• Title, Summary, Keyword: 계기비행절차

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GNSS를 이용한 계기비행절차($RNAV_{GNSS}$) 설계 기술동향

  • Kim, Pil-Su
    • Current Industrial and Technological Trends in Aerospace
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 2007
  • 3차원의 공간을 비행하는 항공기의 항행은 조종사가 직접 지상의 지형지물을 참조하며 비행하는 시각비행과 지상의 항행안전시설로부터 무선신호를 받아 비행하는 계기비행으로 구분되어 발전되었다. 현재 계기비행을 수행하기 위한 계기비행절차 수립에 기반이 되는 항행안전무선시설은 기존의 VOR(VHF Omni-directional Range), ILS(Instrument Landing System) 등의 지상기반 항행안전무선시설에서 GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)를 이용한 위성기반 항행으로 전환을 목표로 하고 있으며 항행체제 또한 기존의 Fix to Fix 항행체제에서 RNAV(Area Navigation) 체제로 전환되고 있는 추세이다. 계기비행절차는 항공기가 활주로를 이륙하여 항로로 진입하기 위한 계기출발절차(SID), 항로절차(Enroute), 항로에서 목적 공항의 지정된 활주로에 설정된 접근절차(Approach)로 인도하는 도착절차(STAR), 지정된 활주로에 착륙하기 위한 접근절차로 구분될 수 있으며 본문에서는 GNSS를 기반으로 하는 RNAV 절차(RNAVGNSS)에 대한 개괄적인 소개, 설계요건 및 RNAVGNSS 계기비행절차를 성공적으로 이행하기 위한 절차이행모델, RNAVGNSS 절차 수립에 중요하게 고려해야할 사항 등에 대하여 소개하도록 한다.

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Development of a Design Program for Instrument Flight Procedure (계기비행절차 설계 프로그램 개발)

  • Song, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Hyuk;Jung, Hong-Ki;Lee, Jang-Yeon
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2014
  • In this study, development process of a design program for Instrument Flight Procedure (IFP) is briefly described. Survey results and corresponding analysis are shown to enhance a market competence of the deliverables. Standards and regulations for IFP design are analyzed to derive the system requirements. Detail development processes and test procedures are explained.

Instrument Flight Certification Process and Flight Test Results of Korean Utility Helicopter (한국형 기동헬기 계기비행 인증절차 및 비행시험 결과)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-Jun;Park, Jong-Hoo;Park, Jae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the instrument flight certification process and flight test results of Korean Utility Helicopter (KUH) are presented. For the instrument flight certification, the suitability of installed equipments and instruments have been reviewed and verified by ground and flight tests. Next, static and dynamic stability test are conducted in accordance with FAR-29 Appendix B. The static stability is determined by the change of speed and attitude according to control inputs. The dynamic stability is evaluated by how quickly the response of the helicopter due to long and short period control inputs are decreased. The pilot workload evaluation are also carried out by simulated IMC flight tests. This paper presents the workload assessment results when some failures are occurred at cockpit instruments, engine or flight control systems as well as the normal situation. After the simulated IMC flight test is completed, actual instrument flight test are conducted in a real IMC environment according to the air traffic controls.

Implementation and Evaluation of Flight Tasks in Instrument Flight Simulator (계기비행 시뮬레이터에서 비행 임무의 평가 및 구현)

  • Hwang, Soo-Chan;Baek, Joong-Hwan
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2000
  • Instrument flight simulators are used for training the interpretation and operation techniques for all kinds of aircraft instruments, cockpit procedures, etc., in order that pilots cope with the situations which can be occurred in actual flight. However, the simulators developed so far are concerned about operating in same environment to actual aircraft. And little researches concentrate on developing systematic training system for basic tasks and takeoff-landing procedures, and automatic evaluation methods on the training results. Therefore, in this paper, we propose implementation and evaluation methods for flight tasks such as tasks in flight, takeoff-landing procedures and course flight.

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A Search on the Spatial Orientation in Flight (비행시 공간정위 유지에 대한 고찰)

