial strains isolated from clinical specimens during the period from June, 1983 to June, 1986 in Yeungnam Medical Center was studied and the following results were obtained. 1. Staphylococcus aureus was highly susceptible to cephalothin and its susceptibility to methicillin was gradually reduced. 2. Streptococcus strains except enterococcus were generally susceptible to penicillin, while most enterococci were suscesceptible to only ampicillin. 3. Gram-negative rods including Escherichia coli were highly susceptible to amikacin and tobramycin. 4. Serratia were generally less susceptible to the amtimicrobials tested than other Enterobacteriaceae. Among them, Serratia marcescens showed the highest susceptibility to amikacin and chloramphenicol. 5. Pseudomonas aeruginosa revealed the highest susceptibility to amikacin and tobramycin and moderate susceptibility to carbenicillin and gentamycin. 6. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus revealed low susceptibility to most antimicrobials tested, showing only 30% susceptibility to amikacin, tobramycin and gentamycin in 1986.

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Study on the Hot Crack Susceptibility of $CO_2$ Laser Welded Al-Mg Alloys (Al-Mg 합금 $CO_2$ 레이저 용접시 고온 균열 감수성에 관한 연구)

  • 윤종원
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 2000
  • 자기 구속 균열 시험법인 Tapered 시편 균열 시험법을 이용하여 Al-Mg 합금의 CW $CO_2$ 레이저 용접시 Mg 함량 변화에 따른 고온균열감수성 변화를 조사하였다. Mg 함량 1.9wt.%에서 최대균열감수성을 나타내고 있으며 이보다 Mg 함량이 증가하거나 감소하면 고온균열 감수성이 감소한다. 용접금속 결정립 크기 또한 고온균열감수성과 관련이 있으며 Mg 함량이 증가할수록 결정립이 미세화되며, 1.9wt.%Mg 이상에서 결정립이 미세화될수륵 고온균열 감수성 이 감소한다.

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The Results of the ATP Based Chemotherapy Response Assay in Gastric Cancer Tissues (ATP-CRA 방법을 이용한 위암조직의 항암제 감수성 검사결과)

  • Lee, Je-Hyung
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.160-166
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Recently, chemosensitivity tests have become widely used for the selection of effective drugs in gastric cancer patients. In this study, a chemosensitivity test was performed to select agents to increase the effectiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: Chemosensitivity testing was performed in 81 gastric cancer patients that received a gastrectomy at the Yeungnam University Hospital. An ATP (adenosine triphosphate) based chemotherapy response assay was used. Clinicopatholgical factors such as sex, age, expression of tumor markers (CEA and CA19-9 levels), location of the tumor, morphology of advanced cancer, histological type, cell differentiation, depth of invasion, Lauren classification, Ming classification, lymphatic invasion, vascular invasion, neural invasion, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage were used to correlate the chemosensitivity and clinicopathological factors. Results: The most effective antitumor agents in gastric cancer patients were (in order of effectiveness) 5-FU, Epirubicin, lrinotecan and Oxaliplatin in our series. The chemosensitivity test showed a significant difference in susceptibility according to clinicopathological factors. Conclusion: Further studies on multidrug therapy are needed to evaluate synergistic effects of drugs. Therefore, for effective chemotherapy, it is more efficacious to select a chemosensitive drug than continue to use the same drug regimen.

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Relationship Between Susceptibility to Pythium Seedling Blight and Pea Seed Exudates (완두종자분필물과 Pythium에 의한 묘립고병에 대한 감수성과의 관계)

  • Ohh Seung Hwan
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.193-197
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    • 1977
  • Seeds of pea cultivars susceptible to damping-off caused by Pythium ultimum produced sugars intheir exudates in half the time required for resistant cultivars. Also, the amount of reducing sugars was much greater in seed exudates of susceptible than resistant cultivars. Raffinose, melibiose, sucrose, glucose, and fructose (but not maltose, xylose or ribose) were identified in both resistant and susceptible cultivars; however, more glucose and sucrose were detected in seeds from susceptible than from resistant cultivars. Pythium ultimum grew more profusely around seeds from, and in exudates of, susceptible than resistant cultivars.

