• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연행위

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Associations between the Practice of Health Behaviors and Awareness of Metabolic Syndrome among Adults (19-64 years) in the Gwangju-Jeonnam Area: 2010 Community Health Survey (광주 전남지역 성인의(19-64세) 건강생활실천과 대사증후군 인지와의 관련성 - 2010년 지역사회건강조사 자료를 이용하여 -)

  • Chun, In Ae;Ryu, So Yeon;Park, Hyeon Hui;Park, Jong;Han, Mi Ah;Choi, Seong Woo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2013
  • Objective: This study was performed to identify associations between the practice of health behaviors and awareness of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among adults aged 19 to 64 years in the Gwangju-Jeonnam area. Methods: This study utilized data from the 2010 Community Health Survey (CHS). Health behaviors considered in this study were smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, low-salt diet, and perception of stress. The index for the health behaviors was calculated as the sum of the practice of each health behavior (range: 0-5). The analysis was weighted with a complex sampling design, and the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis were used to identify the association between the practice of health behaviors and awareness of MetS. Results: A total of 19.8% of the population were aware of MetS. The perception of MetS was statistically significantly associated with healthy behaviors, including nonsmoking (aOR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.14-1.56), non-high-risk drinking (aOR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.27-1.88), engagement in physical activity (aOR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.28-1.72), and a low-salt diet (aOR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.13-1.51). The ORs of the perception of MetS were significantly higher in patients with a health behavior index of 2 to 3 (aOR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.01-2.66) and in those with an index of ${\geq}4$ (aOR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.51-4.04) than in those with an index of 0. Among all health behaviors, physical activity had the highest OR for the perception of MetS (aOR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.29-1.74). Conclusions: This study revealed associations between health behaviors, especially physical activity, and awareness of MetS. Therefore, integrated health promotion programs may be needed to enhance awareness of MetS and to effectively prevent MetS and non-communicable diseases.

Change in Health Behaviors of Patients Before and After Stroke (뇌졸중 환자의 발병전후 건강행위의 변화)

  • Jang, Sang-Hyeon;Kang, Pock-Soo;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Kim, Seok-Beom;Yun, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to compare the health behaviors of patient s before and after a stroke and propose health education program to reduce risk factors related to stroke recurrence. Data were collected from eighty- eight stroke patients registered at the Gyeongju-si Health Center between July 1, to August 30, 1999, by interviewing patients from a prepared structured questionnaire, which included questions on that patients ' general characteristics, health- related behaviors, family-related characteristics, and pre- and post - stroke health status. Smoking rate of 51.1% before stroke reduced to 25.0% after stroke; drinking rate of 52.3% before stroke reduced to 17.0% after stroke; daily smoking amount of 20.1 packs per day before stroke significantly reduced to 14.9 packs per day after stroke; and daily drinking amount of 92.4ml before stroke significantly reduced to 23.7ml after stroke. Smoking rate according to sex showed a marked decrease in the male subjects, but 31.6% still smoked even after their stroke. Among the female subjects, smoking rate of 16.1% before stroke reduced to 12.9% after stroke. Observation of the change in health- related behaviors of stroke patient s showed significant change in smoking rate, drinking rate and intake of regular meals etc. of patient s with a spouse and patients who received preventive health education. Health education on quitting smoking, temperance, low fat diet, exercise and regular meals for stroke patient s are needed, and public and private organizations can do their part in development and providing continuing health education programs and health education.

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A study of the Stage of Change and Decisional balance : Exercise Acquisition, Smoking Cessation, Mammography Screening and Kegel's Exercise Acquisition in Korea (건강행위시행 변화단계에 따른 의사결정의 균형: 운동, 금연, 유방조영술 검진, 질회음근 강화운동을 중심으로)

