• Title, Summary, Keyword: 궤도틀림

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Application of Time-Series Model to Forecast Track Irregularity Progress (궤도틀림 진전 예측을 위한 시계열 모델 적용)

  • Jeong, Min Chul;Kim, Gun Woo;Kim, Jung Hoon;Kang, Yun Suk;Kong, Jung Sik
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.331-338
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    • 2012
  • Irregularity data inspected by EM-120, an railway inspection system in Korea includes unavoidable incomplete and erratic information, so it is encountered lots of problem to analyse those data without appropriate pre-data-refining processes. In this research, for the efficient management and maintenance of railway system, characteristics and problems of the detected track irregularity data have been analyzed and efficient processing techniques were developed to solve the problems. The correlation between track irregularity and seasonal changes was conducted based on ARIMA model analysis. Finally, time series analysis was carried out by various forecasting model, such as regression, exponential smoothing and ARIMA model, to determine the appropriate optimal models for forecasting track irregularity progress.

A Bayesian Regression Model to Estimate the Deterioration Rate of Track Irregularities (궤도틀림 진전율 추정을 위한 베이지안 회귀분석 모형 연구)

  • Park, Bum Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.547-554
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    • 2016
  • This study considered how to estimate the deterioration rate of the track quality index, which represents track geometric irregularity. Most existing studies have used a simple linear regression and regarded the slope of the regression equation as the progress rate. In this paper, we present a Bayesian approach to estimate the track irregularity progress. This Bayesian approach has many advantages, among which the biggest is that it can formally include the prior distribution of parameters which can be derived from historic data or from expert experiences; then, the rate can be expressed as a probability distribution. We investigated the possibility of applying the Bayesian method to the estimation of the deterioration rate by comparing our bayesian approach to the conventional linear regression approach.

Dynamic Response Characteristics for Two-layered Trackbed Structure by Train Load (열차하중에 의한 이층노반구조의 동적 응답특성)

  • Lee, Il-Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.160-166
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    • 2011
  • It is difficult to clarify the dynamic response characteristics of trackbed because of various environmental conditions. However, track irregularity be affected by ununiformed bearing capacity and its dynamic response, study for dynamic response characteristics is required to investigate the cause of track irregularity and countermeasure. In this paper, the response variation for dominant frequency and vibration energy by trackbed structure and material stiffness are investigated. The analysis section is two layered ground structure that is comprised of trackbed and soft rock. This structure amplifies the energy of dominant range easily. It is evaluated to affect track irregularity on comparing by theoritical, analytical and empirical method for dynamic response of the trackbed.

Comparison of Track Recording with Surveying in Track irregularity Measurement (궤도틀림의 검측값과 측량결과 비교)

  • Lee, Jee-Ha;Choi, Ii-Yoon;Kim, Bak-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1090-1095
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    • 2008
  • Track geometry changes by traffic loads. The bigger the changes are, the worse the riding comfort and running stability of train. This is so-called track irregularity and is the most important quality parameters of ballasted track. To objectively assess track irregularity, track geometry should be able to be measured. Practically, railway companies use moving chord method, which determine versine values via a chord. The versine is the vertical distance to curve measured in the middle of the chord. This type of method measures only versine of track irregularity curve by transfer function from the characteristics of measuring device. In this report, review the characteristics of two types of measuring tools by comparing the measurements. The one is GRP-1000 system, optical surveying system with Total station and lazar prism trolley. This calculates track geometry by surveying absolute coordinates of two points each on both rail heads. The other is EM-120, measures versine with 10m of symmetrical chord length.

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Influence of Lateral Ballast Resistance on the Buckling Fragility Curve of the Continuous Welded Rail Tracks (장대레일 궤도의 좌굴 취약도 곡선에 대한 도상횡저항력의 영향)

