• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경찰권발동

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A Study on the Regulative Principle of Law in Respect to Police Function in Internationalized Age - Centering on Limitation to Police Authority Exercise - (국제화 시대의 경찰작용 통제법리에 관한 연구 -경찰권발동의 한계를 중심으로-)

  • Oh Tae-Kon;Kim Dong-Bok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2005
  • The police have a responsibility to exercise the police authority in the sphere of peril prevention. Such right may be decided at their discretion. So, as a management according to the police's discretion is based on order and compulsion, it can not help infringing the rights of the people. Therefore, the exercise of the police authority has to be accompanied by a legal management policy according to the principle of legal reservation based on the principle of constitutionalism. This study is to find proper directions of the police function through preparing reasonable plans to guarantee freedom and rights of the people at its maximum while maintaining the public peace and order.

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A Review on the International Criminal Law of the Murder Case on Board - Focus on the Fishing Vessel "803 Gwang-Hyeon" - (선상 살인사건의 국제형사법적 고찰 - 803광현호 사건을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Se-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.482-487
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    • 2017
  • It is necessary to respond to criminal cases on board of pelagic fishing boats in the international waters with domestic legal judgement and international legal judgement due to a natural limitation by geographical long distance while it is possible to deal with domestic criminal cases with prompt response by using air crafts or patrol vessels. In other words, according to the flag of the vessel, the legal status of the water where is the crime scene, the nationalities of the victim and the perpetrator, it is required to judge if Korea can exert their jurisdiction and there is an issue if Korea Coast Guard exert their law enforcement effectively with this natural problem. In this paper, I propose a systemic improvement for a swift investigation for henceforth similar case's occurrence by analyzing the jurisdiction, the suspect's handling, the basic cause of the murder on-board which are based on the case of the vessel No.803 Gwang-Hyeon which was happened recently.

Legal and Technical Issues of Using Location Information for Police Rescue (경찰 위치추적권 활용의 법적·기술적 문제와 개선방안)

  • Park, Kwang-Ju;Jang, Yun-Sik;Park, Ro-Seop
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.53
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    • pp.211-228
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    • 2017
  • In May 2012, the police was empowered to electronically obtain location information of mobile devices from the telecommunication service provides for the purpose of rescue by the Act on the Protection, Use, ETC. of Location Information, after years of pressure with repeated serious violent crime outbreaks and controversy concerning the risk of breaching privacy. This study examines the environmental, legal, and technological challenges related to location tracking at the time of five years after the amendment of the law. The bottom line of police's locating power is to secure the lives of people in deadly emergent circumstance. Therefore, location tracking using given information should be swiftly proceeded after consideration and judgment of justification in timely manner to electronically request information to mobile carriers, and it is necessary to have somewhat flexibility of interpretation to be applied to diverse situation. In addition, location tracking technology should be continuously updated through cooperation with the stake-holders. Recognizing substantial problems in practice, we identified and explored the issues including obtaining prior consent for tracking the user's location in case of emergency, confirmation of emergency situation requiring police presence, qualification of legitimate requester, and limited applicability in various circumstances, which are required to reconsidered in conjunction with the personal information protection laws. Additional practical issues may include the expenses for information provision and other incentives to promote active cooperation by the telecom companies.

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The Examination and Development Plan of Maritime Policing Act ("해양경비법" 검토와 발전방안)

  • Roh, Ho-Rae
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.32
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    • pp.95-122
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    • 2012
  • The ocean in the 21st century is getting emphasized as a treasury of natural resources and a growth engine for the nation. And nations around the world have entered into the hyper-competition to take the initiative for those marine resources. Under the situation, the Korea Coast Guard is devoting itself with full force to protecting maritime sovereignty, ensuring maritime safety and security and preserving the marine environment. Purpose of this study is to analyze Maritime Policing Act of 2012 and their problems and to suggest improvement measures. Objectives of Maritime Policing Act of 2012 is national Defence, policing for maritime security, protection of marine natural resources and marine facility in territorial waters and exclusive economic zone(EEZ) of Korea. Limits of Maritime Policing Act of 2012 are as follows. First, As organization related rules in Maritime Policing Act of 2012 are not enough, Maritime police agency Act should be revised and enacted in order to cope with future administrative demands and legal ground. Second, Article 22 penal regulation is more severe than regulations of another Act. Third, Article 14 should be made improvement for pre-prevention through the pre-report and the establishment of prohibition boundary in maritime demonstration.

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