• Title, Summary, Keyword: 거동계수

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Earthquake Resistant Design of a Steel Framed Structure in Low Seismic Regions Based on the Dynamic Behaviour (동적거동에 기초한 약진지역 철골뼈대구조물의 내진설계)

  • 국승규
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2001
  • 구조물 내진설계의 개념은 기존요구조건이라는 조항으로 시방서에 규정되어 있으며 구조물이 지진발생시에 안전성과 경제성을 최대한 확보할 수 있으며 비선형시간 이력해석을 수행하여 자진시의 동적거동을 기술함으로써 확인할 수 있다. 내진설계에 보편적으로 적용하는 응답스펙트럼해석법은 선형해석법으로 구조물의 비선형동적거동의 영향을 거동계수로 반영하므로 파괴메카니즘 및 기본 요구조건의 만족여부를 거동계수를 구하는 과정으로 결정할 수 있다. 이 연구에서는 내진설계방식에 의해 설계된 약진지역에 의한 화학공장건물의 모델인 3차원 철골뼈대구조물을 선정하고 거동계수를 결정하는 과정을 수행하여 지진시의 동적거동을 확인하였다. 이 연구의 결과, 현 시방서의 응답스펙트럼해석법에 적용되는 거동계수는 강진지역의 구조물의 경우 기능성 및 안정성 한계를 제시하지만 약진지역 구조물의 경우는 실제 동적거동과 무관하다는것과 약진 지역에 위치한 구조물의 내진설계에는 시방서가 제시한 내진설계방식을 적용하는 것이 주요한 사항임을 확인하였다.

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Measurement of Physical Properties of Pepper for Particle Behavior analysis of sorting system for Pepper Harvester (고추수확기용 선별장치의 입자 거동 해석을 위한 고추 물성측정)

  • Byun, Jun Hee;Kim, Su Bin;Kim, Myoung Ho;Kim, Dae Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.9-9
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    • 2017
  • 입자거동해석소프트웨어(EDEM)은 DEM(Discrete Element Method)기법을 이용한 입자 거동 전용 해석툴로 입자 유입량, 위치 등을 조절하여 입자거동과 관련된 제품 개발, 프로세스 최적화를 위한 비용 및 시간 절감에 활용도가 뛰어난 소프트웨어이다. EDEM을 활용하기 위해선 적용대상에 대한 물성치를 적용하여야 한다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 EDEM를 이용하여 현재 연구개발 중인 카드클리너 방식의 고추 선별기의 성능을 분석을 수행하기 위해 고추 물성측정 실험을 수행 하였다. EDEM을 이용한 입자거동해석에 필요한 개인 물성치에는 포아송비, 전단탄성계수, 밀도가 있다. 또한 입자-입자, 입자-Geometry 간의 상호관계를 위한 물성치인 반발계수, 정지마찰계수, 구름마찰계수가 필요하다. 공시 시료인 고추는 광주광역시 남구 승촌동 소재의 개인농가 Plastic 온실로 재배된 '천상'품종을 사용하였다. 푸아송 비와, 전단 탄성계수를 측정하기 위한 인장시험기기로는 만능인장시험기(TA-XT2, Stable Micro, 영국)를 이용하였으며, 인장에 의한 고추의 변형량 축정은 초고속카메라(NX4-SI, IDT, 미국)을 이용하였다. 밀도는 비중병법에 기초하여 질량과 부피를 측정하여 밀도를 계산하였다. 반발계수는 고추의 충돌 실험을 통해 변화한 높이를 이용하여 계산하였고, 충동 실험을 통해 변화한 높이는 초고속카메라를 이용하여 측정하였다. 정지마찰계수와 구름마찰계수는 고추의 미끄러짐이 시작하는 각도와 등속도 운동으로 구르는 각도를 초고속카메라를 이용하여 측정 후 계산하였다. 모든 실험은 3번 반복을 통해 평균값을 시험 결과 값으로 이용하였다. 고추의 대한 물성치 실험결과 고추의 푸아송 비는 0.294(std : 0.2), 전단탄성계수 4.624E+06 Pa, 밀도 $600kg/m^3$로 나타났다. 또한 입자-입자 간의 물성치인 반발계수는 0.383, 정지마찰계수는 0.455, 구름마찰 계수는 0.043로 나타났다. 추후 본 연구에서 측정한 고추의 물성치를 적용한 EDEM 입자거동해석 시뮬레이션을 통해 카드클리너 방식의 고추 선별기의 성능에 대한 분석을 하고자 한다.

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Evaluation of Strength Reduction Factors using Smooth Hysteretic Behavior (완만한 곡선형 이력거동을 이용한 강도감소계수의 평가)

  • Song, Jong-Keol
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2010
  • The actual hysteretic behavior of structural elements and systems is smooth. Smooth hysteretic behavior is more representative of actual behavior than bi-linear or piece-wise linear stiffness degrading models. The strength reduction factor in seismic design is used to reduce the elastic strength demand to design levels. In this study, the effect of smoothness on the strength reduction factor is evaluated for several smooth hysteretic systems subjected to near-fault and far-fault earthquakes. For design purposes, a simple expression of the strength reduction factor considering hysteretic smoothness and earthquake characteristics, represented as near-fault and far-fault earthquakes, is proposed. The strength reduction factors calculated by the proposed simple formulation are more similar to the factors directly obtained from inelastic response spectrum analyses than those calculated by several existing formulas.