  • Jang, Seong-Ok;Park, Yeong-Ju;Park, Chang-Seung;Im, Yeo-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1265-1278
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to assess the perception of decisional balance of Korean subjects about 4 health behaviors and to identify the influencing factor of decisional balance for exercise acquisition, smoking cessation, mammography screening and Kegel's exercise acquisition. All are representative health behaviors nurses can intervene in Korea based on the Transtheoretical model. Convenient samples of 2,484 subjects (191; exercise, 169; smoking cessation, 1903; mammography screening and 221; Kegel's exercise) were selected from cities and counties over 9 provinces throughout Korea, and the data was collected from January 1, 1999 to February 29, 2000. The research instrument were the Decisional Balance Measure for Exercise (Marcus & Owen., 1992), Smoking Cessation (Velicer et al., 1985), Mammography Screening (Rakowski et al.,1992) and Kegel Exercise (Lim, 1999) and Stage of Change Measure for Exercise (Marcus et al, 1992), Smoking Cessation (DiClemente et al., 1991), Mammography Screening (Rakowski et al.,1992) and Kegel's Exercise (Lim, 1999). The data was analyzed by the SAS Program. The results are as follows; 1. According to the stage of change measure, 2,484 subjects were distributed in each stage of change for four health behaviors: 1,233 subjects (49.8%), 745 subjects (30.2%), 113 subjects (4.7%), 156 subjects (6.5%), and 216 (8.7%) belonged to the pre- contemplation stage, contemplation stage, preparation stage, action stage and maintenance stage. They were all series of stages of change in their efforts to do health behavior. 2. Factor analysis identified 3 factors (1 of Pros, 2 of Cons) for the exercise, 4 factors for smoking cessation (2 of Pros, 2 of Cons), 2 factors (1 of Pros, 1 of Cons) for the mammogram screening and 2 factors (1 of Pros, 1 of Cons) for Kegel's exercise of decisional balance. 3. The analysis of variance and multiple comparison analysis showed that for all 4 samples, the Cons of changing the problem behaviors outweighed the Pros for subjects who were in the pre- contemplation stage, The opposite was true for subjects in action and maintenance stage. 4. Through the discriminant analysis, it was found that one factor of Pros for exercise, one factor of Cons for smoking cessation, 1 factor of Cons for mammogram screening and one factor of Cons for Kegel's exercise were the more influencing factors, than others in discriminating the stages of change. Results are consistent with the applications of the Transtheoretical model, which have been used to understand how people change health behaviors. This results provide some evidence that subject's report of his/her health behavior corresponds to beliefs about usefulness of related health behaviors. The results of this study have implications for patients' health education and health intervention strategies. The findings of this study give useful information for nursing educators for 4 health behaviors, especially the factors relating to decision making in the different stages of change.

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The Factors Associated with Dental Caries Experience and Oral Hygiens Status in Smoking Adolescents (흡연청소년의 치아우식경험도 및 구강위생 관련요인)

  • Shin, Seon-Haeng;Kim, Myung-Seok
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.497-506
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to estimate the dental caries experience, oral hygiene status and the factors influencing the dental disease in the smoking adolescents and to provide the baseline data for managing smokers efficiently. We recruited 156 smokers(male: 106, female: 50) in middle, high school students in 5 day Non-smoking program in seoul city and 176 non-smokers(male: 64, female: 112) by matching method for considering sex and age from June 1 to August 31 2009. Data on general characteristics, basic oral health care, smoking factors, self-efficiency, control of oral health, oral health promotion behavior, knowledge of oral health were collected by a questionnaire interview. DMFT index, DT index, MT index, FT index, Plaque index, Calculus index were calculated by the oral examination. The results of this study were as follows. 1. Dental clinic visit(p < 0.05), self-perception of oral health status(p < 0.001), oral health concern (p < 0.01) in non-smoker group were significantly higher than that of smoker group. 2. self-efficiency(p<0.05), oral health promotion behavior(p < 0.05) in non-smoker group were significantly higher than that of smoker group. 3. DT index, Plaque index, Calculus index in non-smoker group was significantly lower than that of smoker group(p < 0.0001). 4. The fewer smoke amount, the lower DT index(p < 0.05), Plaque index(p < 0.01), Calculus index(p < 0.001). 5. It was significant correlated among DT index and self-efficiency, oral health promotion behavior, control of oral health. 6. In multiple regression analysis, oral health promotion behavior, Plaque index was proved as a significant factors related with the degree of dental caries experience in smoking adolescents. In other word, the higher oral health promotion behavior, the lower Plaque index, the fewer DT index.

