• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연태도

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The Study on the Knowledge and Attitude of Smoking, and Smoking Cessation Recommendation Among Nursing Students (간호학생의 흡연지식 및 태도, 금연권고에 대한 연구)

  • Oh, Hyo-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.365-374
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to find out the knowledge and attitude of smoking, and smoking cessation recommendation among nursing students. The data were collected from 529 nursing students being at three colleges in Gwangju city through structured questionnaire from 1 to 30 October 2012. In results, the smoking cessation recommendation showed statistically significant differences in grading, residence, subjective health perception, recognition about smoking, present smoking, assessment experience of smoking history, experience of smoking cessation recommendations, and participation intention of smoking cessation intervention education. The smoking cessation recommendation had correlated with smoking knowledge and smoking attitude. In multiple regression analysis, the participation intention of smoking cessation intervention education, the attitude and knowledge of smoking, and experience of smoking cessation recommendation were significant factors of the smoking cessation recommendation explaining 15.5% of the variables. To enhance recommendations of smoking cessation for patients, there are necessary to enforce smoking cessation intervention program for nursing students and increase the experience of smoking cessation intervention recommendation of nursing students in clinical practice.

The Effect of Motivational Counseling Program on the Knowledge and Attitude of Smoking Cessation and Smoking Cessation Behaviors of Middle School Students (동기강화상담 프로그램이 중학생의 금연지식, 금연태도 및 금연행위에 미치는 효과)

  • Shin, Eun-Sun;Kim, Soo-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.444-455
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of motivational counseling program for improving knowledge and attitude of smoking cessation and smoking cessation behaviors of middle school students. The research design was nonequivalent control group pre- and post-test design. The subjects were 42 third grade students of M and D middle school in G city (experiment group 21, control group 21). The treatment of this study, motivational counseling program was modified by author based on Lim(2010), developed by Valasquez(2001). The effects of this study were evaluated with the scales for smoking knowledge, smoking attitude, daily cigarette consumption, and the scales of stage of change. The data were analyzed with percentage and t-test using SPSS 21.0. The results of this study were summarized as follows: The experiment group who participated in the motivation counseling program had higher scores in knowledge(t=8.99, p=.000) and attitude(t=2.77, p=.008) of smoking cessation and stage of change(t=3.85, p=.000), and lesser daily cigarette consumption(t=-3.68, p=.001) than those of the control group. Based on these results, it was verified that the motivational counseling program may be effective in improving smoking cessation of middle school students. It is recommended that the motivational counseling program will be used as useful psychiatric nursing intervention for smoking prevention, smoking cessation, and mental health promotion for middle school students.

Factors Affecting Intention of Smoking Cessation Intervention among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 금연중재 의도와 관련된 요인)

  • Choi, Sook-Hee;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.431-440
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine factors relating intention of smoking cessation intervention among nursing students. The participants were 214 nursing students among two universities in B city and Y city. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed with t-test, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression by using SPSS 23.0 program. The significant factors relating intention of smoking cessation intervention were self-efficacy of smoking cessation intervention (${\beta}=.634$ p<.001), attitude of smoking cessation intervention (${\beta}=.191$, p=.002), and beliefs of health benefits of smoking cessation (${\beta}=.132$, p=.032). And these factors explained 65.2% of the variance in nursing students' intention to implement smoking cessation intervention. In conclusion, self-efficacy of smoking cessation intervention, attitude of smoking cessation intervention and beliefs of health benefits of smoking cessation had a significant positive influence on the intention to delivery smoking cessation intervention among nursing students. These finding can be used to develop evidence-based smoking cessation intervention training program for nursing students.