Influence of the Random Yield Strength Distribution on the Behaviour Factor of Steel Structures (임의항복강도의 분포가 강구조물의 거동계수에 미치는 영향)

  • Kook, Seung Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 1997
  • In order to check the influence of the randomness in yield strengths on the energy dissipation capacity of steel structures, behaviour factors applied for the "Response Spectrum Method" and their distributions are determined in this study with 7 steel framed models. Also 4 artificial accelerograms simulated with a given spectrum are applied to check the influence of the randomness in seismic action on the behviour factor. To execute numerous time-step calculations for the investigation a time-step analysis method is developed and applied after the reliability estimation to determine the action effects.

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Experimental and Analytical Study of the Dynamic Behavior of a Polyurethane Spring Restoring Disk Bearing (폴리우레탄 스프링 복원형 디스크 받침의 동적거동에 대한 실험 및 해석적 연구)

  • Park, Hyung-Ghee;Lee, You-In;Jung, Dae-Yu
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, the factors affecting the dynamic characteristics of a polyurethane spring restoring disk bearing are analysed to predict the dynamic behavior of the bearing. The prediction results and the test results are compared. The Young's modulus of the polyurethane spring, which varies according to strain of spring and the friction coefficient, of PTFE (PolyTetraFluoroEthylene), which varies according to the velocity and pressure of PTFE, are considered as the factors influencing the dynamic characteristics. W-PTFE virgin products are used and polyurethane springs are produced for the tests. The equation related to changing the friction coefficient and the modulus of elasticity are obtained through an inverse estimation of the test results. The estimation results, considering the factors affecting the dynamic characteristics, simulate the test results more appropriately than the estimation without the consideration of those factors.

Analysis Technique for Chloride Penetration in High Performance Concrete Behavior Considering Time-Dependent Accelerated Chloride Diffusivity (촉진염화물 확산계수의 시간의존성을 고려한 고성능 콘크리트의 염화물 침투 해석기법)

  • Kwon, Seung-Jun;Park, Sun-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2013
  • Recently, accelerated chloride diffusion coefficients are used for an evaluation of chloride behavior. Similar as apparent diffusion coefficients, accelerated diffusion coefficients decrease with time. In this study, decrease in diffusion coefficient with time is simulated with porosity. Utilizing DUCOM-program, porosities from 15 mix proportions are obtained and diffusion coefficients are modelled with regression analysis of porosity for 270 days. Considering non-linear binding capacity which means the relation between free and bound chloride ion, chloride behavior in high performance concrete is evaluated. Through utilizing the previous test results for concrete under chlorides for 180 days, the applicability of the proposed technique is verified. The proposed technique is evaluated to reasonably predict the chloride behavior in concrete with various w/c (water to cement) ratios and mineral admixtures (GGBFS and FA). It is also shown that decrease in chloride diffusion should be considered for chloride prediction in concrete with mineral admixture since it has very clear decrease in diffusivity with time.

Settlement Behavior Characteristics of CFRD in Construction Period - Case of Daegok Dam - (콘크리트 표면 차수벽형 석괴댐의 축조 중 침하거동 특성 - 대곡댐을 중심으로 -)

  • Park Han-Gyu;Kim Yong-Seong;Seo Min-Woo;Lim Heui-Dae
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the deformation behavior of Daegok dam during the construction was analyzed based on the measurement data and a comparative analysis with foreign CFRD measurements was performed. From measuring settlements of Daegok dam with depth, overall behavior was evaluated to be consistent with measured data of other CFRD dams. In addition, construction modulus, void ratio and shape factor were also evaluated to be major factors in predicting the settlement behavior during construction of CFRD-typed dam from measured data of 38 CFRD-typed dams, and the maximum internal settlement is proportional to the void ratio. From the relationship between the maximum internal settlement and the height of a dam, 26 dams were assessed to have its relative modulus ranging between 0.001 and 0.01. In case of general CFRD, the average modulus of maximum internal settlement to the height of a dam is estimated to be 0.005. In case of a low void ratio, the construction modulus was high with its shape factor below 4. On the other hand, in case of a high void ratio, the relative settlement rate was high with its shape factor more than 4.

Improvement in Long-term Behavior Estimation of Prestressed Composite Girders for Various Construction Sequences using Parametric Study (변수해석을 통한 프리스트레스트 합성거더의 시공단계별 장기거동 평가법 개선방안)

  • Bae, Doobyong;Oh, Chang Kook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.369-377
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    • 2013
  • The age-adjusted effective modulus method has been known to provide more precise assessment than the traditional Yassumi method for long-term behavior estimation of prestressed composite girders. The age-adjusted effective modulus method, however, involves complicated calculation, thereby making the Yassumi method more prevalent in actual design. This study presents rational approaches to revise creep coefficients for the Yassumi method by using parametric study results obtained from the age-adjusted effective modulus method.

Stiffness Test of Dowel Bar for fainted Concrete Pavement (콘크리트 포장의 다웰바 전단거동 실험)

  • Yang, Sung-Chul;Choi, Jae-Gon
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2008
  • Shear test procedure for concrete-dowel interaction was proposed along with determination of dowel support reaction factor or shear spring stiffness constant using the spreadsheet example. For this task, three AASHTO-type standard specimens were prepared to simulate behavior of the jointed concrete pavement. A side support system was adopted to minimize twisting of the test specimen which had been observed in a preliminary test. A typical elastic behavior of the dowel-concrete interaction was observed from several test loops of loading, unloading and reloading procedures. However load versus slab displacement represents to be nonlinear. Test results show that the dowel support reaction factor ranges from 550-880 GN/m3, which is 1.4-2.2 times greater than 407GN/m3 proposed by Yoder and Witczak. This is because less torsional distraction was occurred with the help of a side support system adopted in this experiment. The dowel support reaction factor or shear spring stiffness constant obtained from the procedures proposed in this paper may be used as a reference data for the structural analysis of jointed concrete pavement.

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