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A Study on Voice Analytical the Vocal Cord and Formant Change in the Smoking and Secondhand Smoking Environments (직.간접흡연 환경에서의 성대 및 음형대 변화에 대한 음성 분석학적 연구)

  • Kim, Bong-Hyun;Cho, Dong-Uk
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.36 no.6B
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    • pp.720-727
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    • 2011
  • Modern people has been increased interest about health care and maintenance as emerging well-being and social issues. In particular, the smoking is not good for the recognition much greater importance is the massive spread of the smoking is low. The smoking has much adverse effects body's respiratory and circulatory organ many and it is recognized as a serious danger to our health the smoking as well as secondhand smoking. In this paper, we were carried out study analysis comparison to apply though voice analytical elements techniques have a influence vocal cords and formants in the environment smoking and secondhand smoking. For this purpose, we organized subjects group smoker and nonsmoker in 20's man and to collect voice of the smoke and Secondhand Smoking before after then we carried out study analysis experimental results Pitch, Jitter, Shimmer, 5~8 Formant Frequency.

Applicability of Theory of Planned Behavior to Smoking-Cessation Intention: An Empirical Analysis Using Structural Equation Model (금연의도에 대한 계획된 행위이론의 적용타당성에 관한 연구: 구조방정식 모형을 이용한 실증적 분석)

  • Yoo, Hye-Ra;Lee, Sun-Hae;Yoo, Tae-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to test the applicability of the Theory of Planned Behavior(TPB) to Korean adult smokers in order to obtain an enhanced understanding of their smoking-cessation intention and to establish strategies for effective smoking-cessation interventions at the community clinic. Methods: The data came from a survey that was conducted on adult male smokers who visited the smoking-cessation clinic at H community clinic in Korea from January to November in 2006 (N=434). Included in the survey were questions asking core variables and salient belief variables dictated by TPB. A structural equation model was established using TPB and data were analyzed to examine the applicability of the theory to the understanding of the structure of variables leading to intention. Results: The analysis of the structural model revealed that the study model was statistically significant(p<.001), suggesting the high validity of TPB in explaining the structure of the data. Among the relationships in the model, negative behavioral beliefs were not significant(p>.05), and negative control beliefs and subjective norm were significant(p<.05) but not as highly as other variables in the model(p<.001). Conclusion: TPB was useful in understanding smoking-cessation intention of smokers who visited community clinic to stop smoking. More specific strategies for counseling and education need to be developed to enhance attitude and perceived behavioral control (self-efficacy) toward smoking-cessation intention, such as emphasizing health benefits of quitting smoking, and eliciting values and life principles that can help increase the intention to stop smoking.

Relationship between Concentration of Oral Malodor and Smoking, Drinking, Oral Health Behavior (구취농도와 흡연 및 음주, 구강건강행위와의 관련성)

  • Han, Gyeong-Soon
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2011
  • To examine the relationship between occurrence of oral malodor and smoking, drinking, oral health behavior characteristics. A total of 144 adults were measuring the malodor by use of Oral Chroma volatile sulfur compounds. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way of variance and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 12.0. hydrogen sulfide($H_2S$) was indicated to be so higher concentration in the group of carrying out scaling sometimes than the regularly group(p<0.01). methyl mercaptan($CH_3SH$) was indicated to be higher concentration in previous smoker than non-smoker and smoker(p<0.05), smoking for over 20 years was higher than the under 20 years group(p<0.05). The group of drinking over 5 times a week was indicated to have higher concentration than the under once-twice a week group(p<0.01). The group of not toothbrushing before going to sleep had higher concentration than the group of toothbrushing before going to sleep(p<0.05). The group of scaling sometimes was indicated to have higher concentration than the group of scaling regularly(p<0.05). dimethyl sulfide($(CH_3)_2S$) was indicated to be higher concentration in the group with over 2 bottles of Soju than in the group with under 1 bottles of Soju(p<0.01). The regular scaling will need to be carried out in the preventive dimension for managing oral malodor. The guidance on non-smoking and moderation in drink will need to be surely included.

