• Title, Summary, Keyword: 고추 역병

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고추 탄저병 역병 방제 "포인트"는 무엇인가?

  • 조의규
    • The Bimonthly Magazine for Agrochemicals and Plant Protection
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.92-96
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    • 1986
  • 고추에 피해를 주고 있는 병으로 잎오갈병, 더뎅이병, 탄저병, 역병등 19종이 우리나라에 보고 되어 있다. 이러한 고추의 병해를 병원균별로 보면 담배모자이크바이러스등 바이러스가 5종, 더뎅이병균등 세균이 3종이 있으며 곰팡이는 역병균등 14종이 고추에 병을 일으키고 있다. 이와같은 고추병들이 고추에 피해를 주고 있지만 그중에서도 특히 고추를 이어짓기 하는 밭이나 비닐하우스에서 고추의 작황을 좌우하는 것은 대부분이 역병에 의한 피해이다. 역병의 피해는 물론 고추를 이어짓기함으로써 토양 전염되는 역병균의 전염원이 매년 증가하기 때문이기도 하지만 역병이 발생하기 쉬운 여름철에 장마가 겹치므로 물빠짐이 나빠지거나 침수가 되기 때문에 피해가 증가하는 요인이 되고 있다.

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In Vivo Antifungal Activities of Surfactants against Tomato Late Blight, Red Pepper Blight, and Cucumber Downy Mildew (계면활성제를 이용한 역병과 오이 노균병 방제)

  • Yu, Ju-Hyun;Jang, Kyoung-Soo;Kim, Heung-Tae;Kim, Jin-Cheol;Cho, Kwang-Yun;Choi, Gyung-Ja
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.339-343
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    • 2004
  • Anionic surfactants such as sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate (SDSS) and sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (NaDBS) and a nonionic surfactant, polyoxyethylene oleyl ether (OE-7) were tested for their protective, curative, and persistent activities on tomato late blight (TLB, Phytophthora infestans), red pepper blight (RPB, P. capsici), and cucumber downy mildew (CDM, Pseudoperonospora cubensis). They exhibited a strong protective activity on TLB, RPB, and CDM. Among them, $NaDBS\;(500\;{\mu}g/ml)$ showed the most in vivo antifungal activities(1-day protective activity) with control values of 99%, 100%, and 85% against TLB, RPB, and CDM, respectively. However, the three surfactants represented a weak disease controlling efficacy on TLB, RPD, and CDM in a 1-day curative application. SDSS and NaDBS exhibited a good persistent activities on TLB and RPB. Especially, NaDBS, at $500\;{\mu}g/ml$, showed control values of more than 88% on TLB and RPB in a 7-day protective application. The results indicate SDSS and NaDBS have a potential for the control of TLB, RPB, and CDM in the fields.

채소작물 병해방제 집중탐구 (6) 고추 - 고추농사 풍$\cdot$흉 좌우하는 역병과 탄저병

  • 김충회
    • The Bimonthly Magazine for Agrochemicals and Plant Protection
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 1992
  • 고추에 발생하는 병해는 우리나라에 18여종이 있다. 그중에서 가장 중요한 병해는 두말할 나위없이 역병과 탄저병일 것이다. 세균성점무늬병(반점세균병)과 바이러스병(모자이크병, 괴저병)도 문제가 되고 있으나 앞의 두 병해에 비하면 발생도 국부적이고 피해도 훨씬 가볍다고 할 수 있다. 이 네가지 병해는 우리나라 고추 주산단지의 연작 장해현상과 밀접한 관련을 가지며 연작에 의하여 발병이 심화되는 대표적인 병해다. 이밖에도 고추에는 잿빛곰팡이병, 균핵병, 흰가루병등의 공기전염성 병해들이 시설재배지의 특수환경과 관련하여 점차 발생이 늘어나는 추세에 있다. 여기에서는 고추에서 가장 문제가 되고 있고 농민들이 방제에 큰 어려움을 겪고 있는 역병과 탄저병에 대하여 그 효과적인 방제대책을 알아본다.

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Effect of Simulated Acid Rain Treatment on the Germination Rate and the Phytophthora Rot of Capsicum annum (고추의 발아 및 역병 발생에 미치는 인공산성비의 영향)

  • Cha, Byeong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 1996
  • Simulated acid rain(SAR) treatment caused a lethal effect on the newly germinated seedlings of Capsicum annum cv. Komyung even though the germination rate of the seeds was stimulated by the treatment of SAR. Young germinated seedlings were much more sensitive to SAR than the already-grown seedlings. The typical symptom caused by SAR was white spot or lesion on the leaf and appeared readily and severely at the low pH of SAR. Generally, Phytophthora rot was severer in SAR treatments than in control. However, the disease was less severe in lower pH of the SAR treatment than in higher pH. Pathogen inoculation following the SAR treatment increased the disease. The severest Phytophthora rot was observed in the SAR treatment of pH 4.0 or 4.5 regardless of the inoculation time.

