• Title, Summary, Keyword: 격점부

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A Study of Strength Improvement Method for Connection Panel Point on Offshore Plant Top Side (해양플랜트 Top Side 연결격점부 강도개선방안 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Eun;Kyung, Kab-Soo;Moon, Hyun-Gi;Cho, Yun-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.110-113
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    • 2010
  • 해양플랜트 구조물은 대양에서 파력을 비롯한 바람 등과 같이 자연에 의해 발생하는 다양한 외력을 구조물 사용기간 동안 지속적으로 랜덤하게 받게 되므로 이로 인한 피로현상이 발생하게 된다. 특히 용접부로 이루어진 격점부는 복잡한 기하형상의 영향으로 피로에 대해 취약구조가 되므로 피로강도향상은 해양플랜트 구조의 안전성에 중요한 요인이 된다. 본 연구에서는 격점부에 대한 구조상세에 관련한 설계기준 및 평가방법을 조사하였으며, 고정식 Jacket 구조물을 대상으로 프레임요소를 사용하여 구조해석을 실시하여 공용하중에 대한 구조거동을 분석하였다. 또한 격점부의 강도평가방법 및 연결부 피로강도를 개선하기 위하여 프레임요소의 구조해석을 토대로 복잡한 기하형상을 가진 KT형 관이음부(Tubular Joints)에 대해 상세해석을 실시하였다.

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An Experimental Study on Joint Structures of Composite Truss Bridges (복합 트러스 교량의 연결구조에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Shim, Chang Su;Park, Jae Sik;Kim, Kwang Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.303-312
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    • 2007
  • Steel box girder bridges are being commonly designed for medium-span bridges of span length. Composite truss bridges with steel diagonals instead of concrete webs can be an excellent design alternative, because it can reduce the dead weight of superstructures. One of the key issues in the design of composite truss bridges is the joint structureconnecting the diagonal steel members with the upper and lower concrete slabs. Because the connection has to carry concentrated combined loads and the design provisions for the joint are not clear, it is necessary to investigate the load transfer mechanism and the design methods for each limit state. There are various connection details according to the types of diagonal members. In this paper, the joint structure with group stud connectors welded on a gusset plate is used. Push-out tests for the group stud connectors of were performed. The test results showed that the current design codes on the ultimate strength ofthe stud connection can be used when the required minimum spacing of stud connectors is satisfied. Flexure-shear tests were conducted to verify the applicability of the design provisions for combined load effects to the strength of joint structures. To increase the pullout strength of the connection, bent studs were proposed and utilized for the edge studs in the group arrangement of the joint. The results showed that the details of the joint structure were enhanced. Thereafter, design guidelines were proposed.

The Prediction of Yield Load in Circular Tubular T-type Cross Sections on the Truss Structures (강관트러스의 T형 격점부의 항복하중 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Il Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2001
  • many steel tubular truss as roof structures are used of the large span structures Steel tubular sectioned truss has the structural merits in compared with other sections such as H, L-shape sections However it occurs local buckling at the joint of branch in truss and it makes the deterioration of loading capacity Loading capacity and deformation characteristics of truss joints are very complicate so it is very hard to predict exact solution of them Therefore this thesis dealt with T-type joints of steel circular hollow sectioned truss. A series of experimental scheme were planned and mainly experimental parameters were : ratio of diameter of branch-diameter of main chord(d/D). diameter-thickness(T/D) of main chord. In this paper predicted yield load capacity using by closed ring analysis method additionally compared with that of suggested by closed ring analysis method additionally compared with that of suggested by other countries.

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An Experimental Study on the Prediction of Yield Load Using Ring Analysis Method in Circular Tubular X-Type Cross Sections (링해석법에 의한 X형 강관 격점부의 항복하중 예측에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Il Min;Na, Seon Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 1999
  • The divergence connection between steel circular tubes is widely used in such structures as factory facilities, steel circular hollow section truss, and off-shore tower. Steel circular hollow section (SCHS) have close section, and it makes their per-unit production expense higher than open sectioned products like L-shape, H-shape steels, but the sectional resistance of SCHS against vertical compression and torsion is very high. Despite the structural merits of SCHS, however, many engineers dislike to use them in their design because of uncertainty regarding the stress distribution and deformation behavior at their connections. Therefore, this thesis dealt with X-type connections, the most common forms of connection, and studied their load-deformation relationship. It observed how to show the load-deformation relationship at steel circular tube connections according to the diameter-thickness ratio (D/T) of the chord and diameter of branch-diameter of chord ratio (d/D) and suggested prediction yield load using by ring analysis method.

