• Title, Summary, Keyword: 곡선부

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Development of Measure of Effectiveness (MOE) and Algorithm for Hazard Level at Curve Sections (곡선부 위험도 판정척도 및 알고리즘 개발)

  • Ha, Tae-Jun;Jeong, Jun-Hwa;Lee, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Suk-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.5D
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    • pp.627-638
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    • 2008
  • At present, there is a no rational MOE for evaluating hazard level at curve sections. Therefore, this study focus on developing the MOE and algorithm for hazard level at curve sections. The scopes of this study limited to rural two-way roads. Actual data used is accident, geometric features, safety facilities of the selected sites at curve sections. In order to develop MOE for hazard level at curve sections, accident contributing factors were classified by road geometry, visual guidance facility, speed and driver factor. A relationship between the four factors mentioned and accidents was conducted. And, the MOE for hazard level at curve sections was derived from the previous relationship analysis, and the algorithm for hazard level was developed. Finally, worksheets were suggested based on the MOE and algorithm for road designers. These developed MOE and algorithm can be used to reduce serious accident contributing factors when designing roads and also, these will be used to determine an order of priority when reconstructing roads.

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Analysis of Visual Distortion and Suggestion of Design Criteria at Curve Sections (곡선부 시각왜곡현상 분석 및 설계기법 제시)

  • Ha, Tae-Jun;Jeong, Jun-Hwa;Lee, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Suk-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.29 no.6D
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    • pp.663-673
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    • 2009
  • Driver's perceived curve radius is different from actual curve radius at curve sections. This is called visual distortion. It has effect on operation speed according to driver's perception and finally bad effect on safety at curve sections. At present, however, there is no research on quantitatively analysis of visual distortion and no criteria for curve section design considering the visual distortion. Therefore, this study focus on finding degree of visual distortion and suggesting design criteria by visual distortion analysis. The process of this study is as below; First, a calculaiton model of perceived curve radius was developed by survey using computer simulation. In this model, a dependent variable is perceived curve radius and an independent variable is geometric factors. Second, degree of visual distortion was calculated from ratio of perceived curve radius to actual curve radius. Finally, design criteria were suggested through influencing factor analysis of visual distortion at curve sections.

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The Effects of Horizontal Curves on Vehicle Speeds and Accidents (평면곡선부의 차량속도 및 교통사고 영향분석연구)

  • 최재성
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구는 평면곡선부의 차량속도변화와 교통사고에 대한 영향을 분석하기 위해 수행되었으며, 이를 위해 곡선반경별로 진입부 직선도로 - 곡선부 - 이탈부 직선도로로 구분하여 각 주행속도를 산정하였다. 본 연구에서는 선행차량에 의해 영향을 받지 않는 속도를 이용하여 평면곡선부 기하구조의 영향을 분석하였다. 이러한 곡선부의 주행 속도를 분석한 결과, 곡선반경별 최저속도와 그 속도가 나타나는 위치를 분석하였고, 해당 도로구간의 교통사고자료를 분석하여 평면곡선부의 차량주행속도변화와 교통사고 발생간의 관계를 규명하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 운전자들은 곡선시작지점에 도착하기 전에 충분히 속도를 줄이고, 곡선부에서 가장 낮은 속도가 나타나는 위치는 곡선시점의 후방에서 나타나고 이는 운전자의 시거에 의한 영향이다. 둘째, 곡선부에서의 속도변화폭이 클수록 사고위험성은 크고 실제 교통사고의 발생건수는 높다. 본 연구의 결과에 의해 도로 주행의 안전성을 고려한 평가지표를 개발할 수 있으며, 이에 의한 일관성 있는 도로설계를 유도할 수 있다.

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A Study on the Model for Classification of Safety in the Curved Section of Road (도로 곡선부의 안전 등급화 모형에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gyeong-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2008
  • This research proposes two sub-models and one integrated model for the classification of safety in curve section of road, where the fatal-rate is relatively higher in accidents. The first sub-model calculates the accident-rate by safety-index that is based on the road geometries. The second decides the safety of curve section by the speed difference between before and in the curve. Finally, the integrated model of two sub-modules can classify the safety of curve section of road.

Estimation of Perceived Curve Radius Considering Visual Distortion at Curve Sections (곡선부 시각왜곡현상을 고려한 인지곡선반경 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Jae-Man;Park, Je-Jin;Son, Sang-Ho;Ha, Tae-Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.30 no.4D
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    • pp.395-402
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    • 2010
  • The seriousness of a traffic accident appears relatively higher on the curve sections compared with the straight sections due to a change in speed caused by a change in the driver's sight. In particular, the visual distortion phenomenon, one of the dangerous factors taking place on the curve sections, appears different according to the road's geometric design. Although it is a genuinely principal design factor which should be necessarily considered in designing a road, the previous researches on establishing the design standards for it have been insufficiently conducted. As a result, the establishment of the road design standards for the curve sections considering the sight distortion phenomenon is desperately required. This research examined the previous researches on the driver's behaviors, the driver's sight characteristics and the perceived curve radius on the curve sections, and developed the theoretical model of perceived curve radius to which a mathematical technique is applied in consideration of the visual distortion phenomenon on the two-lane curve sections in a local area. In addition, after the theoretical visual distortion was calculated on the basis of the theoretical model of perceived curve radius, the range of error on the theoretical recognition radius model formula was verified through comparing it with the previous researches' experiential visual distortion level and analyzing both of them. As a result, it was observed that as the curve radius practically increases in the theoretical recognition curve radius, the range of error tends to go down, which reflects well the characteristics of the curve sections on the road. Based on this research, it is expected that this research will be helpful to eliminate the safety defects when designing the curve sections and contribute to develop the road design standards considering human factors in the future.

