• Title, Summary, Keyword: 규산염

Search Result 294, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Meat Quality Comparison of Beef from Hanwoo Supplemented with Dietary Rhus verniciflua Stokes Meal, Silicate, and Chromium-Methionine during Refrigerated Storage (옻나무 분말, 규산염 및 크롬메티오닌을 급여한 한우육의 냉장저장 중 육질 비교)

  • Kang, Sun-Moon;Lee, Ik-Sun;Song, Young-Han;Lee, Sung-Ki
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.138-145
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to compare the meat quality of beef from Hanwoo supplemented with dietary Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) meal, silicate (Si), and chromium-methionine (Cr-Met) during refrigerated storage. The 26 mon-aged Hanwoo steers were fed basal diets containing 4% RVS, 4% RVS+400 ppm Cr-Met, 1.4% $SiO_2$, or 0.14% $SiO_2+400 ppm$ Cr-Met for 4 mon prior to slaughter. The M. longissimus from carcasses were then stored at $4{\pm}0.2^{\circ}C$ for 7 d. The crude fat content was higher in the Si and Si+Cr-Met groups (p<0.05). The water-holding capacity (WHC) and tenderness were highest in the Si+Cr-Met group (p<0.05). With regard to fatty acids, the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content was lower in the Si and Si+Cr-Met groups (p<0.05), and the monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) content was lowest in the Si+Cr-Met group (p<0.05). The TBARS and MetMb contents were decreased in the Si, Si+Cr-Met, and RVS+Cr-Met groups. Regarding meat color during storage, the Si+Cr-Met group showed the highest L, a, b, C values and total color, and those of the Si and RVS+Cr-Met groups were higher than the RVS group (p<0.05). Consequently, beef from Si-fed Hanwoo had higher fat content, color and oxidation stability, and lower PUFA content than RVS-fed beef. And beef from Si+Cr-Met-fed Hanwoo had higher WHC, tenderness and color stability, and lower MUFA content than Si-fed beef.

Effect of Silicate Mineral Filtered Water and Silicate Mineral Additive on Growth Performance and Pork Quality (규산염 광물질로 정수된 급이수 및 사료내 규산엽광물질 첨가제의 급여가 돼지의 성장능력 및 돈육의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kong, C.S.;Ju, W.S.;Kil, D.Y.;Lim, J.S.;Yun, M.S.;Kim, Y.Y.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.46 no.5
    • /
    • pp.743-752
    • /
    • 2004
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of filtered water with silicate minerals on growth performance and pork quality. A total of 64 pigs were allotted at 37.95 kg body weight to 4 treatments in a randomized complete block(RCB) design. Each treatment had 4 replicates and treatments were I) Con(basaI diet). 2) Si-I(consumed silicate mineral filtered water and silicate mineral additive during 4 weeks before market weight), 3) Si-Il( consumed silicate mineral filtered water and silicate mineral additive during 8 weeks before market weight) and 4) Si-I1I(consumed silicate mineral filtered water and silicate mineral additive during 12 weeks before market weight). Silicate complex was added at 0.8% to basal diet. All pigs were allowed to feed and water ad libitum for 12 weeks. During last 4 weeks, average daily gain(ADG) in Si-Il and Si-III group was higher than that in Si-I group(P < 0.05). However overall experimental period, there were no significant differences in growth performance among all treatments. Acceptability of cooked pork at 7th day after slaughter in Si-lII group was higher than that in Con group(P < 0.05). The value of pH of fresh pork at 6 hours after slaughter was lower in Si-I1I group than that in Con group(P < 0.05). TBA values of fresh pork at 14th day after slaughter were lower in Si-II and Si-III groups than Con group(P < 0.05). These results demonstrated that pork quality could be improved when pigs consumed both silicate mineral and silicate mineral filtered water. However, growth performance was not improved by the consumption of silicate mineral filtered water and silicate mineral.

