• Title/Summary/Keyword: 공급지장효과

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The Supply Shortage Effects of Oil Refinery Industry in Korea (국내 정유산업의 공급지장효과 분석)

  • Cho, Yong-Cheol;Lee, Yong-Hwan;Yoo, Seung-Hoon
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.164-172
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    • 2015
  • As the petroleum products produced from the Oil refinery industry (ORI), a national key industry in Korea, are supplied to other industries as an intermediate goods, the supply shortage of ORI has a large impact on the national economy. This paper attempts to analyze the supply shortage effects which are defined as the negative impact of one won of supply failure in the ORI on the production of other industries. To this end, an inter-industry analysis using an input-output (I-O) table describing inter-industry flow of intermediate goods is applied. More concretely, the supply-driven model is employed over the period 1990-2012. In addition, the results are compared with those for shipbuilding, semiconductor, and steel industries. The results show that the supply shortage effects are computed to be 0.9205 won when using 2012 I-O table. More specifically, the supply shortage effects on chemical products and transportation industries are computed to be 0.2113 and 0.1140, which are relatively large, The supply shortage effect of ORI is smaller than that of steel industry (1.4131 won), but larger than that of shipbuilding industry (0.0586 won) and that of semiconductor industry (0.1111 won).

The Industrial Economic Costs of Unsupplied Electricity in OECD Countries using Input-Output Analysis (산업연관분석을 활용한 전력의 산업별 공급지장비용 평가 : OECD 국가를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seung-Jae;Jeong, Dong-Won;Yu, Jae-Gab
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.191-198
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    • 2016
  • As the electricity produced from the electricity industry, a national key industry in Korea, are supplied to other industries as an intermediate goods, the supply shortage of electricity industry has a large impact on the national economy. This paper attempts to analyze the supply shortage effects which are defined as the negative impact of one won of supply failure in the electricity on the production of other industries. To this end, an input-output analysis using an input-output (I-O) table describing inter-industry flow of intermediate goods is applied. More concretely, the supply-driven model is applied subject to the OECD countries. The value of the supply effects interfere with Denmark's best large 1.682 was followed by South Korea, Japan, Australia, the UK.

The Major Ripple Effects of the Logistics Industry (Using a MRIO(Multi-Regional Input-Output) Analysis) (물류산업의 주요 경제적 파급효과분석 (MRIO를 이용하여))

  • Choe, Yeong-Yun;Kim, Chan-Seong;Park, Min-Cheol;Seong, Hong-Mo;Sin, Seung-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to identify the impact of the logistics industry on the Korean national economy. To do this, we used a MRIO table provided by the Bank of Korea which includes inter and intra regional relationship of the production and consumption for 6 areas - the Seoul Metropolitan, Gangwon, Chungcheong, Jeonra, Gyeongbuk, Gyeongnam area, but an original MRIO table was recomposed of 29 sectors focused on logistics industry for the purpose of this study. we analyzed producing-inducing effects, supply-shortage effects and inter-industry linkage effects based on logistics industry by region and industry. As a result, the logistics industry has more supply-shortage effect rather than production-inducing effect and has a higher ripple effect on the automotive in Gyeongnam area and petrochemical industry in Jeonra area. In particular, the ripple effect of th Metropolitan logistic industry was far smaller than that of other areas, because the Seoul Metropolitan industry was identified as the primary and middle demand industry.

The Role of Utility Industry to the National Economy Using Input-Output Analysis (산업연관모형을 이용한 수도산업의 경제적 파급효과 분석)

  • Park, Doo-Ho;Choi, Han-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.663-668
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    • 2006
  • 수도산업의 국민경제적 역할 및 파급효과를 파악하기 위해 1990년-2000년 산업연관모형을 이용하였다. 첫째, 일반적인 산업연관분석 기법인 생산유발계수를 이용하여 수도산업의 생산활동으로 인한 각 산업의 파급효과를 계측하였다. 둘째 레온티에프 가격모형을 이용하여 수도요금 10%인상으로 인한 각 산업에 대한 물가파급 효과를 구하였다. 셋째 공급유도형 산업연관모형을 이용하여 수도산업의 공급지장으로 인한 각 산업의 직.간접 영향을 평가하였다. 마지막으로 구조분해분석을 이용하여 1990-2000년 간 수도산업의 산출증가의 요인을 분해하였다. 분석결과 수도산업에 대한 생산유발효과나 공급지장효과는 산업활동에 큰 영향을 미치지만 수도요금 인상으로 인한 가격파급효과는 매우 작은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 수도산업 자체의 성장으로 인한 효과로 인해 산출 수준이 증가한 반면 투입기술이나 수입변화 효과로 인해서는 산출이 감소한 것으로 나타났다.

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A Study on Economy Effects of ICT Industry on Transportation Industry -For Convergence of ICT and Transportation- (정보통신산업이 운송산업에 미치는 경제적 효과에 관한 연구 -정보통신과 운송의 융합을 위한-)

  • Shin, Yong-Jae;Choi, Sung-Wook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.321-329
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates effects of hardware and telecommunication and software service divided by ICT service on each 5 transportations to explore convergence of ICT and Transportation. Research models are production inducing effects, Added Value inducing effects of Demand-Driven model and Shortage cost effects of Supply-Driven model by using data for 2010~2012 of Input-Output Table. Results are that network and software service effects are more impact than hardware effects on transportations. Especially, hardware is impacted heavily on production inducing effect, telecommunications and software services has had a significant impact on the production inducing effect and Shortage cost effects. In addition, by each detail the transportation industries, packages and other transport and road transport is influenced greatly from ICT. On the other hand, rail and water transport are relatively lower impact by ICT, However, the effects of rail and water transport by ICT is grater than investment ratio of ICT. As a result, increasing investment in the ICT services could contribute to development of rail and water transport development.

