• Title, Summary, Keyword: 고속철도교량

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Dynamic interaction analysis of KTX-Bridge using mode superposition Method (교량의 모드 중첩법을 이용한 3차원 KTX-교량의 동적상호작용 해석)

  • Kim, Moon-Young;Lee, Joon-Seok;Jung, Myung-Rag;Min, Dong-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 교량의 자유진동 모드의 중첩원리를 이용하여 KTX-교량의 동적상호작용 해석법을 제시한다. 이를 위하여 모드중첩법에 기초한 3차원 교량-차량의 에너지 식으로부터 에너지원리를 적용하여 교량과 차량의 상호작용을 고려할 수 있는 운동방정식을 유도한다. 이때 운동방정식의 해는 Newmark-${\beta}$ 방법을 사용한다. 그리고 궤도의 불규칙성은 FRA의 6등급 분류규정을 고려하여 각 등급별로 고속철도의 열차속도에 따르는 응답을 분석한다. 실제 고속철도에 사용되는 PSC 박스형 교량을 상용프로그램(MIDAS)를 이용하여 모델링하고 그로부터 각 모드별 형상을 얻어내어 본 논문에서 개발한 열차-교량 상호작용 프로그램에 입력하여 상호작용 해석을 수행한다.

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Resonance Phenomenon according to the relationship between Span Length of the Bridge and Effective Beating Interval of High-Speed Train (교량의 지간장과 고속전철하중 유효타격간격 사이의 관계에 따른 공진현상)

  • 김성일;곽종원;장승필
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1999
  • Resonance of the bridge can be occurred with the coincidence between a natural frequency of the bridge and a crossing frequency of moving loads which is determined from the speed and effective beating interval of the vehicle. In case of the railway bridge, the effective beating interval of the vehicle is fixed under the passage of specific trains. In the present study, resonance and cancellation of the bridge subjected to moving high-speed train are analyzed with the variations of span length. A steel-concrete composite railway bridge is idealized by the combinations of plate elements and space frame elements. High-speed train is idealized with moving constant forces and a 3-dimensional full modelling. From analyzing dynamic responses of D.M.F of vertical displacement, maximum vertical acceleration of the slab, and end rotation according to the variations of span length of the bridge, design criteria of span length of the bridge which satisfies dynamic safety is discussed.

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Development of Design Chart for Investigating an Additional Rail Stress and Displacement on CWR(I) - Design Chart for High Speed Railway Bridge (장대레일 부가축력 및 변위 검토를 위한 설계차트 개발(I) - 고속철도 교량 설계차트)

  • Choi, Il-Yoon;Cho, Hyun-Cheol;Yang, Sin-Chu;Choi, Jin-Yu;Yu, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.565-573
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    • 2009
  • Displacement of the bridge and additional rail stress due to interaction between track and bridge should be limited to the design criteria. Interaction analysis was conducted to investigate the displacement and additional rail stress on CWR in high speed railway bridge. Particularly, various parameters affecting interaction phenomena were taken into account in the analysis to enhance an applicability. These parameters included configuration of structure, stiffness of deck and support, steel/concrete bridge, ballast/concrete track and FM/MFM type etc. The results were presented in the form of the design chart which could be useful in preliminary design of the bridge.

Evaluation of Impact Factor of High-Speed Railway Bridges from Dynamic Response under KTX Running (고속철도교량의 동적응답에 의한 충격계수 평가)

  • Yoon, Hye-Jin;Chin, Won-Jong;Kwark, Jong-Won;Hwang, Eui-Seung;Kim, Byung-Suk
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1636-1640
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    • 2011
  • To consider dynamic magnification effect at the static design stage, impact factor is applied to design load. Current impact factor adopted EUROCODE without domestic verification through theoretical and experimental studies. This study evaluated impact factor of railway bridges from dynamic response under KTX running. Moving Average Method was applied to calculate impact factor. Investigation considering different type of bridges and tracks including velocity was conducted.

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Impact Factor of High-Speed Railway Bridges from Dynamic Response under KTX Running (고속철도교량의 동적응답에 의한 충격계수 산정)

  • Yoon, Hye-Jin;Chin, Won-Jong;Kwark, Jong-Won;Hwang, Eui-Seung;Kim, Byung-Suk
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1631-1635
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    • 2011
  • To consider dynamic magnification effect at the static design stage, impact load factor is applied to design load. Current impact load factor adopted EUROCODE without verification while Japan suggested impact load factor including velocity of high-speed train throughout theoretical and experimental studies. On the purpose of evaluate current impact load factor, this study investigated the calculation of impact load factor from dynamic response of running train.