  • Gu, Bon-Sool
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.2
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    • pp.139-182
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    • 1994
  • 조종사들은 비행시에 일상 생활 환경에서는 경험하지 못하는 여러가지 적대환경에 폭로된다. 이러한 환경에서는 인체의 평형기관은 실제와 일치하지 않는 정보를 제공해 주는 경우가 허다하다. 예를들면, 내이의 미로 전정기관이나 피하압력기관기 등은 항공기의 기동으로 발생하는 중력과 지구의 중력을 구별 하지 못하는 기능의 한계성때문에 계기비행하에서는 대개의 경우 공간정위상실, 즉 비행착각을 유발한다. 이 착각으로 인한 항공기 사고는 통계상에서 상당 부분이 치명사고로 나타나고 있는데, 이러한 사실은 비행착각현상이 비행안전에 극히 위험한 요소가 되고 있다는 것을 실증한다고 할 수 있다. 그러므로 조종사들은 비행시 공간정위 유지를 위한 철저한 대비가 있어야 한다. 공간정위 상실현상이 잘 발생하는 경우는 야간이나 기타 계기비행 환경에서 주위시각이 제약을 받을 때이다. 즉, 계기비행 환경에서의 편대비행시나 고기동시, 그리고 대조물이 모호한 야간의 활주로에서 이착륙할때 등을 들 수 있다. 비행시 공간정위 상실현상을 예방하기 위해서는 첫째로 이러한 유형의 사고분석자료를 토대로 하여 항공기의 설계단계에서부터 제작에 이르기까지 착각을 유발할 수 있는 구조적 요인을 제거해야 한다. 둘째로는 이러한 착각을 유발하지 않는 운항이나 기동방식을 택하여 비행임무를 수행토록 해야한다. 세째로 조종사들은 이러한 착각을 정상적인 인체의 반응에 의한 것이므로 자신에게도 당연히 일어난다는 사실을 용인해야 한다. 네째로 조종사들은 계기비행에 대한 구체적이고 실제적인 훈련을 통하여 계기비행 경험을 쌓아야 한다. 다음은 조종사들의 실제비행시 공간정위 상실현상에 봉착했을때의 처리요령이다. 첫째로 계기비행상황에서 자신의 감각과 계기가 일치하지 않을 때는 즉시 계기를 Cross Check하여 항공기의 자세나 기동형태를 정확하게 파악해야 한다. 둘째로 계기가 조종사의 의도대로 나타나도록 조작하고 이를 철저하게 의지하고 믿어야 한다. 세째로 자신의 감각과 계기가 일치할때까지 수평비행을 유지해야 한다. 그리고 마지막으로, 고성능 항공기가 계기비행중 저공에서 비행착각에 봉착하게 될때의 행동절차를 철저하게 숙지하고 있어야 한다.

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Study on height restriction with respect to zone beyond the imaginary surface area under the Military Aviation Law (비행안전구역 밖에서의 고도제한)

  • Ha, Hong-Young;Kim, Hae-Ma-Joong;Hong, Sang-Beom
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.18
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    • pp.363-384
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    • 2003
  • The Military Airbase Law has designated imaginary surface, restricting the height of structure above the imaginary surface. The purpose of establishment of imaginary surface is to promote safety of aircraft operation. However, given the fact that the land is limited, the Military Airbase Law does not set up outer horizontal surface such that the reduced imaginary surface would undermine the safety of aircraft operations with respect to IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) procedures. The fact that some areas which IFR procedures require are not designated as imaginary surface results in no imposition of height restriction on such area. With regard to aviation safety, this article deals with issue of height restriction on area which is beyond the imaginary surface area. This article also examines the establishment of the imaginary surface in the Military Airbase Law, and conducts case study of imaginary surface systems in other country. Based upon this discussion, the current problems posed in the Military Airbase Law will be discussed. To resolve these problems, it is necessary to establish height restriction zone beyond the current imaginary surface area. The provisions of ICAO, FAA and other counties in relation with this issue are referred as well. As a result, many different proposals are suggested, and it is concluded as the most effective proposal that, in certain zone beyond the imaginary surface area, an aeronautic study should be required for the purpose of ensuring aviation safety before a permit of construction higher than prescribed height is issued.

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A Study on the Risk Assessment Criteria to be applicable for Establishing Flight Procedure Design Process (비행절차설계과정에서 적용 가능한 위험평가기준 연구)

  • Kim, Dohyun;Kim, W.Y.;Jie, M.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2013
  • Risk assessment should be processed when physical circumstances of airspace such as establishment of new flight procedures or reconstruction of existing airspace are planned to change and one of the alternatives for the change have to be selected. This is an effort to find the best alternative which is able to maintain at or above the acceptable risk level. ICAO and its contracting states provide specialized guidance material for 'Safety Management System' relating to handing airspace matters. These manuals include a conceptual framework for managing safety as well as some of the systemic processes and criteria used to meet the objectives of a State's safety programme. This criteria must be established in compliance with the State's laws and regulations for air safety and for the fulfillment of the State's safety goals. This study is to carry out the risk assessment criteria through literature reviews relevant to the safety management, and to propose the results of criteria to be applicable for establishing flight procedure design process.

A Study on Instruments Procedure of Incheon International Airport for Noise Abatement in and around Gangwha Island (강화도 지역 소음저감을 위한 인천국제공항 계기비행절차 검토)

  • Yoo, Byeong-Seon;Song, Byung-Heum
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2010
  • After analyzing each procedure from standard instrument procedures used at Incheon International Airport, which is believed to have caused noise problems in and around Ganghwa island, we came to a conclusion that some Standard Instrument Departure Procedures and Standard Instrument Approach Procedures need to be revised, and therefore we made some propositions with regard to noise abatement procedures(CDA, RNAV approach etc.). Additionally, we evaluated viability of the proposed flight procedures by conducting a number of demonstrations with use of flight simulation.

A study on Risk Assessment Procedure for the Structural changes of Navigable Airspaces (공역의 구조적 변경에 따른 위험평가 절차 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, W.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2012
  • 'Navigable airspace' means an airspace at and above the minimum safe flight level, including airspace or flight procedures needed for safe takeoff and landing. Airspace may be established as needed and may be abolished, and in some cases may be limited to airspace management. These are absolutely based on risk assessment. Safety is the state in which the risk of harm to persons or of property damage is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management. 'Risk' is the assessed potential for adverse consequences resulting from a hazard and 'Risk assessment' involves consideration of both the frequency and the severity of any adverse consequence. This paper proposed 'risk assessment procedure' for the structural changes of Navigable Airspaces through literature reviews relevant to manuals on airspace management and risk management.