• Title, Summary, Keyword: 건강관련 요인

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Related Factors to Health Behavior by Patients With Hyperlipidemia Based on Health Belief Model (건강신념모형에 기초한 고지혈증 환자의 건강행태 관련요인)

  • Lee, Eun-Sun;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Moo-Sik;Lee, Jin-Yong;Hong, Jee-Young;Lim, Young-Shil
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.1057-1060
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 건강신념모형의 주요 변수와 고지혈증 환자의 건강행태와의 관계를 파악하여 고지혈증 환자의 건강행태를 촉진하고 더 나아가 만성질환 보건사업 및 교육프로그램을 계획하는데 기초 자료를 제공하고자 시도되었다. 자료는 2009년 07월부터 2010년 9월까지 총콜레스테롤이 240mg/dl 이상이고, 중성지방이 200mg/dl 이상으로 고지혈증을 진단받은 20세 이상의 성인 남녀 146명을 대상으로 구조화된 설문지를 이용하여 조사하였으며, SPSS WIN(14.0 한글판) 프로그램을 이용하여 Chronbach's alpha의 신뢰성 분석, 요인분석, 단변량 및 다변량 분석을 시행하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 본 연구에서는 LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, TG에 대한 인지수준 중 TG에 대한 인지가 가장 높았고, 3가지 모두를 인지한 경우는 28.08%였다. 또한 9가지 항목에 대한 고지혈증 지식수준은 9점 만점에 평균 6.51이었으며, 지식수준이 높을수록 건강행태수준도 높았다. 둘째, 요인분석을 통하여 10개의 건강행태를 2개 요인으로 재분류 하였다. 그 결과, 건강행태 요인 1은 '식이, 운동 습관 및 고지혈증 검사 및 관련 검사요인', 건강행태 요인 2는 '흡연, 음주 습관 및 고지혈증 치료 관련 요인'이었다. 건강행태 요인1에 유의한 관련성이 있는 건강신념변수는 심각성, 이득, 장애로 나타났고, 취약성은 상관 관계가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 각 신념 요인들과 건강행태 간의 상관되는 순서는 이득(r =.455), 심각성 (r=.38), 장애(r=-.244) 순으로 나타나 고지혈증에 대한 이득 인식이 건강행태 요인1과 가장 관련성이 높은 것으로 파악되었다. 그러나, 건강행태 요인2는 건강신념변수와 관련성이 없는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 행동계기에 따른 건강행태의 관계를 살펴보면, 교육을 받았을 때 건강행태 요인1과 요인2에 모두 유의한 차이를 보이는 것으로 나타나, 교육이 고지혈증 환자의 건강행태에 중요한 영향을 미치는 것을 보여 주었다. 넷째, 다중회귀분석 결과 고지혈증 건강행태 요인1에 영향을 미치는 요인 중 유의한 요인으로 인지된 심각성 및 이점 신념요인, 교육여부, 보건소 교육정도 이었다. 건강행태 요인2에서는 성별, 연령, 교육여부가 유의한 영향을 미치는 요인으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합하면 건강신념모형이 고지혈증 건강행태를 예측하는데 적합한 모형이라고 판단 할 수 있으며, 건강행태 요인 특성에 따라 건강신념변수 중 고지혈증 예방에 대한 이득을 높이 인식할 수 있도록 프로그램과 교육목표를 설정하면 보다 효과적인 교육이 될 것이라 생각된다.

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Factors Influencing Health related Quality of Life in Patients with Hypertension : Based on the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (고혈압 환자의 건강관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인: 제5기 국민건강영양조사를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Kyongeun;Cho, Eunhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.399-409
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing health related quality of life(HRQOL) in patients with hypertension. Methods: This study carried out secondary analysis using the data from the $5^{th}$ Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subject samples who were selected are 1,240 hypertension patients. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, traditional classic regression, and quantile regression. Results: Restriction of activity, depressive mood, and subjective health status had only significant effects on HRQOL(p<.001). After quantile regression, depressive mood and subjective health status had only significant at 20%(p<.001), 40%(p<.001), and 60%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Perceived stress(p<.001) and regular exercise(p<.01) had only significant at 20% of HRQOL. Current drinking status had only significant at 20%(p<.001) and 80%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Conclusions: Quantile regression maybe a better statistical tool in understanding the heterogeneous effect of hypertension patient's HRQOL as health outcome. Therefore interventions are needed for patients with hypertension to manage each of the factors affecting the patient's perceived health status by each quantile.

A Comparative Study on Influencing Factors of Health Related Quality of Life of the Elderly in Senior Center by Region : Focus on Urban and Rural Areas (도시와 농촌 경로당 이용 노인의 건강관련 삶의 질 영향요인 비교 연구)

  • Yang, Soon-Ok;Cho, Hae-Ryun;Lee, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.501-510
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare urban-rural differences on influencing factors of health related quality of life(HRQoL) of the elderly in senior center. Methods: The subjects were 902 older adults (571 from urban areas, 331 from rural areas). Data were collected using a questionnaire from 20 July to 31 August, 2011. The SPSS/WIN program was used for data analysis. Results: For older adults of urban areas, the influencing factors of HRQoL were depression, age, subjective health, drinking, number of chronic disease, and smoking. On the other hand, the influencing factors of HRQoL of older adults of rural areas were depression, subjective health, number of chronic disease, and educational level. The significant factors of HRQoL were depression, subjective, and number of chronic disease in both urban and rural areas. Conclusion: Public health nurses should consider urban-rural differences when designing HRQoL enhancing program for the elderly in senior center.

