• Title, Summary, Keyword: 고속철도교량

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Dynamic Behavior and Resonance Reduction of Two-Span Continuous Bridges for Korean Train eXpress (KTX용 2경간 연속교량의 동적거동 및 공진감소)

  • Oh, Juwon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.1A
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2008
  • Dynamic behaviors of the two-span continuous bridge which is one of prototypes on Gyoung-Bu high-speed railway are analyzed and some methods for reducing the resonance of the bridge are proposed. The bridge is modeled as a two-span continuous beam and the load is a vehicle of TGV-K (2p+18T) with length of 380.15 meter traveling on the railway bridge at some constant velocity. The equations governing the dynamic behaviors of the bridge are partial differential equations produced by using a system with distributed mass and elasticity. The analysis of the governing equations is performed by the mode superposition method which has modal coordinates solved by Duhamel's integral. Without considering the train velocity the dynamic reponses can be greatly reduced at some special lengths of bridge. It is different from the results of simple bridges researched so far. When the dynamic responses increase rapidly to make a resonance phenomenon depending on the train velocities, the several methods are proposed to deduce the resonance.

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Running Safety of a Long Span Suspension Bridge under the Passage of a High Speed Train (장경간 현수교의 고속열차 주행 시 운행한계기준 검토)

  • Kim, Sung-Il;Kim, Hyun-Min
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.477-480
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    • 2011
  • 장경간 케이블 교량은 과도한 변위 발생 등의 이유로 엄격한 안전성 및 사용성이 요구되는 철도교량에서는 제한적으로 적용되고 있다. 즉, 철도교량으로서 요구되는 주행안전성과 승차감을 만족하기 위해서는 면밀한 분석이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 교량/열차 상호작용 해석을 수행하여 열차에서의 응답을 통해 교량 상을 주행하는 열차의 주행안전성 및 승차감을 직접적으로 평가하고자 하였다. 즉, 중앙경간 300m의 현수교를 주행하는 KTX 열차에 대하여 열차 내부의 가속도와 윤중감소율을 구해 평가하는 방법을 취하였다. 또한, 이동 열차하중과 지진하중이 동시에 작용할 경우를 고려한 교량/열차/지진 상호작용해석을 수행하여 지진 시의 응답을 평가하였다.

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Extracting Modal Parameters of Railway Bridge under the Action of High-speed Train Using TDD Technique (TDD기법을 이용한 고속철도 교량의 동특성 추출)

  • Kim, Byeong Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.761-771
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    • 2008
  • When the crossing frequency of a train meets the natural frequency of a railway bridge, the bridge is bound to become resonant. There are few available time response samples involving a train that passes a bridge at high speed. Very effective modal-parameter extraction techniques for such special high-speed railway bridge conditions are introduced in this paper. Utilizing the cross-correlations of the free-vibration responses after the train passes, mode shapes and the temporal modal parameters (e.g., natural frequency and damping ratio) are extracted using the TDD and SI techniques, respectively. This approach has been applied to a two-span steel composite bridge in the Kyung-Bu high-speed railway system. The estimation results were compared with those obtained using the existing methods. The results fully coincide with those that were extracted using the existing aforementioned technique.

Development of Wireless Smart Sensing Framework for Structural Health Monitoring of High-speed Railway Bridges (고속 철도 교량의 구조 건전성 모니터링을 위한 스마트 무선 센서 프레임워크 개발)

  • Kim, Eunju;Park, Jong-Woong;Sim, Sung-Han
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2016
  • Railroad bridges account for 25% of the entire high-speed rail network. Railway bridges are subject to gradual structural degradation or fatigue accumulation due to consistent and repeating excitation by fast moving trains. Wireless sensing technology has opened up a new avenue for bridge health monitoring owing to its low-cost, high fidelity, and multiple sensing capability. On the other hand, measuring the transient response during train passage is quite challenging that the current wireless sensor system cannot be applied due to the intrinsic time delay of the sensor network. Therefore, this paper presents a framework for monitoring such transient responses with wireless sensing systems using 1) real-time excessive vibration monitoring through ultra-low-power MEMS accelerometers, and 2) post-event time synchronization scheme. The ultra-low power accelerometer continuously monitors the vibration and trigger network when excessive vibrations are detected. The entire network of wireless smart sensors starts sensing through triggering and the post-event time synchronization is conducted to compensate for the time error on the measured responses. The results of this study highlight the potential of detecting the impact load and triggering the entire network, as well as the effectiveness of the post-event time synchronized scheme for compensating for the time error. A numerical and experimental study was carried out to validate the proposed sensing hardware and time synchronization method.