A Comparative Analysis on the Role of the Oil Refinery Industry in the Korean and Japanese National Economy (한국 및 일본 정유산업의 국민경제적 역할 비교 분석)

  • Jin, Se-Jun;Ahn, So-Yeon;Yoo, Seung-Hoon
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.37-52
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    • 2016
  • This study attempts to compare the role of the oil refinery industry in the Korean and Japanese national economy using an inter-industry analysis. First of all, the study conducts a comparative analysis on production-inducing effects and value-added creation effects of the oil refinery industry based on demand-driven model. Moreover, we investigate the supply shortage effects and sectoral pervasive effects of price change by using supply-driven model and Leontief price model, respectively. These analyses have been done by specifying the oil refinery industry as not endogenous but exogenous. The results show that1 won of production or investment in the oil refinery industry induces 0.2620 won and 0.6537 won of production in other industries of Korea and Japan, respectively. The former is less than the latter. It also creates 0.0946 won and 0.0536 won of value-added in other industries of Korea and Japan, respectively. The first is larger than the second. The effects of 1 won of supply shortage in oil refinery industry on other industries are computed to be 0.9657 won and 1.4476 won for Korea and Japan, respectively, and thus the former is smaller than the latter. Finally, the pervasive effects of 10% price change in oil refinery industry are estimated to be 0.3819% and 0.3409% in Korea and Japan, respectively, and thus the first is larger than the second.

The Role of the Value Added Network Service Industry in the Korean Economy: Using An Input-Output Analysis (부가통신서비스산업의 경제적 파급효과 분석: 산업연관분석을 이용하여)

  • Shin, Yong Jea;Choi, Sung Wook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2013
  • The value added network service industry has played and important role in the telecommunication service industry and in the economic development of Korea. This study uses input-output analysis to investigate the role of value added network service sector in the Korean national economy for the period 2000, 2005, 2009, focusing on four topics in its application: production inducing effects, value-added inducing effect, employment-inducing effects by demand-driven model and supply shortage effect by supply-driven model, inflation impacts by the Leontief price model, finally analysing inter-industry linkage effects. The results of this study are as follows: production inducing effects analysis 2000 0.5253won to 2009 1.31314won, value-added inducing effects 0.25112won to 0.5337won employment inducing effects from 0.09749 to 0.21025 people grew, the supply shortage effect from 1.29003 to 2.12048won, price impact of Leontief price model was increased from 0.0022% to 0.00258%. Finally, inter-industry linkage effects, appeared to have the characteristics of final demand raw industrial.

Role of the Korea Media Industry in the Nation Economy Analysis (국내 미디어산업의 파급효과 분석)

  • Min, Yong-Sik;Lim, Eung-Soon;Jung, Kun-Oh
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2010
  • The media industry is becoming more important around the world and there are changes over this industry. Therefore this is the time that the economic impacts is needed about media industry. This study attempts to examine the economic impacts of the media industry using an inter-industry analysis. Specifically, the study investigates production-inducing effect, value added inducing effect and employ-inducing effect of the media industry based on demand-driven model and the study deals with supply shortage effect and sectoral price effect of the media industry by using supply-driven model and Leontief price model. The results of this analyses are presented; 0.5461 won in production-inducing effect, 0.3143 won in value added inducing effect when 1 won is produced by media industry, 5.0459 persons in employ-inducing effect when 1 billion won is produced, 1 won of supply shortage in this industry results 0.7353 won in supply shortage effect which affect the other industries. Sectoral price effect is 0.2389% due to the 10% increase of price.

Economy Effects of IT Industry on Financial and Insurance Services (IT산업이 금융서비스에 미치는 경제적 효과)

  • Choi, Sung Wook;Shin, Yong Jae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2015
  • IT is based industry on finance and insurance services and is essential equipment of survival for competitive on market. The importance of IT industry on finance and insurance is bigger than other industries. So, This study examinate effects of hardware and software divided by IT industry on each 6 finance and insurances. Research models are production inducing effects of Demand-Driven model, Shortage effects of Supply-Driven model finally, Leontief's price model by using data for analysis is Input-Output table for 2000~2009. Results are that IT Service effects are more impact than IT hardware effects on Finance and Insurance Service. Especially, IT service's supply shortage effects is 0.0847KWR to produce 1KRW of finance and insurance service for 2-fold increase compared to 2000. In addition, Central Bank and banking institutions of finance and insurance services are the greatest impact from IT industry. These are which is increasing to interdependence between IT industry and finance and insurance service.

A Comparative Analysis on the Economic Effects Between New and Renewable- and Thermal- Power Generation in Korea (한국 신재생에너지발전과 화력발전의 경제적 파급효과 비교분석)

  • Kang, Ji Eun;Lee, Jung Ho;Park, Jung Gu
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 2017
  • Paris Agreement on Climate Change(2015) requires to reduce the greenhouse gas emission. One of the responses to the requirement is to change the proportion of power generation, which is summarized to the decrease in thermal power and the increase in new and renewable power. This article conducts a comparative analysis on the economic effects between thermal- and new and renewable- power generations, using the Input-Output Table from The Bank of Korea. The results of this analysis show that the new and renewable power generation has got the larger effects in production-inducing, value-added-inducing, employment-inducing, and supply-shortage scopes, while the smaller effect in price-pervasive scope than the thermal power generation. According to these results, the complex consideration should be taken into when the changes in power generation mix are tried. Especially, the political efforts to reduce the supply-shortage effect of new and renewable power and the price-pervasive effect of thermal power will be important.