• Title, Summary, Keyword: 균형능력

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Affects of Pilates Exercise Program on Balance Ability and Activities of Daily Living(ADL) Performance Ability for Patient With Chronic Cerebellum Infarction (필라테스 운동 프로그램이 만성 소뇌경색 환자의 균형능력과 일상생활활동 수행능력에 미치는 영향: 단일 사례연구)

  • Ruy, Sung-Hyun;Cho, Young-Nam
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2013
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to assess affects of pilates exercise program on balance ability and ADL performance ability of patient with chronic cerebellum infarction. Methods : The object of this study K-hospital located in daegu, 62-year-old woman who have receiving inpatient treatment with cerebellum infraction. Before and after the intervention in order to compare balance ability was assessed using berg balance scale(BBS) and ADL performance ability was assessed by modified barthel index(MBI). Results : Balance ability of the object score improved from 19 to 29, the ADL performance ability score increased from 74 to 87. Conclusion : The result of this study pilates exercise program in patients with chronic cerebellum infarction balance ability and ADL performance ability to promote was found that the effect. this pilates exercise program in the occupational therapy, if appropriately utilized more on the functional recovery of patients is expected to be helpful.

The Effects of Postural Balance by Chronic Stroke Patients in Horse Simulator Exercise (승마 시뮬레이터 운동이 만성뇌졸중 환자의 자세 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, jung-seo;Lee, sang-young;Lee, dae-hee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.93-94
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구의 목적은 만성뇌졸중 환자에게 승마 시뮬레이터 기계를 이용한 운동이 환자의 균형능력에 어떠한 영향을 주는지 알아보고자 한다. 연구대상자와 연구방법으로는 67명의 만성 뇌졸중 환자를 승마운동그룹(n=34)과 일반 매트운동그룹(n=33)으로 나누어 두 그룹 모두 병원에서 일반적인 운동치료를 실시한후 추가적으로 승마운동과, 매트운동을 실시하였다. 운동시간은 주당 5회 8주동안 35분간 실시하였다. 균형능력 평가는 무게중심의 동요 거리를 통해 측정하였다. 결과는 두그룹 모두 눈을 뜬상태에서 균형능력이 증가하였으나($^*$p<0.05), 눈을 감은 상태에서는 지상운동군보다 수중운동군에서 통계적으로 유의한 균형능력 증가가 나타났다($^*$p<0.05). 연구 결과를 바탕으로 승마 시뮬레이터 훈련이 만성뇌졸중 환자의 균형능력 향상에 효과적이다.

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Ability, Heterogeneity, and Parental Choices on Human Capital (이질적 학습능력과 인적자본에 대한 부모의 교육투자 선택)

  • Hwang, Jin-tae;Kim, Sung-min
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.91-114
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    • 2017
  • This paper shows that when children's ability is heterogeneous, a parent's choices about educational expenditures and fertility follow a pooling equilibrium or a separating equilibrium. Which of the two equilibria will prevail depends on the probability of getting a high-ability child as well as productivity differentials in producing children's adult human capital. Adopting the model of Acemoglu's (1999), this paper presents that the outcome of the pooling choice in the pooling regime and the outcome of the separating choice in the separating regime make the growth rate of human capital higher than otherwise. In addition, as the probability of a high-ability child increases, the growth rate of human capital in the separating equilibrium exceeds that in the pooling equilibrium.

