• Title, Summary, Keyword: 계획규준

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A Study on the Planning Standard of Seoul Public Elementary School around 1940 (일제강점기 말 경성부의 공립 초등교육시설 계획규준에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.329-332
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구는 일제강점기말 경성부의 초등교육시설 계획규준의 특성과 그 의미를 살펴보는 것을 목적으로 하고 있다. 이를 위해 1939년과 1942년 "조선과건축(朝鮮と建築)"에 소개된 자료를 중심으로 경성부의 계획규준을 운영양상, 학교규모 및 구조, 단위공간 규격 및 소요제실, 교사동 배치 및 블록플랜으로 나누어 고찰하였다.

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Example of the Structural Design with Applied SNiP codes in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (CIS 국가 내진 설계 방법과 SNiP Code를 적용한 주거시설 구조설계 사례)

  • Lee, Dong-Woo;Kwak, Chul-Seung;Jeong, Hoon-Sik
    • Proceeding of KASS Symposium
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    • pp.232-237
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    • 2008
  • In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the international organization, or alliance, consisting of eleven former Soviet Republics, their own regulation and standard, codes of the building are based on SNiP issued from the Russia. The SNiP for the seismicity is based on Kazakhstan codes where earthquake is very strong. After their independence, Seismic codes for Former Soviet Republics have been developed in their own accord. The building subjected by more than certain magnitude should be followed by TU as well as SNiP. In this paper, the residential complex project where seismic stability is considered from schematic design will be introduced. In this project, Local analysis program and method for arrangement of bar was applied. In the structural drawings, Korean and Local methods was compromised.

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Shear Performance of Full-Scale Recycled Fine Aggregate Concrete Beams without Shear Reinforcement (전단 보강되지 않은 실규모 순환 잔골재 콘크리트 보의 전단성능)

  • Lee, Young-Oh;Yun, Hyun-Do
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents the test results on the shear performance of large-size reinforced concrete beams using recycled fine aggregate to evaluate its applicability to structural concrete. The performance of these beams is compared to that of similar beams casted with natural coarse and fine aggregates. All of the beam specimens without shear reinforcement had $400mm{\times}600mm$ rectangular cross section and a shear span ratio (a/d) of 5.0. Five concrete mixtures with different replacement levels of recycled fine aggregates (0, 30, 60, 70 and 100%) were used to obtain a nominal concrete compressive strength of 28MPa. The test results of load-deflection curve, shear deformation, diagonal cracking load, crack pattern, ultimate shear strength, and failure mode are examined and compared. In addition, code and empirical equations from KCI, JSCE, CSA, Zsutty, and MCFT were considered to evaluate the applicability of these equations for predicting shear strength of reinforced concrete beam with recycled fine aggregate. The results showed that the overall shear behavior of reinforced concrete beams incorporating less than 60% recycled fine aggregate was comparable with that of conventional concrete beam. The MCFT gave good prediction and other code equations were conservative in predicting the shear strength of the tested beams. The beam specimens with replacement of 70 and 100% of natural fine aggregates by recycled fine aggregates showed different failure mode than other tested beams.

Architectural Design Elements for Hazard-Resistant and Reduction House (방재 및 감재주택을 위한 건축 계획 요소의 설정)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Eon
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Almost every research carried out in our country against the natural disaster is focused on the temporary facilities such as temporary housing, emergency shelter and as a result, it is very hard to find out researches on the ordinary houses which installed integrated systems of hazard-resistant against the natural disaster. Method: To conduct this research, categorizing process for design, structural, environmental and installation elements found in the Hazard-Resistant and Reduction House built for sale in Japan was performed. Result: In this study, several design concepts and subordinate items are recommended for hazard-resistant housing. First, design concept of 'Preparedness' which means security and access to the storage storing goods especially food & beverage for the emergencies is needed. The subordinate items consist of security of stocking space, diversified and circular storage system, and safety storage system. Second, design concept of 'Security' which means security of physical safety space and rapid recovery to returning to daily life against natural disaster is needed. The subordinate items consist of many items including not only structure and facilities but also architectural design method. And finally, design concept of 'Maintenance, Support and Return' which means minimizing the physical and psychological damages and support safety and physical conditions of the victims from the impact of the disaster to returning to daily life is needed. The subordinate items consist of high efficiency insulation/airtightness design, microclimate design, combination of photovoltaic system and storage battery, non-power appliance system against the power failure, storing system for drinking water, rainwater storing and utilization system.

The Environmental Status of the Playgrounds located in the Apartment Housings' Area (아파트 단지내 어린이 놀이터의 환경적 위상 정립에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Kyung Jin;Kim, Hyeong Eon
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2014
  • Since 1970s, the metropolitan-cities in Korea constructed enormous capacities of apartment housings to settle the inferior housing conditions. However, from a stand point of children, the formality of the apartment housing is too tight and specialized to give children enough space to play in and the location and physical area of that is bad and insufficient either. In this study, progressive method for the playground is offered to improve the conditions of playground in apartment housings through the examinations of the utilization of the playground and the problems of that. As a result, three of items for the improvement of the playgrounds are suggested. First, re-interventions for the rules which prescribe the area of the playgrounds are needed. Second, the locations of the playgrounds should be based on the children's playing activities and parents' profitable apprehend. Third, the access to the playgrounds should be based on the children's conveniences. In order to perform these recommended items, objective POE data for the playgrounds through the systematic examinations are also needed in addition to the abilities of the planners.

