• Title, Summary, Keyword: 교수내용학적 지식

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A Case Study of Preservice Secondary Science Teachers' Demonstration of STEAM Lessons (중등 예비과학교사의 STEAM 수업 시연에 대한 사례 연구)

  • Choi, Sookyeong;Lee, Jaewon;Noh, Taehee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.665-676
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    • 2015
  • In this case study, we analyzed the processes of STEAM lessons conducted by preservice secondary science teachers. Three preservice science teachers at a college of education in Seoul participated in this study. After the workshop for STEAM education, they planned and practiced STEAM lessons. All of the teaching-learning materials were collected before lessons, and their lessons were observed and videotaped. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted before and after their lessons. The processes of STEAM lessons were analyzed while focusing on PCK and PDC. Their difficulties, needs, and views on STEAM education were also studied. It was found that they have taken much efforts to reflect the objectives and characteristics of STEAM education, and prepared teaching-learning materials by searching on the internet and arranging creative contents. Their great difficulty was to determine topics for STEAM lessons. While one preservice teacher satisfied with her lesson perceived STEAM education positively, the others perceived that it would be very difficult to practice STEAM lessons in school. For their STEAM lessons to be successful, the workshop needs to include some specific information on grades, proper topics for each grade, ways of making materials, and tips for effective STEAM lessons. In addition, it will be effective if the workshop is carried out after their study on constructivist learning theory and if they experience successful STEAM lessons.

Designing and Implementing Integrated Lessons for Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Development (예비 초등교사의 테크놀로지 교수학적 내용지식을 향상하기 위한 프로그램의 개발 및 적용)

  • Choi, Youngmi;Hong, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.287-304
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    • 2019
  • Teaching with technology has been widespread in practical classroom settings, and increased the needs to enhance pre-service teachers' capability with a variety of technologies. The purpose of this study is focused on designing and implementing a training program to develop pre-service teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge(TPACK) which promotes them use technologies tactically in integrated science classes. Based on the theoretical framework of TPACK and Practitioner's Guide to TPACK, the authors developed ten periods of lessons comprised instructional skills in elementary science education. Subsequently, the program was applied into a teacher trainee course in Korea. The results of this study indicate that the TPACK training program for pre-service teachers significantly influenced on attitude toward convergence, TPACK, and science teaching efficacy of the engaged participants. The developed program, meanwhile, caused a significant TPACK improvement of female participants of the teachers college more effectively. Furthermore, it mitigated the gap between science and humanity tracks coming from their high schools. Consequently, there are possibilities to improve pre-service teachers' teaching strategies for integrated classes, if they have opportunities to review the comprehensibility of technological, pedagogical, content knowledge, and intersected areas with metacognitive perspectives.

Changes in Teaching Practices of Elementary School Teachers in Scientific Modeling Classes: Focused on Modeling Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) (과학 모델링 수업에서 나타난 초등 교사의 수업 실행 변화 -모델링 PCK를 중심으로-)

  • Uhm, Janghee;Kim, Heui-Baik
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.543-563
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    • 2020
  • This study explores how the teaching practices of two teachers changed during scientific modeling classes. It also aims to understand these changes in terms of the teachers' modeling pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) development. The study participants were two elementary school teachers and their fifth-grade students. The teachers taught eight lessons of scientific modeling classes about the human body. The data analysis was conducted for lessons 1-2 and 7-8, which best showed the change in teaching practice. The two teachers' teaching practices were analyzed in terms of feedback frequency, feedback content, and the time allocated for each stage of model generation, evaluation, and modification. Teacher A led the evaluation and modification stages in a teacher-driven way throughout the classes. In terms of feedback, teacher A mainly used answer evaluation feedback in lesson 1-2; however, in lesson 7-8, the feedback content changed to thought-provoking feedback. Meanwhile, teacher B mostly led a teacher-driven model evaluation and modification in lesson 1-2; however, in lesson 7-8, she let her students lead the model evaluation and modification stages and helped them develop models through various feedbacks. The analysis shows that these teaching changes were related to the development of modeling PCK components. Furthermore, the two teachers' modeling PCK differed in teaching orientation, in understanding the modeling stages, and in recognizing the value of modeling, suggesting the importance of these in modeling teaching practice. This study can help improve the understanding of modeling classes by revealing the relationship between teaching practices and modeling PCK.