A Solid-state 27Al MAS and 3QMAS NMR Study of Basaltic and Phonolitic Silicate Glasses (현무암과 포놀라이트 비정질 규산염의 원자구조 차이에 대한 고상핵자기 공명 분광분석 연구)

  • Park, Sun Young;Lee, Sung Keun
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-69
    • /
    • 2015
  • While the macroscopic properties and eruption style of basaltic and phonolitic melts are different, the microscopic origins including atomic structures are not well understood. Here we report the atomic structure differences of glass in diopside-anorthite eutectic composition (basaltic glass) and phonolitic glass using high-resolution 1D and 2D solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). The $^{27}Al$ MAS NMR spectra for basaltic glass and phonolitic glass show that the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of Al for basaltic glass is about twice than phonolitic glass, suggesting the topological disorder of basaltic magma is larger than that of phonolitic magma. The $^{27}Al$ 3QMAS NMR spectra for basaltic glass and phonolite glass show much improved resolution than the 1D MAS NMR, resolving Al and Al. Approximately 3.3% of Al is observed for basaltic glass, demonstrating the configurational disorder of basaltic magma is larger than phonolitic magma. This result confirms that the topological disorder of Al in basaltic glass is larger than that of phonolitic glass. The observed structural differences between basaltic glass and phonolitic glass can provide an atomistic origin for change of the macroscopic properties with composition including viscosity.

MODEL DUST ENVELOPES AROUND SILICATE CARBON STARS (규산염탄소항성의 먼지층 모형)

  • Suh Kyung-Won
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.11-18
    • /
    • 2006
  • We have modeled dust envelopes around silicate carbon stars using optical properties for a mixture of amorphous carbon and silicate dust grains paying close attention to the infrared observations of the stars. The 4 stars show various properties in chemistry and location of the dust shell. We expect that the objects that fit a simple detached silicate dust shell model could be in the transition phase of the stellar chemistry. For binary system objects, we find that a mixed dust chemistry model would be necessary.

Properties of Intumescence Alkali Silicates for Building Fire-Resistant (건축용 내화 재료로서의 포비성 알칼리 규산염의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Hyun Ju;Kang, Seung Min;Song, Myong Shin;Kim, Young Sik;Park, Jong Hun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.416-422
    • /
    • 2009
  • The buildings constructed with steel structure are coated with certified fire resistive material to resist from fire. All the building materials lose their initial performances as time passes by, so they need some maintenance. The Sprayed Fire Resistive Material (SFRM) also loses its performance and this performance loss of the SFRM is very important because fire resistance of buildings depends on SFRM. So this study was aimed to synthesis of alkali-silicates for SFRM and to evaluate the effect of alkali-silicates, K-silicates, Na-silicates and Li-silicates, by exchange of mole ratios as basic factors, tested solubility, intumescence ratios, thermal analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, fire-resistant and heat-resistant.

Effect of Particle Size on the Atomic Structure of Amorphous Silica Nanoparticles: Solid-state NMR and Quantum Chemical Calculations (비정질 규산염 나노입자의 입자 크기에 따른 원자 구조 변화 : 고상 핵자기공명 분석 및 양자화학계산 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Na;Lee, Sung-Keun
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.321-329
    • /
    • 2008
  • Amorphous silica nanoparticles are among the most fundamental $SiO_2$ compounds, having implications in diverse geological processes and technological applications. Here, we explore structural details of amorphous silica nanoparticles with varying particle sizes (7 and 14 nm) using $^{29}Si$ and $^{1}H$ MAS NMR spectroscopy together with quantum chemical calculations to have better prospect for their size-dependent atomic structures. $^{29}Si$ MAS NMR spectra at 9.4 T resolve $Q^2,\;Q^3$ and $Q^4$ species at -93 ppm, -101 ppm, -110 ppm, respectively. The fractions of $Q^2,\;Q^3,\;O^4$ species are $7{\pm}1%,\;27{\pm}2%$, and $66{\pm}2%$ for 7 nm amorphous silica nanoparticles and $6{\pm}1%,\;21{\pm}2%$, and $73{\pm}2%$ for 14 nm amorphous silica nanoparticles. Whereas it has been suggested that $Q^2$ and $Q^3$ species exist on particles surfaces, the difference in $Q^{2}\;+\;Q^{3}$ fraction in both 7 and 14 nm particles is not significant, suggesting that $Q^2$ and $Q^3$ species could exist inside particles. $^{1}H$ MAS NMR spectra at 11.7 T shows diverse hydrogen environments, including physisorbed water, hydrogen bonded silanol, and non-hydrogen bonded silanol with varying hydrogen bond strength. The hydrogen contents in the 7nm silica nanoparticles (including water and hydroxyl groups) are about 3 times of that of 14 nm particles. The larger chemical shills for proton environments in the former suggest stronger hydrogen bond strength. The fractions of non-hydrogen bonded silanols in the 14 nm amorphous silica nanoparticles are larger than those in 7 nm amorphous silica nanoparticles. This observation suggests closer proximity among hydrogen atoms in the nanoparticles with smaller diameter. The current results with high-resolution solid-state NMR reveal previously unknown structural details in amorphous silica nanoparticles with particle size.

