• Title, Summary, Keyword: 개방성

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The effect of Forms of Openness and the Appropriation Mechanisms on Product Innovation (개방성의 형태와 전유성 메커니즘이 제품혁신에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Seohwa;Huh, Moon-Goo
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.53-80
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    • 2020
  • Recent studies focus on how open innovation strategies affect innovation in enterprises, but lack research related to the forms of openness. There is also a paradox that an entity should open up for open innovation but also protect its innovation. In this regard, the need for research on innovation protection has expanded. Therefore, this study looked at the effect of the form of openness on product innovation, and explored how the relationship between the form of openness and product innovation depends on the appropriation mechanisms. This study used data from the Korean Innovation Survey(KIS), which was developed and distributed by the OECD. The main findings of this study are summarized as follows. First, the forms of openness has a positive effect on product innovation. Specifically, external search has had a positive impact on exploitative innovation, and collaboration has shown to have a positive impact on exploratory innovation. Second, the appropriation mechanisms has a positive moderating effect on the relationship between the forms of openness and product innovation. Specifically, it was shown that formal appropriation mechanisms had a positive effect on the relationship between external search and product innovation, and that informal appropriation mechanisms had a positive effect on the relationship between collaboration and exploratory innovation. This study is expected to contribute to: First, this study has divided the forms of openness into external search and collaboration, unlike the existing method, and thus identified the type of product innovation and the appropriation mechanisms and forms of openness by identifying the impact on product innovation. Second, depending on the characteristics of the appropriation mechanisms, it was identified that it had the moderating effect on the forms of openness and the relationship of product innovation, so that depending on the type of openness and the type of product innovation, the type of appropriation mechanisms more suitable was identified.

A study on new measures of open innovation and comparison of openness between Korea and Japan firms (개방형 혁신 지표 개발 및 한국과 일본 기업의 개방형 혁신 비교연구)

  • Kim, Changone;Lee, Heesang;Yoo, Jaeyoung;Son, Jong-Ku;Park, Sun Young
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.199-228
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    • 2012
  • While there are increasing requests for open innovation, prior studies have focused mainly on the utilizing the external sources. This study suggests to broaden the way of measuring openness to include the innovation management factors and output besides of utilizing the external sources. Additionally, the new measures will compare the status of openness in small and medium enterprises between Korea and Japan. There is greater differences in openness between SMEs and big firms in Japan than ones in Korea. Although SMEs in Japan utilize the external knowledge sources more actively than ones in Korea, they show less openness from the perspective of managerial factors such as metric for open innovation, collaboration system, investment for collaboration, and performance.

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Purpose and Impact of FCC's Open Internet Rule Making (FCC의 망중립성 고시 제정 의의와 영향)

  • Byun, J.H.;Cho, E.J.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.84-99
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    • 2011
  • FCC는 2010년 12월 21일 인터넷의 개방성 유지를 위한 고시(Order)를 발표하였다. 2005년에 FCC가 망중립성 4원칙을 발표한 이래 5년에 걸친 노력 끝에 최종적으로 법적 효력을 갖는 고시 제정에 이르게 된 것이다. FCC는 인터넷의 개방성 확보가 소비자 선택권, 표현의 자유 및 이용자의 통제권 보장에 필수적이며, 경쟁 촉진 및 자유로운 혁신 환경 조성을 가능케 하는 원동력이라 판단하고 있다. 본 고에서는 FCC의 인터넷 개방성 유지를 위한 고시 제정 배경, 고시에 포함된 주요 규칙(Rules)의 세부 내용과 의의, 고시 제정에 따른 영향 및 향후 전망 등을 제시하고자 한다.

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대학 행정조직 및 운영의 개방성

  • Pyo, Si-Yeol
    • 대학교육
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    • pp.82-91
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    • 1994
  • 최근의 한국사회는 모든 분야에 있어 개혁을 추진하고 있다. 이러한 개혁은 문민정부라는 국내 정치변화도 한 요인이지만, 지구촌 시대로 들어서는 국제적 환경 변화도 큰 요인이다. 이제 교육 분야, 특히 대학은 외부세계와 단절되어 오직 진리만 추구하던 '상아탑'적 전통에만 안주할 수 없게 되었다. 대학도 환경의 변화에 능동적으로 대처하여 조직 체계와 그 운영에 있어 개방성을 추진하여야 한다. 대학의 최고 정책 결정기구인 대학이사회의 구성과 기능 그리고 집행기관인 총장의 선출과정 및 리더십에 대해 개방성이 강조되고, 행정의 운영에 구성원의 참여와 공개가 보장되는 것은 대학행정의 민주성을 확립하는 필수적 요소이다.

