• Title, Summary, Keyword: 교통망 균형

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정책보고서 - 2017년 석유관련 세입·세출 예산(안)과 정책적 시사점

  • 대한석유협회
    • Korea Petroleum Association Journal
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    • pp.42-43
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    • 2017
  • ∎ 2017년 에너지 관련 조세 수입(교통에너지환경세, 개별소비세, 교육세, 주행세 등 합계)은 약 26조 7천억원으로 전망됨. 이는 총 국세 수입의 약 11%를 차지하며, 부가가치세 총수입의 43.3% 수준으로 큰 규모 - 교통에너지환경세는 교통시설특별회계 80%, 환경개선특별회계 15%, 에너지및자원사업특별회계 3%, 지역발전특별회계 2%로 배분 ∎ 2017년 에너지및자원사업특별회계 예산(약 5조 7천억원) 중 석유관련 세출은 약 2,765억원(약 4.8%)로, 자원개발융자, 석유비축사업, 유전개 발출자, 석유품질관리사업 등에 소요 - 수송용 석유(휘발유 및 경유)가 국세 세입에 기여하는 비중 대비 직접적인 석유 관련 세출은 극히 미미한 실정 ∎ 조세 및 부과금의 비율은 석유제품이 상대적으로 높고 전기와 지역난방, 열(가열 및 건조)의 경우 상대적으로 낮음 - 낮은 전기 요금으로 전기소비가 급증하여 온실가스와 미세먼지가 증가하고, 발전소 및 전력망 건설에 따른 사회적 갈등이 발생 - 에너지 세제가 환경보호, 에너지시설투자에 대한 갈등해소 비용 등 사회적비용이 반영되지 않은 과세정책으로 유연탄 및 원자력 발전소가 지속 증가 추세 ∎ 바람직한 에너지 세제개편을 위해서는 에너지원간 세금부과의 균형 확보가 필요하며, 중장기적으로 통합 에너지세제 도입이 필요 - 수송용과 발전용 에너지세제를 통합적 관점에서 조율 - 각 에너지원에서 발생하는 오염물질과 온실가스 배출 등 다양한 사회적 비용을 일관된 기준으로 세금에 반영 - 유연탄 과세 강화, 원자력 과세 신설(안전사후처리비용 등 반영)

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A Multiple User Class Congestion Pricing Model and Equity (혼잡통행료 산정모형의 개발 및 계층간 형평성 연구)

  • Im, Yong-Taek;Kim, Byeong-Gwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2007
  • Traditionally, a congestion charge based on first-best congestion pricing theory, namely, the theory of marginal cost pricing theory, is equal to the difference between marginal social cost and marginal private cost. It is charged on each link so as to derive a user equilibrium flow pattern to a system optimal one. Based on this theory this paper investigates on the characteristics of first-best congestion pricing of multiple user class on road with variable demand, and presents two methods for analysis of social and spatial equity. For these purposes, we study on the characteristics of first-best congestion pricing derived from system optimal in time and in monetary unit, and analyze equity from this congestion pricing with an example network.

Emprical Tests of Braess Paradox (The Case of Namsan 2nd Tunnel Shutdown) (브라이스역설에 대한 실증적 검증 (남산2호터널 폐쇄사례를 중심으로))

  • 엄진기;황기연;김익기
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 1999
  • The Purpose of this study is to test whether Braess Paradox (BP) can be revealed in a real world network. Fer the study, Namsan 2nd tunnel case is chosen, which was shut down for 3 years for repair works. The revelation of BP is determined by analyzing network-wise traffic impacts followed by the tunnel closure. The analysis is conducted using a network simulation model called SECOMM developed for the congestion management of the Seoul metropolitan area. Also, the existence of BP is further identified by a before-after traffic survey result of the major arterials nearby the Namsan 2nd tunnel. The model estimation expected that the closure of Namsan 2nd tunnel improve the network-wise average traffic speed from 21.95km/h to 22.21km/h when the travel demand in the study area and congestion Pricing scheme on Namsan 1st & 3rd tunnels remain unchanged. In addition, the real world monitoring results of the corridors surrounding Namsan 2nd tunnel show that the average speed increases from 29.53km/h to 30.37km/h after the closure. These findings clearly identify the BP Phenomenon is revealed in this case.

