• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연행위

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Factors Related to Quit-Smoking Intention among Out-of-school Youths : Based on the Planned Behavioral Theory (학교 밖 청소년의 금연의도 관련요인: 계획된 행위이론 변수를 중심으로)

  • Yim, So Youn;Park, Min Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.354-363
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was undertaken to identify factors related to quit-smoking intention based on the planned behavior theory among out-of-school youths. Methods: This study was a quantitative research, data were collected during Nov. 1. 2018 to Feb. 28, 2019, study subjects were 189 out-of-school youths in Youth support Center located in A, B, C area city. The data were analyzed using independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression. Results: There was a significant differences of quit smoking intention according to age, weekly allowance, participate of antismoking program. There were positive correlations between quit smoking intention and attitude to non-smoking and perceived behavior control. In smoking cessation intention influenced by predictive variable, age, weekly allowance, attitude to non-smoking, and perceived behavior control explain 26.8% smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: We believe that findings from this study will help to develop the specific smoking cessation education program for out-of-school youth's health behaviors.

일부 산업장 생산직 근로자의 예방적 건강행위에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Yeong-Ran
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.2
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 1992
  • 본 연구는 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성 인식 정도와 실천정도를 파악하고 이를 요인분석하여 산업장의 예방적 건강행위를 이끌기 위한 프로그램의 기틀을 세우기 위해 시도되었다. 연구도구는 참고문헌과 선행연구 등을 참조하여 본 연구자가 만든 설문지를 사전 조사후 수정, 보완하여 사용하였다. 연구대상은 경기도 소재의 2개 기계제조업체에 근무하는 근로자들이였으며 1989년 5월 5일부터 10일까지 자료를 수집하였다. 수집된 자료 중 탈락 및 기재가 불충분한 질문지를 제외한 284명의 응답자를 분석에 사용하였다. 자료분석은 SPSS를 이용하여 전산처리하였으며, 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 1) 예방적 건강행위의 필요성 인식정도의 평균은 122.1점으로 매우 높은 점수분포를 나타냈으며, 실천정도의 평균은 87.6점으로 필요성 인식정도 보다는 낮은 실천정도를 나타냈었다. 2) 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성 인식정도와 실천 정도간의 상관관계를 분석한 결과 29개 예방적 건강행위 중 20개의 항목에서 통계적으로 유의한 상관관계를 보였다. 이것을 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성 인식정도가 높을수록 실천정도가 높은 것을 의미하는 것으로 인식정도가 행위에 영향을 미침을 반영하고 있다. 3) 요인분석결과 29개의 예방적 건강행위 항목들은 7가지의 요인으로 범주화되었으며 각 범주들은 요인부하량이 높은 것들을 참고로 하여 보건의료자원활동을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 개인위생에 대한 예방적 건강행위, 작업과 관련된 건강행위, 식습관을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 휴식을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 기호습관(금연, 금주)을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 활동을 통한 예방적 건강행위등으로 명명할 수 있었다. 결론적으로 생산직에 종사하고 있는 근로자들은 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성을 깊이 인식하고 있으나, 실천정도는 그에 미치지 못하고 있었다. 그러나 예방적 건강행위의 필요성 인식정도와 실천정도간의 상관관계에서 29개 항목중 20개 항목에서 유의한 상관관계를 보여 인식정도가 높을 수록 실천정도가 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이는 근로자의 건강에 대한 인식 및 태도가 가장 직접적으로 영향을 미칠 수 있는 산업간호사의 역할 중 보건교육에 대한 업무가 보다 중요한 비중으로 수행되어져야 함을 시사하는 결과라고 볼수 있다.

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The Characteristics of Smoking Cessation Behavior by the Stage of Change in Industrial Workers (산업장 남성 근로자의 금연행위 변화단계별 특성)

  • Kim, Hye-Rim;Park, In-Hyae;Kang, Seo-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the stages of change in smoking cessation behavior and factors associated with the stages of smoking cessation behavior according to the trans-theoretical model. Methods: The subjects were 154 industrial workers working at H Industry in N City, Chonnam Province who were currently smoking and had smoked in the past. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Duncan's multiple comparison test using SAS Version 10.0. Results: The subjects were distributed among the stages of change in smoking cessation behavior: there were 28 subjects (18.2%) in the precontemplation stage, 71 (46.1%) in the contemplation stage, 21 (13.6%) in the preparation stage, 8 (5.2%) in the action stage, and 26 (16.9%) in the maintenance stage. The amount of smoking per day, self-efficacy, and advantages (pros) of smoking were significantly associated with the stage of change in smoking cessation behavior. Conclusion: This study suggested that the stage of change in smoking cessation behavior of the subject should be identified prior to the application of intervention programs, nursing intervention strategies should be considered to reduce the amount of smoking per day, and the disadvantages of smoking should be perceived.

