• Title, Summary, Keyword: 교육학적 현상학

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The Limits and Problems of 'Pedagogical Phenomenology' for Qualitative Research (질적 연구를 위한 '교육학적 현상학'의 한계와 문제)

  • Bae, Sang-sik
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.129
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    • pp.83-109
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to examine the limits and problems of researchers that appear in the papers of applied qualitative research by phenomenological methods. Using phenomenological methods in the field of Pedagogy, pedagogical phenomenology is not to approach pedagogical issues that are closely related to human life through scientism or positivism, but to explain them in things themselves. The problem, however, is that cases misunderstood and distorted in the essential meaning of phenomenology are happening as domestic researchers are applying pure phenomenology(the philosophical phenomenology) to the field of phenomenology of practice(the pedagogical phenomenology). Especially, these researchers show some errors caused by lack of basic understanding about research logic and research techniques in qualitative research methodology. Thus if a researcher carry out a qualitative study by using phenomenological methods, she or he needs insights in analysing and interpreting the essence of the various phenomena appearing from the participants by comparing in with her or his own lives.

A Review of Research Methodology in Mathematics Education from Phenomenological Perspective (현상학적 관점을 반영한 학교수학의 연구방법론에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Cheong-Soo
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.383-408
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    • 2012
  • This study is to review phenomenology as a legitimate research methodology in mathematics education. Phenomenology is considered a perspective which will be able to provide varieties of viewpoints for mathematics education. Phenomenology is a research about phenomena and experience, and phenomenological research is to reveal the meanings from persons who experience something that researcher is interested in. Through such review, this study is to identify if phenomenology has potential possibility to open as a qualitative research methodology in mathematics education. In order to doing this, this study has reviewed the trend of qualitative research methods in mathematics education, major concepts of phenomenology, phenomenological attitudes for phenomenological research, and the methods and procedures for phenomenological research. The major conclusions are as the followings: the focus of lived-experience in mathematics education, the importance of recognizing life world in mathematics education, and the essence of general phenomena and the meanings of experience general in mathematics education.

Hermeneutic Phenomenological Study on Beginning Science Teachers' First Three Months Teaching Experience (초임 과학교사들의 교직 첫 3개월간의 경험에 대한 해석학적 현상학 연구)

  • Nam, Younkyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.302-314
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    • 2019
  • This study is a hermeneutic phenomenological study on the experiences of 10 beginning science teachers who have been building positive or negative identity as teachers for the first 3 months. This study was conducted by four steps of the phenomenological qualitative research process suggested by Yeu (2015) based on the study of hermeneutic phenomenology suggested by van Manen (1990). The main data of this study is the transcription data of the telephone interviews collected in consideration of the working area of the research subjects. The main theme is found by categorizing and conceptualizing the meaning of the phenomenon revealed in the data and the process of confirming the legitimacy of the main theme. The results of this study show that the experiences of beginning science teachers that could affect their positive identity as teachers have common moments when they realize that 'I am a necessary person for someone'. On the other hand, the teachers create negative teacher identity when they doubt their teaching competency, particularly when they are not confident about their attitudes toward students or when they are unable to engage students actively in lessons. The results of this study provide important implications for pre-service science teacher preparation program in Korea.

The Experience of Long-term Caregiver Education Courses (요양보호사 교육과정 경험에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-hoon;Shin, Ju-hwa;Ha, Jung-mi
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2010
  • This study is for understanding the experiences of students and lecturers in education course for the certification of the long-term caregiver. Samples are 12 students who had completed the course and 7 lecturers. The depth-interview is performed for gathering information and the phenomenological approach is applied to analyse the cases. 33 meanings, 15 themes and 4 theme clusters for students and 25 meanings, 11 themes and 4 theme clusters are found from the cases. Students' experiences are 'vague motivation for enrollment', 'low quality of education,' 'lack of professional skills after the completion of the course,' 'needs for improvement the course' and lecturers' experiences are 'more interests in benefits than study(students' motivation),' 'low quality of education,' 'lack of governmental administration,' 'needs for improvement of the course and the long-term care insurance.' In conclusion, some recommendations are suggested.

Rule-based Modelling and Algorithm of Cartographic Generalization for Stream networks Using Digital Maps (하계망 일반화를 위한 규칙기반 모델링과 알고리즘)

  • 김남신
    • Proceedings of the KGS Conference
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    • pp.101-101
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    • 2004
  • 일반화는 지도요소들을 선택, 과장, 강조, 상징화 등을 통해 공간현상의 의미가 지도에 잘 반영될 수 있도록 지도화 하는 방법이다. 일반화는 지도학에서 오랜 전통을 갖고 있지만, 연구방향은 주로 알고리즘과 공간 데이타 모델링을 중심으로 진행되었다. 일반화는 다양한 과정을 통해 모자이크된 지리적인 현상을 질서 있게 지도화해야 하기 때문에 단순한 기하학적 원리가 아닌 지도학 및 지리학적인 원리를 적용할 필요가 있다. (중략)

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A Study on the didactical phenomenology of the negative numbers (음수의 교수 현상학적 연구)

