• Title, Summary, Keyword: 과학문화

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Cultural Implications of Science and Technology (과학기술의 문화적 함의)

  • Lim Hy-Sop
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2003
  • Though science and technology can understood as a part of cultural system, the relationship of science/technology with culture is often viewed as contradictory or mutually exclusive by many scholars. Therefore, in the first section of the present paper, the nature of science and technology as a cultural form is examined. Here, science is viewed as a form of symbolic culture, while technology is regarded as a form of instrumental culture. In the second section, the contradictory relationship and/or tensions between science-technological system (instrumental culture) and cultural system (symbolic culture) within a society is discussed. In the final section of this paper, 'science culture' is conceptualized as a dynamic social process in which contradictory science sub-cultures of political system(state), economic system(cooperations), civil society (including academic community of scientists and other social organizations and movements), and cultural system are supposed to be coordinated. In conclusion, establishment of 'humanized science culture' and 'democratic science-culture movement' is proposed as an alternative way of resolving contradictory relationship between cultural system and science-technological system in the modern world.

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Bio-Science and the Problem of 'Two Cultures' (생명과학과 '두 문화' 문제)

  • Kim Hwan-Suk
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.311-342
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    • 2001
  • The controversy over the ethics of bio-science in Korea involves not only the conventional 'two cultures' dimension of scientific vs. humane culture, but also another dimension of high vs. popular culture. This paper attempts to analyze the problems of the Korean bio-science controversy and explore a desirable solution with such an extended framework of 'two cultures'. If we investigate this controversy based only on the Snow's 'two cultures' model, we may understand why there have been conflicts between scientists and ethicists. But the possible solution from it may fall into a trap of professionalism, which confines to some suggestions to promote communication and trust between these two expert groups. Therefore, adding the second dimension of high vs. popular culture to this will clearly bring out the problem of separation and conflict between experts and the public. This will also help us to conceive a more fundamental and comprehensive solution. In addition, such an approach can greatly illuminate not only the existing discussion on 'two cultures' but also the cultural role of STS education.

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The Development of the Framework of Science Culture Indicator and Its Application to Secondary School Teachers (과학문화지표체계 개발 및 적용 - 중등교사를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Se-Mi;Mun, Kong-Ju;Kim, Sung-Won
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.796-808
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    • 2007
  • There are various definitions of Science Culture nowadays. In this study we redefine Science Culture as a union between Science and Culture. We also develop the Framework of Science Culture Indicator (FSCI). which consists of five fields; History of Science, Philosophy of Science, Literature and Art of Science, Scientific Social Activity and Scientific Media. In this study we also investigated the level of the Science Culture of secondary school teachers, and compare them by teachers' majors: Science, Liberal Arts and Social Studies. To analyze the data, the Kruskal-Wallis Test is adopted. It is found that there are significant differences in the level of Science Culture by teachers' major, and the group of science teachers has the highest level of science culture.

Developing the Indicator System for Diagnosing the National Status Quo of Science Culture (국가 수준의 과학문화 실태 진단을 위한 지표 체제 개발)

  • Song, Jin-Woong;Choi, Jae-Hyeok;Kim, Hee-Kyong;Chung, Min-Kyung;Lim, Jin-Young;Cho, Sook-Kyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.316-330
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    • 2008
  • During the past two decades or so, science (or scientific or scientific & technological) culture has become one of the main themes not only of policy makers but also of science educators. Although, the idea of science culture has been taken as a desirable goal, there is little agreement about what it means and how to measure it. Particularly in Korea, there has been a rapid growth of science culture projects and programs, either by governmental or non-governmental, but with little systemic monitoring and evaluation for its practice. The purpose of this study is, thus, to explore a model of measuring science culture and develop a comprehensive indicator system for it. We reviewed many literatures on definitions of science culture and the surveys for related terms, particularly, of recent national and international surveys (e.g. US Science and Engineering Indicators, Eurobarometer, Japanese Science and Technology Indicators). Based on this review, a model for science culture is proposed and then used to define the Science Culture Indicators (SCI). This model encompasses two dimensions(i.e. individual and social), which are further divided into two aspects (i.e. potential and practice). Each dimension is expected to represent citizen literacy of and national infrastructure of science culture respectively. Each category in this $2{\times}2$ matrix is further divided into several sub-categories. The discussion concerning how the model and the indicators can be used to check the states of science culture at social as well as individual levels will be given with some concrete examples, such as indicators particularly related to science education.

Critical Reconstruction of The Korean Science Culture (한국 과학문화의 비판적 재구성)

  • Lee Cho-Sik
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.5-27
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    • 2001
  • This paper makes a preparatory attempt to reconstruct 'the Korean Science Culture' toward which I think the Koreans should direct and orient themselves rather than describe the history of the science culture in Korea. This task requires us to define 'science culture.' So I propose, based on the definitions of science culture so far made, to consider the model of 'Humanized Science Culture' as a regulating ideal of the Korean Science Culture. To support the model, analyzing the concept of 'science literacy' of the 2061 Project, I posit the model of KDSC (Korean Designer of Science Culture) as the Koreans who will actually come to design the Korean Science Culture. KDSC refers to 'a reasonable man' who will represent a desirable Korean, rather than to a natural Korean. Then I spell out the conditions of becoming a KDSC and scrutinize the philosophical backbones of those conditions. Finally, I make a few suggestions for developing a program of designing and implementing the Korean Science Culture from the viewpoint of a model of KDSC.

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Research on Diagnosis of Regional Science Culture and Plans for Improvement: Exploratory Case Study of Gyeonggi Region, Korea (지역 과학문화 현황 진단과 개선방안: 경기도 지역에 대한 탐색적 사례연구를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jihoon;Lee, Yeonhee
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.230-251
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    • 2013
  • This research aims to diagnosis regional science as culture and propose plans for improvement. The study was performed based on a framework for analyses presented by existing literatures. Science culture is divided into two dimensions(individual and social), Each dimension is expected to represent citizen literacy of and regional infrastructure of science culture respectively. Gyeonggi region of Korean metropolitan area has been analyzed for the case study. As a result of the case study, the level of science culture of Gyeonggi region is weak compared with others areas. To improve, we propose some plans such as budget extension, long-term view on investments, strengthen network and organizational system for regional science culture.

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