• Title, Summary, Keyword: 광전기화학 수소 생산

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Preparation of hybrid organic PEC cell with muti-functional nanomaterial (기능성 나노물질을 포함하는 하이브리드 유기 PEC 셀의 제조)

  • Kim, Min-Gyeong;Jeong, Jae-Hun;Im, Dong-Chan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.266-266
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    • 2015
  • 전 세계적으로 무한한 청정에너지 개발에 대한 연구가 주목받고 있다. 그 중, 수소에너지는 화석연료의 고갈과 환경문제를 동시에 해결할 수 있는 자원이며 수소 생산 방법 중에서도 태양에너지를 이용한 수소 생산 기술은 가장 이상적인 수소 생산 시스템이라 할 수 있다. 대표적인 광전극 소재로는 $WO_3$, ZnO, $Fe_2O_3$, $BiVO_4$ 등과 같은 무기 소재가 주로 사용되고 있으며, 최근에는 Si, CIGS 등과 같은 태양전지와 상기 광전극을 집적하는 탄뎀형 소재/소자가 개발되고 있다. 광전반응이 우수한 전도성 고분자는 광전기화학 전지의 소재로 개발되고 있다. 그러나 유기물의 수중 불안전성 문제 때문에 직접적으로 물에 침전시키는 것이 아니라 외부의 인가 전원용으로 그 사용이 제한적이다. 본 연구에서는 유기계 소재의 direct energy conversion을 위한 효율 및 수중 안정성 향상을 위하여 Ni계 촉매 및 그래핀옥사이드가 융합된 유기기반 광전기화학전지를 개발하였다.

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Economic Evaluation of Domestic Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production (국내 광전기화학 수소생산의 경제성 평가)

  • Gim, Bong-Jin;Kim, Jong-Wook
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.64-71
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    • 2010
  • This paper deals with an economic evaluation of domestic immersing type photoelectrochemical hydrogen production. We also make some sensitivity analysis of hydrogen production prices by changing the values of input factors such as the initial capital cost, the solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency, and the system duration time. The hydrogen production price of the immersing type photoelectrochemical system was estimated as 8,264,324 won/$kgH_2$. It is expected that the production cost by photoelectrochemical hydrogen production can be reduced to 26,961 won/$kgH_2$ if the solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency is increased to 14%, the system duration time is increased to 20,000 hours, and the initial capital cost is decreased to 10% of the current level. The photoelectrochemical hydrogen production is evaluated as uneconomical at this time, and we need to enhance the solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency and the system duration time as well as to reduce prices of the system facilities.

Hydrogen Production by Water Splitting with Solar Energy (태양에너지를 이용한 수소제조)

  • Lee Tai-Kyu
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.96-106
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    • 2006
  • Among several different hydrogen production technologies, solar hydrogen system for water splitting is the only clean and sustainable energy supplier. Hydrogen production by water-splitting utilizing solar energy has attracted considerable interest since the pioneering work of Honda and Fujishima in 1979, who discovered that water can be photo-electrochemically decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen using a semiconductor ($TiO_2$) electrode under UV irradiation. Most efforts to utilize solar ray lead to explore visible responding photocatalysts, PEC cells and other fusion technology like bio-photocatalytic conversion. In this paper, photon utilization technologies for water splitting have been briefly reviewed except solar thermal utilization technology.

Modification of Quantum Dot Sensitized ZnO Nanowires for Stable Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Generation

