• Title, Summary, Keyword: 고성능 비디오 프로세서

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Simulation of YUV-Aware Instructions for High-Performance, Low-Power Embedded Video Processors (고성능, 저전력 임베디드 비디오 프로세서를 위한 YUV 인식 명령어의 시뮬레이션)

  • Kim, Cheol-Hong;Kim, Jong-Myon
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.252-259
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    • 2007
  • With the rapid development of multimedia applications and wireless communication networks, consumer demand for video-over-wireless capability on mobile computing systems is growing rapidly. In this regard, this paper introduces YUV-aware instructions that enhance the performance and efficiency in the processing of color image and video. Traditional multimedia extensions (e.g., MMX, SSE, VIS, and AltiVec) depend solely on generic subword parallelism whereas the proposed YUV-aware instructions support parallel operations on two-packed 16-bit YUV (6-bit Y, 5-bits U, V) values in a 32-bit datapath architecture, providing greater concurrency and efficiency for color image and video processing. Moreover, the ability to reduce data format size reduces system cost. Experiment results on a representative dynamically scheduled embedded superscalar processor show that YUV-aware instructions achieve an average speedup of 3.9x over the baseline superscalar performance. This is in contrast to MMX (a representative Intel#s multimedia extension), which achieves a speedup of only 2.1x over the same baseline superscalar processor. In addition, YUV-aware instructions outperform MMX instructions in energy reduction (75.8% reduction with YUV-aware instructions, but only 54.8% reduction with MMX instructions over the baseline).

Industrial Trend of Mobile Processors (모바일프로세서 산업 동향)

  • Kwon, Y.S.;Eum, N.W.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.84-96
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    • 2010
  • 국내 휴대폰 시장은 최근 급격한 변화의 시기를 맞고 있다. 음성정보 송 수신과 단순한 개인정보관리, 또는 멀티미디어 데이터 처리에 주력하던 피처폰 시장은 고사양의 운영체제, HD급 비디오, 수십만 가지의 앱(App.; Application), 고성능 디스플레이로 대표되는 스마트폰 시장으로 급격히 전환되고 있다. 이러한 스마트폰의 고사양화는 모바일프로세서, 베이스밴드 칩, 다양한 센서를 포함하는 스마트폰 하드웨어와 데스크톱 수준에 근접하는 고사양의 운영체제가 견인하고 있다. 특히, 모바일 프로세서는 스마트폰 기술 발전을 견인하는 핵심 부품으로서 다수의 프로세서와 외부인터페이스 장치를 포함하는 고성능, 저전력의 시스템온칩(SoC)이며 모바일프로세서의 동작속도, 전력소모량 등은 스마트폰의 성능을 가늠하는 척도로 인식되고 있다. 최근, 모바일프로세서는 스마트폰 시장을 넘어서 넷북, MID, 스마트 TV 등 다양한 산업영역에서 채용되고 있으며 2018년에 100억 개의 제품이 생산될 것으로 전망되어 모바일 시장의 폭발적인 성장을 견인하는 핵심 부품이다.

Application Specific Instruction Set Processor for Multimedia Applications (멀티미디어 애플리케이션 처리를 위한 ASIP)

  • Lee, J.J.;Park, S.M.;Eum, N.W.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.94-98
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    • 2009
  • 최근 모바일 멀티미디어 기기들의 사용이 증가하면서 고성능 멀티미디어 프로세서에 대한 필요성이 높아지고 있는 추세이다. DSP 기반의 시스템은 범용성에 기인하여 다양한 응용 분야에서 사용될 수 있으나 주문형반도체 보다 높은 가격과 전력소모 그리고 낮은 성능을 가진다. ASIP는 주문형반도체의 저비용, 저전력, 고성능과 범용 프로세서의 유연성이 결합된 새로운 형태의 프로세서로서, 단일 칩 상에 H.264, VC-1, AVS, MPEG 등과 같은 다양한 멀티미디어 비디오 표준 및 OFDM과 같은 통신 시스템을 지원하고 또한 고성능의 처리율과 계산량을 요구하는 차세대 비디오 표준의 구현을 위한 효과적인 해결책으로 주목되고 있다. 본 기술 문서에서는 ASIP의 특징과 애플리케이션의 가속 방법, ASIP을 위한 컴파일러 설계 및 응용에 관하여 기술한다.

Implementation of SIMD-based Many-Core Processor for Efficient Image Data Processing (효율적인 영상데이터 처리를 위한 SIMD기반 매니코어 프로세서 구현)

  • Choi, Byong-Kook;Kim, Cheol-Hong;Kim, Jong-Myon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2011
  • Recently, as mobile multimedia devices are used more and more, the needs for high-performance and low-energy multimedia processors are increasing. Application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC) can meet the needed high performance for mobile multimedia, but they provide limited, if any, generality needed for various application requirements. DSP based systems can used for various types of applications due to their generality, but they require higher cost and energy consumption as well as less performance than ASICs. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a single instruction multiple data (SIMD) based many-core processor which supports high-performance and low-power image data processing while keeping generality. The proposed SIMD based many-core processor composed of 16 processing elements (PEs) exploits large data parallelism inherent in image data processing. Experimental results indicate that the proposed SIMD-based many-core processor higher performance (22 times better), energy efficiency (7 times better), and area efficiency (3 times better) than conversional commercial high-performance processors.

