• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공통원인고장

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Development of a Computer Code for Common Cause Failure Analysis (공통원인 고장분석을 위한 전산 코드 개발)

  • Park, Byung-Hyun;Cho, Nam-Zin
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.14-29
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    • 1992
  • COMCAF, a computer code for the common-cause failure analysis, is developed to treat the common-cause failures in nuclear power plants. In the treatment of common-cause failures, the minimal cut sets of the system are obtained first without changing the fault-tree structure. The occurrence probabilities of the minimal cut sets are then calculated accounting for the common-cause failures among components in the same minimal cut set or in different minimal cut sets. The basic parameter model is used to model the common-cause failures between similar or identical components. For dissimilar components, the assumption of symmetry used in the basic parameter model is applied to the basic events affecting two or more components. The top event probability is evaluated using the inclusion-exclusion method. In addition to the common-cause failures of components in the same minimal cut sets, failures of components in the different minimal cut sets are also easily accounted for by this method. This study applied this common-cause failure analysis to the PWR auxiliary feedwater system. The results in the top event probability for the system are compared with those of no common-cause failures.

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Reliability Analysis on Firewater Supply Facilities based on the Probability Theory with Considering Common Cause Failures (소방수 공급설비에 대한 공통원인고장을 고려한 확률론적 신뢰도 분석)

  • Ko, Jae-Sun;Kim, Hyo
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2003
  • In this study, we write down the definitions, their causes and the techniques of analysis as a theoretical consideration of common cause failures, and investigate the limitation and the importance of the common cause failures by applying to the analysis on the fire protection as a representative safety facility. As you can know in the reliability analysis, most impressive cause is the malfunctions of pumping operations; especially the common cause failure of two pumps is dominant. In other words, it is possible to assess system-reliability as twice as actual without CCF From these, CCF is extraordinarily important and the results are highly dependent on the CCF factor. And although it would increase with multiple installations, the reliability are not defined as linear with those multiplications. In addition, the differences in results due to the models for analysis are not significant, whereas the various sources of data produce highly different results. Therefore, we conclude that the reliabilities are dependent on the quality of the usable data much better than the variety of models. As a result, the basic and engineering device for the preventions of CCF of the multiple facilities is to design it as reliably as to design the fire-water pump. That is to say, we must assess those reliabilities using PFD whether they are appropriate to SIL (Safety Integrity Level) which is required for the reliability in SIS (Safety Instrumented System). The result of the analysis on the reliability of the fire-water supply with CCF shows that PFD is 3.80E-3, so that it cannot be said to be designed as safely as in the level of SIL5. However, without CCF, PFD is 1.82E-3 which means that they are designed as unsafely as before.

원자로 보호계통의 공통원인고장시 사고해석 방법론에 대한 고찰

  • 권영민;송진호;박종균
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.333-339
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    • 1996
  • 최근에 개량형 또는 수동형 발전소의 디지탈 보호계통에서 소프트웨어의 역할이 증가함에 따라 공통원인고장의 가능성이 중요한 관심사항이 되었다. 아날로그 보호계통에서는 공통원인고장 가능성이 없었으며, 비록 공통원인고장이 발생하더라도 부식과 조기마모와 같은 과정은 천천히 진행되므로 이제까지 큰 문제가 되지 않았다. 이러한 아날로그 설계의 특징은 컴퓨터를 이용한 소프트웨어를 포함하고 있는 디지탈계통에는 적용되지 않는다. 본 논문에서는 소프트웨어의 공통원인고장을 고려하여 원자로 보호계통의 적합성을 다양성 및 심층방어 측면에서 해석할 수 있는 방법론에 대하여 논의한다. 본 논문의 결과는 추후에 한국형 차세대 원자로(KNGR)의 계측제어계통 설계를 위하여 수행하여야 할 다양성 및 심층방어 해석의 방법론 정립에 도움이 될 것으로 예상된다.

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Reliability Analysis of Hot-Standby Sparing System with Common Cause Failures for Railway (공통고장모드를 고려한 대기 이중계 구조의 철도 시스템 신뢰도 분석)

  • Park, Chan-woo;Chae, Eunkyung;Shin, Duck-ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 2017
  • Failures of railway systems can result in train delays or accidents, and therefore high reliability is required to ensure safety of railway systems. To improve reliability, railway systems are designed with redundant systems so that the standby system will continue to function normally even if the primary system fails. Generally, overall system reliability can be evaluated by the reliabilities of the parts of the whole system and the reliability of the redundant system considering common failures in case of each system is not conform physical, functional and process independent. In this study, the reliability of the hot-standby sparing system is analyzed the independent systems and dependent systems with common failures. The reliability for the standby system can be effectively analysed using Markov models, which can model the redundant configuration and the state transition.

An Investigation of Turbine Blade Ejection Frequency Considering Common Cause Failure in Nuclear Power Plants (공통원인고장을 고려한 원전 터빈블레이드 비산빈도계산)

  • Oh, Ji-Yong;Chi, Moon-Goo;Hwang, Seok-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.373-378
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this research is to examine the probabilistic approach to evaluating turbine ejection frequency considering common-cause failure. This paper identifies basic turbine ejection mechanisms under high and low speeds and presents a detailed probabilistic methodology (fault tree) for assessing ejection frequency. The alpha factor methodology is applied to common-cause failure evaluations. The frequencies under different test schemes are compared and the propagation of uncertainty through the fault tree model is evaluated. The following conclusions were reached: (1) the turbine blade ejection frequency due to ductile failure under high speed is around 8.005E-7/yr; (2) if common-cause failure is considered, the frequency will be increased by 11% and 33% depending on the test scheme; and (3) if the parameter uncertainties are considered, the frequency is estimated to be in the range of 9.35E-7 to 1.13E 6, with 90% confidence.

Design Review and Common-Cause Failure Modeling of mechanical Parts (기계류품 DR 및 공통원인고장 모델링)

  • 하영주;송준엽;이후상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.324-327
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    • 2001
  • This paper shows an example of the Design Review and Common-Cause Failure (CCF) Modeling of mechanical Parts. Reliability should be continuously monitored during the entire period of design. Design Review is the procedure to improve the reliability for the product. We proposed the reliability assessment and design review method. CCF Model is the general dependent model considering the failure mode effects several component simultaneously. This study considers the computation of the network with dependent components. It is important that CCF model is applied for mechanical pars.

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