• Title, Summary, Keyword: 고무복합재료

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Thermally-Expandable Molding Process for Thermoset and Thermoplastic Composite Materials (열팽창 고무치공구를 이용한 열경화성 및 열가소성 복합재료의 성형공정 연구)

  • 금성우;이준호;안영선;남재도;임인철;이창희;김이경
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.116-119
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    • 2000
  • 본 연구에서는 온도의 상승에 의하여 부피가 팽창하는 열팽창 고무 치공구의 팽창 특성을 이용하여 열경화성 복합재료를 경화하고 압축하는 과정을 실험과 모델링을 통하여 해석하였으며, 열가소성 복합재료의 함침공정을 연구하였다. 열팽창 고무치공구가 사용되는 닫힌계와 열린계에서 예상되는 압력을 이론적으로 유도하였고, 경화가 수반되는 과정에 있어서는 실험을 통하여 열팽창치공구와 프리프레그가 나타내는 압력을 측정하였다. 온도가 상승하고 경화가 수반되는 경우에 등속도 압축실험에 의하여 얻어지는 응력-변형율 곡선은 비선형점탄성 특성을 보여주었는데, 본 연구에서는 Maxwell모델을 KWW(Kohlrausch-Williame-Watts)식으로 변형시킨 모델식을 이용하여 이를 매우 정확하게 표현할 수 있었다. 또한 고무치공구를 이용하여 열가소성 수지의 복합재료 성형공정을 실험하였고, 중성자 레디오그래피 촬영을 통하여 기공의 분포를 관찰하였다.

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Effect of Interface on the Properties of Cord-Rubber Composites (코드섬유-고무 복합재료의 물성치에 대한 계면의 영향)

  • Lim, Hyun-Woo;Kim, Jong-Kuk;Yum, Young-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.583-588
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    • 2010
  • The nonlinearity and high deformability of rubber make accurate analysis of the behavior of cord-rubber composites a challenging task. Some researchers have adopted the third phase between cord and rubber and have carried out three-phase modeling. However, it is difficult to determine the thickness and properties of the interface in cord-rubber composites. In this study, a two-dimensional finite-element method (2D FEM) is used to investigate the effective and normalized moduli of cord-rubber composites having interfaces of various thicknesses; this model takes into account the 2D generalized plane strain and a plane strain element. The neo-Hookean model is used for the properties of rubber, several interface properties are assumed and three loading directions are selected. It is found that the properties and thickness of the interface can affect the nonlinearity and the effective modulus of cord-rubber composites.

Mechanical Properties of Elastomeric Composites with Atmospheric-Pressure Flame Plasma Treated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Black (대기압 화염 플라즈마 처리한 다중벽 탄소나노튜브 및 카본블랙 강화 고무복합재료의 기계적 특성 연구)

  • Sung, Jong-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Joo;Ryu, Sang-Ryeoul;Cho, Yi-Seok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.1209-1215
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    • 2010
  • The effects of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) content, carbon black (CB) content, atmospheric-pressure flame plasma (APFP) treatment, and acid treatment on the mechanical properties of elastomeric composites were investigated. For pure or filled rubbers with the given amount of CB (20 and 40 phr), the tensile strength and modulus of the elastomeric composites increase similarly with the MWCNT content. A composite with APFP-treated MWCNTs shows a hardening effect (high strength, high modulus, and high ductility) unlike the one with untreated MWCNTs. On the other hand, a composite with APFP-treated CB shows a softening effect (high strength, low modulus, and high ductility), which is unlike a composite with untreated CB. As the refluxing time increases from 1 h to 2 h and the sulfuric acid concentration increases from 60% to 90%, the tensile strength and modulus of a composite decrease. Thus, it is found that the MWCNT content, CB content, APFP treatment, sulfuric acid concentration, and refluxing time have an important effect on the mechanical properties of NBR composites.

Effect of Surface Treatments with Flame Plasma and Silane on Mechanical Properties of Silica Reinforced Elastomeric Composites (화염 플라즈마 및 실란 표면처리가 실리카 강화 고무복합재료의 기계적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jun-Man;Ryu, Sang-Ryeoul;Lee, Dong-Joo
    • Composites Research
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2011
  • The effect of surface treatments with the atmospheric pressure flame plasma (APFP) and epoxy silane (ES) is experimentally investigated to yield the best mechanical properties of silica ($V_f=40%$) reinforced elastomeric composites. The tensile strength of the composites is increased significantly with decrease the mean diameter. When the diameter is $2.2{\mu}m$, that of the composite is increased about 1.4 times compared to the matrix (2.52 MPa). Also, the tensile strength of silica reinforced composites with APFP and ES treated is increased 8.8~13.3%, 9.9~12.5%, respectively. When the diameter is $26.6{\mu}m$, the tensile modulus of the composite is increased about 2 times compared to the matrix (0.88MPa), and the tensile modulus of silica reinforced composites with APFP and ES treated is increased 15.6~22.8%, 21.1~5.8%, respectively. Conventional silane coupling agent treatment have a few disadvantages because of using organic solvents. However APFP treatment is a fast, economic and eco-friendly method to improve the mechanical properties.