Design and Verification of High-Performance Parallel Processor Hardware for JPEG Encoder (JPEG 인코더를 위한 고성능 병렬 프로세서 하드웨어 설계 및 검증)

  • Kim, Yong-Min;Kim, Jong-Myon
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.100-107
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    • 2011
  • As the use of mobile multimedia devices is increasing in the recent year, the needs for high-performance multimedia processors are increasing. In this regard, we propose a SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) based parallel processor that supports high-performance multimedia applications with low energy consumption. The proposed parallel processor consists of 16 processing elements(PEs) and operates on a 3-stage pipelining. Experimental results for the JPEG encoding algorithm indicate that the proposed parallel processor outperforms conventional parallel processors in terms of performance and energy efficiency. In addition, the proposed parallel processor architecture was developed and verified with verilog HDL and a FPGA prototype system.

A study of Acceleration Technology using a ASIC co-processor (ASIC 프로세서를 이용한 가속 기술에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hyeyoung;Kim, Sungho;Lee, Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.183-184
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    • 2009
  • 과학용 어플리케이션을 주로 사용하는 고성능 컴퓨팅 시장에서 연산 요구량이 증가하면서 연산 가속 기술에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 컴퓨터 연산 가속의 대안으로 재설정가능반도체(FPGA)나 주문형 반도체(ASIC) 등의 전용 칩을 사용하거나 Cell 프로세서와 같이 비디오 게임용으로 개발된 게임 프로세서(Game Processor)를 과학 어플리케이션에 이용하려는 노력이 대두되고 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 ASIC 프로세서를 이용한 대표적인 가속 프로세서인 Clearspeed Advanced e620을 대상으로 성능을 분석하고 그 타당성을 검토하였다.

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Video Surveillance System Design and Realization with Interframe Probability Distribution Analyzation (인터프레임 확률분포분석에 의한 비디오 감시 시스템 설계 구현)

  • Ryu, Kwang-Ryol;Kim, Ja-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1064-1069
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    • 2008
  • A system design and realization for video surveillance with interframe probability distribution analyzation is presented in this paper. The system design is based on a high performance DSP professor, video surveillance is implemented by analyzing interframe probability distribution using trivariate normal distribution(weight, mean, variance) for scanning objects in a restricted area and the video analysis algorithm is decided for forming a different image from the probability distribution of several frame compressed by the standardized JPEG. The system processing time of D1$(720{\times}480)$ image per frame is 85ms and enables to process the system at 12 frames per second. An object surveillance about the restricted area by rules is extracted to 100% unless object is moved faster.

Color Media Instructions for Embedded Parallel Processors (임베디드 병렬 프로세서를 위한 칼라미디어 명령어 구현)

  • Kim, Cheol-Hong;Kim, Jong-Myon
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.305-317
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    • 2008
  • As a mobile computing environment is rapidly changing, increasing user demand for multimedia-over-wireless capabilities on embedded processors places constraints on performance, power, and sire. In this regard, this paper proposes color media instructions (CMI) for single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) parallel processors to meet the computational requirements and cost goals. While existing multimedia extensions store and process 48-bit pixels in a 32-bit register, CMI, which considers that color components are perceptually less significant, supports parallel operations on two-packed compressed 16-bit YCbCr (6 bit Y and 5 bits Cb, Cr) data in a 32-bit datapath processor. This provides greater concurrency and efficiency for YCbCr data processing. Moreover, the ability to reduce data format size reduces system cost. The reduction in data bandwidth also simplifies system design. Experimental results on a representative SIMD parallel processor architecture show that CMI achieves an average speedup of 6.3x over the baseline SIMD parallel processor performance. This is in contrast to MMX (a representative Intel's multimedia extensions), which achieves an average speedup of only 3.7x over the same baseline SIMD architecture. CMI also outperforms MMX in both area efficiency (a 52% increase versus a 13% increase) and energy efficiency (a 50% increase versus an 11% increase). CMI improves the performance and efficiency with a mere 3% increase in the system area and a 5% increase in the system power, while MMX requires a 14% increase in the system area and a 16% increase in the system power.

Analysis of Components Performance for Programmable Video Decoder (프로그래머블 비디오 복호화기를 위한 구성요소의 성능 분석)

  • Kim, Jaehyun;Park, Gooman
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.182-185
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    • 2019
  • This paper analyzes performances of modules in implementing a programmable multi-format video decoder. The goal of the proposed platform is the high-end Full High Definition (FHD) video decoder. The proposed multi-format video decoder consists of a reconfigurable processor, dedicated bit-stream co-processor, memory controller, cache for motion compensation, and flexible hardware accelerators. The experiments suggest performance baseline of modules for the proposed architecture operating at 300 MHz clock with capability of decoding HEVC bit-streams of FHD 30 frames per second.

A High-Performance and Low-Cost Histogram Equalization Scheme for Full HD Image (Full HD 비디오를 위한 고성능, 저비용 히스토그램 평활화 방법)

  • Choi, Jung-Hwan;Park, Jong-Sik;Lee, Seong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.1147-1154
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    • 2011
  • Auto exposure (AE) in image signal processor (ISP) controls brightness of input image to the proper brightness when it is too dark or bright. But conventional AEs often fail to get proper brightness since AE controls only average brightness of image. Especially in applications that require object recognition, it cannot be solved the problem by AE of ISP. In this paper proposes Histogram Equalization (HE) processes that is the alternative of AE. It also proposes proper method to realize hardware and compensate HE problems conventional by using simple calculation.