• Title, Summary, Keyword: 급속조형

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Development of Conformal Radiotherapy with Respiratory Gate Device (호흡주기에 따른 방사선입체조형치료법의 개발)

  • Chu Sung Sil;Cho Kwang Hwan;Lee Chang Geol;Suh Chang Ok
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : 3D conformal radiotherapy, the optimum dose delivered to the tumor and provided the risk of normal tissue unless marginal miss, was restricted by organ motion. For tumors in the thorax and abdomen, the planning target volume (PTV) is decided including the margin for movement of tumor volumes during treatment due to patients breathing. We designed the respiratory gating radiotherapy device (RGRD) for using during CT simulation, dose planning and beam delivery at identical breathing period conditions. Using RGRD, reducing the treatment margin for organ (thorax or abdomen) motion due to breathing and improve dose distribution for 3D conformal radiotherapy. Materials and Methods : The internal organ motion data for lung cancer patients were obtained by examining the diaphragm in the supine position to find the position dependency. We made a respiratory gating radiotherapy device (RGRD) that is composed of a strip band, drug sensor, micro switch, and a connected on-off switch in a LINAC control box. During same breathing period by RGRD, spiral CT scan, virtual simulation, and 3D dose planing for lung cancer patients were peformed, without an extended PTV margin for free breathing, and then the dose was delivered at the same positions. We calculated effective volumes and normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCP) using dose volume histograms for normal lung, and analyzed changes in doses associated with selected NTCP levels and tumor control probabilities (TCP) at these new dose levels. The effects of 3D conformal radiotherapy by RGRD were evaluated with DVH (Dose Volume Histogram), TCP, NTCP and dose statistics. Results : The average movement of a diaphragm was 1.5 cm in the supine position when patients breathed freely. Depending on the location of the tumor, the magnitude of the PTV margin needs to be extended from 1 cm to 3 cm, which can greatly increase normal tissue irradiation, and hence, results in increase of the normal tissue complications probabiliy. Simple and precise RGRD is very easy to setup on patients and is sensitive to length variation (+2 mm), it also delivers on-off information to patients and the LINAC machine. We evaluated the treatment plans of patients who had received conformal partial organ lung irradiation for the treatment of thorax malignancies. Using RGRD, the PTV margin by free breathing can be reduced about 2 cm for moving organs by breathing. TCP values are almost the same values $(4\~5\%\;increased)$ for lung cancer regardless of increasing the PTV margin to 2.0 cm but NTCP values are rapidly increased $(50\~70\%\;increased)$ for upon extending PTV margins by 2.0 cm. Conclusion : Internal organ motion due to breathing can be reduced effectively using our simple RGRD. This method can be used in clinical treatments to reduce organ motion induced margin, thereby reducing normal tissue irradiation. Using treatment planning software, the dose to normal tissues was analyzed by comparing dose statistics with and without RGRD. Potential benefits of radiotherapy derived from reduction or elimination of planning target volume (PTV) margins associated with patient breathing through the evaluation of the lung cancer patients treated with 3D conformal radiotherapy.

A Study for Advanced Radiation Therapy (발전된 방사선 치료에 관한 고찰)

  • Jang, Eun-Sung;Beak, Seong-Min;Ko, Seung-Jin;Kang, Se-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The cancer treatment which uses radiation from next year when the X-ray is discovered with the fact that it is started. The radiation treatment technique for a cancer treatment is developed ceaselessly without and it is come and, with advancement of the computer and electromagnetic engineering it joins in and quickly, it was made to do a many development from radiation treatment field. Accordingly, this study is examine in the radiotherapy technique which is developed that importance to therapeutic principles and methods. Materials and Methods: We had investigated record for radiotherapy technique which is developed and we had acquired information widely at clinical experience data. Results: The cancer treatment which uses the radiation of today is repeating a dazzling development. Past the treatment which is two-dimensional it does not correspond in therapeutic objective but currently 3 dimension three-dimensional moulding treatment or centurial control radiation treatment this the fourth dimension therapeutic technique which is in parallel to be introduced the complication solution in compliance with a normal organization protection and the radiation which are a difficult problem of during that time radiation treatment possibly did. Conclusion: 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional modern radiation treatment which is developen is that corresponding in objective of radiation treatment and the evaluation that again it does thick, judges in about the cancer treatment which uses radiation with the fact that the protection of normal organization is almost become accomplished.

