• Title, Summary, Keyword: 과학사적 관점

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Analysis of Secondary Pre-service Science Teachers' Conceptions about Motion of Objects Based on the Viewpoints of Science History (예비 중등과학 교사들의 물체의 운동 개념의 과학사적 관점 분석)

  • Joo, Jee-Young;Kim, So-Yean;Paik, Seoung-Hey
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1049-1062
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    • 2004
  • In this study, various scientific viewpoints of 'motion of objects' were analyzed from the Aristoteles age to the Newton age. From the analysis, a questionnaire was developed which was including causes of motion, forms of motion, and preservation quantity of movement. The conceptions of pre-service science teachers were researched by the questionnaire developed in this study based on the science historical viewpoints. The subjects were twenty sophomore students of physic education major and thirty four of other science education major who majored common science education also in a college. Most of the pre-service teachers of physical education major had inertia and Newton's force conception related to the question situations of 'causes of motion' and 'forms of motion'. But a lot of the pre-service teachers of physic education major and other science education major had viewpoints of Descartes or Huygens related to the question situation of 'preservation quantity of movement'. Only few pre-service teachers regardless of major had Newton's viewpoint which represented in current Korean science curriculum for secondary school.

The Analysis of Concepts Related to Basic Unit of Matter Properties and Matter Change in Science Textbooks (교과서에 제시된 물질의 성질을 나타내는 기본 단위에 대한 개념과 물질변화에 대한 개념 분석)

  • Ryu, Oh-Hyeon;Paik, Seoung-Hey;Kim, Dong-Uk
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.53-65
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    • 2004
  • This study aimed to analyze the historical evolution of general ideas concerning the particles that represent matter properties and matter changes divided into physical change and chemical change. In the science historical viewpoint, the general ideas of the base that represent matter properties has been variously revised the 5types. The definition of the matter change have also changed the 3 types. From the analysis of the definitions in secondary school science textbooks and general chemistry textbooks, we found that a lot of confusion of eras in the contents that define the concepts. Sometimes, the definition presented in one textbook was contradictory to the definitions in other textbooks. This tendency has been sustained in the textbooks from the 4th to 7th science curriculum.

Analysis of High School Students' Viewpoints based on Science History about Motion of Objects (과학사에 기초한 물체의 운동에 대한 고등학생들의 관점 분석)

  • Paik, Seong-Hey;Jo, Young-Jin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.317-329
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    • 2006
  • In this research, a questionnaire was developed to investigate high school students' viewpoints, originating from science history, on 'motion of on object', the subjects were seventy- five 10th grade students and sixty-five 11th grade students. Results found that the highest percentage among the types of 10th grade students' thoughts was related to the Middle Ages 'Impetus' viewpoints. Percentages of 11th grade students' thoughts were highest for Middle Ages and Newton views. These results provided proof that the development of student thoughts' based on science history' are consistent with school year. Furthermore, student thought regarding 'object motion' under the conditions of no force, vacuum, or air under a weightless stage were related to progressive viewpoints on science history. However, the percentage of thoughts related to earlier viewpoints were considerable. Student thoughts on parabolic motion, circle motion, and conservation amount of motion were found to be highly significant in similarity to the viewpoints of Galilei, Descartes, and Huygens; view cultivated before Newton. Consequently, this study determined that educational efficiency could be raised by providing historically more progressive views to cope with conflictory student thoughts-thoughts related to past views in science history.

Analysis of Concepts Related to Heat and Temperature in Elementary and Secondary School Science Textbooks (초등.중등학교 과학교과서에 나타난 열, 온도 개념에 대한 분석)

  • Paik, Seoung-Hey;Park, Young-Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.478-489
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    • 2002
  • In this study, we identified the conceptions of heat and temperature on a basis of the science history, and analyzed the explanation types in elementary, and secondary school science textbooks. From these data, we tried to discover the cause of students' misconceptions. The results revealed that the explanation types of the textbooks don't include modem sight. Different conceptions developed in different era mixed in the textbooks. We can infer that students who learn heat and temperature concept by the textbooks could have misconceptions because of the above problems.

