• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

Search Result 130, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

The Effects of Customer's Badness Behavior, Job Burnout, Positive Psychological Capital on Job Embeddedness of Nurses (고객불량행동, 직무소진, 긍정심리자본이 간호사의 직무착근도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Jeong Ok;Kang, Jung Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.21 no.8
    • /
    • pp.205-214
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study was undertaken to identify the impact of bad customer behavior, job burnout, and positive psychological capital, on the job embeddedness of nurses. Data was collected from July 1 to July 31, 2019 using a structured questionnaire, enrolling 198 nurses working at three general hospitals located in 2 metropolitan cities. Data were analyzed by applying t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression, using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Our results indicate that bad customer behavior significantly correlates with job burnout (r=0.24, p=<0.001), positive psychological capital (r=-0.37, p=<0.001), and job embeddedness (r=-0.48, p=<0.001). Moreover, job burnout had a positive impact on psychological capital (r=-0.44, p=<0.001) and job embeddedness (r=-0.31, p=<0.001), whereas positive psychological capital impacted job embeddedness (r=0.49, p=<0.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that bad customer behavior (β=-0.34, p<0.001), positive psychological capital (β=0.32, p=0.004), and position (β=-0.19, p=0.001) had maximum influence (38%) on the level of job embeddedness experienced by nurses. Taken together, results of this study indicate that in order to increase the level of job embeddedness of nurses, it is necessary to develop strategies that eradicate and manage bad customer behavior, and also develop programs that strengthen and develop positive psychological capital.

A Study on Relationship among Positive Psychological Capital, Physical Health Status, Depression, Interpersonal Relationship and Learning Flow in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본과 신체적 건강상태, 우울, 대인관계 및 학습몰입의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Ok;Lee, Hae Jin;Lee, A Yeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.349-357
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive study designed to identify the relationships among positive psychological capital, physical health status, depression, interpersonal relationship and learning flow. The subjects were 181 nursing students and the data collection was from May 8 to June 20, 2019. Data analysis methods were descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression, using the SPSS 22.0 program. Positive psychological capital showed statistical differences according to age, grade, motive for major choice, major satisfaction and subjective health status. Positive psychological capital was correlated with depression(r=-.454, p<.001), interpersonal relationship(r=.611, p<.001) and learning flow(r=.452, p<.001). The factors affecting learning flow were positive psychological capital(β=.414, p<.001), major satisfaction(β=.177, p=.014), and grade(β=-.150, p=.026), which explained 24.4% of the variance. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply educational programs that can promote positive psychological capital in nursing students.

Effects of the Positive Psychological Capital, Professional Self-Concept and Self-Leadership on Nursing Work Outcome : Focused on the Nurses in Small and Medium Hospitals (긍정심리자본, 전문직 자아개념, 셀프 리더십이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향 : 중소병원 간호사를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Hee-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.11
    • /
    • pp.87-97
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting nursing work outcome of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals. The data were collected from 131 nurses working in the four small and medium-sized hospitals located K city using self-reported questionnaires and October 3 2016 to November 1 2016. Nursing work outcome had a significant positive effect on positive psychological capital, professional self-concept and self-leadership. The multiple regression analysis shows that the factors affecting nursing work outcome were positive psychological capital and self-leadership, and their explanation was 44.5%. Based on this research, it is believed that to improve nursing work outcome of nurses in small and medium hospitals, it will be necessary to develop diverse programs to lead nurses themselves positively, responsibly and autonomously.

Effects of Nursing Practice Environment and Positive Psychological Capital in Clinical Nurses on Turnover Intention (임상간호사의 간호근무환경과 긍정심리자본이 이직의도에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.277-285
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine influences on turnover intention in the clinical nurses. The data were collected from 193 nurses working in the three general hospital located Y city. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the nursing practice environment, positive psychological capital and clinical career predict 41.8% (F=7.35, p<.001) of turnover intention. Therefore, it is necessary to develop changing the nursing practice environment and positive psychological capital strategy program for decrease turnover intention in clinical nurses.

The Effect of Job Stress of Hotel Employee's on Depression: Focused on Moderating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital (호텔종사원의 직무스트레스가 우울에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yeo, Young-suk;Na, Jeong-mi
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.305-312
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study investigates moderating effects of positive psychological capital between job stress and depression focusing on hotel employees. Data were collected for 3 weeks from November 7 to November 27, 2017. 6 five-star and deluxe hotels in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were chosen for this study and samples were collected from employees working the hotel. A total of 330 employees were attended in this research and finally 308 samples were used for the empirical analysis. The result of this study showed that 3 factors(self-efficacy, restoration ability, optimism) of positive psychological capital but hope factor moderated the relationship between job stress(working environment, time pressure constraint, communication factors among them) and depression. However, all factors of positive psychological capital did not moderated between job instability and depression.