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A Distributed Web-DSS Approach for Coordinating Interdepartmental Decisions - Emphasis on Production and Marketing Decision (부서간 의사결정 조정을 위한 분산 웹 의사결정지원시스템에 관한 연구)

  • 이건창;조형래;김진성
    • Proceedings of the Korea Inteligent Information System Society Conference
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 1999
  • 인터넷을 기반으로 한 정보통신의 급속한 발전이라는 기업환경의 변화에 적응하기 위해서 기업은 점차 모든 경영시스템을 인터넷을 기반으로 하도록 변화시키고 있을 뿐만 아니라, 기업 조직 또한 전세계를 기반으로한 글로벌 기업 형태로 변화하고 있다. 이러한 급속한 경영환경의 변화로 인해서 기업 내에서는 종전과는 다른 형태의 부서간 상호의사결정조정 과정이 필요하게 되었다. 일반 기업들을 대상으로 한 상호의사결정의 지원과정에 대해서는 기존에 많은 연구들이 있었으나 글로벌기업과 같은 네트워크 형태의 새로운 형태의 기업에 있어서의 상호의사결정과정을 지원할 수 있는 의사결정지원시스템에 대해서는 단순한 그룹의사결정지원시스템 또는 분산의사결정지원시스템과 같은 연구들이 주를 이루고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 인터넷 특히, 웹을 기반으로 한 기업의 글로벌경영 및 분산 경영에서 비롯되는 부서간 상호의사결정이라는 문제를 효율적으로 지원할 수 있는 기업의 글로벌경영 및 분산 경영에서 비롯되는 부서간 상호의사결정이라는 문제를 효율적으로 지원할 수 있는 메커니즘을 제시하고 이에 기반한 프로토타입 형태의 시스템을 구현하여 성능을 검증하고자 한다. 특히, 기업 내에서 가장 대표적으로 상호의사결정지원이 필요한 생산과 마케팅 부서를 대상으로 상호의사결정지원 메커니즘을 개발하고 실험을 진행하였다. 그 결과 글로벌 기업내의 생산과 마케팅 부서간 상호의사결정을 효율적으로 지원 할 수 있는 상호조정 메카니즘인 개선된 PROMISE(PROduction and Marketing Interface Support Environment)를 기반으로 한 웹 분산의사결정지원시스템 (Web-DSS : Web-Decision Support Systems)을 제안하는 바이다.자대상 벤처기업의 선정을 위한 전문가시스템을 구축중이다.의 밀도를 비재무적 지표변수로 산정하여 로지스틱회귀 분석과 인공신경망 기법으로 검증하였다. 로지스틱회귀분석 결과에서는 재무적 지표변수 모형의 전체적 예측적중률이 87.50%인 반면에 재무/비재무적 지표모형은 90.18%로서 비재무적 지표변수 사용에 대한 개선의 효과가 나타났다. 표본기업들을 훈련과 시험용으로 구분하여 분석한 결과는 전체적으로 재무/비재무적 지표를 고려한 인공신경망기법의 예측적중률이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 로지스틱회귀 분석의 재무적 지표모형은 훈련, 시험용이 84.45%, 85.10%인 반면, 재무/비재무적 지표모형은 84.45%, 85.08%로서 거의 동일한 예측적중률을 가졌으나 인공신경망기법 분석에서는 재무적 지표모형이 92.23%, 85.10%인 반면, 재무/비재무적 지표모형에서는 91.12%, 88.06%로서 향상된 예측적중률을 나타내었다.ting LMS according to increasing the step-size parameter $\mu$ in the experimentally computed. learning curve. Also we find that convergence speed of proposed algorithm is increased by (B+1) time proportional to B which B is the number of recycled data buffer without complexity of computation. Adaptive transversal filter with proposed data recycling buffer

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Conception and Design of U.I.-U.I. Manual of Seoul National University of Technology (U.I.의 개념 및 제작에 관한 고찰-서울산업대학교 U.I. 매뉴얼을 중심으로-)

  • 전양덕
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.177-185
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    • 1998
  • Started from the Industrial Revolution in England, the design movement, the concept of plastic arts is spread and developed in many European countries. It meets new phase due to the much more developed industrial techniques and internationalized era since the World War II. The concept of identity in design appeared with industrial diversification, specialization, and inter- nationalization comes out through every visual identification standards. And the concept is used in public facilities and groups such as national institutions, schools, hospitals, or lots of religious bodies, as well as in industries to aim at the most profit from products' sale. Since the opening of Seoul National University of Technology in 1910, the university which has long history and tradition of about 90 years has used the unique visual identification in changing the University name to meet with the surrounding environment and the timely characteristics. However, the English name for the University was changed in 1998, so the new era to leap was open. Therefore, the University introduced formally the concept of U. I. (University Identification) with the new image. It is an inevitable outcome of modern time.