  • Seol, Min-Su;Jang, Ji-Uk;Jo, Seung-Ho;Lee, Jae-Seong;Yong, Gi-Jung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.676-676
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    • 2013
  • 무기물 양자점을 광감응 염료로 사용하는 경우 양자점의 사이즈 조절만으로 밴드갭을 조절할 수 있어 광학적 특성 조절이 용이하며, 유기 염료보다 광흡수 능력이 뛰어난 장점을 가진다. 특히 카드뮴 계열의 CdS, CdSe 양자점을 순차적으로 증착하여 사용하는 경우 가시광 전 영역을 효율적으로 흡수, 이용할 수 있어 광전기화학 셀의 광전극으로 사용 시 높은 성능을 기대할 수 있다. 하지만, 카드뮴 계열 양자점의 경우 광전기화학 셀로의 구동에 있어 안정성이 낮은 문제점이 있으며, 이는 양자점에 남아있는 정공이 관여하는 양자점 부식 반응으로 인한 것이다. 본 연구에서는 보다 안정적이면서도 고효율의 광전기화학적 수소생산 시스템을 위해, CdSe/CdS 양자점 감응형 ZnO 나노선 광전극에 IrO2 촉매물질을 증착하였다. CdSe/CdS 양자점이 가시광 전 영역을 흡수하며, ZnO 나노선 구조를 통해 생성된 광전자를 효율적으로 포집하여 높은 광전류 특성을 기대할 수 있다. 나아가 산소생산용 조촉매로 많이 사용하는 $IrO_2$ 촉매 물질의 추가증착을 통해 양자점에서 생긴 정공을 빼 줌으로서 정공이 관여하는 양자점 부식 반응을 방지할 수 있다. 실험결과 촉매물질의 증착 이후 광전류 생성 특성 및 수소생산량이 증가하였으며, 안정성 또한 상당히 향상된 것을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Economic Evaluation of Domestic Window Type Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production Utilizing Solar Cells (태양전지를 이용한 국내 Window Type 광전기화학 수소생산의 경제성 평가)

  • Gim, Bong-Jin;Kim, Jong-Wook
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.595-603
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    • 2010
  • This paper deals with an economic evaluation of domestic window type photoelectrochemical hydrogen production utilizing solar cells. We make some sensitivity analysis of hydrogen production prices by changing the values of input factors such as the initial capital cost, the solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency, and the system duration time. The hydrogen production price of the window type photoelectrochemical system was estimated as 1,168,972 won/$kgH_2$. It is expected that hydrogen production cost can be reduced to 47,601 won/$kgH_2$ if the solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency is increased to 14%, the system duration time is increased to 20,000 hours, and the initial capital cost is decreased to 25% of the current level. We also evaluate the hydrogen production cost of the water electrolysis using the electricity produced by solar cells. The corresponding hydrogen production cost was estimated as 37,838 won/$kgH_2$. The photoelectrochemical hydrogen production is evaluated as uneconomical at this time, and we need to enhance the solar to hydrogen conversion efficiency and the system duration time as well as to reduce prices of the system facilities.

Effect of Reduced Graphene Oxide in Photoanode on Photoelectrochemical Performance in Water Splitting for Hydrogen Production (수소생산을 위한 물 분해용 광전극에 도입된 환원된 산화그래핀이 광전기화학성능에 미치는 영향)

  • YOON, SANGHYEOK;DING, JIN-RUI;KIM, KYO-SEON
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2016
  • Hydrogen is eco-friendly alternative energy source and the photoelectrochemical water splitting is believed to be one of the promising methods for hydrogen production. Many researchers have studied several potential photocatalysts to increase the photoelectochemical performance efficiency for hydrogen conversion. In this study, the GO (graphene oxide) was prepared by Tour's method and was dispersed in precursor solutions of $WO_3$ and $BiVO_4$. Those precursor solutions were spin-coated on FTO glass and several photocatalyst thin films of $WO_3$, $BiVO_4$ and $WO_3/BiVO_4$ were prepared by calcination. The morphologies of prepared photocatalyst thin films were measured by scanning electron microscope. The photoelectrochemical performances of photocatalyst thin films with rGO (reduced graphene oxide) and without rGO were analyzed systematically.