Tobacco Cessation Activities of Dental Staffs in Wonju City (원주시 치과의원 종사자의 금연지도활동에 대한 실태조사)

  • Jang, Sun-Ok;Shin Bo-Mi;Cho, Mi-Hang;Lee, Min-Sun;Kim, So-Ra;Kim, Kyung-Jin;Yang, Min-Ju;Kim, Da-Hae;Chung, Won-Gyun
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tobacco cessation activities of the dental staffs in Wonju city. All 137 subjects were surveyed by structured questionnaire with convenience sampling. The distribution and correlation of attitude, behavior, and intervention were evaluated by both frequency test and ANOVA test. 75.2% of total subjects responded that the dental staff should give a model through prohibition of smoking and 66.5% responded that tobacco cessation activities should be responsibility of the dental staff. Tobacco cessation counsel was performed by little but with positive attitude. Advice method of tobacco cessation was used to counsel on tobacco cessation (68.6%). The dentists (48.2%) and dental hygienists (23.4%) were responded adequate for the tobacco cessation counselor, however, it was shown that the dentist had lower level of attitude about tobacco cessation than dental hygienist (p<0.01). The dental staff needs to participate in the tobacco cessation counseling program more regularly and actively. In order for the dental staffs gets the counsel effectively and intervene with tobacco cessation, it is essential that the education of tobacco cessation is integrated in dental school. Furthermore, it is necessary for the dental staffs to take continuing education for more effective understanding of tobacco cessation.

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Attitudes to Smoking Cessation Interventions and Importance of Participation in Tobacco Control Policy Among Clinical Nurses (임상 간호사의 금연중재에 대한 태도와 금연정책 참여의 중요성에 대한 인식)

  • Shin, Sung-Rae;Kim, Aee-Lee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.294-303
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To describe nurses' attitude to smoking cessation interventions and importance of participation in tobacco control policy. Method: The participants were 841 nurses practicing in hospitals of 400 beds or more and 103 members of a professional nurse's academic society. The hospitals were systematically selected to cover the whole country. The questionnaire was adopted from the 'Oncology Nurses' Tobacco Control Survey' and used after translation, Results: Nurses who were older, married, had higher positions, more education, more experience, and who worked in an OPD setting had higher mean score for attitude to the involvement of nurses in smoking cessation interventions. More than 80% of nurses agreed on the importance of nurses' participation and involvement in tobacco control policy. However, only 65.4% of nurses stated that supporting laws to increase cigarette price was important. Conclusion: Clinical nurses' attitudes to smoking cessation interventions were positive and participants supported the importance of participation in tobacco control policies.

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Content Analysis of Anti-Smoking TV advertisements: Different Adaptation of Health Communication Theories between Korea and the U.S.A. (금연 TV광고의 내용분석 연구 -한국과 미국의 차이에 기반한 건강 커뮤니케이션 이론의 적용-)

  • Hong, Eunhee;Lee, Cheolhan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.76-87
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    • 2012
  • This study examined Korean and the U.S.A..'s television anti-smoking advertisements that were coined to discourage adults and teens smoking. A content analysis of 71 television advertisements listed in the "Smoking Guidance Program" operated by Korea Health Promotion Foundation. This study evaluated to detect whether the advertising content reflected core health communication theories such as health belief model, theory of reasoned action, and social cognitive theory used in the designing of anti-smoking ad message to change behavior and attitudes toward smoking unfavorably. The results showed that Korean anti-smoking ads mostly relied on social norm messages, followed by smoking attitude. The message of modeling and self-efficacy was least used; while, the U.S.A. ads focused more on modeling and self efficacy. This difference comes from the cultural difference. Namely, Korea focused more on collectivism rather than individualism. The anti-smoking ads of Korea and the U.S.A. most frequently adopted horror and humor rather than sadness, no appeal, and angry. The ads targeted more on adults rather than teens. The research identifies the types of advertisements that are most likely to utilized and underutilize in the Korea and U.S.A. anti-smoking ads and contribute to further understandings of anti-smoking ads theoretically.

