• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

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Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relation between Self-Concept and Core Competencies in Gifted Youth (영재 청소년의 자아개념과 핵심역량간의 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Roh, Myungsook;Jun, Jooram;On, Ankook
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to identify gifted adolescents' self-concept, core competencies and positive psychological capital correlations, and to investigate the mediating effect of positive psychological capital on the relationship between self-concept and core competencies of gifted youths. Therefore we surveyed gifted youths in Jeonbuk regions concerning self-concept, core competencies, and positive psychological capital. 221 samples were statistically analyzed. To understand a mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship between self-concept and core competencies, the hierarchical regression analysis was conducted with SPSS 21.0. The findings of the study indicated as follows. First, when a correlation analysis was carried out to explore the relationship of gifted youth's self-concept, core competencies, and positive psychological capital. Second. the results revealed that positive psychological capital of gifted youths had a significant mediation effect on the relationship between their self-concept and core competencies Finally, based on the study findings, suggestions of desirable education and counseling for gifted adolescents.

Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital between Self-leadership and Learning Flow of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 셀프리더십과 학습몰입의 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Yu-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.112-122
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    • 2016
  • This study is a descriptive study designed to identify the relationships among self-leadership, positive psychological capital, and learning flow, and the mediation effect of positive psychological capital between self-leadership and learning flow. The participants for this study were 218 nursing students following a four-year curriculum in J city and the data was collected from April 1st to April 15th, 2016, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression with the SPSS 22.0 Program. There were significant correlations among self-leadership, positive psychological capital, and learning flow. In the multiple regression analysis, the main factor affecting learning flow was self-leadership, which explained 44.1% of the variance in learning flow. Moreover, of 4 the components of positive psychological capital, self-efficacy and hope had a partial mediating effect between self-leadership and learning flow. Self-leadership, positive psychological capital, and learning flow relationship were positive relevant. To enhance the learning flow ability of the nursing students, it is necessary to develop a training program to increase their self-leadership and positive psychological capital.

The effects of dental hygiene students' positive psychological capital on communication skills and interpersonal skills (치위생(학)과 학생들의 긍정심리자본이 의사소통능력과 대인관계능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jung-hyun;Jang, Kyeung-Ae;Cho, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this survey has been to investigate the effects of positive psychological capital of students from some universities in Busan and Ulsan on communication skills and interpersonal skills. As a result of the relationship with the main variables, there was a significant positive correlation between sub-factors of positive psychological capital and each ability. Hope(p<0.01) and Resiliency(p<0.05) among the effects of positive psychological capital on communication skills were statistically significant, and, in case of those on interpersonal skills, Resiliency(p<0.001), Efficacy(p<0.05), and Hope(p<0.05) were statistically significant. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply an intervention program that can establish the importance of positive psychological capital and strengthen positive psychological capital in order to improve students' communication and interpersonal skills.

Positive Psychological Capital and Turnover Intention: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Work Overload and the Moderating Effect of Trust in Supervisor (긍정심리자본이 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 인지된 직무과부하의 매개효과와 상사신뢰의 조절효과)

  • Choi, Kwang Woo;Rhee, Seung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.382-392
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the effect of an employee's psychological capacity(positive psychological capital), on perceived work overload, and explored how trust in supervisor moderated this relationship. In addition, we examined how positive psychological capital and perceived work overload influenced turnover intention. In doing so, we identified the antecedents of perceived work overload, and suggested ways to nurture positive psychological capital in organizations. Using survey data from 214 employees in the manufacturing industry in Korea, we found that positive psychological capital was negatively related to perceived work overload, and that the relationship was moderated by trust in supervisors. In addition, positive psychological capital was negatively associated while perceived work overload was positively associated with turnover intention. Results suggest the importance of understanding positive psychological capital given its crucial relationship with perceived work overload and turnover intention. The result also emphasizes the role that trust in supervisor plays, and the need to nurture employees' positive psychological capital in organizations.