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The Development of Predictive Multiclass Dynamic Traffic Assignment Model and Algorithm (예측적 다중계층 동적배분모형의 구축 및 알고리즘 개발)

  • Kang, Jin-Gu;Park, Jin-Hee;Lee, Young-Ihn;Won, Jai-Mu;Ryu, Si-Kyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 2004
  • The study on traffic assignment is actively being performed which reflect networks status using time. Its background is increasing social needs to use traffic assignment models in not only hardware area of road network plan but also software area of traffic management or control. In addition, multi-class traffic assignment model is receiving study in order to fill a gap between theory and practice of traffic assignment model. This model is made up of two, one of which is multi-driver class and the other multi-vehicle class. The latter is the more realistic because it can be combined with dynamic model. On this background, this study is to build multidynamic model combining the above-mentioned two areas. This has been a theoretic pillar of ITS in which dynamic user equilibrium assignment model is now made an issue, therefore more realistic dynamic model is expected to be built by combining it with multi-class model. In case of multi-vehicle, FIFO would be violated which is necessary to build the dynamic assignment model. This means that it is impossible to build multi-vehicle dynamic model with the existing dynamic assignment modelling method built under the conditions of FIFO. This study builds dynamic network model which could relieve the FIFO conditions. At the same time, simulation method, one of the existing network loading method, is modified to be applied to this study. Also, as a solution(algorithm) area, time dependent shortest path algorithm which has been modified from existing shortest path algorithm and the existing MSA modified algorithm are built. The convergence of the algorithm is examined which is built by calculating dynamic user equilibrium solution adopting the model and algorithm and grid network.

