• Title, Summary, Keyword: 계류부표

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소형선박 계류부표 개발에 관한 기본설계 연구

  • Guk, Seung-Gi;Mun, Beom-Sik;Kim, Jeong-Rok;Lee, Dae-Hak;Park, Hye-Ri
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.404-406
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    • 2012
  • 계선표지는 특수목적항로표지의 하나로 해양경찰에서는 "연안해역 거점감시를 위하여 해양경찰청 소속의 경비함정의 계선을 목적으로 설치하는 부표"라고 정의한다. 현재 덕적도 외 33기의 계류부표를 해양경찰에서 운영하고 있으며, 150ton 이하의 소형해경함정을 계류시키는데 사용하고 있다. 그러나 부표의 유지관리가 어려워 관리자에게 감시업무 이외에 과중한 업무가 부가되고, 부표의 철탑구조물의 형태로 인해 작업 중 안전사고가 많이 발생하고 있다. 또한 표체가 철재로 이루어져 있어 해경함정 계류시 부표 및 함정의 충돌에 의한 손상이 발생하여 유실되거나 침몰하는 경우도 있다. 이 논문에서는 현재 해양경찰 계류부표를 기준으로 하여 현재 소형선박을 위한 계류부표 분석 및 최적화된 계류부표 설계하고자 한다. 국외 특수용도 사용부표 사례 분석 및 현재 관리자의 해양경찰의 의견을 수렴을 통해 현재 계류부표의 운영현황 및 관리 실태를 분석하고 최적화된 새로운 계류부표의 기본설계를 제시한다.

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항로표지 연구개발(R&D) 현장 활용 - (등)부표 계류용 슈퍼섬유 로프 -

  • Lee, Dae-Beom
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.403-406
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    • 2013
  • 표준형 부표류 계류시설 기술개발계획 승인(2010. 6. 29) 후 중소기업청 구매조건부 신제품 개발사업의 일환으로 표준형 부표류 계류시설 기술개발이 2010. 6. 1~2012. 5. 31. 약 24개월간 추진되었고, 2013. 5. 31. 신제품 기술개발사업 최종 "성공" 평가로 판정됨에 따라 (등)부표 계류 안정성 검토 결과를 반영한 현장 활용을 통해 신(新) 계류시설의 제도적 기틀을 마련하게 되었다. 그동안 주강용 체인의 문제점으로 지적되었던 고중량, 부식성, 마모성, 해양환경, 전량수입 등과 같은 관리 운영상 문제점이 개선되고, 연구개발(R&D)를 통한 해양분야의 창조경제 실현이 기대된다.

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Dynamic Analysis of Cable with Intermediate Submerged Buoys for Offshore Applications - Frequency Domain Analysis - (해양응용을 위한 중간잠수부표들이 부착된 케이블의 동적해석)

  • Shin, H.
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 1989
  • 심해에서 사용되는 계류선의 큰 자중(self-weight)에 관련된 문제를 해결하기 위하여 케이블-부표 시스템을 이용하는 것은 매우 큰 도움이 된다. 계류선에 적절한 중간잠수부표(intermediate submerged buoys)를 붙임으로써 계류선에 발생하는 최대 장력을 줄일 수 있고, 따라서 케이블의 직경을 감소시킬 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 중간잠수부표가 부착된 케이블의 비선형 정적 방정식과 선형화된 운동방정식이 유도되고, 주파수 영역해석을 이용하여 케이블의 고유진동수와 케이블 상단에서의 장력을 구하고 그것들에 대한 중간잠수부표의 영향을 조사한다.

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특수재질을 이용한 부표류 계류시설 개발

  • Kim, Yong-Bae;Lee, Ho-Jin;Jo, Yeong-Seon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.272-274
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    • 2011
  • 부표류 계류장치(쇠사슬)의 관리 운영상 문제점을 해소하고, 범정부적인 저탄소 녹색성장(GREEN PORT) 정책에 부응하며, 현재 중소기업청 구매조건부 신제품개발 사업으로 고기능성 슈퍼섬유을 이용한 계류시설 로프 연구개발 수행중에 있다.

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An Analytical Investigation on the Cause for Mooring Chain Cut in a Naval Moored to a Buoy (부표계류 함정의 계류체인 절단원인에 관한 분석적 연구)

  • Lim, Bong Taeck
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.551-555
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    • 2009
  • This study analyzed the cause for mooring chain cut in a naval ship moored, in preparation for a typhoon approach, to a buoy in a shelter. The result of the analysis led to a very interesting fact. That is, while officers usually understood the cut results from the fact that the wind and the tide were stronger than what the mooring chain can hold, according to the study, it was analyzed the impact power at the point where the mooring chain and the ship's body met was a main factor in the cut. Also, it was confirmed that the analytic result of the study is more logical from the point of mathematical analysis and that the cut corresponds to what the then-witnesses stated about the situation.

