• Title, Summary, Keyword: 교복

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Perception toward wearing school uniforms (미국 고교생의 교복에 대한 연구)

  • ;Marilyn DeLong;Karen LaBat
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1167-1178
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구의 목적은 최근 미국 내에서 교육 개혁의 한 방편으로 공립학교 학생들에게 교복을 착용하도록 하는 도시가 증가함에 따라 교복 정책에 대한 여론은 찬반론이 교차하고 있고, 이를 뒷받침 할 연구는 부족하여 교복 착용에 관련된 요인들간의 관계를 알아보아 교육정책에 제안하기 위하여 시도되었다. 연구 대상자는 미국 미네소타 주, 도심 지역의 세 남녀 공학 고등학교를 대상으로 조사되었다. 세 고등학교는 학교 의복 착용에 대한 서로 다른 규율을 갖고 있었다. School R은 학교에서 지정한 교복만을 착용 해야 하는 규율을 갖고 있고 School F는 학생들에게 학교가 선정한 색상에 일치하는 의복을 통학복 으로 입을 수 있도록 한 매우 유동적인 교복 정책을 갖고 있었다. School N은 특정한 학교 교복은 없고 학생들에게 통학복 착용에 대한 규율은 있었다. 세 학교의 학부모, 교사, 학생을 대상으로 한 연구 결과는 부모, 교사는 교복 착용이 학생들의 행동에 영향을 미칠 것이라고 인지한 반면 학생들은 전체적으로 그렇지 않다는 태도를 보였다. 학생들에게 선호도가 높은 교복은 School F의 교복처럼 통학복에 색상 제한을 하는 약간은 자유로운 형태로 나타났으며 해당 학교 학생들의 교복에 대한 만족도 또한 높게 나타났다. 교복을 입지 않는 School N의 학부모들은 학생들 통학복에 대한 지출이 다른 두 학교 부모 보다 많은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 교복을 착용한 경험이 오래된 학생일수록 교복 착용에 더 긍정적인 관점을 보인 것으로 보아 미국 내에서의 교복 정책은 초등학교부터 실시하는 것이 바람직한 것으로 받아 들여 진다.

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School Uniform: Socio-Psychological Meaning and Future Research (교복(校服)의 사회심리학적(社會心理學的) 의미(意味)와 향후연구과제(向後硏究課題))

  • Yoh, Eun-Ah
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2001
  • 본 논문에서는 교복의 다양한 요소를 사회심리학적 이론에 적용하여 설명함으로써 교복에 대한 사회심리학적 의미를 연구하였다. 본 연구는: 1) 교복의 기능, 장점, 단점, 의미에 관한 기존 문헌자료를 조사하고, 2) 대표적인 다섯 가지 사회심리학 이론을 통하여 교복의 사회심리학적 의미를 조명하며, 3) 교복의 사회심리학적 측면에 관한 향후 연구방향과 과제를 도출하는 목적을 가진다. 교복의 사회심리학적 의미 연구에 사용된 이론은 conformity and uniformity, Post-modernism, role theory, symbolic interaction, 그리고 semiotics and informational processing 이었다. 상기한 다섯가지 이론을 바탕으로 도출한 향후 연구과제로는: 1) 교복 디자인 선택에 있어 학교의 가치기준과 목표 반영 정도, 2) 시대적, 조직적 변화에 대응하는 학생들의 교복변형 행동, 3) 교복도입 전후에 학생들의 역할 수행 변화와 학년에 따른 학생들의 교복행동 변화, 4) 교복 도입이 경제적으로 어려운 학생들의 의복박탈감과 자아존중감에 미치는 영향, 5) 관찰자에 따른 교복 의미 부여의 다양성 등이 제시되었다.

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Correlation and Effects between Benefits of Pursuing Clothes and Attitude & Satisfaction Towards Wearing School Uniforms of Middle and High School Students (중.고등학교 학생의 의복추구혜택과 교복착용 태도의 관계 및 교복착용 태도가 교복 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ha-Young;Park, Myung-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.47-61
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    • 2013
  • This study is aimed to find correlation between benefits of pursuing clothes and the attitude towards wearing school uniform, as well as the effects that wearing attitude has on the satisfaction. This research is carried out by investigating and researching into middle and high school students around capital regions in the hopes of enhancing their satisfaction to their uniforms and their desire for self-expression, resulting in a positive notion to uniforms being settled in among the students. In the regards of benefits of pursuing clothes, female students are highly pursuing individual characteristics, aesthetics, and economy all depending on the demographic factors. It is notable that students in Seoul are pursuing those elements more strongly than those in Gyeonggi-do. As for the attitude towards wearing school uniforms, the safety weighs a lot among female students. Meanwhile, those in Gyeonggi-do were more inclined to economy as they prefer wearing uniform more often than not. Students who are pursuing individual characteristics and aesthetics are less likely to pursue economy, whereas those who are pursuing practicality are pursuing better economy. Those in favor of economy, meanwhile, are pursuing aesthetics, safety, as well as economy. When it comes to the attitude towards wearing school uniforms, the result showed that it is more likely for those who are considering aesthetics, safety, and economy to be satisfied with the aesthetics, practicality, and the convenience aspects of school uniforms.

