• Title, Summary, Keyword: 광합성 세균

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광합성세균을 이용한 수소생산

  • 김진상
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.175-179
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    • 1992
  • 광조사시에 수소를 생산하는 미생물로는 녹조류, 남조류 그리고 광합성세균이 알려져 있으며, 이 중에서 남조류와 광합성세균이 실용적인 수소생산에 유망시되고 있다. 광합성세균은 광학계 II가 결여되어 물분해능이 없으나 유기화합물을 전자공여체로하여 남조보다 훨씬 빠른 속도로 수소를 생산하며, 생산가스는 약간의 이산화탄소 외에는 거의 순수한 수소여서 그대로 연료로 사용할 수 있는 장점을 지닌다. 본고에서는 공합성세균에 의한 수소생생의 연구현황과 문제점에 대해 다루었다. 광합성세균에 의한 수소생산의 실용화를 위해서는 균체의 수소생산성 향상 및 활성의 유지, 원료문제 및 암모니아에 의한 수소 생산의 억제문제, 적합한 배양조개발과 균체의 이용방안 등에 관련된 제분제의 해결이 필요하다. 광합성세균의 수소생산성 향상을 위해서는 자연계로부터 보다 고활성균주의 탐색과 아울러 유전적인 개량이 병행되어야한다.

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수소생성 광합성 세균 Rhodopseudomonas strain K-7의 색소 생성능에 대한 연구

  • Na, Young-Mi;Bae, Moo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Applied Microbiology Conference
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    • pp.518.1-518
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    • 1986
  • 광합성 세균의 수소생성 기작에 대한 연구의 일환으로 광합성 세균에서 생성되는 색소의 성분을 조사하였다. 분리한 광합성 세균 K-7은 수소생성능이 뛰어난 균주로 조사된 홍색 비유황세균으로서 생리, 형태 및 배양학적 조사에 의하여 Rhodopseudomonas spheroides로 분류하였다. Type culture인 Rhodopseudomonas spheroides NCIB 8253과 비교 연구하였으며, SEM(Scanning Electron Microscope)하에서 기존균주와 분리균주의 형태학적인 특징을 확인하였다. 군 동정의 주요열쇠가 되는 색소성분을 조사한 결과, 균주 K-7에서 추출된 carotenoids로는 spheroidene의 산화형태인 OH-spheroidenone이 주성분이었고, Neurosporene, Lycopene, Anhydro- rhodovibrin, Rhodovibrin등이 동정되었다.

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Effect of Photosynthetic Bacterial Addition to Chlorella or ${\omega}-Yeast$ on Growth of Rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis, and its Dietary Value for Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, Larvae (Rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis, 성장을 위한 광합성세균의 첨가 효과와 넙치, Paralichthys oliraceus, 자어에 대한 먹이효율)

  • KIM Man Soo;KIM Hae Young;HUR Sung Bum
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.164-170
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of photosynthetic bacteria to chlorella or ${\omega}-yeast$ on Browth of the rotifer and its dietary value for flounder, Paralicbthys oliraceus. The rotifer fed the chlorella (200,000 cells/ind./day) with the addition of 20 times the photosynthetic bacteria of the chlorella concentration showed the highest growth. But the specific growth rate of 100,000 chlorella/ind./day with the addition of 30 times the photosynthetic bacteria was the most economical feeding regime for mass culture of the rotifer. The rotifer frd ${\omega}-yeast$ with 200,000 cells/ind./days with the addition of 20 times the photosynthetic bacteria of the chlorella conecentration showed the highest growth. Growth and survial rate of the larvae of Paralichithys oiivaceus fed the rotifer reared on both chlorella and ${\omega}-yeast$ with the addition of photosynthetic bacteria were higher than those without the bacteria, and the chlorella had better dietary value than the ${\omega}-yeast$ for the larvae. The larvae fed the rotifer which was cultured with the chlorella of 200,000 cells/ind./day and the photosynthetic bacteria of $4{\times}10^6$ cells/ind./day showed the highest survial rate and growth. The larvae reared with the addition of the photosynthetic bacteris had higher total lipid and the total content of EPA and DHA than those reared without the bacteria. The larvae fed the enriched artemia nauplius with the photosynthetic bacteria also showed higher suurval rate and growth than those fed the nauplius without the enrichment. The optimum enrichment concentration of the photosynthetic bacteria for artemia nauplius was $2{\times}1^7\;cells/ml$. The addition of the photosynthetic bacteria to the chlorella and the ${\omega}-yeast$ was effective to growth of the rotifer and dietary value for the flounder larvae. However, an excessive addition of the bacteria decreased both the growth of the rotifer and the dietary of the larvae.

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Optimization of photobiological H2 production using Thiocapsa roseopercisina (광합성 홍색 유황 세균 Thiocapsa roseopercisina에 의한 수소생산 최적화)

  • Kim, Mi-Sun;Lee, Yu-Jin;Lee, Dong-Yeol
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.782-786
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    • 2009
  • Thiocapsa roseopersicina NCIB 8347은 purple sulfur bacteria이며 광합성종속영양 조건에서는 nitrogenase 효소계가 유도되어 질소를 고정하며, 수소를 발생한다. 또한 광합성독립영양 조건에서는 hydrogenase 효소계가 유도되어 3~4개 종류의 특성이 다른 hydrogenase가 membrane에 결합되어 있거나, cytoplasma에 존재하며, 이 중의 일부는 산소농도와 온도의 상승에도 비교적 안정하다. 본 연구에서는 T. roseopersicina NCIB 8347이 광합성종속영양 조건에서 수소를 생산할 수 있는 제반 배양조건을 최적화하고, nitrogenase와 일부 hydrogenase역가를 측정하여 purple non-sulfur bacteria, Rhodobacter sphaeroides KD131의 nitrogenase와 비교하여 수소생산을 최적화하였다. 할로겐램프를 8-9 $Klux/m^2$로 조사할 때와 배양온도 $26{\sim}30^{\circ}C$, 배양시간 72시간에서 균체 성장과 수소생산이 가장 높았다. T. roseopersicina NCIB 8347는 광합성 독립영양, 종속영양 조건에서 모두 성장 할 수 있었다.

