• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공론장

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A Typology of Media-Public Sphere Relationships (공론장-미디어 관계의 유형화)

  • Cho, Hang-Je;Park, Hong-Won
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.50
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    • pp.5-28
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    • 2010
  • The theoretical scope of the public sphere has been dramatically expanded as a result of new academic inquiries into the nature of the political and the public in contemporary societies. While appreciating the value of the concept of the public sphere for understanding democratic roles of the media, scholars began to raise questions on Habermasians' exclusive focus on news and public affairs programs, arguing that various entertainment programs also can invoke political deliberation. Terms like affective public sphere, emotional public sphere, aesthetic public sphere, expressive public sphere were used to capture this new conception. To comprehend the theoretical and practical implications of the conceptual expansion of the public sphere for media studies, this study attempted to provide a typology of media-public sphere relationships. By using public-private and rational-emotional axes as two criteria for classification, we created four prototypes of the public sphere (i.e., political public sphere, populism, difference pluralism, and intimacy/privacy) and discussed the characteristics of each type. After setting out media communication as a form of meta-public sphere that mediates and coordinates the four different types of the public sphere, we presented public service broadcasting as an exemplar meta-public sphere in the contemporary society of multiple social antagonisms and differences.

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The Public Sphere and the Conflict-Structure in Spent Nuclear Fuel Management (사용후핵 연료 관리 이슈 공론장과 그 갈등구조에 관한 소고)

  • Choi, Seong-Kyung
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 2009
  • Social Acceptance is important to decide policy of spent nuclear fuel management. The idea of a public sphere as a receptacle of dynamic process is the core in this discussion. The purpose of this study is to examine the concept, participants, the conflict-structure and agreeable conditions of a public sphere. A public sphere means in this paper, mechanism and systems that various stakeholders' and public's participation with spontaneous will can affect decision-making process. For good designing and implementing a public sphere, it is necessary to analysis and cope with political, foreign and security, economic, sociocultural environments, the law and systems around spent nuclear fuel management.

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Characteristics of the Counter Public Sphere during the Early Modern Era in Korea (조선 후기 대항 공론장의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Won, Suk-Kyoung;Yoon, Young-Tae
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.59
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    • pp.92-115
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    • 2012
  • The authors examine the characteristics of the counter public sphere during the late Chosun era based on three dimensions: historical, ideological, and analytical. The counter public sphere during the late Chosun era was a lively communicative sphere where the common people, who resisted the premodern ideas and foreign power, tried to overcome the oppressing social and political environment. Although the counter public sphere did not continue to grow during the Japanese colonization era, it provided a basis of the independence movement and the ideological ground for the democratic movement today.

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The Transformation of Alternative Public Sphere and its Motive in Korea (한국 대안적 공론장의 변화과정과 추동 요인에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Eun-Gyoo
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.33
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    • pp.87-114
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    • 2006
  • The concept of alternative sphere is terminologically various; resistance media, counter media, minjung media, grassroots media, underground media, alternative media, civic media, etc. Each terminology reflect the feature of times and the emphasis of advocator. This article explore the transformation of alternative public sphere and its motive in Korea. In a world, Korea's alternative public sphere has changed as following: resistance media and liberty media in 70', counter media and minjung media in 80', alternative media in 90', and alternative media and civic media in 2000'. The motive of transformation is basically the expansion of civil society and extension of social movement in Korea. As social movement's character has changed, the feature of alternative public sphere has also changed. Minjung movement played key role of social movement in 1980', the alternative public sphere characterized as minjung media or counter media which was based on working class consciousness. After this, According as civil movement have initiative of social movement, the character of alternative public sphere changed by alternative media and civic media. Besides, this article argue that the alternative public sphere of Korea has changed dialectically with social movement.

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The Conflict-Structure of Public Sphere in Korea: Focusing on Formation of Modem Media (한국 공론장의 갈등구조: 근대 신문의 생성과정을 중심으로)

  • Shon, Seok-Choon
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.27
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    • pp.153-181
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    • 2004
  • This study tries 'interdisciplinary research' regarding the formation process of public sphere and the modern media on the Korean society. From the process where the civil society of modern ages is formed, the public sphere was condition that pulls down the feudal system of medieval Europe and appears the civil society. The modern newspaper collected the public opinion from lower part and did play a leading role which forms public sphere in Europe. Even from Korea the literary public sphere and political public sphere were developing inside the Chosun Dynasty period from lower part since 18th century. However the opening of a port became accomplished before making the printing media which is newspaper. As a result the public sphere in Korea was accomplished a conflict-structure. This study cleared where the crisis of Korean journalism is originated by presenting a conflict-structure differently with a transplantation theory or a graft hybrid hypothesis.

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The Study on the Process of Public discussion about the On-line civic Social Movement (온라인 시민 사회운동의 공론화 과정에 관한 탐색적 연구: 안티닉스 운동 게시판 분석을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Jae-Chorl
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.33
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    • pp.253-285
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    • 2006
  • This study focuses on the on-line civic social movement which is based on the individual dimension. This kind of on-line social movement is organized voluntarily by the citizens who have the common concerns about issues and problems raised in the net. In the context, this paper analyzes what is the characteristics of discourse formed in the process of public discussion concerned about the anti-Nix movement. And, this study also analyzed who was processed the anti-Nix movement through which steps and what kinds of way in the case of anti-nix movement. Based on the research results, the anti-Nix movement is led by the organizer of the movement and the active participants of it. This study also found out that the various movement strategies of the site organizer were the major reasons of the success of anti-Nix movement. This study also found out that the discussion board of anti-Nix movement is close to the function and role of traditional public sphere rather than those of the swearwords and libels.

