• Title, Summary, Keyword: 구취심도

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Psychological Characteristics Related to Subjective Satisfaction Level of Oral Malodor Treatment Outcome (구취 환자의 주관적 치료 만족도와 인성적 특성의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Min-Wook;Han, Song;Kim, Young-Ku
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.387-396
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    • 1999
  • 구취를 주소로 내원한 환자 중 구취의 치료 후 객관적인 구취의 감소가 인정되는 데도 불구하고, 계속해서 구취를 호소하며 만족해 하지 못하는 환자들의 심리적 특성을 알아보고자 하였다. 구취를 주소로 서울대학교 치과병원 구강진단과 구취클리닉에 내원하여 검사 및 치료를 시행한 환자 중, 치료 전 객관적 구취의 소견을 보였으나, 치료 후 할리미터 수치의 객관적인 감소를 보이는 40명의 구취 환자를 대상으로 하였다. 치료 전, 모든 환자들은 자신의 주관적 구취 심도 및 그로 인한 불편감 정도를 표시하였고, 간이정신진단검사 (SCL-90-R)를 시행하였으며 할리미터를 이용하여 구강내 휘발성황화합물의 농도를 측정하였다. 치료 후, 구강내 휘발성황화합물의 농도, 주관적 구취 심도 및 불편감 정도를 재측정하였다. 주관적 구취 심도의 감소 정도에 따라 환자들을 두 군으로 분류하여 할리미터 수치와 불편감 정도 및 간이정신진단검사항목을 비교, 분석하였다; A군-주관적 구취 심도가 평균값 이상으로 감소한 환자군; B군-주관적 구취 심도가 평균값 이하로 감소한 환자군. 1. 치료 전후 모두에서 주관적 구취 심도와 휘발성황화합물 농도 사이에는 유의한 상관관계가 없었으며 주관적 구취 심도의 감소 정도 또한 휘발성황화합물의 감소 정도와 상관관계가 없었다. 2. 치료 전 휘발성황화합물의 농도는 치료 후 휘발성황화합물의 감소치와 유의한 상관관계를 보였다 (p < 0.01). 3.구취로 인한 불편감 정도는 주관적 구취 심도와 유의한 상관관계를 보였으며 (p < 0.01), 치료 후 A군에서는 유의하게 감소 (p < 0.01) 하였으나, B군에서는 유의한 감소를 보이지 않았다. 4. B군은 A군에 비하여 간이정신진단검사 항목 중 대인예민성과 우울증의 항목에서 유의하게 높은 수치를 보였다 (p < 0.05).

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Effect of Oral Hygiene Controllability on the Subjective Oral Malodor (구강위생관리능력이 구취 자각증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.147-158
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    • 2008
  • In our study, we investigated self-evaluation of tongue coating, self-rating intensity of oral malodor, habit related to tooth brushing and tongue scraping. Investigation was carried out on 714 Korean college students by method of self-reporting to prepared questionnaire. The obtained data were processed and analyzed with SAS program. The results of this study are as follows. 1. Students who have frequently experienced tongue coating have tendency to have stronger oral malodor than the other students. 2. The self-reporting prevalence rate of oral malodor is 81.1%. 3. Students who brush teeth shortly and irregularly have tendency to have stronger oral malodor than the other students. 4. Students with strong oral malodor have tendency to neglect scraping tongue. 5. Students with low index of tooth brushing or low index of oral hygiene controllability have tendency to have stronger oral malodor than the other students. 6. Mean scales of tooth brushing index(p<.0001), tongue scraping index(p=0.0439) and oral hygiene controllability index(p<.0001) among students in the department of Dental Hygiene and Dental Technology are significantly higher than those among general students.