Influence of Positive Psychological Capital and Death Awareness on Terminal Care Performance of Hematooncology Unit Nurses (혈액종양내과 병동간호사의 긍정심리자본과 죽음인식이 임종간호 수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Seo Yeon;Kim, Jeong Hye
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.77-86
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to confirm the influence of hematoonchology unit nurses' positive psychological capital and death awareness on their terminal care performance. Methods: This descriptive study data were collected from self-reported questionnaire filled by 127 oncology nurses at a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea. The variables were positive psychological capital, death awareness, and terminal care performance. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 software. Results: The participants scored $3.93{\pm}0.83$ on positive psychological capital, $3.68{\pm}0.99$ on death awareness and $2.86{\pm}0.65$ on terminal care performance. The three variables were positively correlated. The factors affecting the nurses' terminal care performance were hope and resilience in the subcategory of positive psychological capital and experience of death of family members, relatives or friends within the past year; The explanatory power was 32.1%. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop educational programs to foster hope, resilience, etc. in hematooncology unit nurses to improve their quality of terminal care performance.

Effects of Nursing Students' Peer Tutoring on Self-leadership, Positive Psychological Capital and Learning Satisfaction : A Pilot Study (동료교수학습이 간호대학생의 셀프리더십, 긍정심리자본 및 학습만족에 미치는 영향에 대한 예비연구)

  • Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.9 no.7
    • /
    • pp.48-56
    • /
    • 2019
  • This pilot study is to investigate the effects of peer tutoring on self-leadership, positive psychological capital(PPC) and learning satisfaction of nursing students, and to examine the feasibility of following study through identifying problems in research design. Before the experiments, there was no significant defferences confirming homogeneity of between groups which consisted with 10 and 8 subjects each among general characteristics, and also among their mean ranks by Mann-Whitney U test(Z=-1.40~-.31, p=.160~.754). There was a significant difference in mean rank of 'hope', one of the subdomains of PPC, between groups before and after 10 times of peer tutoring as experiments(Z=-2.27, p=.023), there were positive correlations between self-leadership and confidence, hope and learning satisfaction each before and after experiments(r=49, p=.03), (r=65, p=.01). Finally, the feasibility of experimental study applying this experimental design to investigate the effects of peer tutoring on self-leadership, PPC and learning satisfaction of nursing students was confirmed in this results.

Convergent Relationship between of Positive Psychological Capital on College Life Adaptation in Freshmen of Dental Hygiene Department (치위생(학)과 신입생의 긍정심리자본과 대학생활 적응과의 관련성에 대한 융합적 연구)

  • Cho, Mi-Sook;Park, Jung-hyun;Jang, Kyeung-Ae
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.9 no.10
    • /
    • pp.195-202
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study aimed to investigate the effects of positive psychological capital on college life adaptation in freshmen of dental hygiene department of universities in Daegu, Busan and Ulsan. The major variables including hope, resilience, optimism, self-efficacy, academic adaptation, social adaptation, personal emotional adaptation, and university environment adaptation all showed significant positive correlations. Among the influential factors of positive psychological capital on college life adaptation, academic adaptation and social adaptation showed significant differences in optimism(p<.001) and self-efficacy(p<.001), while personal emotional adaptation and university environment adaptation showed significant differences in optimism(p<.001). Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention programs that can improve positive psychological capital and apply them systematically to the educational field.

Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital in the Relationship between Occupational Stress and Turnover Intention of Mental Health Facility Workers (정신보건시설 근무자의 직무스트레스가 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Jang, Mi-Young;Kim, Chang-Gon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.20 no.12
    • /
    • pp.370-382
    • /
    • 2020
  • In a recent investigation of mental health professionals, since the reported rate about turnover intention was 54.5%, immediate management for related specialists is requested. This study attempted to validate the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the process that job stress of mental health facility workers regulates turnover intention. A questionnaire survey on work stress, turnover intention, and positive psychological capital was conducted for 250 participants among mental healthcare staffs in Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do. Analyses were conducted to identify mediation effects and significance using with SPSS 21.0. As a result, job stress of workers in mental health facilities showed a significant positive (+) correlation with turnover intention. Second, we confirmed that positive psychological capital such as anticipation and optimism has a considerable mediating effect in the job stress and turnover intention of employees in mental health facilities, respectively. Based on statistic analysis, limitations on this study and suggestions for further studies were discussed.

An Empirical Study on the Effects of Career Ambition and Self-Compassion on Innovation Work Behavior of CEOs and Executives of SMEs (중소기업 최고경영자(CEO 및 임원)의 커리어 야망과 자기자비가 혁신행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jinsook;Hwang, Kumju
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.139-158
    • /
    • 2018
  • Considering that the subject of innovation of SMEs is the CEO, it is very important to study the innovation behavior of the CEO at the individual level. The purpose of this study is to examine factors affecting innovation work behavior of SME CEOs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-compassion and self-transcendence on innovation work behavior, which are the emotional intelligence factors that show the psychological growth and potential of individual, and the career ambition and positive psychological capital did. In order to verify the research hypothesis, we analyzed 238 questionnaires collected from CEOs and executives of SMEs focused on auto parts and manufacturing. Factors affecting innovation behavior of SME CEO are summarized as follows. First, career ambition has a positive effect on positive psychological capital. Second, positive psychological capital has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. Third, self-compassion of CEO has positive influence on self - transcendence. Fourth, the self-transcendence of CEO has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. This study confirms the relationship between CEO career ambition, positive psychological capital, self-compassion, self-transcendence, and innovation work behavior of SME CEO and confirms the influence relationship between positive psychological capital and self-transcendence It is meaningful. Finally, theoretical and practical implications were discussed based on the results of the study.