Stabilization of Heavy Metals in Glasses Containing EAF Dust (전기로 분진이 첨가된 유리의 중금속 안정화 특성)

  • Eun, Hee-Tai;Kang, Seung-Gu;Kim, Yoo-Taek;Lee, Gi-Kang;Kim, Jung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.41 no.11
    • /
    • pp.851-857
    • /
    • 2004
  • The stabilizing characteristics of heavy metals in the silicate glass (SD), borosilicate glass (BD), and leadsilicate glass (PD) containing Electric Arc furnace (EAF) dust were studied by the Toxic Characterization Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test. Also, the dependence of the amount of EAF dust upon structural changes of SD, BD, and PD glasses and the TCLP results were investigated by the XRD and FT-IR spectroscopy. In the XRD results, all of SD, BD, and PD specimens containing dust up to 30 wt% were amorphous without crystallizing. In the TCLP test, the concentration of heavy metals leached from the glasses increased with the amount of EAF dust added. The SD specimen series showed the lowest heavy metal leaching and the heavy metal leachate of the PD specimens were lower than those of the BD specimens. But, the Pb leaching from the PD specimens was the highest in the PD glass composition due to the high Pb content. The value of oxygen/network former ratio could be used to compare the chemical durability within the same glass series, but not proper to do between the different glass series. Adding the EAF dust to the SD mother glass, decreased the Si-O-Si symmetry and increased the non-bridging oxygen, which weakened the structure and decreased the chemical durability of glasses. In the BD series glasses, the addition of EAF dust caused the structural changes from tetra-borate group to di-borate group and the formation of the 2-dimensional layer structure of pyre- and ortho- borate, which decreased the chemical durability of glasses. It is concluded that SD series glass among the 3 kinds of glasses is the most effective to stabilize the heavy metals of EAF dust.

무기질 단열피복제의 내화도증가에 관한 실험적 연구 -알칼리 규산염을 중심으로-

  • 이내우;김정훈
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.107-112
    • /
    • 1994
  • 철강구조물들이 화염에 노출될 경우 그 강도가 급격히 저하되어 화재시 건물자체가 붕괴되는 대형재해를 유발할 우려가 있다. 따라서, 화재시 그 내부의 철강구조에 열전달을 차단해 조기붕괴 를 막고 소화가능시간을 늘인다는 점에서 우수한 내화피복제의 개발은 중요한 과제라 하겠다. 융해성 규산염에 기초한 무기질 방화 피복제들은 불에 누출될 때 포비하거나 팽창하는 성질이 있으며화염에 대해 독성물질의 방출이 적을 뿐만 아니라 공급면에서도 풍부하다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 Potassium- 규산염 피복제들의 몰비율의 변화에 따른 열특성, 용해도, 결정구조 및 포비도 등이 내화 피복제의 물리적 특성과 화학적 성질에 미치는 영향을 검토하였다.

  • PDF

Ecological Studies on Pal'tang River-Reservoir System in Korea. 4. Dynamics on Inorganic nutrients, POM and Phytoplankton Succession in the Lower Stream Kyungan (팔당호의 생태학적 연구 4. 경안천 하류의 영양염 및 입자태 유기물 거동과 식물플랑크톤의 천이)

  • Hong, Sung-Su;Auh, Yun-Yeol;Han, : Myung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2002
  • In order to understand the relationship between succession of phytoplankton community structure and inorganic nutrients and particulate organic matters, a one station in Kyungan stream in Korea during the dry season was chosen. Water samplings were carried out once a week from 18 August to 13 November 1993. The DIN concentration distributed always abundantly, however, phosphate and silicate gradually reduced during the period. Phytoplankton community had a peak chlorophyll a concentration of $90.6\;{\mu}g/l$ in late summer (21 August 1993) and a second peak of $29.7\;{\mu}g/l$ in autumn (2 October 1993). After then late autumn was characterined by relatively low chlorophyll a concentration of $15{\sim}16\;{\mu}g/l$. Seasonal fluctuation of chlorophyll a concentrations were correlated with measured POC and PON concentrations: phytoplankton blooming may be a major factor controlling POC and PON concentrations in this ecosystem. Phosphate plays an most important role as a limiting factor of phytoplankton growth. However, when Si/P ratio low, silicate may be a more critical limiting factor than phosphate. Shifts of P-limitation to Si- limitation the succession of dominant phytoplankton can in duce: diatom to cyanobacteria such as Anabaena, Microcystis and Oscillatoria.