Psychological Characteristics in Oral Malodor Patients (구취 환자의 심리학적 특징에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Ryeul;Kim, Hyung-Suk;Kim, Young-Ku
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.225-241
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    • 2001
  • 구취에 대한 환자의 주관적 감각은 다양한 심리학적 요소들에 의하여 영향을 받을 가능성이 있다. 본 연구에서는 구취 환자의 심리학적 특징을 살펴보기 위하여, 구취를 주소로 내원한 환자 446명과 일반적인 치과 치료를 위하여 내원한 환자 63명을 대상으로 간이정신진단검사 (SCL-90-R), 구취 설문검사, 구취 측정 검사를 시행하여 분석한 결과 아래와 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 남성 구취 환자와 여성 구취 환자의 연령분포는 통계학적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다 (p<0.001). 남성에서는 20대, 30대, 40대에 고르게 분포한 반면, 여성에서는 20대와 30대에 집중되어 분포하였다. 2. 구취의 인식 유형은 남녀간에 통계학적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다 (p<0.01). 구취 인식 유형 중 타인에 의한 지적이나 타인의 행동으로 인한 추측 없이 스스로 구취를 인지하는 유형은 여성 구취 환자에서만 관찰되었다. 3. 구취 환자는 대조군에 비하여 강박증, 불안, 적대감, 전체심도지수에서 높은 수치를 보였다 (p<0.05). 4. 여성 구취 환자는 남성 구취 환자에 비하여 강박증(p<0.05), 불안 (p<0.05), 편집증 (p<0.001)에서 높은 수치를 보였다. 5. 남성 구취 환자에서는 표출증상합계를 (p<0.05) 제외한 모든 간이정신진단검사 항목에서 고농도 VSC군과 저농도 VSC군간에 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다. 여성 구취 환자에서는 저농도 VSC군이 신체화를 제외한 모든 간이정신진단검사 항목에서 고농도 VSC군에 비하여 높은 수치를 보였다 (p<0.05). 6. 여성 구취 환자에서 주관적 구취심도는 강박증, 대인예민성, 불안, 적대감, 공포불안, 전체심도지수, 표출증상심도지수 들과 유의한 상관관계를 보였고 (p<0.05), 주관적 구취불편감은 모든 간이정신진단검사 항목들과 유의한 상관관계를 보였다 (p<0.05).

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Self-Perception Halitosis of Firefighters and the Halitosis-Relevant Fused Factors (소방공무원의 구취자각과 관련 융합요인)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra;Jung, Su-Jin;Ji, Min-Gyeong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine halitosis perception status of firefighters and identify the factors related to halitosis; for this purpose, a survey was conducted in 241 firefighters in Daejeon, obtaining the following results: First. The higher level of smoking and alcohol intake, the more likely to perceive halitosis; all of those with a general disease perceived halitosis; and the more stress, the more likely to perceive halitosis. Second, The respondents who brushed their teeth three times a day, who spent 1~2 minutes in brushing their teeth, who failed to wash their tongue, and who had never received oral health education were most likely to perceive halitosis. And third. such factors as age, the amount of tongue coating, and dry mouth affected halitosis perception status. Firefighters' halitosis perception is related to several factors. For this reason, emphasis is placed on the need to develop a program for helping firefighters prevent halitosis and remove oral symptoms and to give education for good oral health management.

A Study of the Halitosis at Urban Area in Dae-Gu City (대구지역 일부 주민의 구취 실태 조사)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Kim, Ji-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.387-393
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    • 2008
  • This study was undertaken to determine the halitosis status of urban area in Dae-Gu city. The sample of this study consisted of 332 persons who lived at Dae-Gu city. The results were as follows. 1. The persons consisted of 44.6% male and 55.4% female. The 32.5 % persons were under 38 years and 82.2% of persons were married. 2. The 26.8% persons answered the last meal time was before 1-2 hours and 63.3% persons answered middle halitosis. The 26.3% persons answered the time of worst halitosis was after breakfast and 33.1% persons answered the smell type of halitosis was nasty smell. The 11.4% persons experienced dental treatment for halitosis, and 63.9% persons required dental treatment for halitosis. 3. The 100 ppb~149 ppb concentration of halitosis was 156 persons. Over 150 ppb concentration of halitosis was 54 persons. The average of halitosis concentration was 122.76 ppb and, the 63.3% persons required halitosis management and treatment. An aged persons of the halitosis concentration was significantly increased than younger persons (p < 0.05). Higher smell preception of halitosis was significantly increased in halitosis concentration test practically (p < 0.001). Subjects who treated dental treatment for halitosis was significantly increased (p < 0.01). This study results have informed that the knowledge and management of halitosis was demand and required public relation for halitosis. The halitosis management and education program will improve the oral health. Therefore halitosis management program which based on data collection and planning will be developed and activated in further study.