A Case Study on Mathematical Problem Posing in Pre-service Mathematics Teacher Education (예비수학교사 교육에서 수학적 문제제기 수업 사례)

  • Han, Hyesook
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.63-89
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the researcher developed a course integrated mathematical problem posing activities in order to enhance pre-service mathematics teachers' ability to carry out problem posing activities in mathematics classroom, and examined the changes of pre-service mathematics teachers' perceptions about problem posing through the course. The problem posing course developed in this study consisted of three stages: education on the theories regarding problem posing; activities with problem posing; development and implementation of problem posing tasks. According to the results of the questionnaires, interviews, and class journals data analysis, the problem posing experiences provided in this study were very effective in improving pre-service mathematics teachers' understanding of the problem posing strategies and the benefit of problem posing activities to student learning. Particularly, the experience in various problem posing activities and the implementation experience of problem posing provided in the course played a key role in the improvement of pre-service mathematics teachers' understanding of problem posing and PCK.

An Analysis on Error Types of Graphs for Statistical Literacy Education: Ethical Problems at Data Analysis in the Statistical Problem Solving (통계적 소양 교육을 위한 그래프 오류 유형 분석: 자료 분석 단계에서의 통계 윤리 문제)

  • Tak, Byungjoo;Kim, Dabin
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2020
  • This study was carried out in order to identify the error types of statistical graphs for statistical literacy education. We analyze the meaning of using graphs in statistical problem solving, and identify categories, frequencies, and contexts as the components of statistical graphs. Error types of representing categories and frequencies make statistics consumers see incorrect distributions of data by subjective point of view of statistics producers and visual illusion. Error types of providing contexts hinder the interpretation of statistical information by concealing or twisting the contexts of data. Moreover, the findings show that tasks provide standardized frame already for drawing graphs in order to avoid errors and pay attention to the process of drawing the graph rather than statistical literacy for analyzing data. We suggest some implications about statistical literacy education, ethical problems, and knowledge for teaching to be considered when teaching the statistical graph in elementary mathematics classes.

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Exploration of academic problem between self and subject matter among secondary pre-service teachers in mathematics (중등 수학과 예비교사의 학업 문제에 관한 탐구)

  • Jun, Young-Cook;Kang, Yoon-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.509-523
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    • 2005
  • This study empirically examines motivations of entering college of education and academic problems that pre-service teachers encounter under the curricular activities. We analyze the phenomena of professional development under the four categories: motivation toward entering college of education, pedagogical content knowledge, subject matter knowledge and future vision. We conducted survey for the S university students first and interviewed 3 selected participants. Almost 50 students from college of education participated answering to the surveys. Using SPSS package, there was no significant difference between freshmen, sophomore and junior students in any category Male students responded more positively than female students in all the categories. To explore survey results deeply, we selected 3 students from sophomore and junior levels and 2 extra senior students to conduct interviews. The interpretation of the data described how their academic problems unfold partly because they seek another major and how their professional development take place carrying out practicum activities. Most of the interviewees felt that their academic lives were affected motivations of entering college of education and difficulties of studying subject matter knowledge. At the end, several suggestions are added for future research.

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A Comparison between BSCS's Guide and the Korean Curriculum for Developing Biological Literacy (생물학적 소양의 함양을 위한 BSCS 통합 권고안과 6,7차 교육과정 비교)

  • Koo, Soo-Jeong;Kim, Young-Shin;Kim, Byung-Suk;Lee, Sung-Jo;Chung, Wan-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.396-410
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    • 2000
  • In this study, the concept presentation form, the content coherence of sub-dimensional concepts and the number of concepts of the 6th and the 7th Korean curriculum were analyzed comparing the guide to developing the secondary biology curricula to develop biological literacy with BSCS. According to the result, the discrimination between concept levels in the frame of contents of the Korean curricula is insufficient, because each of concepts presented in the knowledge domain as upper level and sub-dimensional concept elements as lower level are simply arrayed. Considering too much concepts of ecosystem, genetics, reproduction and metabolism, there should be an effort to reform the biological curriculum to include concepts evenly, not in the biased state, to reflect all the 6 unifying principles by BSCS for developing students' biological literacy. Finally there should be an effort to reflect the characteristics of each subjects concretely among Science 10, Biology I and Biology IT in the 7th curriculum considering the result that essential concepts to develop biological literacy are presented more in some principles of Biology II than Biology I. Thinking the results of the present study, concrete discussions should be made to set up the standard reference about biological literacy and to present essential concepts for teaching and learning to develop it in the process of biology textbook development for meeting the 7th Korean curriculum and in the development of 8th Korean curriculum in advance.