Effects of Strain-Induced Crystallization on Mechanical Properties of Elastomeric Composites Containing Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Black (탄소나노튜브 및 카본블랙 강화 고무복합재료의 변형에 의한 결정화가 기계적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Sung, Jong-Hwan;Ryu, Sang-Ryeoul;Lee, Dong-Joo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.35 no.9
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    • pp.999-1005
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    • 2011
  • The effects of strain-induced crystallization (SIC) on the mechanical properties of elastomeric composites as functions of extension ratio (${\lambda}$), multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) content, and carbon black (CB) content are investigated. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis shows that the degree of crystallinity increases with the increase in the CB and CNT content. As ${\lambda}$ increases, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the composites increases, and the latent heat of crystallization (LHc) of the composites is maximum at ${\lambda}$=1.5. It is found that the mechanical properties have a linear relation with LHc, depending on the CNT content. According to the TGA (thermogravimetric analysis), the weight loss of the composite matrix is 94.3% and the weight of the composites decreases with the filler content. The ratio of tensile modulus ($E_{comp}/E_{matrix}$) is higher than that of tensile strength (${\sigma}_{comp}/{\sigma}_{matrix}$) because of the CNT orientation inside the elastomeric composites.

Effect of Kenaf Fiber Loading on the Properties of Natural Fiber/Natural Rubber Composites (천연섬유/천연고무 복합재료의 특성에 미치는 Kenaf 섬유함량의 영향)

  • Cho, Yi-Seok;Cho, Dong-Hwan
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.186-194
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    • 2011
  • Natural fiber/natural rubber composites were fabricated by uniformly compounding natural rubber and cellulose- based natural fiber kenaf and then by compression molding. The effect of kenaf fiber content on their vulcanization behavior, hardness, tensile properties, tear strength and static and dynamic properties was investigated. The contents of kenaf fiber in the composites were 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 phr, compared to natural rubber and additives. The result indicated that various properties of natural rubber depended on the kenaf fiber content. With increasing kenaf fiber content, the torque for vulcanization of natural rubber was increased whereas the vulcanization time was reduced as well. The hardness, tensile modulus and tear strength of kenaf/natural rubber composites were gradually decreased with the fiber content whereas the tensile strength and elongation at break were decreased. Also, with increasing the kenaf fiber content the dynamic property of natural rubber was changed more greatly than the static property. The loss factor, which is closely related with the damping or absorption of the energy given to natural rubber, was proportionally increased with the fiber content.

Effect of Acid-Base Characteristics of Carbon Black Surfaces on Mechanical Behaviors of EPDM Matrix Composites (카본블랙 표면의 산-염기 특성변화가 카본블랙/EPDM 복합재료의 기계적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Soo-Jin;Kang Jin-Young;Hong Sung-Kwon
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2005
  • The effect of acid-base treatments of carbon blacks (CBs) was investigated in the mechanical properties of CBs/rubber composites. The surface characteristics of the CBs were determined by the pH, acid-base values, and surface energetics. Their mechanical properties of the composites were also evaluated by the crosslink density $(V_e)$ and tearing energy (T). As an experimental result, acidically treated CBs led to the increase of the specific component $({\gamma}s^{sp})$, resulting in decreasing the mechanical properties of the composites. However, basically treated CBs showed a higher value of the dispersive component $({\gamma}s^L)$ than that of the untreated or acidically treated CBs. It was also found that the interaction of the CBs-rubber was improved, resulting in the improvement of the crosslink density and mechanical properties of the composites. It was then remarked that the acid-base characteristics of the CB surfaces made an important role in improving the physical properties of the rubber matrix composites.

Filler-Elastomer Interactions. 2. Cure Behaviors and Mechanical Interfacial Properties of Carbon Black/Rubber Composites (충전재-탄성체 상호작용. 2. 카본블랙/고무 복합재료의 경화 거동 및 기계적 계면 물성)

  • Kim, Jeong-Soon;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.122-131
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    • 2000
  • In this work, the effect of chemical surface treatments on morphology of carbon blacks was investigated in terms of cure behavior and tearing energy ($G_T$) of carbon blacks/rubber composites. As experimental results, the polar or nonpolar chemical treatment led to a significant physical change of carbon black morphology. The cure activation energies (Ea) and frequency factor (A) obtained from Kissinger equation decreased with improving the dispersion of carbon flacks, resulting in high reactivity. However, a significant advantage of carbon black/rubber composites is gained by carbon blacks treated in basic (BCB) or nonpolar (NCB) chemical solution, resulting in increasing the tearing energy. These results could be explained by changes of dispersion, agglomerate, surface functional group, void volume, and cross-linking density of carbon black/rubber composites.

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