Application of AHP to Select for Priority of Permanent Traffic Volume Survey Site (AHP를 적용한 상시 교통량 조사 지점 선정 우선순위 결정에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Ju-Sam;Lim, Sung-Han;Cho, Yoon-Ho
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2005
  • Traffic volume data have been used for the plan, the design, and the operation of highway. Since 1955, traffic survey has been nation- widely carried out at national highway and the regular survey in national highway has been conducted at the intersections of highways. However, it is critical issue to select the priority of the regular survey because it is almost impossible to conduct regular survey at all intersections of national highways. In this study, MCDM(Multiple Criteria Decision Making) using AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) was applied to decide the priority of the regular survey. The following standard variables for determining the priority was selected the highway plan variables[AADT, VKT, Peak Hourly Volume, Location of highway from Urban], the highway design variables[Volume(pcu), Directional Traffic Volume, Heavy Vehicle Rate], and the highway operation variables[Speed, Density, V/C]. The standard variables were quantified and normalized. Using the Eigen vector method, the weighted values of each hierarchy based on the pair-wise comparison values from the questionnaire survey were calculated. The selection of the priority of regular survey was dependent on the size of the product of the weighted values for each hierarchy and the normalized values for the standard variables. Finally, the priority of regular survey of the intersections of national highways was determined according to the order in the size of the product of two values.

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A Study on the Standard Drawings of Seoul Middle School Architecture in 1975 (1975년 서울시 중학교 표준설계도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.2497-2504
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to analyze the 'Standard Drawings for School Facilities' issued by Seoul Education Committee in 1975 because it is the early example for middle school architecture. The results of this study are summarized as follows 1) In general trend of single-corridor type block plan, there are also changes in floor plan like no-corridor type block plan, $9.9{\times}6.6m$ classroom unit for the better daylight condition, built-in storage for students. 2) As for elevation design, it is characterized as daylight-oriented, functional exterior for without making full use of design elements. 3) Standardized dimensions are used as a rule in the height of story, ceiling, window sill and etc. Transitional characteristics of the early RC school architecture are found in exposed ceiling, incomplete insulation structure and mixed use of wood framed floor of earlier type. 4) Contrast to main school building, gymnasium shows the intend to express the symbolism of school architecture with diverse elevation design elements and the plasticity of building mass. 5) Separated plan of toilet and night-duty building also show the transitional characteristics. As conclusion, though showing the stereotyped school architecture, on the other hand, 'Standard Drawings for School Facilities' (1975) makes it possible to see the way of coping with the demands for school architecture in that time and the transition of school architecture. This is the main value of it as the material for the studies related to the history of educational facilities.

Suggestion of Vibration Criteria for Fresh Concrete Considering Early Strength Increase (Fresh 콘크리트의 초기 강도 증가를 고려한 진동규준치 제안)

  • Park, Sun-Joon;Park, Yeon-Soo;Kang, Sung-Hoo;Kim, Hong-Ki;Kim, Eung-Rok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.453-460
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, vibration criteria for fresh concrete are suggested considering relationship of strength and ages of concrete. Vibration criteria of fresh concrete subjected to construction vibration are not to be certain in abroad countries without question within a country. Before 12 hours cured, vibration criterion is suggested 0.25 cm/s. Used 4.0 cm/s by vibration criterion after 28 days. And the interval extent used relation with strength and ages of concrete. Vibration criteria proposed in this paper are thought may satisfy properties of fresh concrete as well as generally used those in domestic. Also, the actual ground vibrations due to pile driving have been measured, and data are analyze using the nitration equation applying to reliability index.

A Study on Continuity Management framework to build (연속성관리 구축 프레임워크 모색에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Jaechul;Na, Sungjin;Cheung, Chongsoo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2016
  • Until now, there were many BCMS case studies in financial sector based on best practices in BCP(Business Continuity Planning). However, the research on the standardized continuity management system framework that practically applicable to the private and public sectors-based national infrastructure and facilities management are relatively scarce. Therefore, in this study, we research to seek the continuity management system framework suitable for the private or public sector-based facility management through the comparison reviews of domestic and international continuity management system frameworks and the reviews of continuity management components considering the characteristic of the private or public sector-based facility management.

Development and Validation of Inventory of Peer Relation for Middle and High School Students (중·고등학생용 또래관계 검사 개발 및 타당화)

  • Kim, Sung-Geun;Ham, Kyong-Ae;Choi, Hee-Suk;Cheon, Seong-Moon
    • Journal of vocational education research
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.143-159
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and validate Inventory of Peer Relation for middle and high school students. First of all, in Study 1, 113 preliminary test questions were developed after reviewing of precedent studies in order to develop the Inventory of Peer Relation for Middle and High School Students. In Study 2, for the factor analysis, the survey was conducted for 600 students in three middle schools and three high schools in Busan to develop a final test, and finally 42 questions of them were selected. In Study 3, correlation analysis with another two inventories of peer relation was conducted to validate the developed Inventory of Peer Relation. The Inventory of Peer Relation developed through this study can be said reliable and valid. We made some suggestions for future studies.