• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공역관리

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Plans for Improvement of the Airspace Structure (공역체제 개선계획)

  • Kim, Chang-Seop
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.12
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    • pp.144-177
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    • 2000
  • Our nation have several procedures and law for national airspace management, however those procedures and law not enough to manage airspace. Therefore, I have studied this paper for improving flight safety and for providing economics flight of civcil aircraft and military aircraft, also, for increasing efficiency of airspace through systematic airspace management, additionally, for improving nation defense ability and for preventation our nation damage when occuring airspace problem. Nowaday. in using airspace. two theory which freely use theory and use theory under jurisdiction is opposed by every nation in worldwide. Consequently. we can realize every nation endeavour to increase their jurisdiction airspace. However. our nation is not still prepared to cope with other nation when occuring airspace trouble. because airspace definition is not prescribed on our aviation law. Therefore. several problems which are improved in our airspace management are presented on this paper. The presented matters are as follows. First, The airspace definition is not prescribed on aviation law and responsibility limit of airspace management is ambugious. Second. problem on structure of approach control area and special airspace, Third. problem on airway system. Fourth. civil agency and military agency apply respectively different regulation in establishment of aircraft flight route, To grasp these problems, considered the airspace conception, airspace classfication. legal character of airspace. our nation airspace state and management together with other nation airspace state and management. also compared our nation airspace management with other nation airspace management. And. improvement methods to solve problems which was appeared by comparing and analysis are presented on this paper.

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A Study of Determinants of Regulatory Policy of Air Traffic Management and Airspace Utility (항공교통관리와 국가공역의 규제정책 결정요인의 고찰)

  • Shin, Hyun-Sam
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.255-272
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to present the adaquate guidelines necessary in decision making processes regarding air traffic management as well as airspace management in the national airspace system. It encompasses the overall advanced air traffic management initiatives, domestic air traffic congestion and resolution method as well.

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Current Status and Recent Issues in Domestic Air Space Management System (국내 공역 현황과 제도개선 방안)

  • Yang, Han-Mo
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.14
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    • pp.207-240
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구에서는 항공운송산업의 발전을 위하여 항공기 운항의 기반이 되는 국내 공역관리의 실태와 문제점을 검토하고, 이의 개선방안을 도출하고져 하였다. 한국은 세계10위의 국제적 민간항공국임에도 불구하고 경쟁력의 원천인 국내여건이 매우 취약한 실정이다. 국내 공역은 약 40만$km^2$인 대구비행정보구역내에 14개소의 접근관제구역과 16개의 항공로가 있고, 민간항공의 비행을 금지하거니 제한하는 71개소의 통제공역과 47개소의 주의공역이 설정되어 있다. 이와 같이 국내 공역은 매우 협소하고 복잡하며, 국가안보의 특수 상황으로 인하여 공역운영의 효율성이 떨어지며, 항공운항의 비경제성과 비행안전요인이 상존하고 있다. 이를 개선하기 위해서는 국가공역관리체제가 실질적이며 체계적으로 확립되어야 하며, 총체적인 국가이익의 극대화를 위하여 안보목적의 군 관할 공역과 민간항공이 활용 가능한 공역의 활당이 최적화 될 수 있도록 공역구조가 재편되어야 한다. 또한 운영상 효율성을 제고하기 위하여 접근관제구역의 광역화, 항공로체제 개선, 공역설계기준의 제정, 수도권 공역 부족의 해소와 미래항행시스댐 운영에 대한 대비가 필요하다.

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우리나라의 공역관리 개선방안

  • 박근혜
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
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    • pp.453-453
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    • 1998
  • 우리나라가 관할하는 공역의 넓이는 약 40만$\textrm{km}^2$로 주한미군이 1952년부터, 국방부가 1958년부터 관리해 오다가 1995년에 건설교통부가 공역관리 업무를 인수하였다. 우리나라의 공역(대구 FIR)에는 비행금지구역, 비행제한구역, 위험구역, 경제구역, 훈련구역, 군작전구역 등 무려 114개의 특수목적 공역이 설정되어 있어 민항공기의 운항이 자유롭지 못하다. 또한 내륙을 중심으로 14개의 접근관제규역이 설정되어 있고 각기 관할구역에 대하여 배타적인 권리를 행사함으로써 신공항건설에 따라 운항이 필요한 소요공역 확보에도 애로가 많은 실정이다. 항로는 국내항로 5개, 국제항로 11개 등 모두 16개의 항로를 운영하고 있으나 대부분 한 개의 항로를 양방향으로 운영하고 있어 교통량 처리가 어려운 실정이고 항공교통량 전체의 75%가 수도권으로 집중되는 현상이 나타나 안전도 확보에도 지장을 주고 있다. 우리나라는 군사적 특수성 때문에 군의 작전비행 활동이 상당히 많으나 관제 및 비행절차에 관한 규정을 군과 민이 각각 달리 운영하고 있는 문제점들이 있다. 금번 세미나에서는 군의 작전활동을 유지하면서 민 항공의 안전성, 경제성 등을 확보하기 위하여 1)국제민간항공기가 제정한 공역등급화(ATS Air Space Spacification)방안, 2)접근관제구역의 조정개선 방안 3)특수공역의 합리적 운영방안, 4)항로의 적선화, 복수의 일방통행 항로 확보 및 국제연결 항로의 다양한 방안, 5)군민간의 관제규정의 일원화 방안 등을 제안하고자 한다.