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A Comparative Study on the Regulation System of Public Sphere in the Social Media Space During the Election Campaign (소셜 미디어 관련 온라인 선거 공론장 규제체계 비교연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Ryu, Jung-Ho;Jung, Soo-Young
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.55
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    • pp.74-99
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    • 2011
  • This article tries to find out some regulatory facts to improve and vitalize roles of social media such as facebook, twitter, etc in the election campaign. For this goal, a theoretical approach is based on the agnostic and open aspects of the regulation system of election. Case study and in-depth interview were used as research methods in this article. The results are as follows. First, some differences are in the election regulatory system regarding the roles of social media in UK, US, Japan and Korea. The election public sphere systems of these countries categorized to the types of legal factors to control political communications in election public sphere; free-speech oriented system(UK. US), limited free-speech oriented system(Korea), normative-oriented system(Japan). Second, most respondents answered they agreed with some improvement ideas to reflect needs of netizen and academic who suggest to minimize regulatory burdens on social media in the political communication during the election campaign.

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Study of the Electoral TV-Public Space: Paradox of the Mythical Structure Manipulated by the Technical Institutionalization (TV 선거 공론장 구조 연구: 기계적 제도화의 역설(Paradox))

  • Park, Tae-Soun
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.36
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    • pp.198-230
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    • 2006
  • The aim of the this study is to observer paradoxal phenomenon in media election. The media, especially Television, was traditionally a journalistic operation representing political events on the outside of political camp. But recently, it intervenes to 'the political camp' as the most important method for election campaign. A centripetal of electronic medias making the dominant political space offer an alternative plan which get over the modern crisis of representative democracy. Even though, to the production of the political symbol and the operation of symbol which constitute substantial system of political action, the human being subject is excluded and the technical system of communication make up a govern structure. So it makes the contradictory situation. TV broadcast for election campaigning show well this paradoxal situation. The institutionalization of electoral broadcasting oriented by the State strengthens an immensification, an economical and political efficiency and a transparency of electoral campaign. But the means which controls the mind of public is also strengthened. It relates the production and circulation of the political symbol and the symbolic image restricted by dominator. In conclusion, this study argues that the media election is institutionalized by the instrumental reason(procedural rationality of politics and technological rationality of broadcasting), therefore the candidate take a fragment roles for the production of transcendental political symbol and the voters accommodate to the symbolic images which are foreseen and they judge.

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Television Debates: Genre Conventions and Their Limits as Public Spheres (사회적 공론장으로서 텔레비전 토론 프로그램: 장르 관습과 한계)

  • Kim, Hoon-Soon;Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.18
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    • pp.63-97
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    • 2002
  • Public debate is an essential communication process of our society and now it's carried out generally by television. The purpose of this study is to discuss on the potentialities and limits of TV debate as a public space. First, we examine the way of television's construction of public debate to discover the conventions of the genre. Second, examine its limitation and potentials as an public sphere. We analyse four TV debate programs during one month(June, 2001) using text analysis: format construction, nature of agenda, characteristics of panels and chairman, participation of audience, type of knowledge. The result shows that although numbers of programs are increased, many TV debates not differentiated each other in their format, panel, and contents, and merely reproduce genre conventions. Especially in policy debates, abstract agenda, male-dominated panel, limited participation of audience, and elitism and authoritative are prevailing. The genre's preconceived formulae and fixed convention restrict its own possibility of a participant and democratic public sphere. So, in order for TV debates to function as a open public sphere, to be flexible and re-examinate the proper frame for mass media public sphere.

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Effectiveness of the Internet Real-Name Verification Law: Evidence from Self-censorship and Intention to Detour the Regulation (인터넷실명제와 우회로의 선택: 인터넷 공론장 참여자들의 자기검열과 우회로 선택의향을 중심으로)

  • Han, Hye-Kyung;Kim, Eu-Jong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.55
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    • pp.50-73
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    • 2011
  • This paper investigates the effectiveness of Real-Name System on Internet, which has been applied to some Internet service provider bulletin boards in Korea. The goal of the Real-Name system on the Internet is controlling expression of slanderous or abusive language. The effectiveness of the regulation is dependent on the people's perceptions and attitude toward to the legislation. This empirical study examines the antecedents that affect the perceptions and attitude toward the regulation. Further, we investigate the relationships among variables such as internet public sphere participation, attitude to the regulations, and intention to choose detours. Results of regression analysis show that the younger and the more progressive individuals are, the more they oppose the implementation of the law. Also, it was found that people who have more political interest and participate more actively in public sphere via internet, tend to oppose the law. Structural equation models reveal that participation in online public sphere drives negative attitudes about the regulation. In addition, people with negative perceptions about the law tend to choose the detours such as 'cyber asylum' and 'service asylum'.

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