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Fatigue Capacity Evaluation of Hinge Type Connection System for a Hybrid Truss Bridge (복합 트러스교 힌지형 격점 구조의 피로 성능 평가)

  • Jung, Kwang-Hoe;Yi, Jong-Won;Lee, Sang-Hyu;Kim, Jay Jang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.303-310
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    • 2011
  • To replace a steel box bridge for constructions of medium span bridges in Korea, the Hybrid Truss Bridge (HTB) is being considered as an alternative bridge type. The core technology of HTB is the connection joint that links the concrete slabs and steel truss pipes. Various construction companies in Japan have developed unique connection systems and applied to the real bridge constructions after verifying their performances through the experimental evaluation. In this study, the fatigue test of a hybrid truss girder has been performed in order to verify the newly proposed hinge type connection joint`s static and fatigue capacities. Through this fatigue test results, it is founded that the structural detail to improve the fatigue capacity should be developed. The hinge connection system with circular ribs has been proposed by means of structural finite element analyses. And then the fatigue test for this connection joint has been performed and it is proved that this connection joint has enough fatigue capacity. Finally, it is expected that the hinge connection system with circular ribs developed by in this study can be easily applied to the real bridge.

Analysis Evaluation of Torsional Behavior of Hybrid Truss Bridge according to Connection Systems (격점구조형식에 따른 복합트러스교의 비틀림 거동 해석)

  • Choi, Ji-Hun;Jung, Kwang-Hoe;Kim, Tae-Kyun;Lee, Sang-Won;Kim, Jang-Ho Jay
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2014
  • Hybrid Truss Bridge (HTB) uses steel truss webs instead of concrete webs in prestressed box girder bridges, which is becoming popular due to its structural benefits such as relatively light self-weight and good aesthetics appearance. Since the core technology of this bridge is the connection system between concrete slabs and steel truss members, several connection systems were proposed and experimentally evaluated. Also, the selected joint system was applied to the real bride design and construction. The research was performed on the connection system, since it can affect the global behavior of this bridge such as flexural and fatigue behaviors as well as the local behavior around the connection region. The evaluation study showed that HTB applied to a curved bridge or an eccentrically loaded bridge had a weak torsional capacity compared to an ordinary PSC box girder bridge due to the open cross-sectional characteristic of HTB. Therefore, three types of girders with different joint system between truss web member and concrete slab were tested for their torsional capacity. In this study, the three different types of HTB girders under torsional loading were simulated using FEM analysis to investigate the torsional behavior of HTB girders more in detail. The results are discussed in detail in the paper.

Torsional Behavior of Hybrid Truss Bridge according to Connection Systems (복합트러스교의 격점구조별 비틀림 거동)

  • Jung, Kwang-Hoe;Lee, Sang-Hyu;Yi, Jong-Won;Choi, Ji-Hun;Kim, Jang-Ho Jay
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2013
  • HTB (hybrid truss bridge) steel truss webs instead of concrete webs in prestressed box girder bridges has been widely used in, because of its structural benefit such as relatively less self-weight and good aesthetics due to open web structure. Since the core technology of this bridge is the connection system between concrete slabs and steel truss members, several connection systems were proposed and experimentally evaluated. Also, the selected joint system was applied to the real bride design and construction. The researches were performed on the connection system, since it can affect the global behavior of this bridge such as flexural and fatigue behaviors as well as the local behavior around the connection region. The evaluation study showned that HTB applied to a curved bridge or a eccentric loading bridge, characteristic has a weak torsional capacity compared to an ordinary PSC box girder bridges due to the open structure of HTB. In this study, three box shaped hybrid truss specimens were made and the torsional test and evaluation for them were performed in order to find out the torsional behavior of HTB according to the connection system.

A Study on the Fatigue Strength of the Welded Joints in Steel Structures(II) (강구조물(鋼構造物)의 용접연결부(鎔接連結部)의 피로강도(疲勞强度)에 관한 연구(研究)(II))

  • Park, Je Seon;Chung, Yeong Wha;Chang, Dong Il
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1986
  • Welded connectors of the cover plates, the transverse stiffeners of the plate girders, and the gusset plates of the plates girders or box girders, were selected as studying objects. A simplified method of drawing the S-N curves in these welded joints by a computer program without the direct fatigue tests was established. The plots on the S-N curve using the values from the practical fatigue tests were compared with the results from the method of the computer programming. The results of these studies are as follows. It appeared that the fatigue life by calculation method was a little less than the practical fatigue life from the actual tests. The latter values included both life $N_c$ of occurrence of initial crack $a_i$ and the life $N_p$ of propagation of critical crack. On the other hand, the former values included only the life $N_p$. Therefore, these results should be considered as justifiable ones. Since the difference between the two results was not significant, the results by calculation method should be in the conservation side when the safety of the structures was considered. Consequently, the results by calculation method should be applicable to the fracture fatigue design of structure. For reference, the same fatigue tests were performed with the specimens of 3 pieces in each case made of the low-strength steel, SS 41. The results went unexpected showing that the fatigue strength was lower in the case of low-strength steel. That is, in the case of the cover plate, the fatigue strength became slowly higher than the case of high-strength steel, SWS 50. That was observed when the maximum testing stress was higher than $14kg/mm^2$. In addition, in the case of the transverse stiffener, the fatique strength became rapidly higher than the case of SWS 50. That was observed when the maximum testing stress was lower than $31kg/mm^2$. It was thought that more such fatigue tests should be performed for more reliable results.

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