  • Bae, Hyun Ung;Choi, Jin Yu;Lee, Chin Ok;Lim, Nam Hyoung
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.185-185
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    • 2011
  • 기존 장대레일 궤도의 안정성 평가는 궤도 매개변수에 대하여 고정된 안전측의 값을 사용하는 결정론적인 해석에 의존해서 평가되어져 왔다. 그러나 실제현장의 궤도조건은 많은 영향인자들에 의해 그 특성이 불확실하게 변하고 있다. 따라서 온도하중에 의한 궤도 좌굴에 영향을 미치는 궤도 구성인자들의 불확실성 및 임의성을 보다 합리적으로 고려하기 위해서 확률론적 기법을 적용하는 것이 필수적이다. 본 연구에서는 기존 본 연구진에 의해 개발된 장대레일 궤도의 좌굴확률 평가시스템을 이용하여 좌굴 취약도 곡선을 나타내었으며, 궤도 좌굴에 영향을 미치는 주요변수 중 하나인 도상횡저항력에 대한 영향을 분석하였다. 좌굴확률 평가시스템에서는 장대레일 궤도의 좌굴확률을 산정하기 위하여 구조물의 안정과 파괴를 판단할 수 있는 기준을 한계상태방정식으로 표현하고, 이 한계상태방정식으로부터 확률론적 기법 중 하나인 AFOSM(Advanced First Order Second Moment) 방법을 이용하여 파괴확률의 간접적인 지표인 신뢰도지수(${\beta}$)를 통해 좌굴확률을 계산한다. 한계상태방정식에서 구조물의 강도(보유성능)에 해당하는 부분은 궤도의 허용좌굴온도이고, 하중(요구성능)에 해당하는 부분은 레일온도하중으로써 현재 레일온도와 중립온도의 차로 반영된다. 허용좌굴온도 산정에 고려되는 주요변수는 곡선반경(Radius), 도상횡저항력(Lateral Ballast Resista nce), 연직도상강성(Vertical Ballast Stiffness), 궤도 틀림량(Misalignment), 틀림길이(Half Wave Length), 열차운행속도(Velocity)이다. 각 확률변수들이 갖는 확률분포는 모두 정규분포로 가정하였다. 궤도의 기하학적 특성은 곡선반경 5,000m에 대해 고려하였으며, 열차는 KTX의 제원을 사용하여 정지된 상태에서 고려하였다. 틀림량과 틀림길이는 이에 대한 통계적 특성자료가 부족하여 확률변수로 고려하지 않고 결정론적 값으로 취급하였다. 레일온도의 통계적 특성치는 본 연구진에 의해 구축된 기후요소 및 레일온도 DB를 근거로 결정하였으며, 중립온도는 선로관리지침에 따라 $25{\pm}3^{\circ}C$를 기준으로 결정하였다. 또한 도상횡저항력은 실측 데이터를 참고로 하여 평균값에서 10%의 변동량을 갖는 것으로 보고 통계적 특성치를 결정하였다. 도상횡저항력이 좌굴확률에 미치는 영향을 매우 큰 것을 알 수 있었으며, 레일온도 $60^{\circ}C$일 때 도상횡저항력이 증가하면서 감소되는 좌굴확률이 도상저항력이 커질수록 그 감소량이 작아지는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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High Speed Rail Measurement System of HSR-350x (한국형고속열차 고속 궤도검측시스템)

  • Kim, Sang-Soo;Park, Choon-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.115-119
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    • 2008
  • Korean Train Express (KTX) has opened to commercial traffic since 2004 at maximum speed 300km/h. As the speed of the train becomes higher, the conditions of the rail affect the behavior of the running train. To secure the safety and reliability of high speed railway, it is necessary to inspect rail irregularities and to maintain the rail regularly. The authors designed the high speed rain measurement system over 300km/h. And we installed the system to Korea High-speed Railway (HSR 350x). In this paper, we introduce the high speed rail measurement system for HSR 350x and show verification of the performance of the system through test runs.

Evaluation of the Performance Test Load through the Estimation of Vertical Loads on Vibration-Proof Fastening Systems (방진체결장치에 작용하는 수직하중 평가를 통한 성능시험하중 평가)

  • Yang, Sin Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.777-784
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    • 2016
  • In this study, regulation of the performance test load of a vibration-proof fastening system used in urban railways was established through evaluation of the loads that it bears in the field. In order to investigate the range of the dynamic stiffness of the vibration-proof fastening system, dynamic stiffness tests were carried out for three types of vibration-proof fastening system that can be domestically supplied. Train and track interaction analyses in the frequency domain were carried out to evaluate the dynamic wheel loads. The track irregularity, which is a very important input factor in train and track interaction analysis, was considered as a PSD (Power Spectral Density) function, which was derived based on the measured data. The loads on the vibration-proof rail fastening system were evaluated considering various operating conditions in the urban railway. Regulation of the performance test load of the vibration-proof rail fastening system was established based on the evaluated loads.