The Effect and Countermeasures of the Vertical Track Settlement Caused by Expand and Contract Behavior of the High-Speed Railway Bridge Girder (고속철도 교량 바닥판의 온도신축작용이 궤도처짐에 미치는 영향과 대책에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Kee Dong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.673-679
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    • 2005
  • According to continuous welded rails on a bridge, temperature changes bring about the expansion of the bridge deck,adding axial forces on the track. Moreover, the ballast on the bridge deck expansion joint is moved due to the bridge deck. The longer the bridge deck is, the greater the influence will be, loosening the ballast, causing track irregularities, and deteriorating passenger comfort. Considering the structure of the bridge itself and tolerance for track irregularities caused by the loosened ballast on the bridge, the maximum length of the deck should be less than 80 m, which is the same as the standard of French railways. In this study, the interaction between the expansion related to the bridge length and the irregularity in the longitudinal level, referring to measurements and maintenance work performed in high-speed railways, was analyzed. This research shows that the installation of a sliding plate or a vertical ballast stopper is not a good option, since it is difficult. On the other hand, the installation of a ZLR fastener or gluing is easy, but its influence is insignificant. In conclusion, switch tie tamping or manual tamping is more effective than other methods of what?

Behavior of Fastening system of HSR bridge ends deck on Slab Track installed Bridge (슬래브궤도가 부설된 고속철도 교량단부 체결장치의 거동)

  • Chun, Dae-Sung;Choi, Jung-Youl;An, Hea-Young;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1637-1646
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    • 2008
  • Deformations of bridge deck ends on abutment can cause extreme deformations on track. Especially, since slab track was fixed onto the bridge deck slab on concrete slab track installed bridges, deformations of bridge deck ends directly affect the slab track behavior, and thus these interactions can bring about the premature failure of rail fastenings or other deteriorations to lower the serviceability. In this study, a foreign standard to evaluate forces on track components caused by the track-bridge interactions and the behavior of bridge deck ends was investigated and for real scale bridges. It was found that rail support spring coefficients, as well as toe loads, support spacing were very important parameters.

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Evaluation of Comfort Limit on High Speed Railway Bridge Vibration Considering Passenger's Comfort (승차감을 고려한 고속철도 교량 진동사용성 평가)

  • Chin, Won-Jong;Kwark, Jong-Won;Choi, Eun-Suk;Kang, Jae-Yoon;Kim, Sung-Tae;Yoon, Hye-Jin;Kim, Nam-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.829-835
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    • 2011
  • This paper aims for proposed the deflection limit on vibration serviceability of high-speed railway bridges considering passenger's comfort when a train passes a railway bridge. The vertical acceleration signals of passenger cars obtained from test were compared with them from the bridge-train transfer function by riding KTX. The deflections by KTX of seven high speed railway bridges were assumed as sine and haversine wave. The deflection limit on vibration serviceability of high-speed railway bridges considering passenger's comfort when a train passes a railway bridge duration can be expanded using bridge-train transfer function and bridge comfort limit considering serviceability due to bridge vibration. And it was compared to other allowable deflection limits of railway bridge design specifications.

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Rail-Stress of High-Speed Railway Bridges using tong Rails and subjected to Spatial Variation of Ground Motion Excitations (지반운동을 공간변화를 고려한 고속철도 장대레일의 응력해석)

  • Ki-Jun Kwon;Yong-Gil Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.132-138
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    • 2003
  • The use of long rails in high-speed railway bridges causes additional stresses due to nonlinear behaviours between the rail and bridge decks in the neighbourhood of the deck joints. In the seismic response analysis of high-speed railway bridges, since structural response is highly sensitive to properties of the ground motion, spatial variation of the ground excitation affects responses of the bridges, which in turn affect stresses in the rails. In addition, it is shown that high-speed trains need very long distances to stop when braking under seismic occurrence corresponding to operational earthquake performance level so that verification of the safe stoppage of the train is also required. In view of such additional stresses due to long rails, sensibility of structural response to the properties of the ground motion and braking distance needed by the train to stop safely, this paper proposes and establishes a time domain nonlinear dynamic analysis method that accounts for braking loads, spatial variation of the ground motion and material nonlinearities of rails to analyze long rail stresses in high-speed railway bridges subjected to seismic event. The accuracy of the proposed method is demonstrated through an application on a typical site of the Korean high-speed railway.

차량의 제동이 교량에 미치는 영향

  • 곽종원
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.30-33
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    • 1997
  • 차량의 제동에 의한 기존의 연구는 차량의 bounce와 pitch에 의한 차량의 거동특성에 따른 고려만이 이루어져 왔으며 교량의 수직방향 offset에 의한 고려는 이루어지지 않았다. 여기서 교량의 offset이란 교량의 주형과 상판 그리고 교좌부의 중심간에 수직방향 높이의 차이를 말하며, 차량의 제동이 발생할 때 이러한 offset에 의한 추가적인 휨거동이 발생하므로 이러한 offset을 고려하여야 한다. 아울러 고속철도와 같은 중차량의 경우에는 교각의 상대적인 강성에 의한 효과도 고려되어야 할 것이다.

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