A tTheoretical Study on the Investment Strategies of Venture Capitalists and Governemental Venture Investments (사적 창업투자회사와 정부의 벤처정책투자의 전략에 관한 이론적 연구)

  • 이주헌
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.608-611
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    • 2003
  • 선진국입을 목전에 둔 한국경제의 발전을 위해서 지식과 기술을 기반으로 한 벤처기업의 생성과 발전은 매우 중요한 요소라 할 수 있다. 민과 관의 적절한 벤처 투자는 미래의 기업가들에게 신지식 창조의 동기를 부여하고 성장, 발전단계에 있는 기업들에게 자본을 공급함으로써 미래의 산업을 창조하는 매우 중요한 활동이다. 국내외적으로 벤처 투자자본에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되어 왔으나 재무론을 바탕으로 한 벤처투자에 관한 연구와 다양한 벤처투자자본들의 유형과 투자행태 등을 설문지를 통해 밝혀내는 탐색적 연구들에 국한되어 연구, 발표되고 있는 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 벤처자본시장의 대표적 투자자본인 사적 창업투자회사와 정부 벤처정책투자 간의 전략적 상호작용을 가격모델을 통해 고찰하였다. Bertrand paradox의 가정에서 기술한 바와 같이 정부 벤처정책투자간 민간 창업투자회사들과 같은 투자전략을 구사하면 민간 창업투자회사들은 시장에서 살아남기 어렵고 결과적으로 정부는 벤처기업의 생성 및 발전지원이라는 목적에 부합되지 않은 투자를 한 것이 된다. Hotelling(1929)의 위치차별모델이 역설하는 바와 같이 정부 벤처정책투자는 사적 창업투자회사가 지향하는 투자와는 다른 투자정책을 구사할 때만 벤처기업 육성이라는 목표를 효율적으로 수행할 수가 있을 것이다. 이 연구 논문에서는 다양한 투자변수에 대한 Nash Equibrium이 존재함을 증명함으로써 사적 창업투자회사와 정부의 벤처정책투자가 벤처기업의 육성이라는 목적에 맞는 효율적 투자를 하기 위해 취해야 할 투자 전략들을 밝혀내었다.가 있는 것 같다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 웹기반 쇼핑시스템의 확산에 관련된 균형된 분석을 수행하기 위하여 경영(management)과 기술 (technology)을 조화롭게 고려한 관점에서 연구를 수행하고자 한다. 즉, 본 논문에서는 기술적 측면(technical aspect)과 경영적 측면(management aspect)을 동시에 고려하여 웹기반 쇼핑시스템의 주요만 특성을 살펴보고, 향후 정보통신 기술(ICT)의 확산에 관한 연구에서 두 가지 관점의 통합적 중요성에 대하여 강조하고자 한다. 그에 덧붙여 웹기반 쇼핑시스템과 다른 정보시스템을 비교하여 전자상거래 환경에서 웹기반 쇼핑시스템의 주요만 특성들이 두가지 연구관점에서 어떻게 개념화 될 수 있는지를 고찰하고자 한다. 이러만 분석에 기반하여 본 연구에서는 기술적 측면과 경영적인 측면을 동시에 고려한 웹기반 쇼핑시스템의 특성을 제시하고자 한다. 결론적으로 본 연구의 목적은 본 논문에서 적용한 기술(technical)과 경영(management)의 조화로운 연구관점이 향후 정보통신 기술이나 시스템, 그리고 전자상거래에 관련된 일련의 연구에 적응되어 보다 균형잡힌 논의와 분석이 이루어 질 수 있는 시발점이 되길 기대한다.생된 $CH_{4}$를 회수하여 이용하면 대체에너지원으로 활용 가치가 높은 것으로 판단된다./207), $99.2\%$(238/240), $98.5\%$(133/135) 및 $100\%$ (313)였다. 각각 두 개의 요골동맥과 우내흉동맥에서 부

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Analysis of Student Conceptions in Evolution Based on Science History (과학사에 근거한 학생들의 진화 개념 분석)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook;Lee, Kil-Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.25-39
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    • 2006
  • Most student misconceptions about evolution are similar to misconceptions and disputes which early scientists had in science history. The aim of this study was to analyze student evolution conceptions based on science history, there by revealing for effectively teaching strategies on evolution. A test was developed according to Lee's three dimensional framework (2004) on evolution concept changes. Lee's framework had been constructed according to 4 stages of evolution concept changes in history in three-dimensional aspects such as mechanism, time, and subject: before Lamarck (stage 1), Lamarck (stage 2), Darwin (stage 3), and after Darwin (stage 4). Major results were as follows. First, the evolution conceptions of students appeared fixed to stage 2 regardless of grade. Moreover, students usually possessed Lamarckian thought and did not show consistency in evolution concepts among the three dimensional aspects of mechanism, time, and subject. Therefore, students were found to apply different conceptions of evolution to each different situation.

