• Title, Summary, Keyword: 광합성

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Optimization of photobiological H2 production using Thiocapsa roseopercisina (광합성 홍색 유황 세균 Thiocapsa roseopercisina에 의한 수소생산 최적화)

  • Kim, Mi-Sun;Lee, Yu-Jin;Lee, Dong-Yeol
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.782-786
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    • 2009
  • Thiocapsa roseopersicina NCIB 8347은 purple sulfur bacteria이며 광합성종속영양 조건에서는 nitrogenase 효소계가 유도되어 질소를 고정하며, 수소를 발생한다. 또한 광합성독립영양 조건에서는 hydrogenase 효소계가 유도되어 3~4개 종류의 특성이 다른 hydrogenase가 membrane에 결합되어 있거나, cytoplasma에 존재하며, 이 중의 일부는 산소농도와 온도의 상승에도 비교적 안정하다. 본 연구에서는 T. roseopersicina NCIB 8347이 광합성종속영양 조건에서 수소를 생산할 수 있는 제반 배양조건을 최적화하고, nitrogenase와 일부 hydrogenase역가를 측정하여 purple non-sulfur bacteria, Rhodobacter sphaeroides KD131의 nitrogenase와 비교하여 수소생산을 최적화하였다. 할로겐램프를 8-9 $Klux/m^2$로 조사할 때와 배양온도 $26{\sim}30^{\circ}C$, 배양시간 72시간에서 균체 성장과 수소생산이 가장 높았다. T. roseopersicina NCIB 8347는 광합성 독립영양, 종속영양 조건에서 모두 성장 할 수 있었다.

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Photosynthetic Variation by Cultural Environment in Sesame (참깨의 재배환경에 따른 광합성능력의 변화)

  • 서관석;김준기;김소연;이주열
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.186-190
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    • 1984
  • Photosynthetic rate of sesame varieties was investigated under the different cultural environments such as planting density or light intensity. The photosynthetic rate of Pungnyeon, monoculm variety, was higher than that of Kwangsan before flowering stage, while it was vice versa after the flowering stage. The maximum rate of photosynthetic rate was obtained three weeks after planting. The effects of light intensity on photosynthetic rate four weeks after planting was not apparent when the light intensity was reduced to the level of 35% and 55%, respectively. However, when the light intensity was reduced to 75% of the normal light intensity, the photosynthetic rate was also greatly reduced. The Photosynthetic rate after the flowering stage was reduced in the order of normal light, 35% and 75%, respectively.

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Seasonal Photosynthetic Performance of Laminaria japonica sporophytes on the Southeastern Coast of Korea (한국 동남해안에서 다시마(Laminaria japonica) 포자체의 광합성의 계절변화)

  • Kang, Rae-Seon;Koh, Chul-Hwan
    • The Sea
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.237-245
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    • 1999
  • Rates of photosynthesis and respiration of Laminaria japonica sporophytes cultivated on the southeastern coast of Korea were monthly measured in situ and under constant temperature and nitrogen concentration in laboratory from February to July 1996 in order to understand the seasonal photosynthetic performance of this alga. P-I (the relationship between photosynthsis and irradiance) parameters measured in situ varied seasonally. Photosynthetic capacity ($P_{max}$) reached its maximum in March (6.64 mg $O_2{\cdot}gdw^{-1}{\cdot}h^{-1}$) and gradually decreased thereafter. Photosynthetic efficiency (${\alpha}$), which ranged from 0.026 to 0.106, generally showed a similar pattern with the $P_{max}$, curve. Correlation between respiration and $P_{max}$, was not significant (Spearman's rank correlation, p>0.05); respiration rate, which varied between 0.25 and 0.83 mg $O_2{\cdot}gdw^{-1}{\cdot}h^{-1}$, showed no gradual decline from March. $P_{max}$ in situ significantly correlated with the relative growth rate of frond weight (Spearman's rank correlation, p<0.01) and this result means that the amount of accumulated materials in body increased with the increment of $P_{max}$. Compared $P_{max}$, in situ with that in the laboratory. The lower $P_{max}$ in February was probably caused by the effect of lower seawater temperature at this time. The decrease in $P_{max}$ after March, however, was primarily attributable to the thickness of blade as the plants got old. Comparison of P-I parameters measured for different size groups in April, explained the negative relationship between $P_{max}$ and frond thickness.