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Infrared Signature Analysis on Armored Vehicle Applied with Emissivity Controlled Structure (장갑 차량의 방사율 제어구조 적용에 따른 적외선 신호 분석)

  • Kim, Taeil;Kim, Taehwan;Bae, Ji-Yeul;Jung, Daeyoon;Cho, Hyung Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2017
  • Due to rapid development of infrared guided weapon, survivability of armored vehicle is severely threatened. Hence, reduction of susceptibility by lowering infrared signature level is essential to enhance survivability of the vehicle. For this purpose, numerical analysis is conducted to analyze time and spatial characteristics of infrared signature of the vehicle when surface emissivity changes in this study. The analysis shows that the emissivity which produces minimum contrast radiant intensity is significantly altered by time and detecting position. Based on the result, it is concluded that the controlled structures which have different emissivity should be adopted at different region of the vehicle to effectively decrease infrared signature level.

A Study on Korean Contemporary Crafts in 1970 Age (1970년대 한국현대공예의 동향 연구)

  • 곽대웅
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 1999
  • From the middle of 1970s were founded new basis for the development of craft through the co-operation of the civilians and the authorities. First, Korean Culture and Art Foundation founded in 1973 held the 'Invitation Exhibition for the Craft Artists All over the Country' in 1974 and 1975 and The National Museum of Modern Art held the 'Exhibition of Modern Korean Handicraft Art' in 1975. Second, the policy emphasizing the export and tourism provided the basis for the development of design for export goods and souvenirs of tour. H\therefore the exhibitions of such goods were held by many organizations. ] In 1970s departments of craft and design were newly established in the universities so that the third generation of Korean craft was on the rise and their groups began to hold exhibitions in commercial galleries. Reflecting on such circumstances, 1970s was the period of blossom for Korean craft while 1960s was a sprouting season.

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The Effect of Internal Chills on the Solidified Structure and Chemical Segregation (응고조직 및 성분편석에 미치는 내부냉금의 효과)

  • Kim, Myeong-Han;Jo, Hyeon-Nam;Kim, Jeong-Gyeom;Jo, Hyeong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.883-889
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    • 1999
  • The pure Al or-(1,2,3wt%)Cu alloy internal chill with 4,6,8,12 and 15mm ø, respectively, was inserted at the center of a graphite mold with the size of 95mm ø$\times$200mm H. The molten metal with the same composition as the internal chill was poured into the mold at the pouring temperature of $750^{\circ}C$ and the cooling rates, solidified structures and chemical segregation were analyzed. The results represented that there was remarkable increased in cooling rate as well as decrease in grain size, secondary dendrite arm spacing and chemical segregation as the ratio of ingot to internal chill diameter was increased to 8. However there was a considerable drop of the internal chill effect when this ratio exceeded 8, resulting from incomplete melting of internal chills. The optimum ratio for the maximum internal chill effect of pure Al and-(1,2,3wt%)Cu allolys was 8 at the given pouring temperature.

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Attributes Optimization Method of Effective Use of Toon-shading (툰 쉐이딩의 효과적인 사용을 위한 속성 최적화의 방안)

  • Shin, Il-Yong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.11
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    • pp.154-161
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    • 2008
  • Rapidly changing 3D rendering technology is expanding its fields of display fast towards Non-Photorealistic Rendering beyond Photorealistic Rendering. It is now attainable to realize conventional 2D visual animated cartoons with 3D animation technology. It is not complex to create two shades of color or more with the rendered outcomes, made by Toon-Shading, of 3D total packaging animation Maya with black outlines brought through the process of 2D animation. It the reality of 3D animation being one of the prevalent mechanisms of animated films, it is valuable for familiarized animated cartoons to be realized by the technology of 3D animation. Thus, I hope to help in many ways create more effective 3D cartoon animation production process by optimized Toon-Shading attributes method and technology in this research.

