• Title, Summary, Keyword: 과소팽창 제트

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수직평판에 충돌하는 축대칭 초음속 제트의 수치 해석

  • 신완순;이택상;박종호;김윤곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.20-20
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    • 2000
  • 초음속 과소팽창 제트는 베럴충격파(Barrel shock), 팽창파(Expansion fan), 반사충격파(Reflected shocks), 마하디스크(Mach disc), 그리고 제트경계면(Exhaust-gas Jet boundary)로 이루어지는 여러 충격파 셀(Shock ceil)의 유동 형태를 나타난다. 이러한 초음속 과소팽창 제트가 수직 평판에 충돌하면 초음속 자유 제트와는 다른 변형된 유동장이 형성된다.

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Numerical Simulation of Axisymmetric Supersonic let Impingement on a Flat Plate (수직평판에 충돌하는 축대칭 초음속 제트의 수치 연구)

  • 신완순;이택상;박종호;김윤곤;심우건
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2000
  • When supersonic underexpanded jets are exhausted from the nozzle, complex shock cell configurations such as barrel shock, expansion fan, Mach disc, and exhaust-gas jet boundary are appeared repetitively. The shock cell is smeared by turbulence dissipation and disappeared in long distance from the nozzle. When underexpanded jet is suddenly impinged on a flat plate, it forms very complex flow structure. In this paper, we solve compressible Wavier-Stokes equation adapting finite volume method to obtain jet impingement flow structure and compare calculated data with experimental ones. It is shown that numerical simulation data are in good agreement with experimental one in a short distance between nozzle exit and flat plate and little influence of underexpanded ratio is appeared in jet impingement now distribution.

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경사 평판에 충돌하는 초음속 과소팽창 제트에 관한 실험적 연구

  • 이택상;이정민;박종호;김윤곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.32-32
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    • 1999
  • 초음속 과소 팽창 제트가 경사진 평판에 충돌을 하게 되면 평판의 표면과 노즐출구에서 팽창된 자유제트(Free jet)와의 상호 간섭으로 인해 매우 복잡한 유동 구조가 형성된다. 예를 들면, 수직평판에서 발생되는 판 충격파(Plate shock)는 경사평판에서는 Upper plate shock, Lower plate shock, Intermediate plate shock과 같이 여러 형태로 발생되어 평판에서의 압력분포에 있어 수직일 경우와 다소 다른 경향을 보여준다. 본 연구의 주요 목적은 평판의 경사각을 변화시킬 때 평판 표면에서의 복잡한 유동 현상을 이해하는데 있다.

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Measurement of Adiabatic Wall Temperature on an Impinging Surface by Under-expanded Jet (과소팽창된 충돌제트에 의한 단열벽면 온도 측정)

  • Yu, Man-Sun;Lee, Jang-Woo;Kim, Byung-Gi;Cho, Hyung-Hee;Hwang, Ki-Young;Bae, Ju-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2005
  • An experimental investigation for impingement of under-expanded, axisymmetric jets on a flat plate has been conducted, and the surface pressure, the adiabatic wall temperature distributions on the plate have been measured in detail. For the explanation on the wall temperature distributions, the total temperature distributions along a free jet have also been measured with total temperature probes. In this study, the under-expansion ratio and the nozzle-to-plate distance have been considered as experimental parameters. Depending on nozzle-to-plate distances, different distributions of adiabatic wall temperature are shown by the energy separation at a jet edge and a impinged surface. Also, the recovery factor on a stagnation point decreases significantly due to the isolation of fluid particles in a central region.

A Study on the heat transfer characteristics of a normal axisymmetric under-expanded impinging jet on a surface (수직 축대칭 과소팽창 충돌 제트의 표면 열전달 특성 연구)

  • Yu, Man-Sun;Kim, Byung-Gi;Cho, Hyung-Hee;Hwang, Ki-Young;Bae, Ju-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2005
  • An experimental investigation has been carried out to examine heat-transfer characteristics of an axisymmetric, under-expanded, sonic jet impinging on a flat plate and the local measurement of surface pressures and heat transfer coefficients on a plate have been achieved together with a visualization test of shock structure in a jet. Heat transfer coefficients on a plate have been found to be changed significantly depending on the under-expansion ratio as much as the nozzle-to-plate distance. These phenomena could be explained by the wall pressure measurement and the shock visualization.