The Factors of Affecting on the Health-related Quality of Life for Young-Old and Old-Old in Women Living Alone (전후기 여성 독거노인의 건강관련 삶의 질 영향 요인)

  • Kim, Hyang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.59-72
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    • 2019
  • This is the study of descriptive research to look into factors which influence the health-related quality of life for young-old and old-old in women living alone. This research was conducted using the primary data from 2017 -Influences on the quality of health-related life based on pain, nutritional risk, loneliness, and cognitive health condition in women living alone- and the secondary analysis which additionally collected from total 85 cases. According to the analyzed result using SPSS/W IN 18. program, the factors of affecting on the health-related quality of life is followed by pain, regular exercise, and social support for young-old women living alone and regular exercise, activities of Daily Living, and pain for old-old women living alone. The explanatory power was 70.6 percent and 69.7 percent respectively. Thus, it is necessary to improve the health-related quality of life by seeking ways to alleviate pain, enhance the system of social support, activate daily exercise, and maintain the ability of routine activities.

Gender Difference in Influencing Factors on Health related Quality of Life among the Elderly in Community (노인의 성별에 따른 건강관련 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.523-535
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the socio-demographic and health factors affecting on the health related quality of life (HRQoL) in elderly by gender. Methods: Data of the study were derived from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2, 2011). The subjects were older adults aged 65 years or more (673 male and 925 female) and the number of the sample was 1,598. The authors analyzed the data with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: For male, the affecting factors on the HRQoL were education level, monthly income, and number of chronic disease. For female, affecting factors on the HRQoL were depression, stress, and age. The activity limitation and subjective health showed statistically significant relationship with the HRQoL for both male and female. Conclusion: Health care providers should consider the gender difference when they plan to design program for the improvement of HRQoL for elderly in community.

The Factors Affecting Health-related Quality of Life in Urban Working Elderly (도시거주 일하는 노인의 건강관련 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Kim, Ji-In
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.385-394
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was identify the factors affecting health related quality of life in urban working elderly. This study used the data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examinations Survey and analyzed the demographic characteristics, work related factors, health related factors and health-related quality of life in living urban and aged 65 and over. Data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS 18.0 program. As a result, there were significant differences according to age, sex, marital status, generation composition, education level, family income, house ownership, allowance, private medical insurance, smoking, alcohol, stress. The affecting factors of health-related quality of life were sex, education level, allowance, private medical insurance. According to the results of this study, the health-related quality of life of the elderly should be improved by considering gender specific characteristics and economic status.

Factors Affecting the Abdominal Obesity by Sex among the Korean Elderly: Focusing on Health and Health Behavior Related Factors (한국 노인의 성별에 따른 복부비만에 영향을 주는 요인: 건강 및 건강행태 관련 요인을 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Hae Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.559-568
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the factors affecting abdominal obesity by sex among the Korean elderly focusing on health and health behavior related factors. The data utilized in this study were derived from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-3) conducted from January to December 2015 by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The subjects of this study were 599 men and 793 women over the age of 65 for whom their waist circumference was known. The data were analyzed by a complex sampling design method applying weights using the SPSS 23.0 program. Korean elderly showed significant differences in demographic factors, health-related factors, and health behaviors according to gender. The abdominal obesity rate of elderly males was 38.3%, while that of elderly females was 50.5%. Among the factors related to health and health behavior, frequency of binge drinking among elderly male and subjective health status of elderly females were significant factors influencing abdominal obesity. Therefore, programs for abdominal obesity management of elderly Koreans should be planned with consideration of differences in health related factors and health behavior and influencing factors by sex.

Factors associated with internet use time among adolescents: focused on convergent implications (청소년의 인터넷 사용시간에 영향을 미치는 요인: 융복합적 함의를 중심으로)

  • Park, So-Youn;Yang, So-Nam
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate effects of socio-demographic, household, social support, health-related factors on adolescent internet use time. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine factors affecting adolescent internet using time, and this study used the 2014 10th Korean Youth Health Risk Behavior On-line Survey data by Centers for Disease and Prevention. Results show that as for socio-demographic factors, being male, lower economic status, being middle school student, and having poor academic grade were; as for household factors, youth-led, one-parent, grandparent(s), multicultural, and North Korean defectors family were; as for social support factors, the absence of family support, the absence of friend support and the absence teacher support were; and as for health-related factors, less exercise, higher level of stress, and lower level of subjective happiness were associated with increased internet using time. Based on these results, convergent implications about effective intervention strategies that adolescents can use internet appropriately were discussed in the section of conclusion.

Comparable Influencing Factors for Quality of Health-Life in Osteoarthritis Patients in Urban and Rural Areas (도시와 농촌의 골관절염 환자의 건강관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 융합적 요인 비교)

  • Song, Hye Young;Park, Min Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.311-323
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to compare factors influencing the quality of life of osteoarthritis patients in urban and rural areas. The data were derived from the sixth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey in 2014 and analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 21.0 software package considering complex samples analysis. The subjects of study were 599 adults with osteoarthritis over 50 years. The results of the study show that the factors affecting the urban patients' quality of life are healthcare coverage types, knee joint pain, knee ankylosis, hip joint pain, low back pain, limited activities, and subjective health status. The rural patients' quality of life are influenced by knee joint pain, limited activities, and alcohol consumptions. Therefore, the government should create differentiating strategies and approaches, including community rehabilitation programs, to improve the quality of life of urban and rural patients with osteoarthritis.