• Title, Summary, Keyword: 건조수축

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Shrinkage Stress Analysis of Concrete Slab with Shrinkage Strip in Multi-Story Building (수축대를 사용한 고층건물 콘크리트 슬래브의 건조수축응력 해석)

  • 김한수;조석희
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.726-733
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    • 2002
  • Shrinkage strip or separation strip is a temporary joint that is left open for a certain time during construction to allow a significant part of the shrinkage to take place without inducing stress. A shrinkage stress analysis method of shrinkage strip in concrete slab of multi-story building considering the relaxation effect of creep and construction sequence is proposed. The analysis results of 10-story example building show that the effect of shrinkage strip can be analyzed easily by the proposed method. And shrinkage strip installed in a particular floor makes the stress of that floor reduced and the stress of the other floors increased a little. The rate and amount of stress reduced with closing time mainly depends on the development of shrinkage with time of concrete model used. The amount of stress reduced is determined by the amount of shrinkage strain developed before the closing of shrinkage strip.

Restrained Shrinkage Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Rapid-Setting Cement Concrete (합성섬유보강 초속경 콘크리트의 구속건조수축 특성)

  • 원치문
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.76-82
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    • 2002
  • The rapid-set cement concrete causes high hydration temperature and nay result in a high drying shrinkage and shrinkage-induced cracking. This problem may be fixed by incorporating polypropylene fibers in rapid-set cement concrete, because of increased toughness, resistance to impact, corrosion, fatigue, and durability. A series of concrete drving shrinkage tests was peformed in order to investigate the shrinkage properties of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete with experimental variables such as concrete types, fiber reinforcement, W/C ratio, with and without restraint. Uni-axially restrained bar specimens were used for the restrained shrinkage tests. The results were as follows; The dry shrinkage of rapid-set cement concrete was much lessor than that oi OPC, probably because of smaller weight reduction rate by early hydration and strength development. The constraint and bridging effects caused by polypropylene fibers were great for the rapid-setting cement concrete when compared with that of plain concrete, and this resulted In increased resistance against tensile stress and cracking.

Study on Prediction of Drying Shrinkage of Concrete using Shrinkage Reducing Agent (수축저감제를 사용한 콘크리트의 건조수축 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Tae-Seok;Choi, Hoon-Jae
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.297-303
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    • 2016
  • Shrinkage Reducing Agent(SRA) was developed in order to control drying shrinkage cracks in concrete, and the use of SRA is increasing since it can control drying shrinkage cracks and improve the quality of concrete structures. Although there are many types of prediction equations of drying shrinkage strain, there is no prediction method which can consider the effect of SRA up to the present. Therefore, it is impossible to predict the tensile stress generated by drying shrinkage of SRA concrete, and to investigate the quantitative serviceability limit state of SRA concrete. In this study, the drying shrinkage of SRA concrete was investigated by experiment and analysis in order to suggest the predictability of drying shrinkage of SRA concrete. As a result, AIJ model, ACI model, GL2000 model showed there was a correlation between the predicted values and the experimental values within the error range of ${\pm}10%$. However, CEB-FIP model and B3 model underestimated the experimental values.

Differential Drying Shrinkage of concrete an Early Ages Considering Self-desiccation (자체건조를 고려한 초기재령 콘크리트의 부등건조수축)

  • 김진근;이칠성
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 1998
  • 초기재령에서 외기에 노출된 콘크리트는 수분확산으로 인하여 부등건조수축이 발생하고, 또한 자체건조로 인하여 자기수축도 발생한다. 따라서 콘크리트 재부의 수축변형도는 이러한 자기수축을 포함하고 있으므로 이를 고려해야 한다. 본 연구에서는 초기재령에서 콘크리트 강도에 따라 자기수축의 영향을 고려하여 부둥건조수축에 대한 실험과 해석을 수행하였다. 또한 콘크리트 내부의 부등수분분포로 인한 수축변형도에 대하여 실험결과와 해석결과를 비교하여, 해석방법의 타당성을 검증하였다. 실험 및 분석결과에 의하면 저강도콘크리트는 수분확산으로 인하여 주로 수축현상이 일어나고 자기수축의 영향은 거의없었다. 그렇지만 고강도 콘크리트는 자기수축에 의해서도 영향을 받았다. 그리고 콘크리트의 부등건조수축은 강도에 따라 큰 차이를 나타냈다. 또한 제시한 해석방법에 의한 해석결과는 실험결과를 잘 예측하였다.

Theoretical Prediction for Drying Shrinkage of Concrete (콘크리트 건조수축이 이론적 예측에 관한 연구)

  • 한만엽
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 1993
  • 콘크리트내의 물의 흐름의 양과 방향을 결정하는 수리에너지의 분포는 그양의 변화에 따라 콘크리트의 수축과 팽창을 지배하는 응력의 일종이다. 따라서 이 수리에너지와 건조수축 변형율 사이에는 직접적인 연관관계가 있다. 본 논문에서는 건조수축과 수리에너지 사이의 이론적인 관계를 논리적으로 유도하여 두 개의 변수사이의 상관관계를 밝히는 이론식을 유도하였다. 본 논문에서는 세 개의 건조수축 작동구조(메카니즘)중 평상적인 상대습도하에서, 즉 50%이상에서, 작용하는 작동구조만을 고려하였다. 열전 쌍 싸이크로미터를 콘크리트 슬라브에 매설하여 수리에너지를 측정하고 동시에 건조수축량을 측정하여 두 측정값사이의 상관관계를 밝힘으로서 유도된 이론을 증명하고자 하였다. 측정결과는 본 이론의 타당성을 증명하는 동시에 본 이론이 실제 구조물의 건조수축량의 측정에 이용될수 있는 방법도 동시에 보여 주었다.