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등부표의 효율적인 관리를 위한 작업 개선

  • Choe, Jae-Myeong;Yu, Yeong-Geun;Yu, Hyo-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.83-84
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    • 2018
  • 평택지방해양수산청은 서해권역의 인천, 평택, 대산, 군산해양수산청의 부표류에 대한 점검업무를 수행하고 있다. 서해권역은 해역 특성상 안전을 위해 부표류의 설치가 해마다 증가하여 전국에서 가장 많은 기수가 설치 운영되고 있으며, 부표류의 이탈사고 또한 지속적으로 발생하고 있다. 부표류의 안정적 운영을 위한 점검 정비 및 사고 감소를 위한 업무의 개선이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 부표류의 사고원인을 분석하고, 부표류 사고를 줄이기 위한 개선된 점검 정비 방법 및 효율적인 관리를 방안을 제시하였다.

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A Quasi-nonlinear Numerical Analysis Considering the Variable Membrane Tension of Vertical Membrane Breakwaters (연직 막체방파제의 변동 막체장력을 고려한 준 비선형 수치해석)

  • Chun, In-Suk;Kim, Sun-Sin;Park, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.290-300
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    • 2009
  • The existing numerical methods on the vertical membrane breakwater have employed a linear analysis where the variable membrane tension occurring during membrane motions is assumed to be very negligible compared to the initial tension. In the present study, a quasi-nonlinear analysis is attempted such that the temporary tension of the membrane is substituted by the average tension for a wave period that is sought by an iterative calculation. The results showed that with the increase of the wave period the reflection coefficients appeared larger and the transmission coefficients smaller compared to the results of the linear analysis. The application of the quasi-nonlinear analysis also showed that the performance of the structure is closely dependent on the horizontal deformation of the membrane. In order to suppress the horizontal deformation, it may be required to take the larger initial tension of the membrane or to put additional mooring lines in the middle of the vertical faces of the membrane. But for theses methods to be effective, a largely sized surface float should be installed to secure enough buoyancy to support such downward forces.

Motion Analysis of Light Buoys Combined with 7 Nautical Mile Self-Contained Lantern (7마일 등명기를 결합한 경량화 등부표의 운동 해석)

  • Son, Bo-Hun;Ko, Seok-Won;Yang, Jae-Hyoung;Jeong, Se-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.628-636
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    • 2018
  • Because large buoys are mainly made of steel, they are heavy and vulnerable to corrosion by sea water. This makes buoy installation and maintenance difficult. Moreover, vessel collision accidents with buoys and damage to vessels due to the material of buoys (e.g., steel) are reported every year. Recently, light buoys adopting eco-friendly and lightweight materials have come into the spotlight in order to solve the previously-mentioned problems. In Korea, a new lightweight buoy with a 7-Nautical Mile lantern adopting expanded polypropylene (EPP) and aluminum to create a buoyant body and tower structure, respectively, was developed in 2017. When these light buoys are operated in the ocean, the visibility and angle of light from the lantern installed on the light buoys changes, which may cause them to function improperly. Therefore, research on the performance of light buoys is needed since the weight distribution and motion characteristics of these new buoys differ from conventional models. In this study, stability estimation and motion analyses for newly-developed buoys under various environmental conditions considering a mooring line were carried out using ANSYS AQWA. Numerical simulations for the estimation of wind and current loads were performed using commercial CFD software, Siemens STAR-CCM+, to increase the accuracy of motion analysis. By comparing the estimated maximum significant motions of the light buoys, it was found that waves and currents were more influential in the motion of the buoys. And, the estimated motions of the buoys became larger as the sea state became worser, which might be the reason that the peak frequencies of the wave spectra got closer to those of the buoys.

Experimental Analysis Method of the Dynamic Behavior of Buoys in Extreme Environment (극한 환경하의 부표 운동성능 모형시험기법 개발)

  • 홍기용;양찬규;최학선
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.208-215
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    • 2001
  • An experimental method to investigate the dynamic charasteristics of buoys in extreme environmental condition is established. Because the buoy model requires a resonable size for accurate experiment, the test condition in model basin that satisfies the similarity law is hardly met with capability of test facilities. It is suggested that the linear wave component that is unable to satisy similarity is separated with others. The model experiment can be carried out with mitigated condition for the linear wave components while others including wave drift, current and wind are keeping the similarities. Then the result is extrapolated to give the dynamic behavior of buoys in extreme condition because linear wave component is soley responsible to oscillatory buoy motion and other environmental components are applied as a initial tension. the similarity for current and wind conditions is viewed as equivalence of restoring forces. the validity of proposed method is examined with different types of standard ocean buoys and it indicates that the linearity of measured characteristics is assured with a limitation of resonable distance between test and estimated wave conditions.

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