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Isolation of Antibiotic-Producing Actinomycetes Antagonistic to Phytophthora capsici from Pepper-Growing Soils (고추 재배토양(栽培土壤)에서 Phytophthora capsid에 길항효과(拮抗效果)가 있는 항생작물생성(抗生物質生成) 방선균(放線菌)의 분리(分離))

  • Ahn, Sang-Joon;Hwang, Byung-Kook
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.259-268
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    • 1992
  • Fifty-three actinomycetes antagonistic to Phytophthora capsici and Magnaporthe grisea were isolated from rhizosphere soils in six pepper-growing areas and ashore soils. Thirty-two antagonistic actinomycetes, showing inhibition zone larger than 5 mm, were classified into 20 groups according to their colony morphology and color. The antagonistic activity against P. capsici greatly varied, which showed inhibition zone sizes in the ranges from 5.7 to 17.5 mm on V-8 juice agar and from 2.5 to 17 mm on tryptic soy agar. The antagonistic activity of some actinomycetes tested was remarkably different between the two test media. The antagonists showed a relatively broad antifungal spectrum, but their antibacterial activity was negligible, except for Pseudomonas solanacearum. Butanol extracts of culture filtrates from antagonistic actinomycetes inhibited mycelial growth of P. capsici and M. grisea, thereby confirming strongly antibiotic production in culture. Culture filtrates of some antagonistic actinomycetes completely inhibited Phytophthora blight in pepper plants.

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Validity Test for Molecular Markers Associated with Resistance to Phytophthora Root Rot in Chili Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) (고추의 역병 저항성과 연관된 분자표지의 효용성 검정)

  • Lee, Won-Phil;Lee, Jun-Dae;Han, Jung-Heon;Kang, Byoung-Cheorl;Yoon, Jae-Bok
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2012
  • Phytophthora root rot has been causing a serious yield loss in pepper production. Since 2004, the year in which commercial cultivars resistant to the disease were firstly commercialized, it has been necessary to introduce the resistance into domestic pepper cultivars for dried red pepper. Therefore, developing molecular markers linked to the resistance is required for an accurate selection of resistant plants and increasing breeding efficiency. Until now, several markers associated with the major dominant gene resistant to Phytophthora root rot have been reported but they have some serious limitations for their usage. In this study, we aimed to develop molecular markers linked to the major dominant gene that can be used for almost of all genetic resources resistant to Phytophthora root rot. Two segregating $F_2$ populations derived from a 'Subicho' ${\times}$ 'CM334' combination and a commercial cultivar 'Dokyacheongcheong' were used to develop molecular markers associated with the resistance. After screening 1,024 AFLP primer combinations with bulked segregant analysis, three AFLP (AFLP1, AFLP2, and AFLP3) markers were identified and converted into three CAPS markers (M1-CAPS, M2-CAPS, and M3-CAPS), respectively. Among them, M3-CAPS marker was further studied in ten resistants, fourteen susceptibles, five hybrids and 53 commercial cultivars. As a result, M3-CAPS marker was more fitted to identify Phytophthora resistance than previously reported P5-SNAP and Phyto5.2-SCAR markers. The result indicated that the M3-CAPS marker will be useful for resistance breeding to Phytophthora root rot in chili pepper.

Damage Analysis and Establishment of Control Threshold for Phytophthora Blight of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum) (고추 역병 피해 해석과 방제가 필요한 발병수준의 설정)

  • Kang, Hyo-Jung;Jeong, Kyeong-Heon;Ahn, Ki-Su;Han, Chong-U;Kim, Sang-Hee;Kim, Yee-Gi
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2011
  • Incidence of Phytophthora blight of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum) and yield (fresh weight) of pepper fruits were investigated at four separate fields located in Cheongwon, Boeun, Eumsung, and Goesan, which are major pepper production areas in Chungcheongbuk-Do. In all of the experimental fields except the Goesan field, increased incidence of Phytophthora blight led to decreased yield of pepper fruits. The harvest time in which the yield of red pepper fruits was highly correlated with the incidence of Phytophthora blight was different between areas: it was highly correlated in the third harvest in Cheongwon (y=-11.0x+435.2, $r^2$=0.99), but in the second harvest in Boeun (y=-15.0x+944.6, $r^2$=0.76). In contrast, there was a very low correlation between the pepper yield and the disease incidence in Goesan in which pepper seedlings grafted on resistant stocks were planted. The final disease incidence in the Cheongwon experimental field reached 100% more than 40 days later in 2007 compared with that in 2006. The control threshold of Phytophthora blight in the pepper fields where disease incidence had been lower than 5% was set as 0.8% disease incidence, which caused less than 5% yield loss.