  • 우정호;최병철
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.25-55
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    • 2003
  • In the school mathematics, the negative numbers have been instructed by means of intuitive models(concrete situation models, number line model, colour counter model), inductive-extrapolation approach, and the formal approach using the inverse operation relations. These instructions on the negative numbers have caused students to have the difficulty in understanding especially why the rules of signs hold. It is due to the fact that those models are complicated, inconsistent, and incomplete. So, students usually should memorize the sign rules. In this study we studied on the didactical phenomenology of the negative numbers as a foundational study for the improvement of teaching negative numbers. First, we analysed the formal nature of the negative numbers and the cognitive obstructions which have showed up in the historic-genetic process of them. Second, we investigated what the middle school students know about the negative numbers and their operations, which they have learned according to the current national curriculum. The results showed that the degree they understand the reasons why the sign rules hold was low Third, we instructed the middle school students about the negative number and its operations using the formal approach as Freudenthal suggest ed. And we investigated whether students understand the formal approach or not. And we analysed the validity of the new teaching method of the negative numbers. The results showed that students didn't understand the formal approach well. And finally we discussed the directions for improving the instruction of the negative numbers on the ground of these didactical phenomenological analysis.

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Review on the Extreme Didactic Phenomena in the Mathematical Class (수학 교실에서 나타나는 극단적 교수 현상에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Bu-Yoon;Jung, Gyeong-Mee
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.407-430
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    • 2007
  • The extreme didactic phenomena that occur by ignoring or overemphasizing the process of personalization/contextualization, depersonalization/decontextualization of mathematical knowledge is always in our teaching practice and in fact, seems to be a kind of phenomena that suppress teachers psychologically or didactically. The study of the problems on error, misconception or obstacles revealed by students has been done continuously, but that of the extreme didactic phenomena revealed by teachers has not. In this study, I will explain four extreme didactic phenomena and help you understand them by giving various examples from several case studies and analyzing them. And also, I will discuss the way to overcome the extreme didactic phenomena in the mathematical class, based on this analysis. This thesis will become a standard of didactic phenomena that are proceeded extremely by having teachers reconsider their own classes and furthemore, will offer the research data for considering better didactic situation.

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The Meaning of Humanities Learning among the Participants of the Self-supporting Programs (자활참여자의 경험을 통해 본 인문교육의 의미 연구 '서울시, 희망의 인문학 과정' 이수자들의 경험을 중심으로 ?)

  • Lee, Young Hwan;Sang, Chong Ryel
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.131-167
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    • 2013
  • Humanities learning courses for the weak people in Korea is similar to the Clement course initiated by Earl Shorris in the US. This study aims to understand the in depth meaning of the course among the participants of the self-supporting programs in Korea. For this aim, data were collected mainly from the intensive interviews with 7 research participants who have finished both the general and in depth courses offered by Seoul Metropolitan government. Through the study, 4 substantial themes were drawn; 'exploration and acceptance of the unfamiliar', 'new understanding of the self through reflection', 'reconstruction of the self with humanistic value', 'continuous seeking for humanistic life'. As a result, the meaning of humanities learning was found to be 'recovering his/her own originality' or 'living like a decent human being'. Understanding both the results and difficulties that had to be overcome during the course, some practical and policy implications could be drawn.

A Phenomenological Study of the Pre-service Teacher Librarian During Student Teaching Practice (예비사서교사의 교육실습에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Kwon, SunYoung;Park, JangSoon
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.321-348
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine in depth the personal experience of Pre-Service Librarian Teacher during Student Teaching Practice. This helps us understand the overall process and diverse environment of Student Teaching Practice. We conducted in depth interview with participants who had recently experienced. and data analysis was undertaken using the phenomenological method devised by Giorgi. The significance of Pre-service Teacher Librarian experiences during Student Teaching Practice can be summarized in five categories as follows: 'the formation of Pre-service Librarian teacher's awareness about library and librarian through growth process', 'concretization and Strategy Implementation about Career Planning', 'Self-growth Need through experience of student teaching practice', 'Understanding of Organizational Culture Perception of Communication', 'Face reality about library and librarian'. These constituents can be understood in the context of time sequence. The result of this study may contribute for improving the overall environment at Student Teaching Practice.

Suggesting Research Methods to Explore the Nature of Earth Science: Applying the Phenomenological Approach and Family Resemblance Approach to NOS (지구과학의 본성에 대한 연구방법 제안 -현상학적 접근 및 과학의 본성(NOS)에 대한 가족유사성 접근의 활용-)

  • Park, Won-Mi
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we propose research methods to explore the nature of earth science by applying the phenomenological approach and NOS-family resemblance approach based on literature review. The phenomenological approach exploring the nature of earth science is a method of collecting, analyzing and synthesizing multifaceted features of earth science from intuitive sensory phenomena without prejudice. As a way of exploring the nature of earth science from a phenomenological point of view, we propose the NOS-family resemblance approach to the NOS. This approach provides a comprehensive explanation of NOS by combining the characteristics shared by different areas of science with distinct differences. Applying this method to exploring the nature of earth science, we can identify both domain-general and domain-specific characteristics that make sub-areas of earth science a 'family.' For example, through the networking of features shared by such sub-areas as geology, atmospheric science, oceanography, astronomy, earth system science, etc., we can extract the family-resemblance characteristics that make these sub-areas a family called earth science. Through these approaches to the nature of earth science, the richness, complexity, and dynamic nature of earth science can be revealed as a whole. In addition, we will be able to grasp the change in the sub-areas that constitute the earth science, which in turn changes the nature of earth science, and to contribute to establishing the status and development system of earth science as a school subject.