• Title, Summary, Keyword: 광중합기

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MICROLEAKAGE IN RESIN COMPOSITE POLYMERIZED WITH VARIOUS LIGHT CURING UNITS (수종의 광중합기에 의한 복합레진 중합시 미세누출에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Jin;Kim, Dae-Eup;Lee, Kwang-Hee
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.604-610
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    • 2005
  • This study was to evaluate the effects of several light curing units on the microleakage of composite resin restorations in primary teeth. The types of curing units were traditional low intensity halogen light(Optilux 360), plasma arc light(Filpo) low heat plasma arc light(Aurys) and high intensity LED(Freelight 2). After preparing cavities on sound primary teeth, cavities were filled with composite resin(Z100) using the same resin bond agent(Scotchbond Multi-Purpose) and were cured with each curing light system. After storing each specimen in sterile water for 24 hours, thermal circulation was done 1,000 times followed by pigmentation using 2% methylene blue solution. Each specimen was sliced and the degree of pigmentation was graded. When microleakage is graded, the average of Aurys was 0.95 which was the lowest and Freelight 2(1.05), Filpo(1.25), Optilux 360(1.30) followed. But values were not shown statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The results suggest that the newly developed curing units which has advantage in children by decreasing discomfort and procedure time can increase the microleakage of the composite resin.

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Characteristic of LED light curing unit and classification by generation for clinicians (임상가가 알아두면 유용한 LED 광중합기의 특성과 세대별 분류)

  • Shim, Young-Bo;Choi, An-Na;Park, Jeong-Kil
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.245-251
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    • 2017
  • Since light curing composite resin was introduced in the 1960s, light curing process has been considered as an essential process. Herein, various light sources became available for the process. Quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH) light curing units (LCUs) dominated the market until the 1990s, before the LED LCUs started replacing them in the 2000s. The LED, developed approximately 50 years ago, came into use in the dentistry field from the late 1990s, and the LED LCUs, with the 2000s. Since then, the LED LCUs have gone through many advancements to its current fourth generation. In accordance to such advancements of the LED light curing unit, the majority of light curing unit used today are LED LCUs. As much as its usage has increased, it is necessary that dental clinicians understand the characteristics of the device. The objective of this review report is to provide the history of the scientific development and describe the characteristics of the LED LCUs.

Comparison of the shear bond strength of brackets in regards to the light curing source (광중합기의 광원에 따른 브라켓 전단결합강도 비교)

  • Cha, Jung-Yul;Lee, Kee-Joon;Park, Sun-Hyung;Kim, Tae-Weon;Yu, Hyung-Seog
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.198-206
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    • 2006
  • With the introduction of the xenon plasma arc curing light and the LED curing light as orthodontic curing lights, the polymerizing time of orthodontic composites has clearly decreased. In contrast to various research cases regarding the polymerization time and bond strength of the xenon plasma arc curing light, not enough research exists on the LED curing light, including the appropriate polymerization time. The objective of this research was to compare the bond strength of the plasma curing light and the LED curing light in regards to the polymerization time. The polymerization time needed to achieve an appropriate adhesion strength of the bracket has also been studied. After applying orthodontic brackets using composite resin onto 120 human premolars, the plasma arc curing light and the LED curing light were used for polymerization for 4, 6, and 8 seconds accordingly. This research proved that the LED curing light provided appropriate bond strength for mounting orthodontic brackets even with short seconds of polymerization. The expensive cost and large size of the device limits the use of the plasma arc curing light, whereas the low cost and easy handling of the LED curing light may lead to greater use in orthodontics.

Effect of infection control barrier thickness on light curing units (감염 조절용 차단막의 두께가 광중합기의 중합광에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Hoon-Sang;Lee, Seok-Ryun;Hong, Sung-Ok;Ryu, Hyun-Wook;Song, Chang-Kyu;Min, Kyung-San
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.368-373
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study investigated the effect of infection control barrier thickness on power density, wavelength, and light diffusion of light curing units. Materials and Methods: Infection control barrier (Cleanwrap) in one-fold, two-fold, four-fold, and eightfold, and a halogen light curing unit (Optilux 360) and a light emitting diode (LED) light curing unit (Elipar FreeLight 2) were used in this study. Power density of light curing units with infection control barriers covering the fiberoptic bundle was measured with a hand held dental radiometer (Cure Rite). Wavelength of light curing units fixed on a custom made optical breadboard was measured with a portable spectroradiometer (CS-1000). Light diffusion of light curing units was photographed with DSLR (Nikon D70s) as above. Results: Power density decreased significantly as the layer thickness of the infection control barrier increased, except the one-fold and two-fold in halogen light curing unit. Especially, when the barrier was four-fold and more in the halogen light curing unit, the decrease of power density was more prominent. The wavelength of light curing units was not affected by the barriers and almost no change was detected in the peak wavelength. Light diffusion of LED light curing unit was not affected by barriers, however, halogen light curing unit showed decrease in light diffusion angle when the barrier was four-fold and statistically different decrease when the barrier was eight-fold (p < 0.05). Conclusions: It could be assumed that the infection control barriers should be used as two-fold rather than one-fold to prevent tearing of the barriers and subsequent cross contamination between the patients.