A Study on the Formation of Urban Squatter in Korea and their Housing Culture from Socio-historical Point of View (사회사적 관점에서 본 우리나라 도시빈민의 형성배경과 주거문화 - 개항 이후 토막민촌부터 한구전쟁 직후 판자촌까지 -)

  • Jun, Nam-Il;Yang, Se-Hwa;Hong, Hyung-Ock;Sohn, Sei-Kwan;Kim, Myo-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the basic information about the formation background of urban squatter and their housing state in Korea. This study was progressed on the basis of socio-historical point of view from the opening of a port to the after the Korean War. In that sense, this study considered meaning of housing for urban squatter in the Korean housing history. For this study, the formation background of the urban squatter was divided into three periods. The first period was after the opening of a port (1876-1910) when the inflow of Japanese and their plundering from Korea started. The second was Japanese occupation period (1910-1945) which contributed to increase the number of Tomak (mud hut) and made the Tomak-min's village. The third period was Korean war & postwar years (1945-1953). This period was divided into three parts again; after the Korean independence (1945-1950), during the Korean War (1950-1953), and after the Korean War (1953-). The urban squatter was settled in the national land and the public land in each period and experienced the severe housing shortage. The government of the time could not protect the urban squatter from the special national states such as the Japanese rule and the Korean War.

A Study of the Secondary School Science Teachers' Perceptions Related to Basic Particles (중등 과학 교사들의 기본 입자에 대한 사고 조사)

  • Nam, Cho-Yi;Park, Kyu-Suk;Paik, Seoung-Hey
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.774-783
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to survey the secondary science teachers' viewpoints of basic particles conceptions addressed in science course. The first content of this study was to analyze the secondary science teachers conceptions related to basic particles founded on scientific history viewpoints. The second content was to investigate their understanding of relations between atom, element, and molecule concepts. The third content was to search the factors influenced on basic particles conceptions of science teachers. For this study, 96 secondary science teachers were selected. The data of this study were collected through a questionnaire developed for this study and were analysed using the method of constant comparative analysis. The results showed that their viewpoints towards basic particles were similar to each other regardless of their majors and their conceptions belonged to the past viewpoints. The teachers lacked linking understand among basic particles conceptions because they applied different viewpoints on different problems. Most of the teachers were influenced on science textbooks, guidebooks for teachers, and reference books to form confusing viewpoints of basic particles.

Analysis Of Childcare Policy From a Caring Democracy Perspective ('돌봄민주주의' 관점에서 본 보육정책)

  • Baek, Kyungheun;Song, Dayoung;Jang, Soojung
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.57
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    • pp.183-215
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes Korean childcare policy from a caring democracy perspective by using the normative policy analysis method. In the midst of emergent new social risks engendered by low fertility and aging population, feminist scholars proposed a transformative paradigm shift from economic growth to caring oriented development on a macro scale but researches on how this grand principle can be reflected into each policy have hardly been discussed. Thus, this study intends to contribute to such policy-driven discussion by analysing childcare policy on the basis of three normative values of freedom, equality and justice re-interpreted by caring democracy theory. Following are key findings. First, childcare policy does not guarantee public value and social solidarity due to the limitations of free choice from the perspective of freedom. Secondly, gender and class stratification has been worsened in a multiple and more complicated way by adding generational and racial dimensions to the existing gender inequality and vicious circulation of private care is observed from equality perspective. Thirdly, structural inequality aggravated injustice previously accumulated in the past rather than providing flat ground by adjustment.

Fundamentals of Bright and Dark Zone: Theoretical Backgrounds (음향 대조 및 밝기 제어: 이론적 배경)

  • Choi, Jung-Woo;Kim, Yang-Hann
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.388-393
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    • 2012
  • Acoustic brightness and contrast control are promising techniques for manipulating acoustic energy over selected zones of interest using loudspeaker arrays. In this paper, the fundamental theory and concept of the brightness and contrast control is reviewed. The similarity and difference of two different strategies are explained in terms of the constraint required to determine a unique solution among many possible candidates. The application examples and recent progresses of the brightness and contrast control are presented.

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