• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경화구성식

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Constitutive equations for curing epoxy resins (경화중의 에폭시레진에 대한 구성방정식)

  • Hahn, H. T.
    • Journal of the korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 1984
  • 에폭시 레진이 경화될 때 이들의 기계적 성질의 변화는 지금까지 주로 실험과 실험식에 의하여 구하여졌다. 근간에 이들의 변화를 이론적으로 구하기 위한 구성방정식이 본 발표자에 의하여 발표되었으나 실험데이터와 구성방정식 상호간의 정량적 관계가 정립되지는 못하였다. 본 연구 에서는 세 종류의 시료, 즉 Epon 815/V140, Epon 820/Z와 DER 332가 경화될 때 이들의 기계적 성질을 구성방정식을 사용하여 구하여 초음파 방법으로 측정된 실험 결과와 비교검토함으로써 에폭시 레진의 경화에 따른 기계적 성질들의 대부분을 제안된 구성 방정식으로 구할 수 있음을 보였다.

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Cure Cycle for Thick Glass/Polyester Composites (두꺼운 유리섬유/폴리에스터 복합재료를 위한 경화 사이클)

  • 김형근;오제훈;이대길
    • Composites Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2001
  • The cure kinetic equation fur 52-glass/polyester prepreg composites was established through DSC (differential scanning calorimetry). Using the established kinetic equation, the temperature distribution of the thick composite was calculated considering the change of heat transfer resistance due to resin impregnation of bleeder plies used. In order to reduce the overheat during cure of thick glass fiber composites, the cure cycle was modified by introducing the cooling and reheating steps. Then the thick glass composites were cured both by the conventional cycle without any cooling or reheating step and the modified cure cycle. The mechanical properties of the thick composites cured by the both cycles were tested by the short beam shear test and the Barcol hardness test, and then their results were compared.

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Constitutive Model for Hardening Materials such as Rock or Concrete (암석이나 콘크리트와 같은 경화재료에 대한 구성모델)

  • Kang, Byung Sun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.161-171
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    • 1993
  • The aim of this study is to provide the stress-strain behavior of hardening geological materials such as rock or concrete on three dimensional spaces by using Desai model based on plastic theory. To validate proposed model, truly triaxial tests with high pressure under variety of stress paths in which three principal stresses were controlled independently using concrete materials were performed. The main results are summerized as follows: 1. Various stress paths for hardening materials used are satisfactorily explained by performing the truly triaxial test with high pressure. This is very important to investigate constitutive equations for materials like rock or concrete. 2. Since the proposed yield function is continuous, it avoids the singularity point at the intersection of two function in the previous models, thus, reducing the difficulties for computer implementation. 3. Analytic predictions for yielding behavior on $J_1-{\sqrt{J_{2D}}}$ octahedral and triaxial plane, as well as volumetric strain and stress-strain behavior agree well with experimental results.

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Cure Behavior of a DGEBF Epoxy using Asymmetric Cycloaliphatic Amine Curing Agent (비대칭 고리형 지방족 아민 경화제를 이용한 DGEBF 계열 에폭시의 경화 거동)

  • Kim, Hongkyeong
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.200-204
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    • 2008
  • The curing kinetics of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol F (DGEBF) with an asymmetric cycloaliphatic amine curing agent were examined by thermal analysis in both isothermal and dynamic curing conditions. From the residual curing of the samples partially cured in isothermal condition and from the dynamic curing with various heating rates, it was found that there exist two kinds of reactions such as at low temperature and at high temperature regions. It was thus also found that the cure parameters obtained from the isothermal curing kinetic model hardly estimate experimental results for a degree of cure larger than 0.6. The activation energies and frequency factors of these two kinds of reactions were obtained from the dynamic curing experiments with various heating rates. From the curing analysis, it was verified that the total cure kinetics for low degrees of cure is dominated by the cure reaction in the low temperature region.

Solute Strengthening Effects for 36 Stainless Steel at Elecated Temperature (고온에서의 316스테인리스강의 용질원자에 의한 강화효과)

  • 백남주;이상매
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.433-441
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    • 1986
  • 본 연구에서는 인장시험과 인장시 변형율속도 변화와 온도변화를 주는 시험을 통하여 316스테인리스강에 있어서의 비탄성거동을 규명하여 가공경화에 대한 용질강화 효과를 시험하고, Voce형의 발전방정식(evolutionary equation)을 포함하는 Arrhenius 형의 구성식에 용질강화효과를 첨가하여 정확한 비탄성 해석을 기하고자 한다.

Cure simulation and Consolidation for a Thick Glass/Epoxy Laminate (유리섬유/에폭시 후판 복합재료의 경화공정 및 압밀해석)

  • O, Je-Hun;Lee, Dae-Gil
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.2853-2865
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    • 2000
  • During the curing process of thick glass/epoxy laminates, a substantial amount of temperature lag and overshoot at the center of the laminates is usually experienced due to the large thickness and low thermal conductivity of the glass/epoxy composites. Also, it takes a longer time for full and uniform consolidation. In this work, temperature, degree of cure and consolidation of a 20 mm thick unidirectional glass/epoxy laminate were investigated using an experiment and a 3-dimentional numerical analysis. From the experimental and numerical results, it was found that the experimentally obtained temperature profile agreed well with the numerical one, and the cure cycle recommended by the prepreg manufacturer should be modified to prevent a temperature overshoot and to obtain full consolidation.