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Instability of Dichlofluanid Resistance in Dichlofluanid-Resistant Botrytis cinerea Isolates and Comparison of Their Competitive Ability with Dichlofluanid-Sensitive Isolates (Dichlofluanid 저항성 잿빛곰팡이병균(Botrytis cinerea)의 저항성 불안정 및 감수성균과의 경합 능력 비교)

  • 김병섭;박은우;임태헌;조광연
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.415-421
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    • 1996
  • 대전, 공주, 논산, 부여와 김해 등에서 병든 딸기, 토마토, 오이에서 총 992균주의 잿빛곰팡이병균을 분리하여 이들 균주로부터 dichlofluanid 저항성 5균주, 감수성 5균주를 임의로 선발하였다. 분리된 균의 dichlofluanid 저항성을 조사한 결과 105균주(10.6%)가 저항성이었다. 저항성균 균사의 최소 억제 농도(minimum inhibitory concentration)는 100~500$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml 이상이었으나 감수성균은 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml 미만이었다. Dichlofluanid 저항성의 안정성 조사를 위하여 35$^{\circ}C$고온 처리 및 계대 배양할 때 조사된 저항성 5균주 중 3균주는 저항성이 감소하거나 상실되었다. 저온 저장 및 온실에 장기 보관할 때는 조사된 저항성 균주 모두가 저항성이 감소하거나 완전히 상실되는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 이 약제에 대한 저항성이 불안정하다는 것을 나타낸다. 오이에 감수성균 및 저항성균을 혼합 접종한 후 재분리할 때 시간이 지날수록 감수성균이 더 많이 분리되어 저항성균의 경합 능력이 감수성 균주에 비하여 열등하였다.

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The in vitro Drug Resistance of Escherichia coli Isolated from Piglets, Calve, Lamb and Goats with Diarrhoea (대장균 설사중에 이환된 소, 돼지, 양에서 분리한 대장균의 약제감수성)

  • Kim, Bong Hwan;Rhee, Jai Chin;Kim, Dong Sung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 1979
  • 대장균 설사중에 걸린 어린 돼지, 송아지, 어린 양에서 분리한 대장균 126주의 항생제와 화학요법제(15종)에 대한 감수성을 disc diffusion technique로 조사한 성적은 다음과 같다. 1. 어린 돼지에서 분리한 62주의 대장균은 gentamicin(GM)에 100%, colistin(CL)에 96.8%, kanamycin(KM)에 93.5%, neomycin(NM)에는 91.9%가 감수성을 가지고 있었으나 ampicillin(AM), erythromycin(EM), lincomycin (LM), novobiocin (NB), penicillin (PC), streptomycin(SM), tetracycline(TC), sulfaisodimidin(SU)에는 내성을 가지고 있었다. chloramphenicol(CP), sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim(SXT), cephalosporin(CE)에는 각각 75.8%, 64.5%, 50%가 감수성이 있었다. 2. 송아지에서 분리한 32주의 대장균은 GM에 100%, CL에는 87.5%, SXT에는 66.7%가 감수성이 있었으나 CP와 KM에는 각각 40.6%, SU에는 56.2% NM에는 62.5%, SM에는 87.5%가 내성을 가지고 있었다. EM, LM, NB, PC에는 전혀 감수성이 없었으며 AM, SM, TC에도 고도의 내성을 가지고 있었다. 3. 어린 양에서 분리한 32주의 대장균은 GM과CL에 100%, CP에 96.9%, KM과 NM에 90.6%가 감수성이 있었다. SM과 SU에도 71.9%나 감수성이 있었으나 CM, EM, LM, PC, TC에는 대부분 내성을 가지고 있었다. AM에는 21.9%가 감수성이 있었다. 4. 2종류 이상의 약제에 내성을 가진 대장균의 AM, CE, CP, CL, GM, KM, NM. SM, TC, SU등 10종의 약제에 대한 multiple drug resistance pattern(MDRP)을 조사한 바 돼지 유래 약제내성 대장균의 MDRP는 18가지였으며 이중 가장 빈도가 높은 것은 AM, CE, SM, TC, SU 내성형으로 전체의 24.2%나 되었다. 송아지 유래 약제내성 대장균의 MDRP는 17가지였으며, AM, CE, CP, KM, NM, SM, TC, SU 내성형이 28.1%로 가장 빈도가 높았다. 반면에 어린 양에서 분리한 대장균의 MDRP는 9가지였으며 AM, CE, SU의 3약제 내성형이 40.6%로 가장 많았다.