Analysis of the Contents of Anti-Smoking Advertisement (금연공익광고의 메시지 유형 분석)

  • Soh, Hyeonjin
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2018
  • The study analyzed the characteristics of anti-smoking advertisements in Korea and examined if these characteristics were appropriate in terms of their effects. 68 TV anti-smoking ads were content-analyzed, focusing on ad appeal, message frame, message orientation, communication goal, and ad type. According to research, TV anti-smoking ads in Korea used messages that had the following characteristics: First, physical type messages that emphasize the effects of smoking on health, second negative frame messages that show negative consequences of smoking, third self-oriented messages that emphasize the consequences of smoking on oneself, fourth messages that intend to change attitude toward the smoking, and fifth storytelling techniques. Based on the results of previous ansi-smoking ad effect research, practical implications were discussed to enhance the effectiveness of the nation's anti-smoking advertisements.

Evaluation of Anti-Smoking Public Relations Messages -An Exploratory Study On the Effects Using Televised Health Messages- (금연홍보 캠페인의 메시지 효과평가 -영상홍보물을 이용한 탐색적 연구-)

  • Lee, Cheol-Han
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.44
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    • pp.223-247
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the anti-smoking message effects and smoking status on smoking belief attributes. Based on the health behavior theories such as theory of reasoned action, health belief model, and social cognitive theory, three factors are selected to investigate the effects of anti-smoking campaign messages. The balance of benefits and barriers, self-efficacy, and social pressure are selected as independent variables. Three two-way ANOVA were conducted. Results showed that the main effect of social pressure were found with the social smoking attributes. Interaction effects were found on the nonsmoker-social pressure group and the non-smoker-two sided message group. It is found that nonsmokers accepted these two anti-smoking messages easily as compared to smoker groups. No main smoking status was found in this study; it is believed that smoking is a habitual that is not changed easily because attitude formation takes time. Results revealed that the two-sided message video releases and the social pressure video releases were favored by both smokers and nonsmokers. This study contributes the theoretical framework that can be transferred to the practices of anti-smoking campaign. Also, the researcher produced the televised stimuli which is not common in health message studies. By using the televised message material, the research tried to solve the validity problem which is common in experimental design.

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Analysis of smoking experience and their smoking attitude among elementary schoolers (초등학교 학생들의 흡연 경험과 흡연에 대한 태도 분석)

  • Kim, Jungae
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the smoking experience and attitude including affect factors to smoking for elementary schoolers. The cross-sectional descriptive study design was used. We selected 810 students from 14 elementary school located in Chungchung-do and Gangwon-do by convenience random sampling and received IRB from Y Univ. 810 students were included in the final analysis using generalized linear model. Among 810 students, 7.3% of students reported to have smoking experience. The result of analyzing the smoking affect factors for smoking students who were having friends who had smoking experience, unable to smoking suggestion and those who were male, had significantly more smoking experience. According to the results of this study, there should be an intensive tailed smoking related program development for male elementary students, especially for smokers who have smoking friend and including smoking refusing program. And the school system services of elementary school should be strengthened to protect the elementary students from further the critical situation caused by smoking experience.

The Knowledge, Attitude on Smoking and Experience of Smoking Cessation in Male Smokers (흡연남성의 흡연지식, 태도 및 금연경험에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The study were to identify smoking knowledge, attitude on smoking and experience of smoking cessation in male smokers. Methods: The subjects were 174 male smoker in Seoul and Inchun. The data were collected using structured questionnaires from 18th of December in 2007 to 16th of March in 2008. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS computer program. The tools were used with smoking knowledge, smoking attitude and experience of smoking cessation. Result: Participants showed that a high level of smoking knowledge score 48.20 (${\pm}5.27$) of total 57. Participants showed that a high level of score 40.80 (${\pm}6.81$) of total 60. There was a positive correlation between smoking attitude and smoking knowledge (r=.319 p=.000). Conclusion: These results suggested that the level of smoking knowledge was related to the level of smoking attitude. Therefore, these finding give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

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