• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연행위

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담배자판기 이용, 04.7.29부터 성인인증 필요

  • 보건복지부 건강정책과
    • Vending industry
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.55-58
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    • 2004
  • 2004년 7월 29일부터 담배자동판매기를 이용하여 담배를 구매하기 위해서는 주민등록증 또는 운전면허증을 소지하거나, 신용카드와 같은 금융카드를 소지해야 한다. 현재 $\ulconer$청소년보호법$\lrcorner$에 따라 19세 미만의 청소년에게는 담배를 판매할 수 없도록 하고 있으나, 실제로 청소년들은 무인자동판매기를 통해 담배를 쉽게 구매할 수 있었다. 이에 대한 대안으로 담배자동판매기에는 보건복지부장관이 정하는 성인인증장치를 의무적으로 부착토록 지난해 $\ulcorner$국민건강증진법$\lrcorner$이 개정되었고(`03.7.29), 보건복지부는 주민등록증 또는 운전면허증과 같은 신분증을 이용하거나, 신용카드와 같은 금융거래카드를 이용하는 방법이 법에서 정하는 성인인증장치라는 내용의$\ylcorner$국민건강증진법시행규칙$\lrcorner$을 개정, 2004년 7월 29일 공포하였다. 이러한 제도개선으로 청소년에 대해 담배를 판매하는 불법행위는 줄어들 것으로 예상되며 , 청소년 흡연을 억제하는데도 긍정적인 효과가 기대된다. 담배자동판매기에 성인인증장치를 부착하지 않고 담배를 판매하면 200만원 이하의 과태료를 처분이 내려진다. 우리나라 담배자동판매기는 금연운동의 강화와 규제 등으로 계속 감소하는 추세에 있으며 , 2003년말 현재 약 3천여대가 운영되고 있는 것으로 파악되고 있으며, 이번 조치로 그 수는 더욱 줄어들 것이 예상된다.

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담배연기 없는 사업장 정책 가이드 20 - 사업장 금연정책과 인센티브(4)

  • Park, Jeong-Rae
    • 월간산업보건
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    • pp.28-38
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    • 2010
  • 사람들은 일반적으로 건강증진에 대해 오랜 기간이 소요되는 무형의 이익 효과보다는 소요되는 금전적, 시간적 비용 투자를 보다 크게 생각하는 경향이 있다. 행동경제학(bahavioral economics)에서는 이러한 경향을 현재우선편견(present-biased preference)이라고 정의하고 있다. 사람들은 의사결정 과정에서 미래의 비용과 이득보다는 현재 상황에서 발생하는 비용과 이득에 보다 큰 비중을 둔다는 것이다. 아러한 편견은 미래에 발생할 수도 있는 심각한 건강문제로 겪게 되는 막대한 비용요인보다 현재의 흡연에 따른 즉각적인 정신적 쾌감이나 당장의 즉각적인 즐거움을 보다 우선시하는 상황을 설명해준다. 대부분의 사람들은 측정가능하고 눈으로 당장 확인활 수 있는 이득에 대해 보다 쉽게 동기부여가 이뤄진다는 것이다. 따라서 이 때 주어지는 경제적 인센티브는 당장의 건강증진 행위를 실천하는데 소요되는 금전적, 시간적 비용부담을 줄여주는 효과를 제공활 수 있다.

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Effects of Smoking Motivation, Smoking Behavior, Stress, and Self-Efficacy for Smoking Cessation on Health Promoting Behaviors of College Students (금연 하고자 하는 대학생의 흡연동기, 흡연행동, 스트레스, 금연자기효능이 건강증진행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Heejeong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between smoking status, stress, self-efficacy for smoking cessation and the health promoting behaviors of students who want to quit smoking. Methods : Data was collected in 2018 from 143 college students (101 males and 42 females) who were enrolled in the health clinic of N university. The average age was 21.95 years. Multiple regression analysis and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to analyzed the factors affecting health promoting behavior and the correlations between variables. Results : There were statistically significant correlations between stress and the following factors: smoking motivation (r=.323, p<.001), smoking behavior (r=.329, p<.001), and health promoting behaviors (r=-.312, p=.006). There were statistically significant correlations between Self-efficacy for smoking cessation and following factors: smoking motivation (r=-.278, p<.01), smoking behaviors (r=-.313, p<.001), and stress (r=-.324, p<.001). Health promoting behaviors were negatively correlated with smoking motivation (r=-.345, p<.05), smoking behaviors (r=-.312, p<.01), and stress (r=-.265, p<.001). Self-efficacy for smoking cessation was positively correlated with health-promoting behaviors (r=.421, p<.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that the following factors exert a significant influence on health promoting behaviors: smoking motivation (${\beta}=-.376$, p=.001), smoking behaviors (${\beta}=-.233$, p=.008), stress (${\beta}=-.278$, p=.006), and self-efficacy for smoking cessation (${\beta}=.403$, p=.000). Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that it is important to provide basic data for the development of a program for the health-promoting behaviors of university students who want to quit smoking a smoking cessation clinic at the university health clinic. However, since only some college students were included in the study, there are limitations in generalizing the results.