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Sound Quality Evaluation for Transient Interior Noise of High-Speed Train (음질평가를 통한 고속철도의 과도실내소음 특성 분석)

  • Park, Jun-Hong;Park, Buhm;Lee, Sin-Yeob;Choi, Sung-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.309-309
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    • 2010
  • 한국은 산과 강이 많고 평야가 적은 지형적 특성상 터널 구간, 교량 구간 등이 많고 철도 차량이 이러한 구간들을 통과할 때 차량 내부에서 발생되는 과도 소음 또한 자주 발생하게 된다. 정상상태에서 소음에 비하여 과도상태에서 소음은 특성이 급격히 변화하여 승객들에게 더욱 큰 성가심을 유발할 수 있다. 특히 국내에서 운행중인 KTX 와 KTX 산천과 같은 고속철도의 경우 빠른 운행 속도로 인하여 과도 소음의 정도 또한 높아지게 된다. 따라서 더욱 정숙한 승객들의 승차 환경을 조성하기 위하여 과도상태에서의 실내소음 특성분석은 그 중요성이 더욱 커지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 고속철도가 감속 가속할 때, 터널을 통과할 때, 교량 위를 운행할 때, 차량이 교행할 때 등의 과도 상태에서의 실내 소음 특성을 음질평가의 방법으로 분석하고 정상상태에서의 소음 특성과 비교하였다.

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Numerical Model Updating Based on Univariate Search Method for High Speed Railway Bridges (단변분 탐색법에 기초한 고속철도교량의 수치해석 모델 개선)

  • Park, Dong-Uk;Kim, Nam-Sik;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2014
  • Numerical model became one of most important tools for identifying the state of an existing structure in accordance with development of numerical analysis techniques. A numerical model should be updated based on the measured responses from the existing structure to accurately use the model for identifying the state of the bridge and executing numerical experiments. In this study, a new model updating method based on repetition method without a differential function is introduced and applicability for high speed railway bridge is verified with dynamic stability analysis. A fine measurement based on measurement points roaming method was executed with an wireless measurement system for precise dynamic characteristic analysis. The natural frequencies and mode shapes were estimated by correlation analysis and a mode decomposition technique. An initial numerical model was constructed based on design drawings and the model have been updated in accordance with the introduced model updating method. The results from numerical experiment and field test have been compared for verifying the applicability of the model updating method. And the dynamic stability analysis has been executed to verify the usability of the updated numerical model and the model updating method. It seems that the model updating method can be used for various bridges after evaluation of applicability for other type bridges in further studies.

Reliability-Based Safety and Capacity Evaluation of High-Speed Railroad Bridges (신뢰성에 기초한 고속철도 교량의 안전도 및 내하력평가)

  • 조효남;곽계환
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 1997
  • In Korea, the construction of the first high-speed railroad on the Seoul-Pusan Corridor has already started 3 years ago, in the paper, an attempt is made to develop reliability-based safety and capacity evaluation models for the computer-aided maintenance of the high-speed railroad bridges. The strength limit state models of PC railroad bridges for reliability analysis encompass both the single failure mode such as bending or shear strength and the combined interaction equations which simultaneously take into account flexures, shear and torsion. Then, the actual load carrying capacity and the realistic safety of bridges are evaluated using the system reliability-based equivalent strength, and the results are compared with those of the element reliability based or conventional methods. It is concluded that the proposed models may be appropriately applied in practice for the realistic assessment of safety and capacity of high-speed railroad bridges.

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Development of a Quasi-Three Dimensional Train/Track/Bridge Interaction Analysis Program for Evaluating Dynamic Characteristics of High Speed Railway Bridges (고속철도 교량의 동특성 해석을 위한 준3차원 차량/궤도/교량 상호작용 해석기법의 개발)

  • 김만철
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 2003
  • Railway bridges are subject to dynamic loads generated by the interaction between moving vehicles and the bridge structures. These dynamic loads result in response fluctuations in bridge members. To investigate the real dynamic behavior of the bridge, therefore, a number of analytical and experimental Investigations should be carried out. In this paper, a train/track/bridge interaction analysis program for evaluating the dynamic characteristics of bridges due to KTX operation in terms of structural safety, operational safety and passenger comfort is developed. To build a practical model of train/track/bridge, Hertzian spring for wheel/rail contact modeling and Winkler element for ballast are applied. This program also used torsional degree of freedom and constraint equation based on geometrical relationship in order to take into consideration three-dimensional eccentricity effect due to the operation on double track through quasi-three dimensional analysis. To verify the developed Program, comparison has been made between the measured results and those of simulation of the typical PSC box bridge(2@40m=80m) of the KHSR bridges.