Drying Shrinkage Behaviors of Concrete with Powder Type Shrinkage Reducing Agent and Fly Ash (분말형 수축저감제와 플라이애쉬가 혼입된 콘크리트의 건조수축 거동)

  • Min, Kyung-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Gyu;Jeong, Yong-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.3535-3541
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    • 2015
  • In this study, series of tests were performed for drying shrinkage characteristics of concrete with power type shrinkage reducing agent (SRA) and fly ash as a part of research to reduce drying shrinkage of concrete. Firstly, for the mechanical properties, a target strength was acquired securely. In the unrestraint shrinkage tests, the SRA decreased the drying shrinkage about $200{\mu}{\varepsilon}$. Lastly, in the ring tests, due to the tensile creep effect, the concrete with SRA showed the cracking times as much again as the concrete with ordinary Portland cement only did.

Curvature and Deflection of Reinforced Concrete Beams due to Shrinkgae (건조수축에 의한 철근콘크리트 보의 곡률 및 처짐)

  • 김진근;이상순;양주경;신병천
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.261-268
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    • 1998
  • Deflections due to shrinkage are frequently ignored in design calculation. Especially for thin member, shrinkage often causes considerable deformations as wellas appreciable stress changes. Several methods for computing shringkage curvature have been proposed by many researchers. Some of the approximte methods widely used in the recent years are the equivalent tensile force method, Miller's method and Branson's method. These methods were, however, somewhat oversimplified and could be too conservative in the case of well cured concrete structure. In this paper, an approximate method for computing shrinkage curvature and deflection is proposed. Curvature due to shrinkage is derived from the requirements of strain compatibility and equilibrium of a section and the age-adjusted effective modulus method. The proposed method is verified by comparison with several experimental measurements. The correlations between calculated and measured curvatures is very good.

Shrinkage Stress Analysis of Concrete Slab in Multi-Story Building Considering Construction Sequence (시공단계를 고려한 고층건물 콘크리트 슬래브의 건조수축 응력해석)

  • 김한수;정종현;조석희
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.457-465
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    • 2001
  • Shrinkage strains of concrete slab in multi-story building are restrained by structural members such as columns or walls, then can induce cracks due to excessive shrinkage stress over tensile strength of member. In this study, a shrinkage stress analysis method of concrete slab in multi-story building considering not only material properties such as shrinkage, creep and reinforcement effect but also construction sequence is proposed. Tensile stresses of slab due to shrinkage are calculated by converting shrinkage strains into equivalent temperature gradients, creep that can release shrinkage stress can be considered by replacing the modulus of elasticity of concrete, Ec , to the effective secant modulus of elasticity of concrete, E$\_$eff/ Reinforcements are also considered by modeling them as equivalent beam elements in FEM program. Results of step by step analysis reflecting construction sequence summed up to calculate stresses of the whole building considering that shrinkage stresses of the building come from the difference of shrinkage between i-th floor and (i-1)-th floor, named as effecitive shrinkage, and it can be varied by construction sequence. The results of 10-story example building show that shrinkage stresses of lower floors are greater than those of upper floors, that is, stresses of lower floors(1∼2FI.) exceed modulus of rupture of concrete, but stress ratios of higher floors are in the range of 27.9∼92.8%.

Effect of Mineral Admixture Types on the Engineering Properties and the Drying Shrinkage of the Concrete (혼화재 종류가 콘크리트의 공학적 특성 및 건조수축에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, the engineering properties and estimation of drying shrinkage of concrete incorporating fly ash (FA), blast furnace slag (BS) and cement kiln dust (CKD) were discussed. FA, BS and CKD contents ranged from 0% to 20%. Water to binder ratio (W/B) also ranged from 40 to 50 %, with a 5% interval. For estimating drying shrinkage, an exponential model proposed by the author was applied, According to results, the use of FA, BS and CKD resulted in a decrease of flowability and air contents. As expected, the use of admixtures also decreases the early age strength of concrete, while at later age, due to a pozzolanic reaction of FA and BS, the compressive strength was recovered to a value comparable with that of plain concrete. For drying shrinkage, the use of admixtures led to an increase in the drying shrinkage of concrete. The exponential model suggested by the author showed good agreement between the calculated and experimental values both at early age and at later age.

Equivalent Shrinkage Strain For Steel-Concrete Composite Girder Bridges (합성거더교의 등가 건조수축 변형률)

  • Bae, DooByong;Jung, Dae Jun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2004
  • Since Modern bridges have a tendency to make the spans continuous and longer, the effect of concrete shrinkage and creep is very important and must be evaluated appropriately for the durability and safety of steel-concrete composite bridges. However, highway design specification in current use prescribes $180^{1\;2}$ as the final shrinkage strain. which is for less value than one resulted from many experimental researches and cause some problems in the construction of composite bridges due to the understimation of shrinkage strain. Thus, in this paper nonlinear analysis with time-steps applying the CEB-FIP(90) provision have been conducted for plate girder bridge, box girder bridge and Preflex beam bridge and the linear equivalent shrinkage strain for the design of composite bridges. which produces the stress equal to the values from the nonlinear analysis, has been calculated by comparing the results with the values following highway design specification. The results yield appropriately double values than $180^{1\;2}$ which highway design specification prescribes.