• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공학교육

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Prevalence of Toxin Genes and Profiles of Antibitoc Resistance in Vibrio vulnificus Isolates from Fish, Fish Tanks, and Patients (어류, 수족관수 및 환자에서 분리된 Vibrio vulnificus의 독소유전자 분포 및 항생제 내성)

  • Yoon, Yeon-Hee;Park, Sook;Kim, Jin Young;Lee, Ye Ju;Jeon, Doo-Young;Choi, Gyeong Cheol;Park, Jong Soo;Kim, Jung-Beom
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2020
  • Prevalence of toxin genes and profiles of antibiotic resistance in Vibrio vulnificus were investigated for prevention of Vibrio sepsis and selection of effective antibiotics. A total of 23 V. vulnificus strains were isolated from Vibrio sepsis patients, fish, and water samples collected from fish tanks in restaurants in Jeonnam province during 2015-2017 period. Prevalence of toxin genes including, RtxA, viuB and vvhA were assessed and susceptibilities to 15 different antibiotics were determined. As a result of the toxin gene profile, the RtxA toxin gene was detected in 19 (82.6%) out of 23 strains, and vvhA and viuB toxin genes were positive in all strains. These results showed that V. vulnificus tested in this study possessed at least one more toxin gene, and the toxin gene detection rate was higher than in previous reports. Therefore, there is always a risk of Vibrio sepsis through eating fish or having contact with aquarium water at seafood restaurants. Especially, it was deemed necessary to provide preventive education about Vibrio sepsis for workers in such restaurants. The results of antibiotic susceptibility tests presented 94.4% resistance to cepoxitin antibiotics but all strains showed susceptibility to 14 kinds of antibiotics including chloramphenicol and tetracycline. The currents antibiotic therapy using chloramphenicol and teteracycline against Vibrio sepsis was judged to be useful.

Case Study on the Mitigation of Dangerous Slope Considering the Value of Geoheritage (지질유산 가치를 고려한 위험비탈면 보존 방안 사례 연구)

  • Jeong, Jun-Ho;Kim, Seung-Hyun;Park, Byung-suk;Woo, Yong-Hoon;Kang, Yun-seok;Koo, Ho-bon;Son, Moon
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 2020
  • Various geological structures are found on the slope of Bangnim district in Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do, based on the Paleozoic Joseon Supergroup Limestone. The recumbent fold observed on the slope is a very rare geological structure that has not been found in Korea, and has important academic value in exploring the formation process of the Paleozoic geological structures in the Gangwon region. In this study, discussed the geological value of the geological structure observed on the slope of the road, and studied the management method of rockfall problem slopes. The state of development of recumbent folds has conservation value in geological scarcity and specificity. Preservation management measures should be prepared through the protection of slopes and measures to reduce of rockfall risks as geoheritage with an important value in geology science and education. Furthermore, it is expected to be preserved and utilized as a geopark.

An Exploratory Study on the Possibility of Using Next-Generation Technology in Long-term Care Facilities : Focusing on the Perception of the Workforce of in Long-term Care Facilities (노인장기요양시설의 차세대 기술 활용가능성에 대한 탐색적 연구 : 노인장기요양시설 인력의 인식을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Sun Hyung;Lim, Choon Hee;Kim, Weon Cheon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.191-205
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the possibility of utilizing next-generation technology, such as Virtual Reality or AI robots, in the long-term care facilities for the elderly. For the study, the Focus Group Interview was conducted in three different groups of 14 participants (care workers, social workers, and directors of long-term care facilities for the elderly). The analysis revealed a total of three topics, eight categories, and 26 sub-categories. The main results of the study showed that the use of next-generation technology could assist the psychological and emotional stability, provide curiosity and interest, and relieve the desire for physical activity for the elderly. In addition, for long-term care services staff, it could provide useful services for the elderly with physical constraints, facilitate effective management of the elderly roaming around, and enhance emotional support services. Finally, it could also help directors of long-term care facilities promote their services, educate staff, and keep up with current trends. Participants expressed concerns about the introduction of new technologies, but they generally expected that the application of next-generation technology would be positive for the elderly as well as for care workers and directors of long-term care facilities. Therefore, the use of next-generation technology in long-term care facilities for the elderly will also help develop gerontechnology.

Optimum Management Plan for Soil Contamination Facilities (특정토양오염관리대상시설의 최적 관리방안에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jae-Soo;Kim, Ki-Ho;Kim, Hae-Keum;Choi, Sang-Il
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.293-300
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    • 2012
  • This study was to investigate the unsuitable rate of the storage facilities, the changes in corrosion process over time after installation according to the status, the time to install the facilities, years elapsed after facilities installation, inspection of methods and motivation, and so on, based on the results of the inspection at the petroleum storage facilities conducted by domestic soil-relate specialized agency to derive optimal management plans which meet the status of soil contamination facilities. The results showed that the facilities more than 5 years after the initial leak test at the time of the installation need to be inspected periodically by considering costs of leak test and remediation of polluted soil. The inspection period can be decided by cost and leak test methods showing discrepancies for the results obtained from individual test whether it was direct or indirect. To compensate these matters, we suggested that the direct inspection method on regular schedule is recommended. On the other hand, the inspection can be voluntarily completed to ease burden of the results by inspection or equivalent level to this inspection method. Also, it may need improved construction supervision and performance test system to minimize the occurrence of the nature defects in installing the facilities as well as the upgrade program for the facilities during intervals of inspection period.