동서 광역개발 협력체계구축 방안 - 광양만, 진주권 개발을 중심으로 -

  • Mun, Deok-Hyeong
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
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    • v.2
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    • pp.59-79
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    • 1998
  • 전라남도와 경상남도는 강 하나를 사이에 둔 아주 가까운 이웃이며, 주민생활권이나 지역경제권이 상로연계성을 갖고 있다. 뿐만아니라 사회, 경제 문화와 보유자원의 여러 측면에서도 상로 본완적 성격을 갖고 있는 지역이다. 따라서 대승적 차원에서 볼 때 국토의 균형박전을 도모하고 진정한 동서화합을 위해 상로연계성을 갖고 있는 광양만, 진주권 광역새발을 공동으로 추진하여 동시화합의 대전기를 마련하는 계기로 삼아야 할 것이다. 이러한 차원에서 동서지역의 광역개발 필요성을 요약하면, 첫째, 최근 일정지역의 행정구역을 넘어서 인구와 물자 및 자원의 이용이 활발하게 이러나고 있어 통합적 계획 및 집행이 요구된고 있다. 따라서 광양만 진주권개발은 2개도에 걸쳐 광역개발권역을 설정한 우리나라 최초의 시범적인 계획으로써 세계적인 관심을 보이고 있다. 둘째, 국가경쟁력을 강화하기 위한 신산업지대의 조성과 연계교통망의 구축이 요망된다. 셋째 국토균형발전을 위해 수도권에 대응한 지방거점 도시권의 육성이 팽배하며, 넷째, 중북투자를 피하고 상호보완적인 기능을 극대화하여 진정한 동서화합에 대한 시대적 여청이 증대되고 있는 시절이다. 따라서 광양만 진주권 광역개발의 기본구상은 우선 경제적 물리적통합으로 실절적인 동서이익을 보색하는 차원에서 추진되어야 한다. 그리고 광양함을 국제물류의 중심지로 확충하고 주변지역에 대규모 물류 유통 및 국제기능을 유치하여 국제적 교류거점으로서의 기반 조성을 강화 하여야 한다. 또한 국제관광벨트 및 신산업지대의 형성과 함께 세계화 고속화에 걸맞는 교통기반시설을 정비하는 한편 자연친화적인 개발전략을 이룩함으로써 지구촌 경제하에시 지역균형개발과 지역의 국제경쟁역 확보차원에서 실현되어야 한다. 나아가 과양만권과 진주권의 경제 사회적인 통합을 달성함으로써 국민적 염원인 동서화합의 장으로 승화 발전 시킬 수 있도록 공간구조 및 기능의 분담배분이 요구된다. 기능은 동시지역을 연결하는 통합적인 기능 분담으로 과양만은 생산 및 물류지원기능의 강화와 전주 사천권은 첨단산업 연구 및 지원기능의 강화차원에서 배분이 요구된다. 이러한 광역개발계획이 세계적으로 추진될 때에 진정한 동서화합은 가능할 것이다. 따라서 진정한 도서화합을 유도하기 위해서는 광역개발을 실펀하기 위한 제도적인 협력체계의 구축이 요구된다. 동서지역의 광영개발을 위한 협력체계의 구축 방안은 첫째, 양 지역간에 협약제도르 도입함으로써 광역개발의 집행력을 강화하여야 한다. 즉, 개별 개발사업별로는 협약이 체결됨으로써 자치단체간의 역활분담이 분명하고 여차별 예산의 확보는 물론 사업시행이 구체화 될 수 있기 때문이다. 둘째는 양 자치단체간의 광역행정을 진담하는 기구의 절차가 필요한다. 광역개발 계획 추진 뿐만아니라 실질적으로 양권역이 공존공영을 위해 필요한 사업들을 추진 할 수 있도록 협의회 기능을 보완한 새로운 전담기구의 설치가 필요하다. 셋째. 광양만 진주권 광역개발 계획은 동서지역의 화합이라는 상징적인 의미를 지니고 있다. 따라서 중앙정부는 동서지역간의 진정한 화합을 유도하기 위해 제주도개발 특별법과 같은 �G동서지역개발 특별법�H을 제정하여 종합적이고 체계적인 개발을 유도 하여야 한다. 지역발전을 이룩할 수 있도록 자속적인 노력이 필요하다.

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Development of A Dynamic Departure Time Choice Model based on Heterogeneous Transit Passengers (이질적 지하철승객 기반의 동적 출발시간선택모형 개발 (도심을 목적지로 하는 단일 지하철노선을 중심으로))

  • 김현명;임용택;신동호;백승걸
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 2001
  • This paper proposed a dynamic transit vehicle simulation model and a dynamic transit passengers simulation model, which can simultaneously simulate the transit vehicles and passengers traveling on a transit network, and also developed an algorithm of dynamic departure time choice model based on individual passenger. The proposed model assumes that each passenger's behavior is heterogeneous based on stochastic process by relaxing the assumption of homogeneity among passengers and travelers have imperfect information and bounded rationality to more actually represent and to simulate each passenger's behavior. The proposed model integrated a inference and preference reforming procedure into the learning and decision making process in order to describe and to analyze the departure time choices of transit passengers. To analyze and evaluate the model an example transit line heading for work place was used. Numerical results indicated that in the model based on heterogeneous passengers the travelers' preference influenced more seriously on the departure time choice behavior, while in the model based on homogeneous passengers it does not. The results based on homogeneous passengers seemed to be unrealistic in the view of rational behavior. These results imply that the aggregated travel demand models such as the traditional network assignment models based on user equilibrium, assuming perfect information on the network, homogeneity and rationality, might be different from the real dynamic travel demand patterns occurred on actual network.