Undrained Behavior of Clay-Sand Mixtures under Triaxial Loading

  • Shin, Joon-Ho;Jeong, Sang-Seom
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 1999
  • A study on the undrained behavior of isotropically consolidated clay-sand mixtures was carried out using the automated triaxial testing apparatus. Overconsolidated ratio, effective mean pressure and clay content( up to 20% bentonite) were the factors varied in the experimental investigation. Undrained behavior(strength and pore water pressure generation during shear in triaxial loading) depends upon overconsolidation ratio, confining pressure and clay content. Significant changes in undrained compression characteristics occurred at around 20% of clay contents in the sand. The test results were analyzed and their behaviors were interpreted within the framework of plasticity constitutive model for clay-sand mixtures. Possible physical bases for the proposed forms are discussed. Validation of the applied model using the laboratory results is also given.

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Three-dimensional Behavior and Strength Characteristics of Cubical Hal-dening Materials. (입방체경화재료의 삼차원거동 및 강도특성)

  • 강병선
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 1989
  • This study has been carried out as a fundamental course for the analysis of the constitutive- equation for the materials like sands being hardened during Ehear. For this aim, experimentall tests with variable stress paths for the concrete material are performed using the cubical multi- axial test in which the three principle stresses are arbitrarily controlled. Stress-strain behaviors. and strength characteristics are suggested in octahedral planes. Various tests such as HC, CTC, . TC, 55 are performed. The main results summarized are as follows; 1. The order of strength from the largest to the smallest is CTC, TC, SS, and TE test. 2. The octahedral Ehear strength of concrete specimens is dependent upon the stress path(8) 3. There is a direct relation between strength and confining pressure. 4. The ultimate envelopes in the octahedral planes are non-circular-cone shaped. 5. Any ultimate criteria used to predict the strength behavior of concrete must include thin effect of the tensile stresses.

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Exercise Prescription and Dietary Modification for Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Degenerative Disease II. On Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension (성인병의 예방과 치료를 위한 영양과 운동처방 II. 고혈압과 동맥경화에 미치는 영향)

  • 백영호
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.231-240
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    • 1999
  • Regular exercise is effective in preventing coronary disease such as angina pectoris and infarction, inside it can lower the blood pressure and aids in weight control and release of stress. Risk factors of arteriosclerosis is hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity and excessive smoking. Arteriosclerosis begins at young age worsens with age, particulary in male. For people with risk factors of arteriosclerosis, it is important to prevent arteriosclerosis-related disease with dietary, living pattern and exercise prescription. Dietary fibers promote exercise of the digestive tract and shortens the time food remains inside the digestive tract. It can prevent obesity, hyperlipidemia, arteriosclerosis and colin cancer by blocking the absorption of cholesterol. Various vegetables and sea foods are lichen unsaturated fats and prevent the absorption of cholesterol inside the digestive tract. Essential fatty acids and unsaturated fats which are contained in vegetable oils, promotes metabolism while preventing absorption. In fruits, pectin water-soluble fiber, is present and lowers the level of cholesterol. By consuming foods that low in cholesterol and saturated fats, and rich in unsaturated fats, aliomentotherapy alone can reduce the plasma cholesterol by 10~l5$\%$. For ideal exercise, it should be aerobic with intensity of 60~80$\%$ HRmax, duration of 15~60min/day. The frequancy of 3~6/week is desirable the better exercise prescription is endurance aerobic exercise. To get more effect exercise, exercise consistency is very important.

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소성가공

  • Baek, Nam-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 1984
  • 소성역학에 의해서 소성가공중의 현상을 해석하여 제품의 형상, 강도, 잔유응력, 가공력, 가공한계 및 결함의 발생등을 견적하고 이것에 의해 가공기계의 강도, 강성 및 제어량등이 결정된다. 또 재질에 대한 지침이 얻어진다. 탄성론이나 소성론에서 경계치 문제는 응력젼위방정식, 응력의 경계조건, 변위에 관한 변위 스트레인 관계식과 변위의 경계조건, 그리고 응력과 스트레인을 관계시 키는 구성방정식으로 되어 있는 기초방정식으로 구성된다. 문제의 구성방정식은 재료의 거동이 매우 복잡하기 때문에 실제의 거동을 충실히 표시 할 수 없다. 재료의 이방성, 유한도형, 이방성주축의 회 전, 가공경화, 고온, 고속가공 등에 의해서 재료의 변형거동은 매우 복잡해진다. 이상의 정량적 고찰 과 전위 또는 결정의 슬립모델과 같은 정성적 고찰도 있다.

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