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Investigating the Cognitive Process of a Student's Modeling on a Modeling-Emphasized Argument-Based General Chemistry Experiment (모델링을 강조한 논의 기반 일반화학실험에서 학생들의 모델링에 대한 인지과정 탐색)

  • Lee, Dongwon;Cho, Hey Sook;Nam, Jeonghee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.313-323
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the cognitive process of student's modeling on a modeling-emphasized argument-based general chemistry experiment. The participants were twenty-one freshman students. Six topics were carried out during the first semester and semi-structured interview was implemented at the end of the semester. Semi-structured interview questions were used to elicit elements of effective model, modeling strategies, difficulties that students have experienced during modeling, and resolving the difficulties that students have experienced during modeling. All student interview data were collected and transcribed. The results of this study are summarized as follows: (1) Elements of effective model were considered to be visual expression, persuasive explanation, and rhetorical structure. (2) Modeling strategies included arranging important keywords or writing the outline, and during the modeling process, students used various data, suggested data after reconstructing, suggested definitions and explanations of core concepts, used meta-cognition, and considering rhetorical structure. (3) Difficulties students have experienced during modeling could be categorized as lack of modeling strategy and understanding. (4) Resolving difficulties students have experienced during modeling could be categorized as modeling strategy and understanding. Students learn the strategy by feedback, modeling experience, evaluation of experimental report, models which they constructed previously and references, and the understanding of contents were achieved through arguments which occurred during classes and during the process of writing the experimental reports. These results suggest that when using modeling in teaching and learning, the argument-based learning strategy can be effective in enhancing students' modeling by helping them to understand meta-modeling with scientific concepts.

Die Aktualgenese von Nominalkomposita im Deutschen (독일어 '임시복합명사'의 생성과정과 해석)