CdSe/$TiO_2$ electrode of photoelectrochemical[PEC] cell for hydrogen production from water using solar energy (태양광과 물로부터 수소생산을 위한 광전기화학전지의 CdSe/$TiO_2$ 전극)

  • Lee, Eun-Ho;Jung, Kwang-Deog;Joo, Oh-Shim
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2005
  • Cadmium selenide is one of the group IIb-VI compounds, which is the promising semiconductor material due to its wide range of technological applications in optoelectronic devices such as photoelectrochemical cells, solid state solar cells, thin film photoconductors etc. CdSe has optical band gap of 1.7-1.8eV and proper conduction band edge for water splitting. CdSe films are coated with small thickness(20-50nm) nanocrystalline $TiO_2$ film by electrodeposition or chemical bath deposition methods and PEC properties of CdSe and CdSe/$TiO_2$ sandwich structure are studied. The photoactivity of CdSe and CdSe/$TiO_2$ films deposited on titanium substrate is studied in aqueous electrolyte of 1M NaOH solution. Photocurrent and photovoltage obtained were of the order of 2-4 mA/$cm^2$ and 0.5V, respectively, under the intensity of illumination of 100 mW/$cm^2$.

High aspect-ratio InGaN nanowire photocatalyst grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE 법에 의해 성장된 고종횡비 InGaN 나노와이어 광촉매)

  • An, Soyeon;Jeon, Dae-Woo;Hwang, Jonghee;Ra, Yong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2019
  • We have successfully fabricated high aspect-ratio GaN-based nanowires on Si substrates using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) system for high-efficiency hydrogen generation of photoelectrochemical water splitting. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) demonstrated that p-GaN:Mg and p-InGaN nanowires were grown vertically on the substrate with high density. Furthermore, it was also confirmed that the emission wavelength of p-InGaN nanowire can be adjusted from 552 nm to 590 nm. Such high-aspect ratio p-InGaN nanowire structure will be a solid foundation for the realization of ultrahigh-efficiency photoelectrochemical water splitting through sunlight.

Fabrication and Photoelectrochemical Properties of a Cu2O/CuO Heterojunction Photoelectrode for Hydrogen Production from Solar Water Splitting (태양광 물 분해를 통한 수소 생산용 Cu2O/CuO 이종접합 광전극의 제작 및 광전기화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Soyoung;Kim, Hyojin;Hong, Soon-Ku;Kim, Dojin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.26 no.11
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    • pp.604-610
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    • 2016
  • We report on the fabrication and characterization of a novel $Cu_2O/CuO$ heterojunction structure with CuO nanorods embedded in $Cu_2O$ thin film as an efficient photocathode for photoelectrochemical (PEC) solar water splitting. A CuO nanorod array was first prepared on an indium-tin-oxide-coated glass substrate via a seed-mediated hydrothermal synthesis method; then, a $Cu_2O$ thin film was electrodeposited onto the CuO nanorod array to form an oxide semiconductor heterostructure. The crystalline phases and morphologies of the heterojunction materials were examined using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, as well as Raman scattering. The PEC properties of the fabricated $Cu_2O/CuO$ heterojunction photocathode were evaluated by photocurrent conversion efficiency measurements under white light illumination. From the observed PEC current density versus voltage (J-V) behavior, the $Cu_2O/CuO$ photocathode was found to exhibit negligible dark current and high photocurrent density, e.g. $-1.05mA/cm^2$ at -0.6 V vs. $Hg/HgCl_2$ in $1mM\;Na_2SO_4$ electrolyte, revealing the effective operation of the oxide heterostructure. The photocurrent conversion efficiency of the $Cu_2O/CuO$ photocathode was estimated to be 1.27% at -0.6 V vs. $Hg/HgCl_2$. Moreover, the PEC current density versus time (J-T) profile measured at -0.5 V vs. $Hg/HgCl_2$ on the $Cu_2O/CuO$ photocathode indicated a 3-fold increase in the photocurrent density compared to that of a simple $Cu_2O$ thin film photocathode. The improved PEC performance was attributed to a certain synergistic effect of the bilayer heterostructure on the light absorption and electron-hole recombination processes.