A Study into Pattern of Smoking Cessation Behavior of Smokers (남성 흡연자의 금연에 대한 주관성 연구)

  • 김애경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.917-928
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the subjective opinions related to of smoking cessation behavior of smokers. The research period was from Nov. 1, 1998 to May. 7. 1999. The research method used was Q-methodology. The process of the research was as follows : 1. Collection of concourse The statement of self-reference was derived from face to face interviews with 15 adult smokers Statement were categorized by researcher according to semantics 2. Extraction of Q-sample 30 of the self reference statement from categories of the Q-population were selected. 3. Selection of P-sample 31 of smokers were selected by consideration of diversity in sociodemographic background. 4. Based on a 1 to 9 point scale, the selected university students were made to participate in Q-sorting. 5. Analysis of Q-type was obtained by use of the QUANAL program. The results of this study reavealed as follows : There are three type of smoking cessation behavior of Korean smokers. 1. The first type focused on one's own initiative to smoking cessation. 2. The second type focused on environmental factor related to smoking cessation. 3. The third type was habitual smoker. They adhere to smoke and are not ready to smoking cessation. It is suggested that the results of this study may contribute to the development strategies for the purpose of increasing the incidence of smoking cessation of smokers

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Analysis for Influences of Individual Characteristics, Experience, Cognition, and Affect Relating to Smoking Quitting Behavior on Commitment to a Plan of and Practice for Smoking Quitting Behavior (금연과 관련된 개인의 특성, 경험, 그리고 인지·감정요인들이 금연행동 계획수립 및 실천에 미치는 영향 분석 -Pender의 개정된 건강증진 모형 적용-)

  • Oh, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.277-290
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to examine if the revised HPM was appropriate to explain smoking quitting behavior. A convenience sample of 400 college students enrolled in the universities located in Seoul and Kyunggi-Inchon province was selected. According to the study results, smoking-specific cognitions and affect included in the study could significantly explain commitment to a plan to quit smoking which was one of the behavioral outcomes in the revised HPM. The study result showed that among predictors, smoking-related affect, perceived benefit of quitting smoking, and perceived self-efficacy significantly explained commitment to a plan to quit smoking, but perceived barriers and interpersonal influences did not. The model for smoking quitting behavior formulated with smoking-specific cognitions and affect was statistically significant and the model explained 48 percent of variance in smoking quitting behavior. More specifically, it was shown that among smoking-specific cognitions and affect, only smoking-related affect, interpersonal influences, and perceived self-efficacy were the significant predictors to explain smoking quitting behavior. Smoking-related affect was the most important variable to explain smoking quitting behavior, followed by perceived self-efficacy. However, the influence of commitment to a plan to quit smoking on smoking quitting behavior was not statistically significant. Lastly, the model for smoking quitting behavior formulated with individual characteristics and experiences could explain 13 percent of the variance in behavior to quit smoking. Although the model is statistically significant, only the number of quitting attempts had significant and direct influence on behavior to quit smoking, while the remaining variables did not.

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Dementia Knowledge, Attitude and Preventive behaviors of Middle-aged Adults (중장년층의 치매에 대한 지식, 태도 및 예방행위)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.383-391
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the dementia knowledge, attitudes and preventive behaviors of middle aged adults. The participants were 297 middle aged adults living in P city. Data were collected by using self-report questionnaires and data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. The mean score of dementia knowledge was 9.0, attitude toward dementia was 2.98 and preventive behavior was 2.22. The dementia knowledge was positively correlated with preventive behaviors and attitude toward to dementia. The influencing factors of preventive behavior were smoking, drinking, dementia knowledge and monthly income. The explanation power was 39%. These result suggest that in order to promote dementia preventive behaviors of middle aged adults, an education program should be develop to improve dementia knowledge including no smoking and reduce alcohol drinking.