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Analysis of Concept's Proximity of 7th Grade Students' Photosynthesis Concepts by the Level of Science Attitude (7학년 학생의 과학 태도 수준에 따른 광합성 관련 개념의 근접성 변화 분석)

  • Lee, Hee-Jeong;Kim, Youngshin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.10
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    • pp.1524-1536
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    • 2012
  • Science attitudes affect the quality of learning, and they are considered as one of the major concerns in science education. It is necessary to analyze the proximity between concepts with science attitudes. Accordingly, this study was designed to analyze the proximity of the concept related to photosynthesis as it changed after class according to the levels of science attitudes. A survey on the concept of photosynthesis and science attitudes before and after class was conducted on 270 7th-grade students. The concept of photosynthesis was composed of 'the place of photosynthesis,' 'products of photosynthesis,' 'reactants of photosynthesis,' and 'environmental factors.' The proximity of the concept of photosynthesis was analyzed through the utilization of multidimensional scaling (MDS). The research results were as follows: (1) Students changed the proximity between concepts by acquiring concrete concepts through class. (2) The upper group in science attitudes tends to be closer to the proximity between scientific concepts through class, compared to the intermediate and lower groups. (3) In all students with entire levels of science attitudes, non-scientific concepts continued to exist even after class, and the non-scientific concepts were deemed to interfere with the proximity between scientific concepts related to photosynthesis. (4) Students turned out to be aware of the concepts related to each other in four areas associated with photosynthesis. That is, it can be said that students are closely aware of the place where photosynthesis can occur and the materials needed as well as materials generated as a result of photosynthesis and the materials needed in terms of concepts related to photosynthesis.

Characterization of Photosynthetic Rates by Tomato Leaf Position (토마토 엽위별 광합성 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Sung Eun;Lee, Moon Young;Kim, Young Shik
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.146-152
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    • 2013
  • The photosynthetic rates according to leaf positions in tomato plants were investigated in relation to leaf age and flowering rate. In the experiment investigating the diurnal change of photosynthetic rates, three leaves below the 4th cluster was checked every hour from 2 hours before sunrise and 3 hours after sunset. It was checked twice with the replication of 3 plants. The photosynthetic rate increased sharply for 1 hour right after sunrise and remained steady until 2 hours before sunset. This trend can be applied to determine the irrigation schedule. In the experiment investigating the photosynthetic rates according to leaf positions, it three leaves below each clusters from 1st to 4th cluster were checked. Flowering rate was also investigated. The photosynthetic rates showed a decreasing tendency steadily after flowers bloomed fully, regardless of the leaf position. It seems to be because the leaves below the cluster with fully-bloom flowers lost their activities. This result suggests the flowering rate or the position of flower has deep relation with the photosynthetic rates of the concerned leaves. From the results the leaves under flowering cluster may be the good part to investigate the photosynthetic rate to evaluate the crop's activity, even the photosynthetic rates are different according to the position of clusters.

Comparison of Pigment Content and Photosynthetic Capacity of Quercus mongolica Stands at Namsan, Seoul and Paekcheoksan, Kangwondo (서울 남산과 강원도 백적산의 신갈나무 숲에서 엽록소 함량 및 광합성능의 비교)

  • 임병선;김종욱;이규송;이점숙;김준호;이창석
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.267-271
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    • 2003
  • To elucidate effects of air pollutants on ecophysiological properties of two Quercus mongolica stands at different levels of air pollution, photosynthetic capacity and chloroplast pigment were measured in leaves of Q. mongolica. Photosynthetic capacity, photosynthetic pigment content and SLA (specific leaf area) of Q. mongolica leaves in polluted area were lower than those in nonpolluted area. Also, the chlorosis and mottling in some of leaves were observed in polluted area after August. Except for total carotenoid (P<0.05) the correlations between photosynthetic capacity and pigment content were not significant. Photosynthetic capacity of Q. mongolica leaves in polluted area was decreased after July.

