• Title, Summary, Keyword: 규모의 효율성

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Farm Size and Production Efficiency of Korean Rice Farms: An Application of a Rsy-Homothetic Stochsstic Production Function ("레이 동조 확률 생산함수"에 의한 경영규모별 미곡생산의 효율성 분석)

  • 강봉순;노재선
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 1995
  • 이 연구는 한국 쌀생산의 효율성을 경영규모별로 파악하고, 영농규모 확대를 통한 쌀생산의 효율성 중대 가 가능하다는 가설을 검정해 보고자 하였다. 이 분석에 필요한 기술적 선도농가들의 생산함수인 프런티어(frontier) 생산함수를 구하기 위해서는 교 란항의 정보를 이용할 수 있는 확률(stochastic) 모형아 바람직하고, 아울러 경영규모별로 규모의 효율성을 파악하기 위해서는 레이 동조(ray-homothetic) 함수가 적절하다. 따라서 여기에서는 농림수산부의 1992년도 쌀생산비 자료에서 임의로 추출한 1,203호의 표본 자료를 이용해 앞에서 언급한 두가지 요소를 동시에 감안 할 수 있는 $\ulcorner$레이 동조 확률 생산함수(ray-homothetic stochastic production function)$\lrcorner$를 최우추정법 (Maximum likelilood estimation method)으로 추정하였으며, 이를 토대로 쌀생산의 경영규모별 비효율성 을 순수 기술적 비효율성과 규모의 비효율성으로 나누어 계측하였다. 게측결과에 의하면 쌀생산의 비효율성은 굉균 35.loyo에 이르고 있다. 이 가운데 순수 기술적 비효율성은 12.0%이고, 규모의 비효율성은 24.l%에 달했다. 기술적 비효율성과 규모의 비효율성 모두 경지규모 확대와 더불어 감소하는 것으로 나타나, 경영규모 확대와 더불어 미곡생산의 효율성이 증대될 수 있다는 가설은 기 각되지 않았다. 그러나 대농의 경우에도 규모의 비효율성이 여전히 높은 것으로 나타나 영농규모 확대를 저 해하는 제도적 장벽이 아직도 높다는 것을 알 수 있다. 아울러 대농과 소농과의 효율성 격차가 현저하지는 않은 것으로 나타나 단순히 경지를 중심으로 한 경영규모 확대만으로는 효율성 제고에 한계가 있음을 보여 주고 있다. 이 연구의 결과는 다음과 같은 정책적 함의를 가지고 있다. 첫째, 한국 미곡생산의 효율성 중대 잠재력이 결코 과소 평가되어서는 안된다. 둘째, 영농규모 확대가 쌀생산의 효율성 증대를 위해 필요한 것은 사실이지 만 단순한 경지규모의 확대에 치중하는 것보다 영농규모 확대를 저해하는 제도적 기술적 장애요인을 제거해 나가는 것이 더욱 중요하다. 마지막으로, 새로운 영농기술의 개발은 물론이고 현행 선진영농기술의 보급도 쌀생산의 효율성 중대에 상당한 역할을 할 수 있다는 사실이 간과되어서는 안된다.

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A Trend Analysis on Scale Efficiency of the Port of Gwangyang: 1994-2004 (광양항의 규모효율성 추세분석: 1994-2004)

  • Park, Ro-Kyung
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.59-78
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the trend on scale efficiency of the Port of Gwangyang from 1994 to 2004 using CCR, BCC, and Malmquist index approaches. The main results are as follows. first, scale efficiency shows a 50% similar [5(94/95, 95/96, 97/98, 2001/2002, 2003/2004) out of 10] pattern to technical efficiency change. Second, total factor productivity increased at 48.57% rate of growth on average in 6 out of 10 periods except 96/97, 97/98, 99/2000, and 2000/2001. 2003/2004 period is the one period experiencing rapid total factor productivity changes, mainly due to technical progress. Third, the ranking order of accumulative indices is scale efficiency change, TFP change, efficiency change, technical change, and pure efficiency change. The main policy implication of this paper is that according to the CCR, BCC, and Malmquist results, the Port of Gwangyang should develop the plan for enhancing the 5 Malmquist indices with following the management way of benchmarking ports.

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Estimating The Efficiency of Korean Banks with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA를 활용한 국내은행의 효율성 분석)

  • 이정섭;이수용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.661-664
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 DEA기법을 이용하여 14개의 국내 은행의 상대적 효율성을 평가하였다. 효율성 평가에 있어서 은행을 중개기관 접근방법에서 평가하였으며, 투입물과 산출물을 선정하는 데 있어서 신탁계정과 은행계정별로 구분하여 연구를 수행하였다. 또한 규모의 효율성을 평가하기 위해 CCR모형과 함께 BCC모형을 이용하여 효율성을 평가하였다. 분석결과 신탁계정과 은행계정의 효율성은 차이가 있었으며, 대부분의 은행들이 DRS의 규모의 효율성에 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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Improving Outcome of Mass Media (매스미디어 운영에 따른 성과제고에 관한 연구 -국내 신문산업을 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Jong-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.366-375
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    • 2013
  • Recently, management of Newspaper developmet of the internet news, broadcasting and free newspapers escalated competition between newspaper companies and other media companies as well as competition among newapaper companies. This paper analyzes the efficiency of Korean Newapaper using DEA model. We evaluate the CCR-O, BCC-O efficiency, SE and RTS of 30 Newspaper. We also suggest the Newpaper which can be benchmarked based on analyzed information. The result shows that ten Nespaper whose values of CCR-O efficiency are 1, and Fourteen Nespaper whose values of BCC efficiency are 1. RTS indicates IRS of 1 firms, DRS of 16 firms and CRS of 13 firms. To variables on the effectiveness of newspaper publishing companies for the understanding and performance analysis.