Smoking Patterns, Oral Health Behavior and Perception of the South Korean Army (육군의 복무 상황에 따른 흡연 양상과 구강보건행태 및 인식)

  • Jang, Sun-Ok;Kim, Yoon-Hee;Kang, Jung-Yun;Ko, Min-Seo;Kim, Bo-Yon;Park, Ji-Hae;Shim, Seo-Youn;Kim, Sang-Hoon;Chung, Won-Gyun
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate smoking patterns, oral health behavior and perception of dental healthcare of military personnel in the South Korea Army. All 367 subjects were surveyed by the structured questionnaires with convenience sampling method. The questionnaires were consisting of 22 items. Depending on the conditions of military training, the distribution and differences of smoking patterns and oral behaviors were evaluated by frequency test, Weighted Kappa, Paired t-test and ANOVA. The differences of oral health perception on smoking were demonstrated by Mantel-Haenszel Chi-square test. In addition, Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) was used to estimate the effects of oral behavior for the conditions of military training and smoking. The number of cigarette during military training period was similar to that during non-military training (p=0.109). The perception of smokers such as smoking effect on oral health, oral health and systemic health, and need of education for smoking cessation was significantly lower than non-smokers (p=0.0095, p=0.0007, and p<0.0001). The probability that toothbrush frequency per day was only one was associated with higher during military training period than non-military training (OR=9.29, 95% CI 5.05-17.07). Moreover, the probability that hours of toothbrush were less than one minute was associated with higher during military training than non-military training (OR=2.19, 95% CI 1.78-2.71). To improve knowledge, attitude, and behavior of oral health for the members, the army needs to develop oral health education and tobacco cessation programs. In particular, motivation and practice for oral health care are required to improve poor oral health behavior during the military training.

Factors influencing the consumption of convenience foods among Korean adolescents: analysis of data from the 15th (2019) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (한국 청소년의 편의식품 섭취 경험에 영향을 미치는 요인: 제15차 (2019년) 청소년건강행태온라인조사를 이용하여)

  • Park, Seul Ki;Lee, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.255-270
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the consumption of convenience foods among Korean adolescents. Methods: This study had a descriptive cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the 15th (2019) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which involved a nationwide representative sample of 57,303 middle- and high-school students. Convenience-food consumption was defined by frequency of adolescents consuming convenience foods obtained from convenience stores, supermarkets, and cafeterias over the previous 7 days. The analyzed variables were related to sociodemographic, mental health, and health behavior. The Rao-Scott χ2 test was applied to examine the difference in the rate of consuming convenience foods obtained from convenience stores according to each factor. Hierarchical logistic regression was conducted to examine the factors that influence convenience-food consumption among Korean adolescents. Results: It was found that 29.1% of Korean adolescents consumed convenience foods obtained from convenience store more than three times per week. The significant influencing factors were female sex; low subjective academic achievement, and subjective household economic status; high perceived stress; low subjective sleep sufficiency; experience of depression; suicidal ideation; lower physical activity; skipping breakfast; lower consumptions of fruit, milk, and vegetables; higher consumptions of soda drinks, sweet drinks, caffeine, and fast food; lower water intake; current smoking and drinking; drug use; and experience of violence. Conclusion: These findings provide a better understanding of the sociodemographic, mental-health, and health-behavior factors that influence the consumption of convenience foods among Korean adolescents. We suggest that differentiated policies, strategies, and nutrition education need to be developed and implemented, in order to address the above-mentioned factors and thereby reduce such behaviors among Korean adolescents.

Recognition and Satisfaction of National Oral Examination for Workers in Incheon and Daejeon (인천·대전지역 근로자의 직장구강검진 인식 및 만족도)

  • Jang, Hye-Mi;Hwang, Soo-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.516-524
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    • 2014
  • Workers' oral health is important to guarantee workers' right of health and increase productivity. The aim of this study was to investigate recognition and satisfaction of national oral examination for workers in Incheon and Daejeon. Three hundred seventy-nine workers who were selected by convenience cluster sampling answered the questionnaire about experience, recognition and satisfaction of national health examination and oral examination by self recording type. A total of 76.0 percent of the subjects had national health examination, and 51.7% had national oral examination. A total of 64.9 percent had experienced notice about national health examination from the company, and 28.2% about national oral examination. The subjects had high positive score about intention of treatment, dental scaling, and change of toothbrushing method depending on oral examination, need of national health and oral examination, and usefulness to one's health through national health and oral examination. Office workers, regular workers, and the workers with monthly income more than 2 million won had more notice about national health and oral examination compared with sales and production workers, contract workers and the workers with monthly income less than 2 million won. We suggest institutional management of the notice about national oral examination be needed, especially for economically poor, or contract workers to increase the ratio to have national oral examination.