Wetland Function Evaluation and Expert Assessment of Organic Rice-Fish Mixed Farming System (유기농 벼-담수어 복합영농의 습지기능평가 및 전문가 조사)

  • Nam, Hongsik;Park, Kwanglai;An, Nanhee;Lee, Sangmin;Cho, Junglai;Kim, Bongrae;Lim, Jongahk;Lee, Changwon;Choi, Seonu;Kim, Changhyun;Kong, Minjae;Son, Jinkwan
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 2018
  • A mixed farming system that includes organic rice production and freshwater fish farming is being called into attention in Korean agricultural industry and rural areas in order to improve farm management and environmental conservation. This study was conducted to evaluate the environmental and ecological value of such mixed farming practices. Expert assessment and rapid assessment method (RAM) of wetland evaluation were employed for this study. Experts have responded that biodiversity conservation including amphibian and reptile habitat (2.39), aquatic insect habitat (2.36), Fishery habitat (2.34), vegetation diversity (2.13), avian habitat (2.05), and experience and education were the most important function of mixed farming. The wetland function evaluation conducted using modified RAM indicated that rice-fish mixed system showed improvements in most of the evaluated functions, compared to the conventional rice paddies. The overall wetland function of rice paddies in rice-fish mixed system was greatly improved as compared with the conventional rice paddies. Rice paddies are known to play an important role in biodiversity maintenance, and provide ecosystem services such as climate modulation and carbon reduction. Rice-fish mixed system of farming may not only improve various ecosystem services of rice paddies, but may increase farm income through value added fish farming, as well as promotion of social services such as education and maintenance of tradition. Additional research is needed for quantitative analysis of the values gained from the most improved wetland function when mixed farming system is actually put into practice, and to utilize the results in advertising of the organic rice, and in various sectors such as food, education and direct payment policy.

Water Quality of Streams and Riparian Vegetation at Rice Cultivation Area of Eastern Jeonnam (벼 재배기간중 전남동부지역 농촌하천의 수질과 분포초종)

  • Lee, Do-Jin;Cho, Ju-Sik;Kuk, Yong-In;Ahn, Ho-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2003
  • The characteristic of the quality of stream water and the riparian vegetation during rice cultivation in the rural area of the eastern Jeonnam province was surveyed from April to November, 2000. The water quality of the streams during rice cultivation was variable. The pH of these water bodies ranged from $6.5{\sim}8.3$. Electro conductivity (EC) at each water body ranged from $162{\sim}4,910\;{\mu}S/cm$ for Beogyo-cheoa $114.7{\sim}286.6\;{\mu}g/cm$ for Boseong-cheon, $74.8{\sim}147\;{\mu}S/cm$ for Songgwang-cheon, and $61.6{\sim}82.1\;{\mu}S/cm$ for Isa-cheon. Total nitrogen and other parameters (K, Ca, Mg, Na, $Cl^-$, SS) were higher at May (Boseong-cheon) through June (Songgwang-cheon, Isa-cheon) during the transplanting season than these same parameters at August October and November. Thirty weed species of sixteen families were found in the survey areas of Songgwang-cheon, Boseong-cheon Isa-cheon and Beolgyo-cheon. Nine annual weeds, four biennial weeds, and seventeen perennial weeds were found, several different life forms were identified. Of those species three were submerged, two were free floating, five were emerged, and twenty were water-side weeds.

Water Quality and Hydrochemistry of Natural Springs and Community Wells in Daejeon Area (대전지역 자연샘물 및 공동우물의 수질 및 수리화학적 특성)

  • 정찬호;박충화;이광식
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.395-406
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    • 2002
  • The sixty natural springs and community wells used as a drinking water in the Daejeon area are mainly located at the parks and the natural green districts. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of water quality and the contamination of the springs and the wells, and to suggest the management strategy for the springs and wells. For this study, we undertook water quality data from Daejeon City. According to the statistic analysis of water quality data, unacceptable rate as a drinking water was about 28 percent in 1999 and 24.5 percent in 2000, respectively. Major unacceptable factor is coliform, and others are bacteria, yersinia, color, turbidity, Fe and F. The unacceptable rate shows a roughly positive relationship with precipitation, that is, it shows highest rate during a rainy season between June and September. The major contamination source is likely to be the excrement of wild animals around natural springs and wells. Most of springs are vulnerable to the contamination of coliform and bacteria because of short residence time and shallow circulation in subsurface environment. The water samples collected from 31 springs or wells show weak acidic pHs, the electrical conductivity ranging from 63 to 357 $\mu\textrm{S}$/cm, and the hydrochemical types of Na(Ca)-HC0$_3$ and Ca-HC0$_3$. The groundwater samples of low total dissolved solid(TDS) belong to Na(Ca)-HC0$_3$. type, and the groundwater of high total dissolved solid is shifted towards Ca-HC0$_3$ type in the chemical composition. These hydrochemical characteristics indicate that most natural springs is in the early stage of geochemical evolution. The natural springs should be closed during a rainy season, which shows a high contamination rate. We suggest that a protection barrier around the springs should be built to keep wild animals away from the springs.

