• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연행위

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Testing the Theory of Planned Behavior in the Prediction and Intention of Smoking Cessation Behavior (일부 대학생의 금연의도 예측을 위한 계획된 행위이론(Theory of planned Behavior)의 검증)

  • Hyun, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1998
  • The Theory of Planned Behavior has been shown to yield great explanatory power in health behavior as well as social behavior. This study was conducted to test the Theory of Planned Behavior in the prediction and intention of smoking cessation behavior in university student smokers. We conveniently sampled 204 university student smokers and investigated using questionaries, analyzing the data with the Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression. The results are as follows : 1. There are significant correlations in direct and indirect measures of attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. 2. Behavior belief is significant in predicting attitudes toward smoking cessation behavior. Normative belief is significant in predicting the subjective norm. Control belief is significant in predicting perceived behavioral control. 3. Attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm are significant in predicting intention of smoking cessation behavior. In conclusion, this study demonstrated strong support for the Theory of the Planned Behavior and its use to predict smoking cessation behavior in university students smokers. But, as perceived behavioral control is not significant in predicting smoking cessation behavior, indepth research is needed to evaluate the usefullness of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Reasoned Action Theory.

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Analysis of Relationships between the Factors of Personal Characteristics, Experiences, the Factors of Cognition and Affect Relating to Smoking Cessation Behavior (금연행위와 관련된 개인적 특성 및 경험과 인지 및 감정 사이의 상호관련성 분석)

  • Oh, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.463-475
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of the study was to examine if individual characteristics and experiences related to smoking behavior identified from the literature were significantly associated with behavior-specific cognitions and affect in the same way as presented in Pender's Revised Health Promotion Model(Pender, 1996). The subjects selected for this study were 400 college students enrolled in more than 10 colleges located in Seoul and Kyunggi-Inchon province. According to the study results, personal factors (i.e., perceived health status, the past history of disease, and symptoms related to smoking) and related behavior (i.e., the degree of alcohol consumption, and exercise) are significantly associated with behavior-specific cognitions and affect (i.e., perceived barriers to smoking cessation, perceived self-efficacy, and perceived benefits of smoking cessation). The canonical correlation between two groups of variables was .59, and it turned out to be statistically significant. Thirty-four percent of variance of the relationship between two group of variables was explained by two canonical variates which turned out to be significant in the study results. The result could be interpreted from the view of psycho-social area as follows: overall, this study includes important variables which explain the association between two groups of variables.

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Effect of a Smoking Cessation Program on the Stop-smoking Rate and Nicotine Dependency for the Adult Smoker (금연프로그램이 성인 흡연자의 금연 및 흡연행위 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the stop-smoking rate and nicotine dependency for an adult smoker after implementing the smoking cessation program. Method: Fourty-six adult smokers participated. Self report questionnaire and telephone interview were conducted at the pretest, 6 months later, 1 year later, 2 years later, 3 years later. Result: 1. Stop-smoking rate of smoking cessation program participants was 43.5% 6 months later, 35.6% 1 year later, 24.4% 2 years later, 45.5% 3 years later. 2. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 6 months later(paired-t=4.719, p=.000). 3. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 1 year later(pired-t=4.296=.000). 4. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 2 years later(paired-t=2.778. p=.000). 5. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 3 years later(paired-t=2.795. p=.000). Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective to induce cessation in the adult smoker, and to decrease nicotine dependency in the continuing adult smoker.

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담배연기 없는 맑은 화성 만들기 사업 평가

  • Lee, Hye-Gyeong;An, Mi-Yeon;Lee, Mi-Yeon;Go, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Ji-Seon;Go, Seung-Deok;Park, Nam-Su;O, Eun-Hwan
    • Proceedings of The Korean Society of Health Promotion Conference
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    • pp.87-87
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    • 2009
  • 2008년부터 화성시에서는 담배연기 없는 맑은 화성 만들기 사업에 착수하였다. 이는 흡연으로 인한 사망 및 질환 유병의 감소, 간접흡연에의 노출, 감소 개인행위 통제를 위한 역량 강화, 지역사회 협력체계 구축 및 지원적 환경의 조성을 목적으로 하고 있다. 포괄적 흡연통제프로그램 모델을 기반으로 하여 각기 적합한 환경을 위한 수행전략과 실행계획을 수립하였다 ; 담배연기 없는 환경조성, 홍보 및 캠페인, 금연클리닉을 통한 교육, 상담의 금연프로그램 운영, 모니터링과 평가, 사업관리를 위한 지침과 교육 등. 2008년 1년 동안 총 1714명이 금연클리닉을 방문하였으며, 이중 90%는 금연시도 4주간, 57%는 6개월 동안 금연상태를 유지하였다. 6개월 동안 금연상태를 유지한 대상 중 67%는 50세 이하 연령이었으며, 6개월 동안 금연상태를 유지한 대상 중 28%에게는 행동수정요법을 적용하였다. 금연환경 조성을 위해 지역사회내 건물과 시설을 모니터링하였으며, 경로당, 유치원, 초등학교, 문화재 등과 같은 특정 환경에 초점을 맞춘 교육과 관리를 수행하였다. 또한 2009년 사업추진방향설정을 위해 지역사회주민들 대상으로 하는 금연정책에 대한 전화조사를 실시하였다. 건강한 도시를 구축하기 위해서는 모든 지역사회구성원을 대상으로 하는 다양하고 효과적인 프로그램을 지속적으로 추진하는 것이 필요하다. 특히 학생, 가족, 학교, 지역사회와 정부간의 담배 없는 화성을 만들기 위한 협력적 관계 구축이 무엇보다 중요하다고 할 수 있다. 향후 보다 나은 사업추진을 위해 현상황에 대한 분석을 토대로 적절한 전략을 개발하는 것이 필요하다.