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A study on Risk Assessment Procedure for the Structural changes of Navigable Airspaces (공역의 구조적 변경에 따른 위험평가 절차 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, W.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2012
  • 'Navigable airspace' means an airspace at and above the minimum safe flight level, including airspace or flight procedures needed for safe takeoff and landing. Airspace may be established as needed and may be abolished, and in some cases may be limited to airspace management. These are absolutely based on risk assessment. Safety is the state in which the risk of harm to persons or of property damage is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management. 'Risk' is the assessed potential for adverse consequences resulting from a hazard and 'Risk assessment' involves consideration of both the frequency and the severity of any adverse consequence. This paper proposed 'risk assessment procedure' for the structural changes of Navigable Airspaces through literature reviews relevant to manuals on airspace management and risk management.

Trajectory Based Air Traffic Analysis Software Design for Dynamic Airspace Configuration (동적 공역 형상관리를 위한 궤적기반 항공 교통량 분석 소프트웨어 설계)

  • Kim, Hyoun-Kyoung;Eun, Yeon-Ju;Oh, Eun-Mi
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, the design result of the trajectory-based air traffic analysis software which is going to be used to assess air-traffic efficiency in case that some modification's made in dynamic airspace configuration, is described. The software has been developed to make statistical data about air-traffic in Incheon FIR based on the RPL, and to analyze the airway utilization and controller workload using the trajectory modeling data which are derived from the aircraft type, cruise speed, cruise altitude, and routes and fixes in the RPL. Since it batch-processes the long-term trajectory data with other inputs such as airspace, route information and so on, it has the advantage of quickly predicting the traffic variation when some change in airspace and route information is made.

Challenges; Interoperability of UAV in the NAS (국가공역체계에서 무인항공기 통합운영에 대한 동향)

  • Kim, Joong-Wook;Kim, Do-Hyun
    • Current Industrial and Technological Trends in Aerospace
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.136-144
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    • 2010
  • The utilization of UAV and the activities of diverse widening, now the challenge was how to operate and integrate UAV safely in the NAS. The purpose of this study is to look around the trend for interoperability of UAV in the NAS and to provide its implications and the future direction of integrated operating airspace focusing on U.S. where R&D and demand of UAV are the most in the world.

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A Study on the Improvement of Airspace Legislation in Korea (우리나라 공역 법제의 개선방안)

  • Kim, Jong-Dae
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.61-114
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    • 2018
  • Recently airspace became a hot issue considering today's international relations. However, there was no data that could be fully explained about a legal system of korean airspace, so I looked at law and practice about korean airspace together. The nation's aviation law sector is comletely separate from those related to civil and military aircraft, at least in legal terms. The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall carry out his/her duties with various authority granted by the "Aviation Safety Act". The nation's aviation-related content is being regulated too much by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport's notice or regulation, and there are many things that are not well known about which clauses of the upper law are associated with. The notice should be clearly described only in detail on delegated matters. As for the airspace system, the airspace system is too complex for the public to understand, and there seems to be a gap between law and practice. Therefore, I think it would be good to reestablish a simple and practical airspace system. Airspace and aviation related tasks in the military need to be clearly understood by distinguishing between those entrusted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and those inherent in the military. Regarding matters entrusted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transpor, it is necessary to work closely with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport when preparing related work guidelines, and to clarify who should prepare the guidelines. Regarding airspace control as a military operation, policies or guidelines that are faithful to military doctrine on airspace control are needed.

A Study on the Obstacles of Domestic Aviation Law (국내항공법의 장애물 관리규정 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.97-133
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    • 2006
  • 항공기사고는 약 70%가 이 착륙단계에서 일어나는 CFIT사고이다. 그러므로 비행장주위의 장애물 관리는 사고방지에 매우 중요하다. 국내에서도 비행장주위의 장애물제한을 항공법에 규정하고 있고, 최근 개정안으로 제시된 동법 시행규칙에서 ICAO의 차폐기준의 적용을 포함하였으나 이 규정만으로는 비행장 주위의 장애물의 체계적인 관리가 어려우며, 특히 국내 비행장 주위의 차폐이론적용에 필요한 세부기준이 명확하지 않다. 본 연구는 항공장애물과 관련된 ICAO의 규정 및 항공선진국들의 관련 규정을 검토 분석하고 국내 현황과 비교분석한 후 국제기준에 비추어 국내 환경에서도 적용 가능한 비행장 공역에서의 항공장애물관리규정(안)의 방향을 제시하였고 특히 논란의 여지가 많은 차폐이론의 적용의 명확한 기준방안을 제시하였다.

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A Study on Operability of Smart UAV in the NAS (스마트무인기의 공역체계 내 운용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, Joong-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2011
  • A UAV is defined as a powered, aerial vehicle that does not carry a human operator, and can fly autonomously or be piloted remotely. UAV operations have increased dramatically during the past several years in both the public and private sectors. The utilization of UAV and the activities of diverse widening, now the challenge was how to operate and integrate UAV safely in the NAS. The purpose of this study is to look around the trend for operability of Smart UAV in the NAS and to provide its implications and the future direction of integrated operating airspace focusing on U.S. where R&D and demand of UAV are the most in the world.