Analysis of Influencing Factors Related to Health Promotion Behavior in Hospital Radiological Technologists (종합병원 방사선사의 건강증진행위 관련요인 분석)

  • Ko, Jong-Kyung;Kwon, Duk-Mun;Kang, Yeong-Han
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.381-391
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    • 2009
  • Purposes : The purpose of this study was to analyze factors that could affect health of radiological technologists, which is useful for health care and development of programs for health promotion. Methods : Subjects were 234 of radiological technologists who work in general hospitals. Some questionnaires were made about perceptions of health condition and promotional behavior of health for this study. The questionnaires of health perception were 20 items that consist of the present condition of health, health concern and sensitivity. The reliability was sufficient(Cronbach's $\alpha=0.79$). The other questionnaires about health promotion behavior were 47 items that consist of self-realization, health responsibility, exercise, nutrition, personal relationships, and stress management. The results turned out to bewas sufficient (Cronbach's $\alpha=0.93$). Every data was treated statistically, comparison of average(t-test, ANOVA), correlation, and multiple regression. Results : Related factors to health promotion behavior were age, marriage, salary, class of one's position, career, employment, and religion, in general features. In health life habit, related factors were smoke and exercise. Results of health promotion behavior was 2.90 of mean score, 0.37 of standard deviation. Correlations between factors of health perception and health promotion behavior was positive(p<0.01). Health promotion behavior were affected by sensitivity, presents condition of health, exercise, smoke, career. Sensitivity was the most affectable variable, which means that promotional behavior score became higher and higher as the score of sensitivity and present condition were increased. In addition, persons who exercise regularly, had been smoked, and has higher career showed higher score of promotional behavior. Conclusion : Radiological technologists have to keep their health, trying not to infected by a disease. Most of all, no smoking and regular exercise are the most important thing to all of members.

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Influences on Health Behaviors Execution and Self Rated Health as Socioeconomic Class by the Age Bracket (연령층별 사회경제적 계층에 따른 건강행위 실천과 주관적 건강수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Kim, Won-Joong;Sohn, Hae-Sook;Chun, Jin-Ho;Lee, Myeong-Jin;Park, Hyun-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.317-327
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of present study was to observe the path and influencing effects between socioeconomic class (SEC), health practices and self-rated health(SRH) by the age bracket. The subjects were 4,987 adults over 25 years old who participated in the 2008 Korean National Examination Health and Nutrition Survey and could be classified into SEC in terms of the three characteristics: education, income and occupation. Path analysis was conducted with the effects of health behaviors execution on the differences in SRH, and the complex samples analysis executed by chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA. As the result, lower SRH level paralleled with the lower SEC, and more health behaviors had differed by SEC in the younger and middle aged group. The lower SEC, the lower SRH: non-smoking and weight control for younger women and exercise for aged men had indirect effects as parameters. In conclusion, when planning a health promotion program, to select the correct target populations with consideration of the age bracket, gender and SEC and to establish tailored contents fit for each of the population would be important.

Factors Affection Intentions for Health behaviors among Male Office Workers : An Analysis based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (남성 사무직 근로자의 건강 행동 의도에 영향을 미치는 요인 : 계획적 행위 이론을 적용하여)

  • Lee, Hyoun-Jung;Cho, Byung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted on the basis of the Theory of Planned Behavior to analyze factors affecting intentions for health behaviors defined as non smoking, moderate drinking and exercise in male office workers. The participants of this study consisted of 230 male office workers of 10 workplaces located in Seoul. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. Non smoking For smokers. perceived behavioral control, subjective norm and attitude were factors affecting on intention for non smoking, and these factors explained 29% of the total variance of non smoking intention. 2. Moderate drinking For drinkers, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and attitude were factors affecting on intention for moderate drinking. and these factors explained 5% of the total variance of moderate drinking intention. 3. Exercise For those who exercise irregularly or don't exercise, perceived behavioral control, subjective norm and attitude were factors affecting on intention for exercise, and these factors explained 26% of the total variance of exercise intention. 4. Health Behaviors For all participants, perceived behavioral control, subjective norm and attitude were factors affecting on intention for health behaviors, and these factors explained 34% of the total variance of intention for overall health behaviors. And health behavior intention affected practice of health behaviors, but perceived behavioral control didn't.