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The Effects of Family Related Multicltural Education Activities on Young Children's and Their Mother's Multicltural Awareness (가정연계 다문화 교육 활동이 유아와 어머니의 다문화 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Young-Ja
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.315-318
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문에서는 유아를 위한 가정연계 다문화 교육활동을 계획하고 적용함으로써 유아와 어머니의 다문화 인식에 미치는 영향에 대해 알아보는 것에 목적을 두고 있다. 분석 결과 첫째, 가정연계 다문화 교육활동이 유아의 다문화 인식 전체와 하위 요인인 문화 개방성, 문화 수용성, 문화 존중성에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째 가정연계 다문화 교육활동은 어머니의 다문화 인식 전체와 하위 요소인 문화 수용성, 문화 존중성에 긍정적인 영향을 미쳤고, 문화 개방성에는 영향을 미치지 않았다. 셋째, 가정연계 다문화 교육활동에 참여한 유아들의 다양한 표현 결과물과 교사 관찰일지, 교사저널 등을 분석한 결과 유아들의 다문화 관련 인식에 긍정적인 변화가 있었으며, 문화 개방성, 문화수용성, 문화 존중성에도 효과가 있었다. 즉, 가정과 연계한 다문화 교육활동은 유아의 다문화 인식과 어머니의 다문화 인식 중 문화 수용성과 문화 존중성에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다는 것을 알 수 있다.

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유닉스 환경에서의 네트워크

  • Lee, Sang-Hun
    • 정보화사회
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 1995
  • 개방형 시스템의 표준 운영체계인 유닉스는 클라이언트 서버 컴퓨팅 환경의 중심요소로 자리잡고 있다. 유닉스를 근간으로 네트워크를 구축할 경우 다양한 이점이 있다. 개방성, 확장성, 이식성, 상호운용성 등 유닉스가 갖고 있는 특징으로 대변되는 유닉스 환경에서의 네트워크에 대해 살펴본다.

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Effect of Open Floor Plan Design Property on Apartment Price (단위세대의 개방형 평면구성이 아파트가격에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Sang Young;Lee, Sang Youb
    • Korea Real Estate Review
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.17-32
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    • 2017
  • The openness of residential space directly affecting lighting, view, and ventilation leads to the variation of open floor plan type in apartment construction project. This study intends to substantiate the effect to the apartment price by design property of open floor plan based on actual design information of apartment and price. The open floor plan type and associated design property, and actual transaction price of apartment have been considered as variables for analysis by the hedonic price function model and artificial neural networks model. Research findings indicate that the openness affects the price of apartment positively and the three sides open plan is the most preferred with the highest price. This study aims to provide the implication to the developer in planning and design stage of apartment and the purchaser seeking the suitable price by floor plan design.

A Study on Performance Creation through Open Innovation with Corporate Environments (기업의 환경과 개방형 혁신을 통한 성과 창출에 대한 연구)

  • Seo, Yong-Mo;Hyun, Byung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2019
  • This study empirically examines the relationship between the characteristics of a company and its performance through open innovation. It was intended to accept open innovation as a strategic means to overcome various situations in which companies faced and to understand it as a process of generating corporate performance. In various situations, companies must overcome environmental and internal factors. As an environmental factor, the dynamics of the market and the dynamics of technology allow for the adoption of open innovation, which in turn becomes a strategic tool for generating results. In addition, the internal environment of the company should strengthen the organization's capacity considering the characteristics of the company. In order to reinforce entrepreneurial orientation, openness of organizational culture, delegation and R & D capabilities, which are internal characteristics of the company, open innovation has a positive effect on the performance of the company. In overcoming the environment given to the company, open innovation was found to be an important medium for generating various results for the company. For this study, we conducted a structured questionnaire survey on 176 Korean companies. This study suggests that open innovation is strategically accepted and understood as a management strategic philosophy in order to overcome the environment in which a company is faced and generate results.

Influence of Big Five Personality on Self-Regulation Learning and Achievement in Gifted Education (영재교육에 있어 성격 5요인의 자기조절학습 및 학업성취도 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Joo, Youngju;Kim, Dongsim
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to analyze the relationships between Big five personality (openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism), self-regulation learning, and achievement in children in a gifted education program. 95 students in a gifted education program participated in this study. A hypothetical model proposed openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism as independent variables, and self-regulation learning and achievement with gifted education as dependent variables. Stepwise regression analysis indicated that openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness significantly predicted self-regulation learning. Also, neuroticism, selfregulation learning, and extraversion significantly impacted achievement with gifted education. openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness showed that complete mediating effects through self-regulation learning to achievement. A foundation for improving learning strategies in a successful gifted education program can be constructed on the basis of the results of this study.

Cell Opening of High Resilience Polyurethane Foam I. Concentration Effect of Polyether Type Cell Opener (고탄성 폴리우레탄 발포체의 기포개방 I. 폴리에테르형 기포개방제의 농도 영향)

  • 송기천;이상목;이동호
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.679-690
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    • 2001
  • High resilience PU foams were prepared with polyether type cell opener. The influences of cell opener concentration on the kinetics, rheology, structural stability morphology and open cell content of the obtained foam were investigated and the role of cell opener during cell opening was determined. And mechanical properties as a function of cell opener concentration were studied. It was observed that urea formation reaction was delayed due to high hydrophilicity of cell opener The decrease of viscosity and the increase of tan $\delta$ were confirmed with increasing cell opener concentration so that the resulted foam had low structural stability and high open cell content. The deterioration of matrix and uniform dispersion of hydrogen-bonded urea in matrix with cell opener concentration was revealed by SEM analysis. As a result, elastic properties of the foam matrix were decreased due to high hydrophilicity of cell opener during the preparation of high resilience polyurethane foam and foam with high open cell content resulted. Hardness, tensile strength, tear strength, elongation of foam were decreased with increasing cell opener concentration.

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