Evaluation of Resistance in Hot Pepper Germplasm to Phytophthora Blight on Biological Assay (생물검정을 통한 고추 유전자원의 역병저항성 평가)

  • Kim, Jeong-Soon;Kim, Won-Il;Jee, Hyeong-Jin;Gwang, Jae-Gyun;Kim, Chung-Kon;Shim, Chang-Ki
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.802-809
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    • 2010
  • Phytophthora blight of pepper is the most economically important disease in the world cultivation regions. We investigated the phytophthora blight resistance of 300 accessions of Korean landrace of hot pepper germplasms collected from 83 local regions. The disease incidence rate was checked from 7 days to 28 days at an interval of 7 days after inoculation under greenhouse conditions. Among 300 accessions, the disease incidence rate of phytophthora blight of 67 accessions of pepper germplasm was more than 60.1%, while no disease was observed in 37 accessions at 7 days after inoculation. At 28 days after inoculation, five and eleven accessions of pepper germplasm were resistance and moderate resistance to $P.$ $capsici$, respectively. Two hundred forty four susceptible accessions (81.3%) of pepper were scored as having more than 60.1% of disease incidence of phytophthora blight. This result suggests that five candidate pepper germplasm might be used as breeding resources for the phytophthora blight resistance breeding program. Also, further genetic studies should be carried out to verify this result, with the overall focus of providing information on important characteristics of pepper germplasm.

Pepper Blight Disease Inhibition Metagenome Clone Screening Using Soil Metagenome Library (토양 Metagenome Library로부터 고추역병 저해 클론 탐색)

  • Park, Hae-Chul;Sung, So-Ra;Kim, Dong-Gwan;Koo, Bon-Sung;Jeong, Byeong-Moon;Kim, Jin-Heung;Yoon, Moon-Young
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.228-231
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    • 2009
  • We have purified Phytophthora capsici alpha and beta tubulin from Escherchia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant alpha and beta tubulins were assembled into microtubule in vitro with specific conditions. The metagenome library was isolated from soil in the Mt. Yeo-Ki, Suwon, Korea and manufactured with the method mentioned in experiment contents for in vitro screening of microtubule assembly screening. FRET effect was used for microtubule assembly inhibitor screening with metagenome library. We got 2 metagenome clones from in vitro screening, and these 2 hit clones showed P. capsici growth inhibition activity on the growing pepper plants. These results suggest that new development of potent inhibitor for pepper blight disease and new approach to prevention of pepper blight disease.

Isolation of Antagonistic Bacteria to Phytophthora capsici for Biological Control of Phytophthora blight of Red Pepper (고추역병의 생물학적 방제를 위한 길항세균의 분리)

  • 이용세;최장원;김상달;백형석
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1999
  • To isolate of antagonistic bacteria to Phytophthora capsici, which cause Phytophthora blight in red pepper, 237 isolates of Pseudomonas spp. and 260 isolates of Bacillus spp. were screened in selective media from rhizosphere soils of red pepper at Kyongsan, Kyongju, Yongchon and Euisung in Kyongbuk. Among total 497 isolates, 8 isolates of Pseudomonas spp and 4 isolates of Bacillus spp. inhibited the mycelial growth of Phytophthora capsici above 50$\%$ . These antagonistic bacteria showed more inhibitory effect on TSA (tryptic soy agar) than V-8 juice agar. Four isolates, P0704, P1201, B1101 and B1901, showing the most prominent antagonistic activity were selected and identified as P. cepacia (P0704, P1201), B. polymyxa (B1101) and B. subtilis (B1901), respectively. Cell free filtrates of these isolates were shown to inhibit zoosporangia germination and mycelial growth of p. capsici indicating that these isolates turned out to be bacteria producing antifungal substances. As a result of antagonistic test to Phytophthora blight in green house p. cepacia (P0704) showed the highest antagonistic effect with 46.7$\%$ and the rest of them were in the range of 13.4$\%$ to 26.7$\%$ .

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