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency in the Korean RCC/RSC (RCC/RSC별 운영 효율성 분석)

  • Keum Jong-Soo;Jang Woon- Jae
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.215-220
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    • 2005
  • This paper aim, to measure and evaluates the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency with two inputs and four outputs with the use of DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) in Korean RCC(Rescue Co-ordination Center)/RSC(Rescue Sub-Center). Several conclusion emerge. first the average efficiency of overall technical efficiency measure about $91.03{\%}$ and pure technical efficiency $96.80{\%}$ is much large then scale efficiency $93.83{\%}$. It means that inefficiency has much more to do whit the inefficient utilization of resources rather then the scale of production. second, DRS(decreasing return to scale)is Tongyeong and IRS(increasing return to scale) is Incheon, Taean, Gunsan, Yeosu, Ulsan, Donghae in RCC/RSC finally, inefficiency RCC/RSC have to benchmarking with reference sets.

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency in Korean RCC/RSC (우리나라 RCC/RSC별 운영효율성 분석)

  • Jang Woon-Jae;Keum Jong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2004
  • This paper is to measure and ealuates the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency with three inputs and two outputs with the use of DEA(data envelopment analysis) in Korean RCC(Rescue Co-ordination Center/RSC(Rescue Sub-Center). Several conclusion emerge. first the average efficiency of overall technical efficiency measure about $91.03\%$ and pure technical efficiency $96.80\%$ is much large then scale efficiency $93.83\%$. It means that inefficiency has much more to do whit the inefficient utilization of resources rather then the scale of production. second, DRS(decreasing return to scale) is Tongyeong and IRS(increasing return to scale) is Incheon, Taean, Gunsan, Yeosu, Ulsan, Donghae in RCC/RSC. finally, inefficiency RCC/RSC. have to benchmarking with reference sets.

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The Data Envelopment Analysis of Container Terminals to Transshipment Cargo (환적화물의 컨테이너 터미널 효율성 분석)

  • Park, Hong-Gyun
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2010
  • This paper focuses measuring the efficiency of container yards on container terminals in Busan (Gasungdae, Shinsundae, Gamman, New Gamman, Uam, Gamchon, PNC) and Gwangyang(GICT, KEC, Dongbu, KIT) using Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA) approach. Container terminals in Busan and Gwangyang play an important role in the region's economic development. The results show that Shinsundae was an efficient DMU during the period of 2007 to 2009, while Gamman, New Gamman and PNC were efficient terminals in 2009. The very inefficient terminals were shown to be GICT, KEC, Dongbu and KIT. GICT(2009), KEC(2009), Dongbu(2008-2009), KIT(2009) on Gwangyang Port were found to be relatively the inefficient terminals in terms of the returns to scale. This study also finds that the efficiency of Shinsundae terminal was so high as to be abel to keep its efficiency in spite of the additional increase of the inputs from 2007 to 2009. Gamman terminal was in the decreasing returns to scale in 2009, while the other terminals were in the increasing returns to scale. It means that we are able to improve the efficiency of the Gamman terminal with increasing returns to scale through enlarging the scale.

Evaluation of University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA를 적용한 대학도서관의 효율성 평가)

  • Jung, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.301-315
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    • 2011
  • DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) is useful to measure the relative efficiency of organizational units where the presence of multiple inputs and outputs. This study applied DEA-CCR and DEA-BCC to evaluate the technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency of 29 university libraries. The input variables were number of books, print edition expenses, building space, staff, number of seats. As output variables we estimated: reader visits, number of borrowed items, number of visitors. It was found out that number of libraries with 100% relative efficiency among 29 libraries were 13. Also the results shows that main reason of inefficiency was from scale rather than from pure technical. Many inefficient libraries were operations of increasing return to scale.

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Port Labor Using DEA/Super Efficiency (DEA/초효율법을 이용한 항만노무 효율성 분석)

  • Jang, Woon-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2017
  • This paper measured and evaluated the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency of port labor via three inputs and three outputs using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). First, the average overall technical efficiency measured about 94.18 %, with 100 % pure technical efficiency being larger than 94.18% scale efficiency. As a result, 7 ports were identified as efficient, and 4 ports were identified as inefficient. Among the 4 ineffiecient ports, Donghae had the highest Increasing Return to Scale (IRS). However, the inefficient ports were all found to be less efficient in terms of resource operation than production scale. On the other hand, the efficient ports established priorities using the super efficiency method. As a result, port efficiency was highest for Incheon, Mokpo, Pyeongtaek-Dangjin, Masan, Yeosu Gwangyang, Jeju, and Gunsan-Daesan Ports, in order. In particular, Busan Port, found to be inefficient, would benefit from using Mokpo Port and Incheon Port as benchmarks to increase trade volume and modernize equipment for full-scale commercialization to improve labor efficiency.

DEA Model for Measuring the relative Efficiency of Korean Materials and Components Industry (DEA 모형을 이용한 부품소재산업의 효율성 분석)

  • Oh, Ji-Hwan;Chung, Ki-Ho
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.273-292
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    • 2012
  • This paper attempts to analyze the efficiency of Korean Materials and Components Industry. 48 sample companies are extracted and efficiency analysis for them are accomplished by using DEA model. We use both CCR-I model and BCC-I model and classify the 48 companies into two groups; efficient and inefficient companies. We find the reference set which inefficient companies should benchmark in order to achieve efficiency and present the improving values for input and output variables. We analyze whether the inefficiencies come from scale or inefficient operation by measuring the scale efficiency. Finally the ranking among the efficient companies is derived through the super-efficiency analysis.

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