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The effects of PNF combined patterns training on balance ability and functional ability of hockey players (PNF 통합패턴 트레이닝이 하키선수들의 균형능력과 기능적 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Ann, Yong Duk;Park, Jong Hang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.521-528
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to examine effects of PNF combined pattern training on balance ability and functional ability of hockey players. In order to achieve this purpose, total 28 participants were separated into two group: 14 comparison group and 14 experiment group, and the experiment group performed PNF combined pattern training for 12 week, 3 times a week, 60 minutes a day. Each group was measured beforehand, after 6 week and 12 week. balance ability was measured using GOOD BALANCE system and functional ability was measured using carioca and shuttle-run test. For statistically verifying above measured values, repeated measure analysis of variance was analyzed and have following results. As the comparing results of balance ability, normal standing eye close(NSEC) was ant-post and velocity moment of experiment group showed significant differences(p<.05). And one leg right eye close(OLREC) was ant-post, med-lat and velocity moment of experiment group showed significant differences (p<.05). Also, dynamic balance ability was ant-post and velocity moment of experiment groups showed significant differences(p<.05). As the comparing results of functional ability, shuttle-run of experiment group sowed significant differences(p<.05). From above results, balance ability of hockey players was shown to be improved through symmetric training of PNF combined pattern applied to hockey players, and it can be considered that this is actively recommended for training method to improve athletic performance of hockey players.

A Tool for Mapping and Measuring Sustainable Capacity Development: Concepts, Methods and Contexts (균형적 능력개발의 매핑 및 측정을 위한 도구 - 개념, 방법론 및 배경 -)

  • Liou, Jae-Ik
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2006
  • The discussion about capacity development (CD) has been spotlighted as significant drivers for sustainable development in recent years. Multi-dimensional natures of capacities would lead to various definitions of CD in international institutes and organizations. CD is perceived as an endogeneous process to improve actionable learning and knowledge, but most of core capacities still remain abstract notion and might be unreliable in sustainable development (SD). The paper first explicates international perspectives of CD in association with SD. An agent-based model is especially proposed to portray more details of CD. It illuminates the role of assets (or capitals, resources) in agents to impact on ingredients of CDs that are drivers or enablers for improvement of SD. A definition of sustainable capacity development is firstly articulated in international society and its conceptual framework is also creatively designed to assist concerned international organizations. The paper concludes by proposing practical spatial asset mapping linking to agent-based organizational capacity as a tool for measuring sustainable capacity development.

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Effects of Resistance Exercise with Elasticity of Tubes on the Gait, Balance and Strength in the Elderly of the Daycare center (고무로프의 탄성을 이용한 저항성운동이 노인의 보행능력, 균형능력 및 근력 향상에 미치는 영향 -주간보호센터 노인을 대상으로)

  • Um, Hyemi;Si, Joo Wun;Lee, Hyun Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.102-110
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    • 2019
  • This study is for the elderly with mental and physical dysfunction, developing resistance exercise program using tube elasticity, and analysing the effects of this movement on the improvement of gait ability, balance ability and muscle strength of the elderly. After a 12-week program for 58 participants of the daycare center, dependent t-test was performed. As a result, the total participants showed average improvement in gait, balancing and hand grip strength. This means a lot in terms of improving one's ability of ADL(Activities of daily living) and reducing the risk of falling. Therefore, if the program expands and activates the target as an entire elderly, it is expected to be a preventative way to prevent healthy elderly people from moving to the frailty who need treatment and to delay the deterioration of the frailty with disabilities.

Comparison of Balance Ability between Stable and Unstable Surfaces for Chronic Stroke Patients (불안정 지지면과 안정 지지면에서의 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 균형 능력 비교)

  • Lee, Ji-Yeun;Roh, Hyo-Lyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.3587-3593
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    • 2011
  • This study was to investigate the balancing and clinical abilities using stable and unstable surface of stroke patients who surface changes in balance of body. The subjects of this study were 30 stroke patients(16 males and 14 females). They were separated into two groups and did balance reinforcing exercise on stable and unstable surfaces for five times a week for six weeks. To evaluate their balancing ability, they performed functional standing balance test, functional forward arm stretching test. performance-oriented mobility assessment was performed. The balancing exercises were modified from preceding studies and consisted of 6 difference exercises. The functional standing test with open and close eyes and performance-oriented mobility assessment, the unstable surface exercise group and the stable surface exercise group improved significantly. The forward arm stretching test was the unstable surface exercise group improved. This study found that the balancing exercise on unstable surface was more effective than on stable surface for stroke patients. Thus, exercise on unstable surface has more positive effects on the improvement of balancing abilities of stroke patients.