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Investigation on Self-Awareness of Halitosis of General Adults (일반 성인의 구취자각에 대한 조사연구)

  • Park, Myung-suk
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2003
  • In order to obtain basic data on the level of social interest in halitosis and treatment for it, which is a factor of shrinking social life and realistically giving unpleasant feeling to others, we investigated the level of understanding of and interest in helitosis and dietary habits on 552 general adults, and obtained the following results: Findings of our investigation showed that for the time of the intensest halitosis during one day, immediately after getting up in the morning accounted for the highest rate(67.6%). Types of halitosis feeling were a bad smell(67.6%), specific food smell(24.5%) in order. Also, they brush their tooth to prevent halitosis: 42.7% for men, 63.2% for women, 8.9% for male non-smoker, 5.5% for female non-smoker. And findings of investing the degree of desiring halitosis treatment showed that in the case of having bad breath, the proportion of desiring treatment was 9.1% for 'very do' and 28.3% for 'sometimes do'.

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A Study on Subjective Symptoms of a Oral Malodor in Korean Adults (한국 성인의 주관적 구취 자각증상에 대한 연구)

  • Yoon, Mi-Sook;Youn, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual conditions of the subjective oral malodor perception of the survey subjects. Through the subjective questionnaire method over about 3 months from June to August in 2007, the data was collected targeting 275 adults. Statistical methods used were Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and One-way ANOVA. And, the following results were obtained. 1. When having seen the ratio of those who were conscious of oral malodor, the adults, who responded with saying of feeling oral malodor at present and at ordinary times, accounted for 68.4% and 79.3%, respectively. And, the adults, who responded with saying of not feeling, were indicated to be 31.6%(at present) and 20.7%(at ordinary times), respectively. 2. Almost 83.5% of total people answered that they had most severe oral malodor at the time of awakening and 51.9% of subjects answered tongue contributed to the their oral malodor. 3. About the type of oral malodor, although 37.2% of the group thought the type of oral malodor was a food smell and fetid smell was second general burning smell occurred the time of hunger(22.5%). 4. In the answers of hoping for treatment of oral malodor, 66.9% of the people showed positive response to dental treatment for controlling their oral malodor. Especially 7.3% of subjects showed very big desire for treatment. 5. In the level of oral malodor that is felt now according to the time of a meal, the case of within 1 hour after having a meal was responded to be not felt the oral malodor with 44.7%. And, there was response with saying of not feeling oral malodor in 37.6% as for 1-2 hours, 16.3% as for 2-3 hours, 14.8% as for 3-4 hours, and 23.7% as for more than 4 hours. Thus, the level of oral malodor according to the time of a meal showed the statistically significant difference(p<0.01). Through the results of this study, it could be known about whether or not being conscious of oral malodor in general people, the main cause and region for oral malodor, the importance and practicing method of tongue brush through literature. Accordingly, there is necessity of further researching and comparing whether or not being conscious of oral malodor by diversely surveying relevancy with factors of causing oral malodor based on the objective oral malodor measurement value. The future diverse researches are thought to be necessarily performed in order to prevent or reduce oral malodor.