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광합성 세균의 Carotenoid 생합성

  • Bae, Moo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Applied Microbiology Conference
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    • pp.186.1-186
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    • 1976
  • 광합성 세균의 특징중의 하나로서 색소를 함유하고 있는데 이들 색소는 Bacteriochlorophyll과 carotenoids 색소에 유래하는 것이다. Carotenoid의 생체내에서 많은 기능 가운데 주된 기능은 광산화의 Protector로서 뿐만 아니라 광합성시의 방사에너지의 보조흡수체 임이 밝혀지고 있다.(중략)

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Microbial hydrogen production: Dark Anaerobic Fermentation and Photo-biological Process (미생물에 의한 수소생산: Dark Anaerobic Fermentation and Photo-biological Process)

  • Kim, Mi-Sun;Baek, Jin-Sook
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.393-400
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    • 2005
  • Hydrogen($H_2$) as a clean, and renewable energy carrier will be served an important role in the future energy economy. Several biological $H_2$ production processes are known and currently under development, ranging from direct bio-photolysis of water by green algae, indirect bio-photolysis by cyanobacteria including the separated two stage photolysis using the combination of green algae and photosynthetic microorganisms or green algae alone, dark anaerobic fermentation by fermentative bacteria, photo-fermentation by purple bacteria, and water gas shift reaction by photosynthetic or fermentative bacteria. In this paper, biological $H_2$ production processes, that are being explored in fundamental and applied research, are reviewed.

Studies on the Isolation and the Application of Photosynthetic Bacteria (광합성세균(光合咸細蘭)의 검색(檢索)과 그 이용(利用)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Young-Ung;Kim, Kwang-Sik
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.132-138
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    • 1981
  • Four species of the photosynthetic bacteria from 36 samples were isolated. their characteristics, their capability for nitrogen fixation and their capability for purification of organic waste water by photosynthetic bacteria were examined. Photosynthetic bacteria are widely distributed in soil. The isolated species are Rhodopseudomonas capsulatus. R. spheroides, R. gelatinosa, and R. ruburm. The capability for nitrogen fixation varies with the species of photosynthetic bacteria, and it is very pronounced in the R. capsulatus. The capability for purification of organic waste water is relatively strong but varies with the species.

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A study of Swine Wastewater Treatment using Photosynthetic Bacteria (광합성 세균을 이용한 돈분 폐수 처리에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-Min;Park, Eung-Roh;Ju, Hong-Shin;Yang, Jae-Kyung;Lee, Ki-Young;Lee, Sung-Taik;Lee, Mu-Choon
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 1996
  • Photosynthetic bacteria, strains KN 1-1, KN 2-1 and KN 2-3 were isolated from nature, and were studied for swine wastewater treatment. Growth of those photosynthetic bacteria were increased to 2~3 fold in organic-acid added medium(sodium acetate 1g, sodium propionate 1g and sodium butyrate 1g in Lascelles basal medium $1{\ell}$) than cultivation in Lascelles basal medium, and amount of bacteriochlorophyll a were increased to 1.5~2 fold. Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD) in swine wastewater using photosynthetic bacteria, strains KN 1-1, KN 2-1 and KN 2-3 were reduced 80%, 89% and 75%, respectively.

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Highly Pure Culture of Photosynthetic Bacteria for Pilot-scale Production (광합성세균의 파이롯트 단위 생산을 위한 고순도 배양)

  • Cho, Kyoung Sook;Yim, Tae Bin;Jeong, Hae Yoon;Cho, Jeong Sub;Kim, Joong Kyun
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.292-297
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    • 2006
  • Lab-scale and pilot-scale productions of photosynthetic bacteria, that were able to efficiently treat wastewater from aquacultural farm, were experimented for their highly-pure culture. The results of experiments in a gas pack reactor, an anaerobic flask and a flask using $N_2$ gas as N-source showed that only photosynthetic bacteria formed red colonies on agar plate and their purity was over 90% in a colony, observed under a microscope. It was found that the basal medium could most promote the growth of photosynthetic bacteria, confirmed by experiments of serial cultures on various media. Under the culture conditions, the specific growth rate was found to be $0.18h^{-1}$ from the culture in 5L bioreactor and the same value could be obtained in pilot-scale production.

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Isolation of Hydrogen Evolution Photosynthetic Bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides KS 56 (수소 생성 광합성 세균 Rhodobacter sphaeroides KS 56 분리)

  • 이은숙;권애란
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.549-552
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    • 1997
  • A purple non-sulfur photosynthetic bacteria which evolved molecular hydrogen efficiently from glucose in the presence of low concentration of NH4+ under light illuminated anaerobic condition was isolated from mud samples in Korea. This bacteria was identified on Rhodobacter sphaeroides KS 56 based on the morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics.

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