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The Network Effects of Smoking and Drinking Behaviors on Subjective Job Risk Assessment and Workplace Injuries (근로자의 흡연과 음주를 통한 네트워크 형성효과 -주관적 업무위험판단과 사업장 산업재해 발생 분석-)

  • Lee, Sunkuk;Jeon, Yongil
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.83-111
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    • 2016
  • We investigate how smokers and drinkers have influenced on self-reported risk assessment and workplace injuries, using the Korean Working Conditions Survey. Our empirical results indicate that persistent smoking habit raises workers' job risk assessments and work injuries significantly. Also, former smokers notice relatively higher risk assessments in various work activities, but they are less likely to affect work injuries. More frequent drinking behavior leads to a positive effect of job risk perception and workplace injuries. Regular smoking with frequent drinking for high income classes, however, have significantly reduced the chance of work injuries. Furthermore, establishing smoking-designated area at the workplace makes workers reduce workplace accidents positively. Therefore, the network effect of smoking and drinking behaviors in private circle levels is suggested to extend into public and constructive activies at the workplace levels for sharing useful and productive information, which will eventually reduce workplace injuries dramatically.

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A Study on the Intention of Smoking Cessation Behavior and it's Determinants - Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior- (일부 대학생의 금연의도 및 의도결정요인에 관한 연구 - 계획된 행위이론(Theory of Planned Behavior)에 기초하여 -)

  • Hyun, Hye Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate determinants of intention of smoking cessation behavior. We sampled 204 university student smokers using questionaires and analyzed the data using the t-test, ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression. The results are as follows: 1. The attitudes concerning smoking cessation behavior are related to a student's course of study, religion and is further related to whether or not they tried to stop smoking. The subjective norm is related to smoking cessation recommendations. Perceived behavioral control is related to a growth criterion, the smoking amount and whether or not they have tried to stop smoking. The intention of smoking cessation behavior is related to smoking amount and whether or not they nare tried to stop smoking. 2. Total symptom number is related to smoking amount and smoking period. 3. Total symptom number is related to behavioral belief, attitude, and the intention to stop smoking. In conclusion, it was found that university students smoke far too much, however the intention to stop smoking is very low. Therefore, an intention promoting program of smoking cessation behavior is needed to reduce the smoking rate and relaxation therapy is necessary for in changing health promoting habits.

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Effects of '5&6 Smoking Cessation Program' on Perception, Behavior, and Physiology of high school smokers (5&6 금연프로그램이 흡연 고교생의 인지적, 행위적, 생리적 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim, Eun-Sun;Lee, Chung-Yul;Lee, Young-Ja;Kim, Jung-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.115-130
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the '5&6 smoking cessation program - six classes in five weeks' on the high school students' perception and smoking behavior. Methods: The data collection was done from November to December, 2006. This study was designed using nonequivalent control group pretest - posttest. Experimental group had 24 students, control group had 41 students. The '5&6 smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group for two hours per session during five weeks. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, X2-test, Fisher's exact test, Independent-samples t-test, Paired t-test, Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Results: The experimental group showed significant increase on smoking self-efficacy, stage of smoking cessation behavior change and significant decrease on daily smoking amount, dependancy of nicotine, urine cotinine level than control group. But the experimental group was not significantly changed at self-awareness, Pros. for smoking and Cons. for smoking. Conclusion: In conclusion, the results of this study showed that the 5&6 smoking cessation program, which focuses on self-awareness, is effective in adolescent's smoking cessation behaviors.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking in Elderly Smokers following a Stroke (뇌졸중 흡연노인의 금연의도 예측요인)

  • Do, Eun Su;Seo, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify factors based on the theory of planned behavior that predict smoking cessation in elderly smokers following a stroke. Method: Between March and May 2013, data related to intention, attitude toward the behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control, were collected through questionnaire from 223 elders who smoked and who had a stroke. Data analysis was performed using PASW (SPSS) 18.0 program, and included t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple stepwise liner regression analysis. Results: Results showed a positive correlation between intention and attitude toward the behavior (r=.494, p<.001), subjective norm (r=.390, p<.001), and perceived behavioral control (r=.189, p=.005). These variables such as perceived behavior control, subjective norm, number of cigarettes per day, and usefulness of quitting smoking explained 50% of intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that there is a need to develop smoking cessation nursing strategies for elderly smokers following a stroke in order to provide effective counseling on subjective norm and perceived behavioral control.