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A Study of the Smoking Cessation Behavior of University Student- Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, Self Efficacy, Health Locus of Control - (대학생의 금연 행위에 대한 연구- 계획된 행위이론, 자기효능, 건강통제위와의 관계 고찰을 중심으로 -)

  • Ahn Hye-Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.371-382
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate correlation theory of planned behavior, self efficacy and health locus of control about smoking cessation behavior for university student. We sampled 204 university student smokers using questionnaires and analyzed the data using Pearson correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows : 1. There were significant positive correlation between theory of planned behavior(intention : r=.215, p=.005, attitude : r=.160, p=.025, perceived behavior control : r=.298, p=.000) and self efficacy. 2. There were significant positive correlation between theory of planned behavior(attitude : r=.228, p=.002) and internal health locus of control. There were significant positive correlation between theory of planned behavior(attitude : r=.203, p=.004, subjective norm : r=.141, p=.047) and external health locus of control. There were significant negative correlation between theory of planned behavior(perceived behavior control : r=-.152, p=.034) and accidental health locus of control. This study has shown a correlation between theory of planned behavior and self efficacy and health locus of control. As a result of these findings, I suggest to develop the intervention program for smoking cessation.

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Determinants of Smoking-Cessation Behaviors in Female University Students (여대생의 금연행위에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • 김혜원
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.48-60
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    • 1999
  • This study was done to determine the factors influencing smoking-cessation behavior in female university students. A total of 534 students participated in this cross sectional study by answering a questionnaire. The data collection was done between September 1 and October 31, 1997 The measurement tools used in this study were the self help change process scale (Cronbach's alpha=.9930 : developed by Oh & Kim, 1996) for smoking-cessation behaviors, the self efficacy scale(Cronbach's alpha=.8250 : developed by Sherer et al, 1982), the sex role acceptance scale (KR-20=.7757 : developed by Kim, 1991) and the social support scale(Cronbach's alpha=.9172 : developed by Park, 1985). The summarized results are follows : 1. The mean scores for smoking-cessation behaviors in smokers (N=150) was 91.72 that was considered a middle score compared to the total possible score of measurement tool (150.0). The mean score for smoking-cessation behaviors by smoking-cessation step showed significant different between the groups(F=11.71, p=.000). 2. The group with no experience in smoking(N=332) showed a high general self efficacy score (t=5.24, p=.000), and more openness to sex role acceptance(t=-2.15, p=.032) compared to the group with smoking experience (N=202). 3. General self efficacy, sex role acceptance, and social support were not different significantly between the groups according to the steps in smoking-cessation. 4. Significant factors influencing smoking-cessation behavior (total, sub concepts) were religion, sex role acceptance, social support, smoking duration, smoking attitude, time of smoking onset, amount of smoking, drinking, and perception of health status. 5. Smoking-cessation behaviors which explained 11% of the variance were smoking attitude, and smoking duration. In conclusion, this study identified factors influencing smoking-cessation behavior. Thereby it will help in the development of smoking-cessation intervention strategies. For future research, exploration other determinants of smoking cessation behaviors, evaluation of intervention efficiency, and comparative study by gender characteristics are needed.

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Gender Differences in Predictors of Health Behaviors Modification among Patients with Cardiovascular Disease (성별에 따른 심혈관질환자의 건강행위에 미치는 요인)

  • Xu, Lijuan;Ryu, Seungmi;Goong, Hwasoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.280-289
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the difference of health behavior modification between male and female patients with cardiovascular disease; and to compare the predictors of health behavior between the male and female subjects. Methods: A comparative study design was used in the study. A total of 228 patients(male 114, female 114) with cardiovascular disease were recruited from outpatients clinics in 2 university hospitals in Korea. Data were analyzed using t-test, $X^2$, ANOVA, ANCOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS 20.0. Results: There was significant difference of health behavior between male and female patients with cardiovascular disease (F=9.45, p=0.002). The significant predictors of health behavior among male subjects were self-efficacy, perceived barriers, perceived susceptibility, medical support and autonomous motivation, accounting for 45%; the significant predictors of health behavior among female subjects were self-efficacy, medical support and autonomous motivation, accounting for 51%. Conclusions: It is suggested to take different health promotions strategies to maintain the performance of health behaviors among male and female patients with cardiovascular diseases.

Development of the Smoking Cessation Convergence Program App for HIV Infected Persons : Usability Evaluation (HIV 감염인을 위한 융합금연프로그램 앱 개발 : 사용성 평가)

  • Kim, Seon Hwa;Kweon, Young-Ran;Kim, Miran;An, Minjeong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.28-37
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an application(app) on smoking cessation for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and evaluate its usability. A methodological study design was applied. The program contents were developed by expert panel based on the theory of planned behavior, HIV infection, and smoking cessation and usability evaluation and then the application was developed by IT experts following usability testing composed of heuristic evaluation by 3 mobile experts and users evaluation was conducted using surveys and interviews by 10 individuals with HIV infection. Descriptive statistics and contents analysis were computed to evaluated the collected data. All participants were male and their age were ranged from 40s to 60s. The average of app usability was 4.2. The participants experienced no difficulties and responded somewhat satisfaction. The results showed that the app was feasible and useful on smoking cessation for HIV patients and could be used as an valid approach.