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Halitosis and Related Factors among Rural Residents (농촌지역 주민들의 구취실태와 유발요인)

  • Lee, Young-Ok;Hong, Jung-Pyo;Lee, Tae-Yong
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.157-175
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted through an interview process in which questionnaires were administered to 293 people. The questionnaires related to the behaviors of oral hygiene care, and disease history related to halitosis, and status of halitosis, halitosis measurement, oral examination, and caries activity tests such as the snyder test, Salivary flow rate test, and Salivary buffering capacity test. Our sample was taken from 293 rural residents within the period from 4th to 21st of January 2006. This was done in order to provide basic data to prepare both policies of halitosis prevention and a device to efficiently measure halitosis status and investigate the factors related therein. The major findings of this study results are as follows: 1. As for frequency of tooth brushing, twice a day occupied the greatest portion at 46.1 % Women exceeded men in frequency of tooth brushing. Tongue brushing everyday produced a 25.6 % result among subjects and The use of auxiliary oral hygiene devices occupied 9.2 %. 2. As for degree of usual self-awareness of halitosis: 62.5 %. This result also demonstrate that the severest time of self-awareness in regards to halitosis is wake up time in the morning. The time period produced the highest portion of 72.7 % in times of self-awareness. In terms of the area in which halitosis was observed, gum resulted in 23.0 %. As for types of halitosis, fetid smell was the most frequent at 37.2 %. 3. As for the result of halitosis measurement, values of OG less than 50 ppm occupied 54.3 % and $50{\sim}100ppm$ occupied 41.6 %. As for $NH_3$ values, $20{\sim}60ppm$ showed the highest value range of 52.6 %. 4. As for OG per disease history related to halitosis, values of OG were significantly high in the ranges of $50{\sim}100ppm$ within family history groups of food impaction by dental caries, diabetes mellitus and halitosis. As for values of $NH_3$, there showed a significant difference in respiratory system disease groups. 5 Value range of OG per ordinary halitosis self-awareness degree: values ranging less than 50 ppm were recorded at 55.9 % from the group realizing not aware of smell. 57.5 % from groups only realizing sometimes, while values range of $50{\sim}100ppm$ were recorded at 52.0 % from groups always aware of smell. 63.6 % from groups always strongly aware of smell. Meanwhile as for the values ranges of $NH_3$, $20{\sim}60ppm$. they occupied high portions for all groups of exams. 6. Values of OG per oral examination: the more pulp-exposed teeth and food impaction and the higher the tongue plaque index, values of OG increased within the range of $50{\sim}100ppm$. As for values of $NH_3$, the more prosthetic teeth and the higher the tongue plaque index, this value increased significantly, and the values increased up to no less than 60 ppm for groups of mandibular partial denture. 7. Within the realm of caries activity test: as for the Snyder test, high activity was highest by 43.0 % wherewith the higher the activity of acidogenic bacteria the higher the OG values. As for the salivary flow rate test, the number of cases below 8.0 ml showed the highest tendency by 62.5 %. The larger the salivary flow rate the more decreased OG values distribution. As for the salivary buffering capacity test, $6{\sim}10$ drops of 0.1N lactic acid showed the overwhelming trend by 58.7 % whereby the higher the salivary buffering capacity the greater distribution occupancy ratio of OG values below 50 ppm which is scentless to on ordinary person. 8. As for the correlation between oral environment and halitosis, OG showed the positive correlation with pulp exposed teeth, filled teeth, present teeth, tongue plaque index, and food impaction, while the negative correlation with salivary flow rate and prosthetic teeth. $NH_3$ showed a positive correlation with prosthetic teeth and frequency of tooth brushing, while decayed teeth was negative correlation. 9. As for the multiple regression analysis result, there have been selected female, pulp exposed teeth, prosthetic teeth, food impaction, salivary flow rate, tongue plaque index and severe activities in the Snyder test as factors affecting OG wherein explanatory power on it was 45.1 %. There have been selected females, pulp exposed teeth, tongue plaque index, and prosthetic teeth as factors affecting on $NH_3$ wherein explanatory power on it was 6.6 %. With the aforementioned results in mind, the status of halitosis among rural residents is considered to bare a close relation with oral environments and other factors related to halitosis such as the Snyder test from caries activity test, and salivary flow rate test. For the prevention of halitosis of residents in rural areas, we have to focus on correct tooth brushing methods and tongue brushing, with using auxiliary oral hygiene devices to remove fur of tongue plaque and food impaction. Also, when the cause and ingredients of halitosis are diverse and complex, in order to analyze exactly the factors of individual halitosis development, we need continuous and systematic study in order to provide rural residents with programs of oral hygiene education and encourage the use of dental hygienists in public health centers.