Evaluation of New LED Curing Light on Resin Composite Polymerization (발광 다이오드 광중합기의 복합레진 중합 평가)

  • Kang, Jieun;Jun, Saeromi;Kim, Jongbin;Kim, Jongsoo;Yoo, Seunghoon
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.152-156
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to compare efficiency of broad spectrum LEDs ($VALO^{(R)}$, Ultradent, USA) with conventional LED curing lights ($Elipar^{TM}$ Freelight 2, 3M ESPE, USA) using a microhardness test. The light curing units used were $VALO^{(R)}$ in three different modes and $Elipar^{TM}$ Freelight 2. The exposure time was used according to the manufacturer's instructions. After cured resin specimens were stored in physiological saline at $37^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours, microhardness was measured using Vickers microhardness tester. The microhardness of upper and lower sides of the specimens were analyzed separately by the ANOVA method (Analysis of Variance) with a significance level set at 5%. At upper side of resin specimens, an increased microhardness was observed in the broad spectrum LED curing light unit with a high power mode for 4 seconds and plasma emulation mode for 20 seconds (p < 0.05). However, at the lower side of resin specimens, there were no significant differences in microhardness between broad spectrum LED curing light unit and conventional LED curing light unit.

IN VITRO PULP CHAMBER TEMPERATURE CHANGE DURING COMPOSITE RESIN CURING WITH VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES (복합레진 중합 광원에 따른 치수강 온도 변화에 대한 생체외 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Kim, Dae-Eop;Lee, Kwang-Hee
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to observe in vitro pulp chamber temperature rise during composite resin polymerization with various light-curing sources. The kinds of light-curing sources were plasma arc light(P), low heat plasma arc light, traditional low intensity halogen light, low intensity LED(L-LED), and high intensity LED(H-LED). Temperature at the tip of light guide was measured by a digital thermometer using K-type thermocouple. Occlusal cavities$(2{\times}2{\times}1.5mm)$ were so prepared in extracted human premolars as to the remaining dentin thickness was 1mm. Dentin adhesive was applied to all cavities. Experimental groups consisted of no base group, ionomer glass base group, and calcium hydroxide base group. Temperature before and after resin filling was measured. Temperature at the light guide tip was the highest with P and the lowest L-LED. Temperature before resin filling was the highest with H-LED and the lowest with L-LED. Temperature after resin filling was the highest with H-LED and the lowest with L-P and with L-LED. The lining of base partially reduced the temperature rise.

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Shear bond strength of orthodontic adhesive to amalgam surface using light-cured resin (광중합형 레진으로 아말감 면에 브라켓 접착 시 전단결합강도)

  • Cho, Ji-Young;Lee, Dong-Yul;Lim, Yong-Kyu
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.443-450
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to compare the shear bond strength of orthodontic adhesive to amalgam according to different light sources (halogen-based light and light emitting diode (LED)) and amalgam surface treatments. Ninety extracted human premolars were randomly divided into 6 groups (4 experimental and 2 control groups) of 15 by light sources and surface treatments. Orthodontic brackets were bonded and shear bond strength was measured with an Instron universal testing machine. The findings were as follows: The bond strength of adhesive to amalgam surface was 3-5.5 MPa which was lower than that of acid-etched enamel (19 MPa) control. In the sandblasted amalgam surface, the shear bond strength of the halogen light group was higher than that of the LED group (p < 0.05) but. in the non-treated amalgam surface. there was no significant difference in the shear bond strength according to the light sources (p> 0.05). Within the same light source. sandblasting had no significant effect on the shear bond strength of the adhesive bonded to amalgam surface (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in shear bond strength according to the light sources in acid-etched enamel control groups. This results suggest that there can be a limit in using light curing adhesives when brackets are bonded to an amalgam surface. Additional clinical studies are necessary before routine use of halogen light and LED light curing units can be recommended in bonding brackets to an amalgam surface.

Effects of plasma arc curing lights on the surface hardness of the composite resins (플라즈마 광중합기가 복합레진 중합에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soo-Won;Yang, Kyu-Ho;Kim, Seon-Mi;Choi, Nam-Ki
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.624-632
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    • 2006
  • In recent years, xenon plasma arc lamp was introduced for high-intensity curing of composite filling materials in direct resin restorations. In this study, two types of restorative materials, namely composites point $4^{(R)}$ and $Z250^{(R)}$ were selected and curing was conducted using a conventional halogen light and two plama curing lights. Two different resin composites were cured using the different units($Flipo^{(R)}$, Ultra-lite 180A, and $TriLight^{(R)}$) and tested for microhardness. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exposure to a plasma curing lamp for 3, 6. 9 seconds is equivalent to 20 or 40 seconds of irradiation using a conventional halogen curing unit. 1. $Flipo^{(R)}$ and Ultra-lite 180A were able to polymerize point $4^{(R)}$ at 6 seconds to a degree equal to that of the $TriLight^{(R)}$(control) at 40 seconds. 2. $Flipo^{(R)}$ was able to polymerize $Z250^{(R)}$ at 9 seconds to a degree equal to that of the $TriLight^{(R)}$(control) on the bottom surface at 20 seconds. whereas Ultra-lite 180A could not do. 3. Two plasma curing units were able to cure the test-composites with bottom/top ratios approximately 61% to 96% at 3 to 9 seconds. There were some differences between the two composite brands, with $Z250^{(R)}$ displaying less difference between top and bottom hardness values. For point $4^{(R)}$ and $Z250^{(R)}$, at least 6 or 9 seconds were necessary to produce microhardness equivalent to that of the $TriLight^{(R)}$ curing at 20 or 40 seconds.