The Effect of Mental Practice on Increasing Balance and Fall Index & Fall Efficacy Scale of Stroke Patients: Single Subject Experimental Research (상상연습이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형능력과 낙상 위험도 및 낙상 효능감에 미치는 영향: 개별대상자 실험연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Hong;Kim, Su-Kyoung;Choi, Seong-Youl
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2012
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of mental practice on increasing balance and fall index & fall efficacy scale of persons with post stroke. Method : As a single subject research design with multiple baseline across individuals, the patients were four stroke patients, employed in this study. The employed program included receiving mental practice, and measuring balance score changes using FRT for 4 weeks, including baseline and intervention periods. The subject's fall danger were measured by Fall Index Test(Tetrax) and Fall Efficacy Scale for balance ability were analyzed. The analyses were performed using visually and Two Standard Deviation Band Method. Result : Using FRT, the participants improved their standing balance. During the intervention periods, Their improvement of balance skills results in decreasing Fall Index increasing Fall Efficacy. Conclusion : As a result of this study, mental practice can be an effective method to improve the balance of stroke patien.

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Effects of Limited Hyperextension at Knee Joint Using Limited Motion Knee Brace on Balance, Walking in Patients with Hemiplegia (슬관절 움직임 제한 보조기를 이용한 슬관절 과신전 제한이 편마비 환자의 균형과 보행에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Hyuk;Min, Kyung-Ok;Lee, Kang-Sung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.258-265
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    • 2010
  • The purposes of this study was to determine the effects of limited hyperextension at knee joint using Limited Motion Knee Brace on balance and walking in patients with hemiplegia. The subjects of this study were 20 post-stroke hemiplegic patients admitted. Subjects were randomly assigned to either experimental group (Limited Motion Knee Brace group) or control group (manual restriction group). Both groups received traditional physical therapy intervention. The effects of each therapeutic method were evaluated by measurements of gait ability assesment, Berg balance scale (BBS), 10-meter walk speed (10MWS), Timed Up & Go (TUG) Test. The results of this research were as followings: (1) After treatment, there were significant BBS scores differences in both experimental and control group compared with pre-treatment(p<0.05). (2) After treatment, there were significant TUG test scores differences in both experimental and control group compared with pre-treatment (p<0.05). (3) After treatment, there were significant 10MWS differences in both experimental and control group compared with pre-treatment (p<0.05). (4) There were significant BBS scores differences in third and fourth week between experimental and control group (p<0.05). It was concluded that Limited Motion Knee Brace was effective for improving balance and for reducing fatigue for experimental group. Therefore, further studies are required to investigate the effect of knee orthosis for improving balance and walking in patients with hemiplegia.

Effect of Immediate Dynamic Balance Ability of Chronic Low Back Pain on Maitland's Manual Therapy (메이트란드 도수치료가 만성 요통환자의 즉각적인 동적 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hyong, In-Hyouk;Ha, Mi-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.207-215
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    • 2009
  • There has been a diversity of therapeutic interventions for patients with chronic low back pain. However most of them have been focused on only pain. But the patients usually have a kind of structurally abnormal have fixed in lumbar vertebrae, which can decrease range of joint movement and, what is worse, reduce immediate dynamic balancing ability(IDBA). The reduced IDBA can increase the risk of injury and decrease coping ability in dangerous situation. So we introduced Maitland's manual therapy in this study in order to recover the IDBA in patients with chronic low back pain. Sixty-four patients diagnosed with chronic low back pain were included for the study. Among them, thirty-two patients(experimental group) were managed by Maitland's manual therapy, another thirty-tow patients(control group) were treated by physical science methods(H/P, TENS, U/S). Each group made use of highly reliable(0.81$\sim$0.96) star excursion balance test(SEBT) to compare the possible changes of IDBAs in two groups after treatment. In experimental group, IDBA has increased in forward, rightward, leftward, and backward, but in control group, not changed. According to the results, we concluded that Maitland's manual therapy is effective for increasing IDBA by making joints more flexible in lumbar vertebrae.