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Jean 소재를 이용한 여고생 교복디자인 연구

  • 조은정;정삼호
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Costume Conference
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    • pp.33-33
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    • 2004
  • 과거 우리나라 교복의 형태는 획일적이고 개성과는 상관없는 일률적인 교복이었다. 그러나 사회가 고도로 발달함에 따라 인간의 의생활도 더불어 세분화되고 그 역할 또한 중요시되고 있으며, 교복에 대한 욕구도 다양화되고 있다. 따라서 요즈음 청소년들은 과거의 획일적인 교복 형태를 지양하고 패션 화된 디자인과 소재를 선호하면서 심미성과 기능성을 동시에 갖춘 교복을 원하고 있다. (중략)

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A Study Related to Adolescent Students' School Uniform Behavior and Attitude toward Appearance (청소년의 교복행동과 외모에 대한 태도와의 관련 연구)

  • Han, Mi-Hwa;Lee, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.23-43
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the relativity between school uniform behavior(especially attitude toward school uniform, school uniform satisfaction, school uniform alteration) and attitude toward appearance in the adolescence. From November to December in 2007, 898 middle school and high school students from four schools in Jeollabuk-do Province were analyzed and the influence of relevant variables was understood to gather basic information about the fashion life in the adolescence. This study used SPSS 11.5 for Windows Program to conduct frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, ${\chi}^2$-test, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple comparison test, and Pearson's correlation. The following summarizes the findings of this study: The results of analysing the factors to the response attitude toward uniforms and attitude toward appearance and clothing attitude emerged four dimensions(fashion, symbolism, cleanliness, alternation), three dimensions(needs value conformity toward appearance). In attitude toward uniform, female students were more actively altering their uniforms than male students and middle school students were more sensitive to trends than high school students. However, high school students were more aware of the cleanliness and alteration of uniforms. Overall, most students were not very satisfied with their uniforms (design, color, texture). When students' attitude toward appearance and demographical characteristics were examined, it was found that female students were more aware of desire, value, and conformity in appearances than male students. By age, it was found that high school students were more aware than middle school students. Also, students receiving KRW 30,000 or more for monthly allowance were more aware than others who receive a lower amount between KRW 10,000 and KRW 20,000. Therefore, most students(62.1%) have experiences in altering uniforms. Especially, more female students and more high school students had such experiences. Uniform alteration is more related to attitude to appearance. In other words, students who choose to alter their uniforms are highly aware of desire, value, and conformity toward appearance. Students who are satisfied with all factors regarding attitude toward uniform, except for alteration, did not alter their uniforms that much. In addition, when the relativity between students' attitude toward appearance with uniform was considered, students that are not very satisfied with their uniforms were more aware of desire, value, and conformity toward appearance. In conclusion, it was found that students' attitude toward appearance and school uniform behavior are closely related and their interests in appearance lead to alteration of uniforms, the clothing in which they spend most time of the day. From now on, students' opinions shall be considered when selecting or designing school uniforms.

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Studies on The Reutilization of Used School Uniform of Middle and High School Students (중.고등학생의 교복 재활용 활성화에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Hee-Sun;Oh, Kyung-Wha
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.141-155
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    • 2009
  • Purchasing used school uniforms is to reduce environmental pollution and expenses, and to enhance a feeling of wearing satisfaction for school uniforms by improving size fitting. In order to improve reutilization of used school uniforms, uniform purchasing behavior, awareness of the reutilizing markets of used school uniforms, and the running conditions of reutilizing markets of used school uniforms were analyzed through the survey. The subjects are 741 students of middle and high schools in Seoul and Kyeonggi Province in this study. The results are as follows. First, the better-fitted uniforms students wear, the higher satisfaction they feel. Therefore, it is desirable for students to wear the uniforms which are well fitted for each student. Second, the higher aware of environment students are and the more environmental preservation behavior they do, the higher awareness of wearing used school uniforms they are. In order to enhance students' awareness of reutilizing markets of used school uniforms, it is important to educate students about the environment systematically and to promote recycling events. Third, the reasons for not purchasing used school uniforms are difficulty in access to the repurchasing market and the sanitary problem. Therefore, it is suggested that environmental education which boosts students' awareness of environment and reutilization events should be held to make reutilizing markets of used school uniforms vigorous. Moreover, it is necessary to make reutilizing markets easy to access and improve cleaning and repairing system.