Change of the Amylase Secretion on the Rat Submandibular Gland in the Restraint Stress Condition (구속스트레스에 의한 백서 악하선의 Amylase 분비 변화)

  • Koo, Han-Mi;Au, Q-Schick;Chun, Yang-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2007
  • In currently, stress diseases are increased that present several sign and symptoms. Under stress condition, there are dry mouth, burning mouth syndrome, oral mucosa diseases and halitosis more frequently. Changing of salivary proportion is checked in almost patients with changing of function and structure in salivary gland. This study purpose are what effect stress does on salivary gland, and a-amylase on salivary gland. This study was resulted that 1. Under restraint stress, acinar cells are vacuolization and changing of intercellular spaces are separated, and peripheral tissues of duct are changed 2. Acinar cells were shrunk after 3 hours under restraint stress, intercellular space was separated after 6hours, peripheral tissues of duct started to change after 72 hours, and acinar cells and peripheral tissues of duct were all severely changed after 168hours. 3. In immunohistochemical study, amylase reaction was showed partially and irregularly after 3 hours, was getting little milder after 6 hours. And amylase reaction was gradually increased from the time of 12 hours after experiment up to the time of 48 hours after experiment. But after 168 hours, amylase appearance was diminished. According this result, emotional stress can change of salivary gland structure, and amylase secretion, the important digestive enzyme from salivary gland is changed and it is supposed to make digestive disorder and to make halitosis efficiency. So, we need to study about secretion of amylase.

Effect of antibacterial effects of myrrh, rhatany, chamomomilla against to oral microorganisms (몰약, 라타니아, 카모밀레 등의 구강 내 병원균에 대한 항균작용)

  • Baek, Han-Seung;Kang, Soo-Kyung;Auh, Q-Schick;Chun, Yang-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.299-312
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    • 2013
  • Even though there exist a lot of study about antibacterial effects and reactions of extracted materials from plant, few study exist about oral pathogenic bacteria. Therefore we tried to recognize about the suppression effect to the periodontal pathogenic bacteria and halitosis, when add some kinds of plant extracted materials, myrrh, rhatany, chamomolilla to saliva. We used Crude drug : Myrrh tincture (100mg/ml), Ratanhia tincture (100mg/ml), Chamomile tincture(100mg/ml). We inspected about the cariogenic bateriae, S. mutans GS5 and S. sobrinus 6715, periodontal pathogenic bacteria, P. gingivalis 2561, P. intermedia ATCC 25611, Candida albicans ATCC 18804, and E. feacalis ATCC 4083, then the result follow. The plant extracted material, myrrh, rhatany, chamomomilla, which have convergence effect, bacteriocidal effect and anti-inflammation effect, show an antibacterial effect and reaction to the oral pathogenic bacteria. And with treating rhatany that have the most strong antibacterial effect, through transmission electron microscopy we could see a severe morphologic change of bacteria. This means with the plant extracted material, we can suppress the oral harmful bacteria and prevent periodontal diseases, caries, halitosis and oral inflammations. And within the future studies for the improvement of oral hygiene, our result might be a clinical evidence.