Analytical Evaluation on the Structural Safety of Horizontally Curved Parts of Buried Pipe (지중 매설관 곡선부의 해석 및 안전성 평가)

  • Jeon, Jin-Su;Kim, Sung-Nam;Han, Taek-Hee;Kang, Young-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2008
  • Recently, it has been reported that buried pipes' crack is concentrated on curved parts. In this study, 3D-Finite element analysis is performed for Analytical Evaluation on the Structural Safety of Horizontally Curved Parts of Buried Pipe. The constructed pipe cracked in curved parts of pipe is analyzed and all kinds of loads affected to buried pipes are considered. Displacement, stresses and buckling analysis are performed. The stress analysis shows that stress in curved parts is larger than stresses in straight parts and exceeds allowable stress in some parts. So, stress analysis on curved parts is needed for safety for buried pipe.

Characteristics and Modeling of Operating Speed at Horizontal Curves on Rural Four-Lane Highways (국도 4차로 곡선부에서 주행속도의 특성 및 모형)

  • 고종대;장명순;정준화
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2002
  • Under a specific roadway alignment condition by design-speed standards, safety of the roadway is determined by an actual operating speed of a driver. This research takes first lanes of four-lane(hi-direction) rural highways as target facility. It also takes the straight and curved lanes of the selected highways for in-depth study. This study used NC-97 to detect speeds of passenger cars whose speeds are not affected by front vehicles. This research analyzed properties of 85th percentile operating speed at upstream of horizontal and through curves under various alignment conditions. The results show that 53∼65 Percent of drivers drive faster than the posted speed-limit (80KPH) by 14∼20 KPH on average. It also shows that the 85th-percentile operating speeds are the lowest at the middle point of curve length when curve radius is smaller. However, they are lowest at 1/4 point of curve length when curve radius is greater. Along roadways where curve radius is small, difference between upstream speed and the speed along the curve is considerably large. On the other hand. the speed difference is setting smaller as the curve radius is increasing. According to the results, significant variables affecting the 85th percentile operating speeds are curve radius and the 85th-Percentile operating speeds of upstream curves.

Evaluation of Horizontal Curve Transition Section Using Lateral Acceleration Model (횡방향 가속도 모영을 이용한 곡선부 도로의 변이구간 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Je-Jin;Kim, Yong-Gil;Ko, Yeong-Sun;Ha, Tae-Jun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2008
  • According to the present highway design criteria, there are minimum standards which re ade from special design speeds. If some highways are satisfied the standards, it regards he highway as safety. In reality, however, most drivers drive a car at different speed compared with design speed. It is very dangerous for drivers especially at transition sections between curve and horizontal curve sections. Hence, this study calculated the rate of changing and horizontal acceleration at each section. Moreover, this study evaluated thesafety of design at curve transition sections and then calculated lateral acceleration and curve radii. This study found the minimum standards which are using as basic safety standards are not appropriate for measuring driver's safety.

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Prediction of Ground Vibration nearby the Curved Railway Track (열차 곡선부 노선 인근의 진동환경 예측 연구)

  • Huh, Young;Um, Ki-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.423-428
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문은 열차 곡선부 노선에서 발생하는 진동크기의 예측을 위한 것으로, 곡선부를 주행하는 틸팅차량에 의해 발생하는 진동크기를 수치해석적으로 예측한 결과이다. 곡선부를 주행하는 틸팅차량에 의한 진동의 특징으로, 진동의 방향성분을 들 수 있다. 진동의 방향성분은 직선 구간에서는 수직성분이 월등히 우세하나, 곡선구간에서는 수평성분이 크게 증가한다. 틸팅차량의 경우, 일반열차에 비해 곡선구간에서의 높은 속도로 인해 수평성분이 크게 발생한다. 따라서 틸팅차량의 주행에 의한 인근 지역에서의 진동환경을 파악하기 위해서는 수직성분 뿐 아니라 수평성분의 정확한 파악도 필요하다. 이러한 진동의 방향성분은 근거리 또는 원거리 영역에 따라 달라져, 이의 파악을 위한 연구가 필요하다.

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A Study on Behavior Characteristics of Reinforcement Zone of Block Type Mechanically Stabilized E arth Wall by Field Measurement in Curved Section (현장 계측을 통한 블록형 보강토옹벽 곡선부 보강 영역의 거동 특성 연구)

  • Lee, So-Yeon;Kim, Young-Je;Oh, Dong-Wook;Lee, Yong-Joo;Jung, Hyuk-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, field measurement of the Block Type Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) wall curved section was performed, and the reinforced area of the curved part is studied through the result. MSE method has been applied to various fields because of easy construction and excellent economic efficiency, so that it can be easily access in our life. However due to lack of compaction and stress concentration phenomenon, cracks and collapse occur in the curve of MSE wall, which is important for safety. The cause of collapse is lack of research on curved section, lack of design criteria, lack of construction due to economical efficiency and shortening of construction period, insufficient compaction space. In this study, therefore, it was examined the existing design and construction standards, analyzed the cause through accident examples of the curved section of the Block Type MSE wall. As a result, the horizontal displacement of the curved section was 90% higher than that of the straight section and 60% higher than that of the concave section. In the case of the convex section in the curved section reinforcement region, the maximum displacement is shown in the H/2 section in the horizontal direction from the center of the MSE wall, and the range of influence from H is shown. In the case of the concave section, the maximum displacement is shown in the center, The minimum displacement was confirmed in H/4 section in the horizontal direction from the center of the MSE wall. As a basic study on the reinforcement area rehabilitation through the actual construction of block type MSE wall, the behaviors of the straight part and the curved part were compared and analyzed. And analyzed the reinforced area in order to reduce the damage of the stress concentration phenomenon and secure the safety.