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Adaptability Questions of O-D Table Estimation Models (기종점 통행표 산출모형의 적용성 평가)

  • 오상진;박병호
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 1999
  • This study deals with the adaptability questions of O-D table estimation models. Its objectives are two-fold; (1) to estimate the characteristics of various O-D table estimation models(i.e. linear regression models. entropy models and statistic models) and (2) to find the model which estimates the O-D table with the best accuracy under the various data conditions. In Pursuing the above, this study gives the particular attentions to the test of the models, using the Sioux Falls network and equilibrium assignment method of MINUTP. The major findings are the followings. Firstly. it finds that the statistic models have the most goodness of fat among all models, if the required data are all Prepared. But it Presents that statistic models are the most sensitive against the underspecification and inconsistency problems of link data. Secondly, It shows that the linear regression models have the worst goodness of fat among all models. But the linear regression models are the most insensitive to the underspecification and inconsistency problems. Thirdly, THE/1 model of entropy model is sensitive against the underspecification and incon-sistency problems, but THE/2 model is insensitive. Finally, other informations like total volume, zonal Production and attraction volumes in 0-D table, help models to gain the better goodness of fit. Especially, in the statistic models. both the zonal production and attraction volume data are helpful to estimate the link volumes. It can be expected that the results dive some implications not only to the selection of optimal model under the various given data, but also to the development or modification of model.

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A Study on the Evaluation of Economic Benefit for Railway Transshipment System with Non-Powered Turntable (무동력 회전장치를 이용한 철도환적시스템의 경제성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kwanghee;Kim, Hyundeok
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this paper is to estimate economic benefits for the investment of railway transshipment system with non-powered turntable. The freight transport by railway can have decided advantages over trucks in terms of energy efficiency, emissions and cost for certain freight movements, just as transportation in the metropolitan region can have great advantages over driving truck. But the freight transport by truck should gain significant mobility benefits from a freight railway system. Thus, the railway transshipment system with non-powered turntable which is coupled railway transport advantages with load transport advantages has been developed and used in the european countries. This research has conducted the empirical analysis, by calculating the investment of railway transshipment system with non-powered turntable. The key factor for the economic benefits for the non-powered turntable is the utilizing throughputs. This demand is influenced by the throughput in the railway transshipment system. The main results of this paper are as follows: railway transshipment system with non-powered turntable does not have economic benefit for investment. We recommend that the plan for investment has to be considered the modification.

The impacts of high speed train on the regional economy of Korea (고속철도(KTX) 개통이 지역경제에 미치는 영향 분석과 시사점)

  • Park, Mi Suk;Kim, Yongku
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2016
  • High-speed railway (Korea Train Express) has had a deep impact on the regional economy of Korea. Current high-speed rail research is mostly theoretical, there is a lack of quantitative research using a precise algorithm to study the effect of high-speed railway on the regional economy. This paper analyses the influence of high-speed rail on the regional economy, with a focus on the Daegu area. Quantitative analysis using department store indexes and regional medical records is performed to calculate the economic influence of high-speed rail. The result shows that high-speed railway effects the regional economy though regional consumption growth and medical care trends.

Spatial analysis of financial activities in the Korean urban system (한국 금융의 공간적 특색에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jae Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.321-355
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    • 1993
  • This paper focuses on the geographical pattern of financial activities in the Korean urban system during 1975-1990, based on the assumption that financial activities can reveal control points in Korea's urban economy. In terms of spatial evolution of financial insitutions, different locational characteristics are revealed among different types of financial institutions, implying the role of urban hierarchy. Financial resources are highly concentrated in the capital region, Seoul and Kyonggi Province. Both centralization trends into the large metropolitan cities and relative declines of medium and small cities within the Korean urban system, have been experienced over the study period. Financial activities sustain relatively stable hierarchical structure in the urban hierarchy. Regarding the financial flows, dominant flow zones centered on major metropolitan cities are identified, clearly showing a prominant role of Seoul in financial flows in the entire urban system.

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