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Susceptibility of Saccharomyces cerevisiae D-71 and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii SR-S to Zymolyase-20T (Zymolyase-20T에 대한 Saccharomyces cerevisiae D-71과 Zygosaccharomyces rouxii SR-S의 감수성)

  • 정창기;김찬조;이종수
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.136-141
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    • 1988
  • Susceptibility of a thermophilic strain (D-71) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and an osmotolerant strain (SR-S) of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii to Zymolyase-20T were studied in various renditions. Content of glucan and mannan in cell wall of Saocharomyces cerevisiae D-71 were 14.5% and 14.8%, and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii SR-S were 24.0% and 19.0%, respectively. Susceptibility of Saccharomyces cerevisiae D-71 cultured in Wickerham synthetic medium containing 0.5% of methionine and 0.1% of glucose to Zymolyase-20T was 66%, and $K_2$HPO$_4$ and aminobenzoic acid were greatly effective to susceptibility. Susceptibility of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii SR-S cultured in Wickerhnin synthetic medium containing 0.5% of peptone, 0.15% of methionine and 0.l% of glucose to Zymolyase-20T was 80%, and KI and pyridoxine were greatly effective to susceptibility. Susceptibility of Saccharomyces cerevisiae D-71 stationary cultured in YMPG medium at $25^{\circ}C$ for 12 hours was 16o1e and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii SR-S stationary cultured in YMPG medium at $25^{\circ}C$ for 30 hours was 82%.

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Keratinocyte모델에서 발암성 이환방향족아민의 종(species)간 독성 감수성

  • Jeon, Hyang-Suk
    • Bulletin of Food Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.26-38
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    • 1999
  • 조리가공 중 생성되는 주요 발암성 이환방향족아민(heterocyclic aromatic amine)인 Trp-P-1 및 Trp-P-2가 human 및 rat keratinocytes에 대해 나타내는 세포 독성을 colony expansion법의 의해 조사, 비교하였다. 특히 Trp-P-2는 human keratinocytes에 대해서는 독성을 나타내지 않은데 반해 rat keratinocytes(계대수 2-5)에 대해서는 독성을 나타내는 선택성을 나타내었다. 이러한 Trp-P-2의 종(species)간 독성감수성 차이가 대사 효소계 활성이나 mutagenic activation상의 차이에 기인되는지를 살펴본 결과, CYP4501As 및 독성감수성 차이가 크게 나타났던 human 및 rat keratinocytes의 microsome에서 거의 같았다. 이와 같은 결과는 CYP4501A1 및 CYP1B1의 mRNA의 발현정도를 northernblot에 의해 살펴보았던 결과에서도 일치하였다. 반면 Trp-P-2의 대사활성화 및 해독화에 관여하는 효소인 N.O-acetyltransferase(NAT)활성은 rat keratinocytes보다 human keratinocytes에서 높았다. 일반적으로 독성물질의 해독화에 관여하는 glutathione S-transferase(GST) 또한 rat keratinocytes보다 human keratinocytes에서 높게 나타났다. Trp-P-2가 mutagenic metabolite로 활성화되는 정도를 salmonella microsome microsuspension assay로 살펴본 결과, 독성 감수성 차이가 크게 나타났던 human 및 rat keratinocytes간의 활성은 비슷한 것으로 나타났다. DNA 및 단백질 adduct형성능의 경우, human 및 rat keratinocytes간 DNA adduct형성능에는 차이가 없었고, 단백질 adduct형성능의 경우만 Trp-P-2에 대한 독성감수성 정도가 컸던 rat keratinocytes가 다른 세포들에 비해 크게 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합해 볼 때, CYP1A- 또는 CYP1B1-관련 마이크로솜 효소활성이나 mutagenic activation은 human 및 rat keratinocytes간에 나타났던 독성 감수성의 차이를 설명할 수 없으며, 해독화에 관여하는 효소활성이 종간 관찰되었던 독성 감수성의 차이에 더 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 보인다.