The Effects of Smoking Cessation School Program on Smoking Behavior in Adolescent Smokers (금연학교 교육프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 흡연행위에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Mi-Ra;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.115-124
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of a smoking cessation school program on attitudes towards smoking cessation, the subjective norm, perceived behavioral controls, the intent to cease smoking and smoking behavior. Also included was the goals of the program itself. Study subjects were 80 adolescent smokers who at least attended the smoking cessation school program without absence. had smoked one cigarette at the time of the first study before the program and attended the first. second. and third studies (The study was conducted from September 26. to December 21. 1999. a period of 59 days). Data collection was performed using the TPB questionnaire which was developed by Jee Yon-Ock(1994). The survey included questions covering the intended areas of study mentioned above. The first data was collected during the first day of the five day program. The second survey was conducted immediately after the last day of the program and the last survey was four weeks later. Data was analyzed with a SAS/PC program including N. %. a paired t-test. The results were as follows; 1. After the program. the scores representing attitude towards smoking cessation (before program: 14.5. after program: 16.8) and perceived behavioral control (before program: 1.2. after program: 2.1) rose significantly, but the scores for attitudes towards the subjective norm and the intent to cease smoking were not notably different. 2. After the program. the frequency of daily smoking fell significantly (before program: 5.7 cigarettes. after program: 3.2 cigarettes). In conclusion, the five day smoking cessation school program increased attitude. perceived behavioral control and decreased smoking behavior but did not influence subjective norm, smoking cessation intention. Thus, further study is required to better evaluate the effects of the program and to improve any shortcomings.

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Factors Influencing Intention to Quit Smoking in Korean Adult Smokers: Using 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (우리나라 성인 흡연자의 금연의도와 관련 요인: 2014년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Moon, Seongmi
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.178-190
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The present study was designed to examine the impact of socioeconomic, health-related, and health behavioral factors on Korean people's intention to quit smoking. Methods: The subjects were 851 men and 145 women, aged 19 or more who had participated in the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The intention to quit smoking was categorized as "within 6 months," "after 6 months," or "no intention". The associations of the intention to quit smoking with sociodemographic, health related, and health behavioral factors were examined in a logistic regression. Results: In male smokers, the number of diseases, perceived somatotype, vigorous intensity leisure activity, aerobic physical activity, and smoking intensity had a significant influence on the intention to quit smoking. In female somkers, the economic status, number of diseases, walking activity, and moderate intensity leisure activity were significantly influential on the intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: To increase male smokers' intention to quit smoking, it should be emphasized that smoking is harmful to. Moreover, special attention should be paid to low-educated female smokers to increase their intention to quit smoking.

Predictive Factors of Aspects of the Transtheoretical Model on Smoking Cessation in a Rural Community (범이론 모형을 기초로 한 농촌지역 성인의 금연행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Ahn Ok-Hee;Yeun Eunja;Kwon Sung-Bok;Chung Hae-Kyung;Ryu Eunjung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.1285-1294
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the predictive value of aspects of the Transtheoretical model (TTM) of behavior change as applied to smoking cessation in a rural population. Method: A convenience sample was recruited from a public health center in a community. A total of 484 participants were recruited, including 319 smokers, 116 ex-smokers and 49 non-smokers. A cross-sectional and descriptive design was used in this study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency statistics, ANOVA and Logistic regression. Result: The major findings were 1) The participants were assessed at baseline for their current Stage of Change resulting in a distribution with $42.1\%$ in Precontemplation, $24.1\%$ in Contemplation, $9.7\%$ in Preparation, $6.2\%$ in Active, and $17.9\%$ in the Maintenance stage. 2) There were statistically significant differences of processes of change, decisional balance and situational temptation across the stages of change. 3) The main factors that affect smoking cessation were age, number of years smoking, age when began smoking, self-liberation and negative/affective situations, which combined explained $33.2\%$ of the smoking cessation. Conclusion: TTM variables measured prior to a smoking cessation program added little predictive value for cessation outcome beyond that explained by demographic and smoking history variables.

Stages of Change to Health Behavior and Health Information-Seeking Behavior of Health Application Users (건강 앱 이용자들의 단계적 건강행위변화와 정보탐색행태)

  • Yi, Yong Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.161-181
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    • 2017
  • The present study aimed at investigating health information seeking behaviors of health information consumers who changed their health behaviors by using mobile health applications according to the dynamic stages of change. For this purpose, the study analyzed the changes of perception, health information needs and seeking behaviors of health information consumers in each stage by employing Stages of Change as a theoretical framework. A total of 30 college students participated in this study to change health behaviors such as smoking or alcohol cessation, and regular exercise, while using health applications for 3 months; then written interviews were conducted with these students based on their experiences. Findings indicated that the study participants used diverse information sources, including social media and the Internet, seeking for different types of sources of information according to information needs. Above all, the health information needs and seeking behaviors examined in active utilization of health applications by consumers in the stage of action suggest the implications of health information services, particularly through health applications. In addition, stress management and relapse that consumers experienced while attempting health behavior changes, and the positive and negative effects of behavior changes inform health information providers of insights for supporting consumers' changes of health behaviors.