  • Oh Young-Hun
    • Koreanishche Zeitschrift fur Deutsche Sprachwissenschaft
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    • v.6
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2002
  • '임시복합명사'는 명사 하나 하나의 의미가 개인의 머릿속에 저장되어 있지만, 이들이 결합해서 생긴 단어가 일반적인 언어사전에 등록되어 있지 않고 문맥에 따라 새로운 의미가 형성되어서 결합된 명사를 의미한다. 따라서 이 논문에서는 사전의 목록에 등록되어 있지 않아서 의미적으로 애매한 복합명사들을 '임시복합명사' ad-hoc Nominal-komposita 라고 지칭하였다. 이때 이러한 '임시복합명사'를 생성하는데 있어서 '임시복합명사'를 구성하는 각 요소들은 새로운 복합명사를 만드는데 필요한 '입력'의 역할을 담당한다. 이 논문에서는 '임시복합명사'를 구성하는데 필요한 일종의 다양한 원칙들을 다루어 보았다. 그러한 원칙들은 순수 언어학적인 논거를 바탕으로 '임시복합명사'를 생산하고 해석해 나가는 과정에 대한 타당성을 입증해 주었다. 그러나 일반적인 지식 Weltwissen과 텍스트 문맥에 맞는 구조를 편입함으로써 그 형태와 해석이 가능한 다른 형태의 복합어는 이 논문에서 자세히 다루지 않았다. 이 논문에서 제시된 복합명사의 생성과 해석과정은 대부분의 경우 복합어 고유의 현상만을 설명한 것이 아니라, 일반적으로 복합어를 생산하고 해석하는 과정을 다룬 것이다. 마찬가지로 이 점은 텍스트 문맥과 상관없이 해석이 가능한 복합어 내지는 텍스트 문맥에 따라 해석이 가능한 복합어에서도 똑같이 적용된다. 텍스트의 문맥을 통해서 자체적으로 해석이 가능하지 않은 복합어를 명확하게 의미를 부여하고 해석하는 과정, 예를 들어 의사소통상에서 일반적인 지식을 이용하여 '임시복합어'를 해석하는 과정은 이후의 연구에 다양하게 다루어 질 테마가 될 것임이 분명하다. 또한 '임시복합명사'를 생산하기 위해 이 논문에서 다룬 전제조건들은 또 다른 새로운 복합어를 생산하는데, 예를 들어 명사로부터 파생된 동사들의 복합어를 연구하는데 밑거름이 될 것이다.학의 강력한 연구가 요구된다.에 기대어 텍스트, 문장, 어휘영역 등이 투입되어 적용되었으며, 이에 상응되게 구체적인 몇몇 방안들이 제시되었다. 학습자들이 텍스트를 읽고 중심내용을 찾아내며, 단락을 구획하고 또한 체계를 파악하는데 있어서 어휘연습은 외국어 교수법 측면에서도 매우 관여적이며 시의적절한 과제라 생각된다. Sd 2) PL - Sn - pS: (1) PL[VPL - Sa] - Sn - pS (2) PL[VPL - pS] - Sn - pS (3) PL(VPL - Sa - pS) - Sn - pS 3) PL[VPL - pS) - Sn -Sa $\cdot$ 3가 동사 관용구: (1) PL[VPL - pS] - Sn - Sd - Sa (2) PL[VPL - pS] - Sn - Sa - pS (3) PL[VPL - Sa] - Sn - Sd - pS 이러한 분류가 보여주듯이, 독일어에는 1가, 2가, 3가의 관용구가 있으며, 구조 외적으로 동일한 통사적 결합가를 갖는다 하더라도 구조 내적 성분구조가 다르다는 것을 알 수 있다. 우리는 이 글이 외국어로서의 독일어를 배우는 이들에게 독일어의 관용구를 보다 올바르게 이해할 수 있는 방법론적인 토대를 제공함은 물론, (관용어) 사전에서 외국인 학습자를 고려하여 관용구를 알기 쉽게 기술하는 데 도움을 줄 수 있기를 바란다.되기 시작하면서 남황해 분지는 구조역전의 현상이 일어났으며, 동시에 발해 분지는 인리형 분지로 발달하게 되었다. 따라서, 올리고세 동안 발해 분지에서는 퇴적작용이, 남황해 분지에서는 심한 구조역전에 의한 분지변형이 동시에 일어났다 올리고세 이후 현재까지, 남황해 분지와 발해 분지들은 간헐적인 해침과 함께 광역적 침강을 유지하면서 안정된 대륙 및 대륙붕 지역으로 전이되었다.

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Middle School Home Economics Teachers' Perception and Needs of Self Supervision Related to Home Economics Subject Matter (중학교 가정과교사의 가정교과관련 자기장학에 대한 인식과 자기장학 활성화를 위한 요구)

  • Nam, Yun-Jin;Chae, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.45-62
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate middle school home economics(HE) teachers' perception and needs on self supervision related to HE subject matter, Using the methods of survey and interview, 177 samples were collected. For collected surveys, mean value, standard deviation, frequency, percentage analysis were performed by using an SPSS/Win (ver10.1) program. The results of this study were as follows. First, the middle school HE teachers recognized that self supervision related to HE subject matter was absolutely needed to expand the improvement of techniques for teaching instructions and the width of knowledge on the studies on textbook. Second, the middle school HE teachers recognized the necessary parts of self supervision related to HE subject matter as HE teaching-learning methods, the studies on textbook contents, and HE education philosophy in order. Third, the middle school HE teachers recognized that it would be helpful in improving their HE class and expertise in order of field survey, participation in various training programs, utilization of mass media, participation in societies for researches and meetings and information sharing with co-teachers among the types of self supervision. Fourth, the middle school HE teachers needed the reduction in miscellaneous duties, less pressure for time, restoration of teachers' desire, support of physical resources (improvement of various environments such as classrooms and special rooms), economic support and various support programs (expanding the opportunities to participate in training and society and establishment of a database for relevant materials, etc.) to facilitate self supervision. As such, the middle school HE teachers' overall recognition on HE-related self supervision became significantly higher. To enhance the HE-related expertise, however, it would be necessary to conduct concrete and active support for HE education, philosophical area and the studies on textbook contents as well as the teaching-learning methods for HE in which teachers' demand was high. In addition, the HE teachers wanted to have an easy and quick access to various HE-related data; therefore, it would be urgent to summarize scattered relevant data and support the HE teachers more systematically.

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