TREATMENT OF TRANSVERSE DEFICIENCY WITH SURGICALLY ASSISTED RAPID PALATAL EXPANSION IN AN OPEN BITE PATIENT SHOWING PSEUDOMACROGLOSSIA (상대적 거대설을 보이는 전치부 개방교합 환자의 외과적 급속 구개확장술을 통한 횡적 부조화의 치험례)

  • Kim, Yoon-Ji;Lee, Kyu-Hong;Park, Jun-Woo;Rhee, Gun-Joo;Cho, Hyung-Jun;Park, Yang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.376-382
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    • 2008
  • Anterior open bite is a condition in which maxillary and mandibular incisors do not occlude at central occlusion. It is a vertical discrepancy of the jaws and dental arches that has many etiologic factors making it difficult in diagnosis, treatment and prediction of prognosis. One of the causes of open bite is abnormal size and shape of the tongue. Macroglossia, a condition in which tongue is oversized, is caused by several factors which are not clearly identifiable, and it may be a major factor of anterior and posterior open bite. Macroglossia is subdivided into true, functional and pseudomacroglossia depending on its relative size in the oral cavity. In this case report, a patient was diagnosed as skeletal Class II with pseudomacroglossia, and was treated with SARPE in order to expand the narrowed maxillary arch and Quad helix for the mandibular arch. As a result the transverse deficiency was treated. In the adult patients where no skeletal growth is expected, SARPE has shown to be effective in treating maxillomandibular transverse discrepancies in which macroglossia was accompanied as in this case.

A Study on Land Use Change Prediction Using CLUE-s based on Urban Growth Scenarios (도시성장 시나리오와 CLUE-s 모형을 이용한 토지이용 변화 예측 연구)

  • LEE, Yong-Gwan;JOH, Hyung-Kyung;JANG, Sun-Sook;KIM, Seong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.144-144
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구는 서울과 5대 광역시를 대상으로 (1) 과거추세가 연장되는 시나리오와 (2) 최근 활발하게 논의되고 있는 스마트 성장, 컴펙트 개발 등을 고려한 도시성장 시나리오를 전제로 미래의 토지이용의 변화를 예측하였다. 토지이용 변화 예측에는 로지스틱 회귀 분석을 기반으로 한 CLUE-s(Conservation of Land Use and its Effects at Small regional extent) 모형을 이용하였다. 토지이용 변화예측을 위해 WAMIS(WAter Management Information System)에서 제공하는 1975년부터 2000년까지의 5년 단위의 토지이용별 통계자료와 환경부에서 제공하는 2008년 토지이용도를 구축하였으며, 각 토지이용 항목은 총 6가지(시가지, 수역, 산림, 논, 밭, 초지)로 재분류하였다. 도시성장 시나리오는 지자체 조례에 따른 물리적 개발기준과 국토 환경성 평가 지도를 바탕으로 개발 제한 구역을 설정하고, 미래 인구변화와 토지수요 수요량 추정을 통해 미래 토지이용 변화 예측 시나리오를 구축하였다. 또한 도로망, 하천망과 유효 토심, 토양통 등을 고려한 토양 속성을 토지 피복 변화 예측을 위한 모형의 동적 요소(driving factor)로 대입하였다. 두 가지의 시나리오를 통해 미래 토지 이용 변화 예측결과 각 시나리오에 따라 확연히 다른 양상의 토지이용 변화 패턴을 보였다. 과거추세가 연장되는 시나리오에서는 물리적인 토지개발 기준 범위 내에서 무작위로 토지이용이 변화하며 시가지가 급속하게 성장하는 패턴을 보여주었다. 반면, 도시성장 시나리오를 전제로 하였을 경우 기존의 시가지와 연계하여 인근에 위치한 미개발지가 시가지로 변화하는 양상을 보였으며, 로그 추세로 증가 혹은 감소하는 패턴에 따라 변화폭이 줄어들며 종래에는 각 토지이용의 변화량이 0%로 수렴하는 모습을 보였다. 토지이용 변화 비율은 두 가지 시나리오 모두 주로 산지와 농지가 감소하고 시가지가 증가하는 모습을 보였다. 본 연구를 통해 구축한 미래 토지이용 변화 시나리오는 수문생태계에 큰 영향을 주는 지표의 변화에 대해 회귀분석을 기반으로 정량적인 예측을 가능케 함으로써 기후변화 시나리오 등 다양한 미래 예측 시나리오와의 접목을 통해 미래 수자원 예측 연구에 활용도를 높일 수 있을 것이라 기대한다.

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