The Relation of Resilience, Positive Psychological Capital and School Adaptation of Middle School Students of Broken Family (결손가족 중학생과 일반가정 중학생의 긍정심리자본과 학교생활적응의 비교)

  • Kim, Su-Jin;Kim, Myung-Shig;Yeo, Suk-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.525-535
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    • 2016
  • This study is to testify the differences between middle school students of normal and broken family and the effect of positive psychological capital on their school life adaptation. The main results are as follows. First, the middle school students of broken family showed lower level in self-efficacy, hope, resilience and optimism (positive psychological capital) than students of normal family. Second, the middle school students of broken family also showed lower level in school adaptation than students of normal family. Third, positive psychological capital was positively correlated with school adaptation in both groups of them. Fourth, self-efficacy, hope and optimism positively influenced school adaptation in students of normal family, only hope of positive psychological capital did it in students of broken family. It seemed that especially hope of positive psychological capital of broken family's students was very important and should be focused in planning and practicing interventions for them. The limitation and future tasks were discussed.

Mediated effect of job engagement in relationship between positive psychological capital and turnover intention of the event worker (이벤트업 종사원의 긍정심리자본과 이직의도간의 관계에서 직무열의의 매개효과)

  • Jung, Ha-Gon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.553-560
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the job engagement mediates relationship between positive psychological capital and turnover intention in the event worker. For it, a questionnaire survey is performed for 394 participants consisted of male and female living in BUSAN. Their age is from 20 to 50. Afterwards, the collected data is analyzed using the regression analysis. Positive psychological capital is significantly positive to the job engagement. Meanwhile, positive psychological capital is significantly negative to the turnover intention. Likewise, job engagement is significantly negative to the level of turnover intention. Also, job engagement partially mediated relationship between positive psychological capital and turnover intention. Therefore, this study suggests that it will be developed the mediation program that improves both work environment and positive psychological capital to increase job engagement as well as reduce turnover intention in the event worker.

Effect of University Students' Smartphone Addiction on Their Life Management: Mediating Effects of Protective Factor and Risk Factor (대학생들의 스마트폰중독이 자기생활관리에 미치는 영향: 보호요인과 위험요인의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Bee;Kim, Nami;Park, Kyung Eun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.594-606
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of positive psychological capital as an protective factor and mental health as an risk factor on the relationship between smart phone addiction and self life management of university students. The following are the results of the analysis on the measures of smart-phone addiction, positive psychological capital, mental health and self life management among the 266 college students. First, the analysis of the correlation between relevant factors, smart-phone addiction showed a significant amulet correlation between self life management and positive psychological capital and a significant static correlation between mental health. Second, the positive psychological capital showed a mediate effect as a result of the analysis of university students' smart-phone addiction and self life management. Third, the results of a regression analysis between positive psychological capital and psychosomatic health sub-factors, optimism and resilience in the positive psychological capital and Depression and Impulsion in mental health, had a significant impact on managing self-life management Based on the results of this study, we discussed educational implications for the management of university students ' lives and suggestions for further research.

Influences of Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout on Positive Psychological Capital of Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진이 긍정심리자본에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.246-255
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting positive psychological capital in clinical nurses. The data were collected from 193 nurses working in the three general hospital located Y city using self-reported questionnaires and November 20 2017 to November 30 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Positive psychological capital had a significant positive effect on compassion satisfaction, while Positive psychological capital had a negative effect on burnout. The result of the multiple regression indicates the compassion satisfaction, burnout and job position predict 55.5% (F=30.88, p<.001) of positive psychological capital. Therefore, strategies to decrease burnout and to enhance compassion satisfaction for clinical nurses.

A Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relationship between Academic Grit and Academic Burnout Perceived by High School Students (고등학생이 인식하는 학업적 그릿과 학업소진 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Kyu-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2019
  • This study explored the mediating effects of positive psychological capital on the relationship between academic grit and academic burnout perceived by high school students. This study was conducted through questionnaires of 573 second graders of high school in Daegu and analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, structural equation modelling. The results of this study were as follows. First, academic grit had a negative effect on academic burnout. Second, positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between academic grit and academic burnout. This result implies that it is necessary to provide positive psychological capital to enhance or maintain academical grit in the context of academic burnout. In the subsequent study, it is needed to explore the mediating effects of positive psychological capital on sub-variables, the moderating effect of positive psychological capital profiles, the analysis of variance according to individual backgrounds such as gender and grade for academic grit and academic burnout, and the mediating or moderating effects of positive psychological capital on independent variables such as perfectionism, ego-resilience, and self-efficacy.