• Title, Summary, Keyword: 근접-단층 지진

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Displacement Response of Degrading Systems to Near-Fault Ground Motions (근접-단층 지진에 대한 저하시스템의 변위응답)

  • 송종걸
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2000
  • 단층에 근접한 지진동에 대하여 성능이 저하되는 단자유도계의 변위응답에 대하여 연구하였다 5% 의 감쇠비를 갖는 세단계의 성능저하시스템을 5개의 단층에 근접한 지진동에 대하여 해석하였다 해석결과로부터 성능저하시스템의 비탄성 변위응답은 비저하시스템에 비하여 큰 값을 나타냄을 알 수 있었다 또한 성능저하 특성이 증가할수록 변위응답은 커지는 경향이 있다 이러한 변위증폭은 구조물의 고유주기 강도와 성능저하특성에 영향을 받으며 짧은 주기영역에서는 큰 값을 나타내며 긴 주기영역에서는 변위증폭이 거의 발생하지 않는다 단층에 근접한 각각의 지진동에 대한 변위증폭의 최대값은 1초 보다 작은 주기영역에서 비저하시스템의 4배 정도이다 변위증폭계수의 평균값은 짧은 주기영역에서는 2의 값을 가지면 구조물의 고유주기가 길어질수록 1에 수렴해 감을 알 수 있었다.

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Earthquake-induced Liquefaction Areas and Safety Assessment of Facilities (지진으로 인한 액상화 지역 및 시설물 안정성 평가)

  • Jeon, Sang-Soo;Heo, DaeYang;Lee, Sang-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2018
  • Liquefaction is one of secondary damages after earthquake and has been rarely reported until earthquake except Mw = 5.4 15 November 2017 Pohang earthquake in Korea. In recent years, Mw = 5.8 12 September 2016 Gyeongju earthquake and Mw = 5.4 15 November 2017 Pohang earthquake, which induced liquefaction, occurred in fault zone of Yangsan City located at south-eastern part of Korea. This explains that Korea is not safe against liquefaction induced by earthquake. In this study, the distance between the centroid of administrative district and the epicenter located at Yangsan fault, peak ground velocity (PGA) induced by both Mw = 5.0 and 6.5, and liquefaction potential index (LPI), which is calculated by using groundwater level and standard penetration test results of 274 in the area of Gimhae city located in adjacent to Nakdong river and across Yangsan fault, have been estimated and then kriging method using geographical information systems has been used to evaluate liquefaction effects on the damage of facilities. This study presents that Mw = 5.0 earthquake induces a small and low level of liquefaction resulting in slight damage of facilities but Mw = 6.5 earthquake induces a large and high level of liquefaction resulting in severe damage of facilities.

Misconceptions of the Freshmen at High School about Plate Tectonics (판구조론에 관한 고등학교 1학년 학생들의 오개념)

  • Jeong, Kyoung-Jin;Jeong, Ku-Song;Moon, Byoung-Chan;Jeong, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.28 no.7
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    • pp.762-774
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate misconceptions about plate tectonics which spread widely among freshmen at high school with drawing. For this, we chose 6 conceptions about plate tectonics by analysis of 7th curriculum and of 11 kinds of science textbooks. Questionnaire of drawing about plate tectonics were developed depending on them. Data was collected from 134 students who was freshmen at high school in Daegu. The result of this study was as follows. First, In structure of plate, 'upper mantle type' and 'crust type' misconceptions were more than half of the respondents. Second, In distribution of plate, 'cracked earthquake zone type' and 'earthquake frequency type' misconceptions were more than half of the respondents. Third, In formation of ocean ridge at oceanic crust- oceanic crust divergent plate boundary, 'divergence type' and 'collision type' misconceptions were more than half of the respondents. Fourth, In formation of mountain ridge at continental crust- continental crust convergent plate boundary, 'collision type' misconceptions were more than half of the respondents. Fifih, In formation of mountain ridge at oceanic crust- continental crust convergent plate boundary, 'subduction type' and 'fault type' misconceptions were more than half of the respondents. Sixth, In transform-fault at oceanic crust- oceanic crust transform-fault boundary, 'direction type' and 'section type' misconceptions were almost half of the respondents. In this study, students' drawings about plate tectonics showed similar misconceptions. This imply that drawing conceptions can be used by the strong evidence of misconceptions which spread widely among students. Furthermore, this study has a significance that this conclusion is useful to teachers as basic teaching-teaming materials of plate tectonics.