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Different Physiological Activity of Selected Rice Cultivars to Diphenylether Herbicide, Oxyfluorfen - II. Different Anatomical and Ultrastructural Responses (Oxyfluorfen에 대한 내성(耐性) 및 감수성(感受性) 벼품종(品種)의 생리활성(生理活性) 기구(機構) - II. 잎 표면(表面), 해부(解剖) 및 미세구조(微細構造) 반응(反應))

  • Kuk, Y.I.;Guh, J.O.;Pyon, J.Y.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.54-63
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to investigate the anatomical and ultrastructural responses of the oxyfluorfen-tolerant and -susceptible rice cultivars with barnyardgrass, a typical susceptible weed by oxyfluorfen and the herbicides having similar mode of action treatment. After the treatment of $10^{-5}M$ oxyfluorfen, the tolerant rice cultivars no showed the structural damage of leaf surface, but the susceptible rice cultivate was damaged in the wax and the susceptible barnyardgrass was even destroyed in the tissue irregularly. Also in the susceptible rice cultivars and barnyardgrass the thickness of leaf blade was greatly decreased. The anatomical change was not observed in the tolerant rice cultivars but epidermal cells, mesophyll cells and bundle sheath cells were badly broken in the susceptible rice cultivars and barnyardgrass and especially after 24 hours of the treatment the structure of susceptible rice cultivars was completely disintegrated. The irregularity of chloroplast shape and the distortion of chloroplast envelope were generally observed and the starch tended to decrease by oxyfluorfen treatment regardless of rice cultivars. Such a structural damage were appeared more badly in the susceptible rice cultivars and bamyardgrass than in the tolerant rice cultivars. By the treatment of diphenyl ether herbicides, the thickness of leaf blade greatly reduced in the order of oxyfluorfen > acifluorfen > bifenox > oxadiazon, and the susceptible rice cultivars showed more reduction than the tolerant rice cultivars. Especially, the susceptible rice cultivars showed that the leaf structure was badly broken down with damage epidermal cells and bundle sheath cells.

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Effects of $NH_4-N,\;NO_3-N$ and Urea-N on the Growth of Soybean Plants Different in Phosphorus Sensitivity (인산감수성(燐酸感受性)이 다른 대두(大豆)의 생육(生育)에 대(對)한 암모늄태(態) 초산태(硝酸態) 및 요소태질소(尿素態窒素)의 영향(影響))

  • Park, Hoon;Stutte, Charles A.
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.118-127
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    • 1973
  • Effects of nitrogen sources oi phosphorus sensitivity in soybeans were investigated using three nitrogen source ($NH_4-N,\;NO_3-N$ and urea) and six cultivars (Lee, Hill, R56-49, Harosoy, Clark-63 and Chippewa), differing in phosphorus sensitivity. Growth inhibition with ammonium or urea medium increased with phosphorus sensitivity indicating that the phosphorus sensitive cultivars are also sentitive to ammonium. The sensitive Clark-63 was inhibited two folds more than the tolerant Lee in ammonium medium. These results strongly suggest that phosphorus sensitivity is closely linked to nitrogen metabolism and ammonium toxicity. Nitrogen sources gave special morphorogical growth patterns (short internode-many branchs in $NO_3-N$, long internode-no branches in $NH_4-N$ and a low top to root ratio in urea) by affecting differently the growth of plant organs.

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