An Experimental Study of Supersonic Underexpanded Jet Impinging on an Inclined Plate (경사 평판에 충돌하는 초음속 과소팽창 제트에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 이택상;신완순;이정민;박종호;윤현걸;김윤곤
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 1999
  • Problems created by supersonic jet impinging on solid objects or ground arise in a variety of situations. For example multi-stage rocket separation, deep-space docking, V/STOL aircraft, jet-engine exhaust, gas-turbine blade, terrestrial rocket launch, and so on. These impinging jet flows generally contain a complex structures. (mixed subsonic and supersonic regions, interacting shocks and expansion waves, regions of turbulent shear layer) This paper describes experimental works on the phenomena (surface pressure distribution, flow visualization) when underexpanded supersonic jets impinge on the perpendicular, inclined plate using a supersonic cold-(low system. The used supersonic nozzle is convergent-divergent type, exit Mach number 2, The maximum on the plate when it was inclined was much larger than perpendicular plate, owing to high pressure recoveries through multiple shocks. Surface pressure distribution as to underexpanded ratio showed similar patterns together.

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Adiabatic wall temperature distribution on a plate as under-expanded ratio and impinging angle (과소팽창비와 경사각에 따른 평판에서의 단열벽면온도분포)

  • Sun Yu Man;Cho Hyung Hee;Hwang Ki Young;Bae Ju Chan;Lee Jang Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2004
  • Experiments are conducted to get basic information of under-expanded impinging jet in the near field. Experimental parameters are impinging angle and under-expanded ratio. As the under-expanded ratio increases, the maximum surface pressure decreases and the reducing effect of recovery factor increases. As the impinging angle decreases, the peak of surface pressure is displaced slightly from the geometric center of the plate to the upward region and the cooling region is expanded in the downward region, whereas it is contracted in the upward region.

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수직 평판 위에서 과소팽창 제트의 충돌

  • 이택상;신완순;이정민;박종호;김윤곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.17-17
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    • 1999
  • 충돌제트는 산업, 항공우주, 군사 분야 등 공학적으로 많은 분야에서 응용되고 있다. 산업분야에서 충돌제트는 설치가 간단하고 형태가 단순하면서도 열 및 물질 전달효과가 상당히 크기 때문에 고효율의 열전달 효과를 얻을 수 있다는 점에서 광범위하게 응용된다. 예를 들면 물체 표면의 부분냉각은 고온 금형의 급속 냉각, 가스터빈 깃의 냉각, 전자부품의 냉각 등에 이용되며 부분 가열에서는 제철, 제지 및 유리공업, 금형의 풀림 등에 폭 넓게 적용된다. 항공우주, 군사분야에서는 수직/단거리 이·착륙기(V/STOL)의 발진, 미사일 발사시스템, 다단 로켓의 분리, 우주공간에서의 도킹, 화염 편향기 등에 적용이 되며 대부분 평판이나 특수한 판의 형상에 과소 팽창제트가 충돌할 때 발생하는 현상에 대한 것이다.

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An Experimental Study of Supersonic Underexpanded Jet Impinging on a Perpendicular Flat Plate (평판 위에 충돌하는 초음속 과소팽창 제트에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 이택상;신완순;이정민;박종호;김윤곤
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 1999
  • Impinging jets are observed when exhaust gases from missiles or V/STOL aircrafts impinge on the ground, flame deflector, ship deck, etc. The flow shows different patterns according to the nozzle geometry, nozzle-to-plate distance, and plate angle, for example. This paper describes experimental works on the phenomena (pressure distribution, occurrence of stagnation bubble, and so on.) when underexpanded supersonic jets impinge on a perpendicular flat plate using a supersonic cold-flow system, and compares the results with those obtained using a shock tunnel. The flow characteristics for the supersonic cold-flow system were also investigated. Surface pressure distribution of supersonic cold-flow system differed from that of shock tunnel because of water and temperature in the low-pressure chamber. Surface pressure distribution as to underexpanded ratio showed similar patterns together.

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Effects of an Elliptic Jet Screech Reflector on an Underexpanded Sonic Jet (타원형 제트 스크리치 반사판이 과소팽창 음속 제트에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Jin-Hwa;Yoo, Jung-Yul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.887-894
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    • 2004
  • A technique of mixing enhancement by using an elliptic jet screech reflector has been examined experimentally in an underexpanded sonic round jet where jet screech tone is generated. Since jet screech is known to enhance jet spreading, a reflector was designed to focus jet screech waves near the nozzle lip at an underexpanded jet. The reflector has an elliptic cross section of which one focus is located near the nozzle lip and the other in the jet screech source region in a plane including the jet axis. In the jet with the elliptic reflector, the mass flow rate showed a significant increase in the jet entrainment when compared to that for the small disk reflector. This was attributed to the increased screech amplitude near the nozzle lip as well as the mode change of the jet. The jet mixing was also increased by the amplified jet screech at two other underexpanded jets, but the jet oscillation mode did not change.