A Survey for Source Reduction and Recycling of Household Waste in Seoul Metropolitan area (도시생활쓰레기의 발생억제 및 재활용에 대한 수도권주민의식 조사분석)

  • Namkoong, Wan;Sohn, Tai-Ik
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 1994
  • A survey was carried out in Seoul Metropolitan area during December of 1993 and January of 1994. The objective of the survey was to provide a useful information for the development and improvement of recycling policies, regulations and systems in Korea. Of the 782 individuals contacted, 473 individuals completed and retured surveys, of which 437 were usable. The results were analyzed using a statistical package SAS(Statistical Analysis System). The results indicated that 86% of apartment area has recycling bins, while only 33% of individual house(detached dwelling) area has those. About half of the respondents felt that food waste is the major source of household waste. The most serious problem to recycle more household waste is to provide space to store recyclables at the source. The majority of Seoul Metropolitans(78.5%) are willing to participate in recycling programs, while 14.4% want to participate only when there are economic incentives or benefits. Respondents who want economic incentives appeared to be low income people. 66.1% of total respondents said that they do not use disposables. However, only 53,0% among respondents under 30 years old answered they do not use disposables. People who graduated from middle high school only and are under 30 years old have tendency to dispose of used milk cartons without rincing and drying, while those who are over 40 years old and graduated from university prefered to rinse and dry used milk cartons before disposal. Regarding disposal of newspapers, only 43.9% of the total respondents separated newspaper from other types of used paper. In the case of alumium cans, 22.5% of the total respondents answered that used aluminum cans are not recyclables. Much higher portion (30. 4%) of the respondents who graduated from middle high school only felt that aluminum cans have no value to recycle. The results indicated that education and information regarding recycling are highly desirable.

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A Survey on the Consumer Attitude Toward Health Food in Korea (I) -Consumer Perception on Health and Food Habit- (건강식품에 대한 소비자 인식 연구 (I) -건강과 식습관에 관한 소비자 의식구조-)

  • Lee, Eun-Joo;Ro, Seung-Ok;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.475-485
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    • 1996
  • The consumer perception on health and food habit, the experience of health food use and the discrimination between health food and drug of Korean consumer were surveyed by using a questionnaire containing 15 items in order to obtain the basic data for the assessment of the benefit and risk of health foods in Korea. A total of 1,000 people over 20 years of age living in Seoul and the vicinities were interviewed and asked to fill out the questionnaire during the period from the October 1995 to the February 1996. Among the 882 answers collected, 23 was incomplete data, and 859 answers were used for the statistical analysis by using SAS program. The perception of Korean consumer on health and food habit indicated that food habit was considered the most important factor for the maintenance of health, as appeared in 39.8% of the subjects, among which 93.9 % believed that food habit could cause disease, and 97.1% believed that disease could be cured by changing food habit. The most worried disease was cancer (30.6%), degenerative diseases (14.1%), diseases by accident (12.6%) and obesity (10.0%). The disease which likely to be caused by food habit was diabetes (35.6%), obesity (22.4%), high blood pressure (12.8%), constipation (12.7%) and cancer (7.9%). The disease which was believed to be cured by changing food habit was diabetes (40.1%), obesity (25.9%), constipation (16.5%), high blood pressure (7.4%) and cancer (3.3%). It appeared that the people had a perception that food habit was highly related with diabetes and obesity, but less with cancer which was mostly worried.

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Effect of Storage Temperature on the Quality of Tomato (저장 온도에 따른 토마토의 품질 변화)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;Gu, Jeong-Ry;Kim, Geong-Hwan;Choi, Sung-Rak;Yang, Ji-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.428-433
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    • 2010
  • Tomato were stored at different temperatures($10^{\circ}C$, $20^{\circ}C$, room temperature and $30^{\circ}C$) for 5 days. During the storage period, Brix, pH, color, texture, vitamin C, lycopene were analyzed. Brix and pH had a little change. Texture force of tomato decreased with storage time and we could see a softening for tomato stored at $30^{\circ}C$ for 1 day. Addtional, the $L^*$(lightness) and $b^*$(yellowness) decreased and $a^*$(redness) increased with storage time. Addtionally, content of vitamin C increased up to 9.08 mg/100 g~17.82 mg/100 g after 5 days storage according storage temperature, whereas content of lycopene increased up to 3.81 mg/kg~34.56 mg/kg after 5 days storage according storage temperature. Optimal mature temperature for tomato was room temperature.