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The Effects of Various Light Intensity on the Polymerization of Resin Composites (광조사 강도의 변화에 따른 광중합 복합레진의 중합반응에 관한 연구)

  • Jun-Gyu Park;Byeong-Hoon Cho;In-Bog Lee;Hyuck-Choon Kwon;Chung-Moon Um
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.86-94
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    • 2001
  • 기존의 광중합기는 높은 광강도를 제공함으로써 광중합 복합레진을 최대한 단축된 시간내의 중합을 목표로 하였다. 이러한 높은 광강도는 복합레진의 중합깊이, 중합률면에서는 우수하나 중합 반응속도가 빠름으로 인해 중합시 응력 발생이 높아진다는 일련의 보고가 있다. 최근에는 광중합 속도를 늦춤으로써 변연적합도 및 중합시 응력 발생을 낮추는 새로운 중합방법들이 제시되고 있다. 이에 본 실험에서는 광조사 강도의 변화가 광중합 복합레진의 중합반응 과정에 미치는 영향 및 중합된 복합레진의 중합률에 대한 영향을 분석하고자 하였다. 5개의 혼합형 광중합 복합레진 (Z-100, Spectrum, Z-250, Clearfil AP-X, P-60)을 사용하였으며 중합시 적용된 광조사 강도에 따라 6개의 실험군으로 정의하였다. 실험군과 이에 따른 광조사 방법은 다음과 같다. 1군은 110mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 40초 중합, 2군 210mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 40초 중합, 3군 410mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 40초 중합, 4군 620mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 40초 중합, 5군 110mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 10초 중합 후 1분 뒤 620mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 30초 중합, 6군 210mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 10초 중합 후 1분 뒤 410mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$로 30초 중합하였다. 광중합시 중합 반응 양상에 관한 분석은 시차주사 열계량기를 이용하여 37$^{\circ}C$ 항온상태에서 10분간의 열흐름곡선을 기록하였다. 기록된 열흐름곡선에서 중합 반응시 나타나는 중합열 및 최대 중합열에 이르는 시간을 기록하여 중합반응 속도를 측정하였다. 중합된 복합레진의 중합률은 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer(FTIR)를 이용하였으며 2mm 두께의 복합레진 하방에서의 중합률을 측정하였다. 측정된 결과는 ANOVA 및 Student-Newman-Keuls 방법을 이용하여 유의성을 검증하였다. 실험결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 광중합 복합레진 중합시 광조사 강도가 증가할수록 중합열은 증가하였으나 통계적 유의성은 보이지 않았다 (p>0.05). 2. 최대 중합열에 이르는 시간은 광조사 강도가 증가할수록 단축되었다. 이단계 중합방법을 사용한 경우 중합반응 속도를 감소시킬 수 있음을 보였다. 3. 광조사 강도가 증가할수록 중합률은 증가하였다. 이단계 중합방법을 사용한 경우 연속적인 고광강도를 사용한 경우와 유사한 높은 중합률을 보였다. 4. 중합률면에서 광중합복합레진의 중합시 400mW/$\textrm{cm}^2$ 이상의 광강도가 필요한 것으로 나타났다.

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TEMPERATURE TRANSMISSION OF PAC UNIT THROUGH DENTIN (상아질을 통한 플라즈마 아크 광중합기의 온도 전달)

  • Park, Ho-Won;Kim, Ji-Hun
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.707-714
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    • 2003
  • Plasma Arc Curing(PAC) units operate at relatively high intensity and claimed to result in optimum properties of composite resin in a short curing time, so the interest of pediatric dentists about PAC units have been increased recently. But PAC units used for polymerizing restorative resins produce heat during operation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate temperature transmission through dentin of various depths using two types of PAC units(Flipo, Q-Lux plasma 100). The results from the present study can be summarized as follows : 1. When PAC be used continuously, temperature on tip was increased as curing times, and Q-Lux showed greater temperature rising(p<0.001). 2. Compared temperature transmission as dentin depth, temperature rising rate was decreased as dentin thickened(0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0mm)(p<0.05). 3. Compared temperature transmission as resin depth, temperature rising rate was also decreased as resin thickened(1.0, 2.0mm)(p<0.05).

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