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The Analysis of Students' Attitude toward Uniform Transformation of Female Highschool Students (대구시 여고생의 교복변형에 대한 태도 분석)

  • Park, Hyo-Eun;Cho, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to satisfy students in adolescent trends of school uniforms and to provide them with useful material with matching current fashions by analyzing the attitude of students toward uniform transformation in female highschool students and investigating factors influencing on behaviors of uniform transformation. The subjects of this study are 30 students in Daegu with the basic ways of investigating such as depth interview and survey. The results are as follows; First, students agree to wearing school uniforms. As the main reason for wearing school uniforms, students put emphasis on peer pressure. It is also analyzed that the figure of students' body have some influence on the attitude of students toward wearing uniform while students' appearance have no influence on the attitude of students toward wearing uniform. Second, students showed high satisfaction in school uniforms. While students are satisfied with design and color of school uniform, they are not satisfied with practicality, economic efficiency and the quality of textile. Third, the study shows most students have experience of uniform transformation as a result of depth interview about actual condition of uniform transformation. Whereas students usually wear the jacket with its width and length shortened, they tend to lengthen skirt and unstitch pleat of skirt. Fourth, there are many reasons for uniform transformation as a result of depth interview with students. Transformation for satisfying aesthetic desire tops the list, followed by transformation for matching, transformation for peer pressure. As shown by the results above, every school needs to make various efforts to satisfy students, teachers and parents by considering and using students' opinion in order to choose the better school uniforms. In addition, the study related to school uniform transformation need to have more various investigating ways to acquire more authentic results such as expanding the subjects to not only students but also teachers and parents and in-depth comparison between subjects.

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The perception of girls' middle & high school students in Seoul on the usage of trousers as school uniform (서울시 여자 중.고등학교 학생의 바지교복에 대한 착용실태 및 인식)

  • Kim, Sung-Sil;Shin, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.137-148
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    • 2010
  • The usage status of trousers as school uniform for girl's middle and high school students in Seoul and the perception on trousers as school uniform were analyzed. Students who wore 'skirts only' were the greatest and students who wore 'trousers only' were higher in the case of winter uniform than in summer uniform. The most popular reason to wear skirts was 'because most of their fellow students wore skirts' in both winter and summer. The main reason for wearing trousers was 'because it was easy to cope with changes in temperature' in winter and 'because it allowed more comfortable movements' in summer. Students who wore trousers were generally satisfied with wearing trousers as school uniforms. However, they showed a low degree of satisfaction about design and color of trousers. The students preferred slim and straight trousers, and black col or with beige and blue being the next color. Students in general had low level of recognition for the need to wear trousers. Students perceived trousers as being cold-proof and comfortable for physical activities. But they also perceived that trousers were not suitable for improving their appearances and expressing their characteristics. Especially, the students who wore trousers tended to think that trousers reduced their cares for their personal attire and that trousers were good for wearing after school, but the students who did not wear trousers were found to think contrary.

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The Clothing Behavior, School Uniform Satisfactions and School Uniform Modification Behavior of Adolescent (청소년의 의복행동과 교복만족도 및 교복변형행동)

  • Lee Yae-Kung;Han Young-Sook;Lee Hye-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to acquire the better and more correct information on the school uniforms with which middle or high school students may be satisfied. We investigated clothing interest, school uniform satisfaction, school uniform modification behavior and the relationship anions those factors. The data were collected from 472 questionnaires of middle and high school students who lived in Gyeonggi-do and analyzed statistically. We found that adolescents felt a great interest in appearance, fashion, brand orientation of clothing, and they spent most of personal expenses in buying clothes. However, the extent of adolescents' satisfaction on school uniform was low. Especially, the satisfaction on status symbolism, fashion, washing & management, body comfort and economical efficiency of school uniform was found low. Three hundred fifty three students (74.8%) agreed to modify the school uniform for personality and in chase of fashion. Two hundred eighty four students (58.1%) needed partially and variously modified school uniform, and these modifications showed a tendency of tightness to the body. We also found that the higher adolescents' clothing interests in appearance, conformity, modesty and brand orientation were. the more satisfied adolescents were with the status symbolism and the washing & management of school uniform and the more affected the school uniform modification behaviors of students were. There were. however. no significant difference between the extent of school uniform satisfaction and the school uniform modification behavior, Another research of school uniform will be necessary in order to reduce the discrepancy between clothing needs for representing the appearance, personality and fashion in the present adolescents and those for representing the worthy and modest images of a student and pursuing the economic value through school uniform in the older generation. We suggest that students should consider these results when they choose school uniform and furthermore both the person in charge of schools and school uniform makers should refer to those when they design and make school uniform.

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생활한복 디자인 교복에 대한 고등학생의 인지이미지와 만족도

  • 양정화;황춘섭;이영숙
    • Proceedings of the Costume Culture Conference
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    • pp.144-146
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    • 2004
  • 설문지를 이용한 조사연구법에 의해 실행되었으며, 현재 생활한복 디자인 교복을 착용하는 2개 고등학교 학생과 양장교복을 착용하고 있는 2개 고등학교 학생 560명을 조사대상으로 하였으며, 표본은 2003년 10월 조사 당시 모든 조사대상자는 7개월 이상의 교복 착용경험기간을 가지고 있는 학생들로 구성되었다. 자료는 빈도분석, 요인분석, t-test때 의해 분석되었다. (중략)

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