광합성세균을 이용한 수소생산

  • 김진상
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.175-179
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    • 1992
  • 광조사시에 수소를 생산하는 미생물로는 녹조류, 남조류 그리고 광합성세균이 알려져 있으며, 이 중에서 남조류와 광합성세균이 실용적인 수소생산에 유망시되고 있다. 광합성세균은 광학계 II가 결여되어 물분해능이 없으나 유기화합물을 전자공여체로하여 남조보다 훨씬 빠른 속도로 수소를 생산하며, 생산가스는 약간의 이산화탄소 외에는 거의 순수한 수소여서 그대로 연료로 사용할 수 있는 장점을 지닌다. 본고에서는 공합성세균에 의한 수소생생의 연구현황과 문제점에 대해 다루었다. 광합성세균에 의한 수소생산의 실용화를 위해서는 균체의 수소생산성 향상 및 활성의 유지, 원료문제 및 암모니아에 의한 수소 생산의 억제문제, 적합한 배양조개발과 균체의 이용방안 등에 관련된 제분제의 해결이 필요하다. 광합성세균의 수소생산성 향상을 위해서는 자연계로부터 보다 고활성균주의 탐색과 아울러 유전적인 개량이 병행되어야한다.

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Effect of Changes of Leaf Water Content on Respiration and Photosynthetic Rate of Tobacco Varieties (엽중수분 변화가 잎담배 품종간 호흡과 광합성속도에 미치는 영향)

  • Seong-Kook Bae;Ryuichi, Ishii;Atsuhiko, Kumura
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.347-351
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    • 1985
  • The effect of leaf water content on apparent photosynthesis and respiration of tobacco plants(five varieties) was studied under the condition without the irrigation for 10 days after the plants were sufficiently watered on the first day. The wild race (N. longiflora) among varieties showed highest apparent photosynthesis (AP) and AP had a positive correlation with specific leaf weight. N. longiflora and Andongyeob were different in their AP from the other varieties significantly under the water stress condition. Respiration rate also decreased to be simillar to AP except slight increase at early stage of water deficit. The stomatal resistance and the mesophyll resistance increased in the stressed plants. The water stress resistant character seems to be mainly due to open stomata.

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Relationship between Total Solar Radiation and PPF, and Transmittance in Greenhouse at Different Weather Conditions (기상조건에 따른 온실의 전천일사량 및 광합성유효광량자속의 상관관계 및 투과율)

  • 이현우;이석건;이상호
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.56-60
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    • 2002
  • Since the transmittance of solar radiation directly affected by the structural frames of greenhouse can be changed according to the ratio of diffuse to direct radiations, it is necessary to investigate the transmittance of greenhouse at the different weather conditions. We can easily get the data of total solar radiation from the Meteorological Administration, but we have to personally measure the photosynthetic photon flux (PPF). If the relationship between total solar radiation and PPF is established, the PPF can be simply acquired from the relationship. Sol it is required to develop the equation to calculate PPF depending on weather condition. This study was conducted to determine the transmittance of PPF at canopy level in glasshouse and the correlation between total solar radiation and PPF at clear and cloudy days. The variation phase of greenhouse transmittance at clear day was very different from that at cloudy day. It was concluded that the proper transmittance, depending on the weather condition, should be adopted to calculate the accurate total solar radiation and PPF in greenhouse. The transmittance of solar radiation was the same as that of PPF in greenhouse. It was confirmed that the ratio of PPF to total radiation increased as the amount of cloud increased. The correlation between the hourly total solar radiation and PPF was derived.

수소생성 광합성 세균 Rhodopseudomonas strain K-7의 색소 생성능에 대한 연구

  • Na, Young-Mi;Bae, Moo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Applied Microbiology Conference
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    • pp.518.1-518
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    • 1986
  • 광합성 세균의 수소생성 기작에 대한 연구의 일환으로 광합성 세균에서 생성되는 색소의 성분을 조사하였다. 분리한 광합성 세균 K-7은 수소생성능이 뛰어난 균주로 조사된 홍색 비유황세균으로서 생리, 형태 및 배양학적 조사에 의하여 Rhodopseudomonas spheroides로 분류하였다. Type culture인 Rhodopseudomonas spheroides NCIB 8253과 비교 연구하였으며, SEM(Scanning Electron Microscope)하에서 기존균주와 분리균주의 형태학적인 특징을 확인하였다. 군 동정의 주요열쇠가 되는 색소성분을 조사한 결과, 균주 K-7에서 추출된 carotenoids로는 spheroidene의 산화형태인 OH-spheroidenone이 주성분이었고, Neurosporene, Lycopene, Anhydro- rhodovibrin, Rhodovibrin등이 동정되었다.

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