• Title, Summary, Keyword: 구연산염법

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Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4 by Citrate Process (구연산염법을 이용한 LiFePO4 합성 및 전기화학특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Min;Kim, Sang-Hun;Kim, Jin-Ho;Kim, Ung-Soo;Hwang, Hae-Jin;Cho, Woo-Seok
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.728-734
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    • 2011
  • $LiFePO_4$ is a promising cathode material for secondary lithium batteries due to its high energy density, low cost and safety. $LiFePO_4$ was synthesized by the citrate process under reductive, neutral, and oxidative, atmospheres and the crystal structure was analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction. The samples synthesized under $N_2$ and $H_2$ atmosphere showed a single phase of a olivine structure, where the samples synthesized under $O_2$ atmosphere exhibited second phase of $Fe2O_3$. All the samples synthesized at 400, 600 and $800^{\circ}C$ under $N_2$ atmosphere presented a single phase of olivine. Residual organic material was observed for the sample synthesized at $400^{\circ}C$. There was nearly no intensity difference between the samples synthesized at $600^{\circ}C$ and $800^{\circ}C$. The electrochemical characteristic of the $LiFePO_4$ synthesized at $600^{\circ}C$ in the $N_2$ atmosphere was analyzed. The result exhibited an high discharge capacity of 160 mAh/g at the first cycle, and 155-160 mAh/g after 45 cycles.

Comparison of Boiling Point and Distillaiion Ranige, Melting Range, and Identification Methods of Various Organizations on Synthetic Food Additives (식품첨가물에 대한 여러 기관의 비점 및 유분측정법, 융점측정법 및 확인시험법 비교)

  • Shin Dong-Hwa;Kim Yong-Suk;Lee Young-Hwan;Bang Jeong-Ho;Om Ae-Son;Shin Jae-Wook;Lee Tal-Soo;Jang Young-Mi;Hong Ki-Hyoung;Park Sung-Kwan;Kwon Yong-Kwan;Park Jae-Seok
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.134-140
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    • 2005
  • Boiling point and distillation range, melting range, and identification methods in general test method of Korea, Japan, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee of Food Additives (JECFA), and USA on chemical food additives were compared. Boiling point of propylene glycol was indicated as boiling point in Korea, distillate in Japan, distillation range in JECFA and USA, and its value was up to the standard. Distillation range of propionic acid was indicated as distillate in Korea and Japan, distillation range in JECFA and USA, and its value was up to the standard. There is no standard on distillation range of isopropyl alcohol in Japanese method. Test method of melting range on synthetic food additives was identical in all organizations, and there are 28 items to which this test method applies in Korean Food Additives Code. The standards on molting range of D-mannitol were different in various organizations, and in USA method there are no standards to which L-ascorbic acid, calciferol, and fumaric acid apply. Synthetic food additives performing the identification test were 251 items in Korean Food Additives Code, but there are no items to which manganese, glycerophosphate, bromate, thiosulfate, and bromide apply. Calcium benzoate was dissolved by heating in benzoate test and we could not identify the citrate in ferric citrate by method (2) of Korea and Japan. Identification test methods for ammonium, lactate, magnesium, copper, sulfate, phosphate, and zinc were identical in all organizations, and these could be identifed by current identification methods.

Effect of Carbon on Electrode Characteristics of $LiCoO_2$ Resynthesis ($LiCoO_2$의 재합성시(再合成時) 전극특성(電極特性)에 미치는 탄소(炭素)의 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Churl-Kyoung;Park, Jeong-Kil;Sohn, Jeong-Soo
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.10-19
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    • 2007
  • The mechanical process followed by hydrometallurgical treatment has been developed in order to recover cobalt and lithium from spent lithium ion battery. In the previous study, a citrate precursor combustion process to prepare cathodic active materials from the leaching solution was elucidated. Resynthesis of electrode materials should be more valuable in spent battery recycling. Conventional slurry mixing of $LiCoO_2$ and carbon cannot make uniform distribution, and therefore the cathode cannot reach the theoretical charge-discharge capacity and is easily degraded during the charge-discharge cycling. In this study, ultra-fine $LiCoO_2$ powders has been prepared by modification of the combustion process and fabricated the enhanced cathode by modification of mixing method of $LiCoO_2$ and carbon added.

High Tc Superconductor Fiber $YBa_2Cu_3O_{7-{\sigma}}$ Synthesized by the Sol-gel Process (Sol-gel 법에 의한 고온 초전도체 $YBa_2Cu_3O_{7-{\sigma}}$ 선재 합성에 관한 연구)

  • Jin Ho Choy;Jong Seok Yoo;Bae Whan Kim;Seung Tae Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.326-331
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    • 1989
  • Superconducting fiber of high Tc $YBa_2Cu_3O_{7-{\sigma}}$ was successfully prepared by the sol-gel method. The stoichiometric mixture of Y, Ba and Cu nitrates was dissolved in water, to which citric acid solution was added. Then ammonium hydroxide was added to the mixture in order to increase the pH to a value between 5.8 and 6.2. The mixture was heated carefully to form a homogeneous colloid sol at 358 K. The solution was viscous enough to draw a long gel fiber, which was then heated at 1223K for 8 hrs. under oxygen partial pressure of $Po_2$ = 1 atm., cooled slowly and annealed at 723K for 13 hrs.. The reacted superconducting sample maintained a fiber form with some shrinkage of its volume. The superconducting transition temperatures (Tc, onset and Tc, offset) of $YBa_2Cu_3O_{7-{\sigma}}$ have been determined to be approximately 95K and 82K, respectively. The superconducting phase was also confirmed by Meissner effect at liquid nitrogen boiling temperature.

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