• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

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A Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relationship between Academic Grit and Academic Burnout Perceived by High School Students (고등학생이 인식하는 학업적 그릿과 학업소진 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Kyu-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2019
  • This study explored the mediating effects of positive psychological capital on the relationship between academic grit and academic burnout perceived by high school students. This study was conducted through questionnaires of 573 second graders of high school in Daegu and analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, structural equation modelling. The results of this study were as follows. First, academic grit had a negative effect on academic burnout. Second, positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between academic grit and academic burnout. This result implies that it is necessary to provide positive psychological capital to enhance or maintain academical grit in the context of academic burnout. In the subsequent study, it is needed to explore the mediating effects of positive psychological capital on sub-variables, the moderating effect of positive psychological capital profiles, the analysis of variance according to individual backgrounds such as gender and grade for academic grit and academic burnout, and the mediating or moderating effects of positive psychological capital on independent variables such as perfectionism, ego-resilience, and self-efficacy.

The Convergence Effects of Commitment of Organization and Positive Psychological Capital in Nurse on Burnout (간호사의 조직몰입도와 긍정심리자본이 직무소진에 미치는 융복합적 영향)

  • Lee, Seung-hee;Park, Ju-young;Lee, Kyung-min;Shin, Eun-hye;Park, Jung-mi;Nam, Hyun-a;Noh, Sung-bae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.335-345
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship among Organizational Commitment, Positive Psychological Capital and Burnout. Second one is to promote job satisfaction by identifying the effect of the relationship on Burnout. We conducted a survey of 107 nurses in the hospital. According to the relationship among Organizational Commitment, Positive Psychological Capital and Burnout. This study showed that equated resilience from of Organizational Commitment and dynamic stability from of Positive Psychological Capital are important factors to Burnout. Nurses with high Organizational Commitment and Positive Psychological Capital can provide improved medical service due to reduction of Burnout. Therefore, more effective base line data for nursing management is required through development and application of high Organizational Commitment and Positive Psychological Capital.

Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on Care worker' Enthusiasm - Focused on the Mediated Effect of Job Stress - (요양보호사의 긍정심리자본이 종사자 열의에 미치는 영향 -직무스트레스의 매개효과 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Seok-Keon;Kim, Kang-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.569-580
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is empirically to analyze the mediated effects of job stress on the influence of positive psychological capital of care workers' enthusiasm. The research method was self_report questionnaire was completed by 383 careworkers at care homes for the elderly in the Seoul metropolitan area between December 10th, 2018 to January 11th, 2019. and date analyzed using the IBM AMOS 22.0 program. As a result, First, positive psychology capital has been shown to have a negative effect on job stress. Second, positive psychology capital has been shown to have a positive effect on the enthusiasm of care workers. Third, job stress has been shown to have a negative effect on the enthusiasm of care workers. Fourth, in the relationship between positive psychology capital and care worker's enthusiasm, job stress revealed that it had a partial mediated effect. This means that positive psychological capital of the care workers has a negative effect on job stress, and the job stress, which has been negatively effected by positive psychological capital, has a positive mediated effect on the enthusiasm of the worker.

The Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on Participation in Lifelong: Mediating effects of Self-directedness to learning (긍정심리자본이 평생학습 참여성과에 미치는 영향 : 학습에 대한 자기주도성의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Hyo-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.198-209
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically verify the effects of positive psychological capital on participation in lifelong learning as well as the mediating effect of self-directedness of adult learners in Korea. The research model was constructed using positive psychological capital as an independent variable, lifelong learning participation performance as a dependent variable, and self-directedness as a mediating variable. The results of the study are as follows: First, positive psychological capital of adult learners has a significant effect on self-directedness and participation in lifelong learning. Second, self-directedness has a significant effect on participation in lifelong learning. Third, self-directedness plays a mediating role between positive psychological capital and participation in lifelong learning. The results of this study indicate that positive learning psychology and self-directedness are important factors for participation in lifelong learning. The results of this study are expected to contribute to the development of lifelong learning systems and the development and operation of programs that can enhance positive psychological capital and self-directedness of adult learners.

긍정심리자본이 중소기업 구성원의 직무소진에 미치는 영향연구

  • Choe, Seong-Yong;Ha, Gyu-Su
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2019
  • 우리나라 중소기업을 '9988'이라는 숫자에 대입해 비유하기도 한다. 기업 숫자로 보면 전체기업의 99%가 중소기업이고, 전체 근로자의 약 88%가 중소기업에 종사하고 있다(중소기업 중앙회, 2015년 중소기업위상지표, 2015. 5)는 의미이다. 하지만 대부분의 중소기업은 대기업에 비해 취약한 재무구조, 기술 또는 인적 경쟁력을 확보하지 못함으로써 발생되는 생산성 저하, 비효율적 업무처리 방식에 기인한 고비용, 저효율의 구조적 문제를 지니고 있다. 더욱이 21세기 시장경제 흐름에 따른 환경변화에 빠르게 대처하지 못하는 현실이 앞으로의 미래를 더 암울하게 바라보는 이유이기도 하다. 중소기업은 이러한 구조적 문제 외에 창업주나 CEO 관련된 인적 리스크에도 미래를 담보할 수 없으며, 지속가능 경영을 할 수도 없다. 특히 회사가 어려움에 봉착했을 때 중소기업의 구성원들은 소진(Burnout, 번아웃)을 경험하게 되며, 이를 업무와 관련해서는 직무소진이라 말한다. 직무만족을 저하시키는 이 직무소진은 개인에게 부정적 개념을 가지게 하여 직무수행 능력을 저하시키며, 개인적 측면에서도 신체적, 심리적으로 부정적 영향을 미치게 한다. 본 연구는 긍정심리자본이 직무소진에 미치는 영향에 관해 초점을 맞추고자 한다. 긍정심리자본이 중소기업 구성원의 직무소진에 긍정적 영향을 끼쳐 회사의 성장과 번영을 위한 조직유효성을 이끌어 낼 수 있다고 보기 때문이다. 이 연구는 중소기업 구성원의 긍정심리자본을 높여 직무소진을 줄이게 함으로써 향후 지속가능한 경영을 달성하게 만드는 단초가 될 것으로 본다.

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The Impact of the Youth's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment Attitudes (20대 청년들의 긍정심리자본이 재취업 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Young-Joon;Park, Geum-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of positive psychological capital on re-employment attitudes of youth in their 20s dealing with an unemployment rate of more than 10%. The effect of positive psychological capital on attitudes for re-employment was analyzed by domain, and is based on variables of positive psychological capital composed of self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism. As a result, hope (3.64) was the highest on the scale; however, resilience (at 3.37) was the lowest. In the analysis of positive psychological capital, the university graduate group (3.89) was the highest. But, the high school graduate group (3.25) was the lowest. In the results for re-employment attitude based on education level, the university graduate group (4.93) was the highest, but the high school graduate group (3.80) was lowest. The main variables influencing re-employment attitude were (in order): hope, optimism, self-efficacy, and resilience. These factors have an explanatory power for the four variables of around 25%. Overall, young adults (in their 20s) have higher levels of positive psychological capital because they have a higher education level. Also, higher educated re-employed applicants have higher positive psychological capital and attitudes for re-employment, compared to the other groups.

The Effect of Compassion on Organizational Identification : Double Mediating Effect of Positive Emotion and Positive Psychological Capital (컴페션(Compassion)이 조직 동일시에 미치는 영향 : 긍정적 감정과 긍정심리자본의 이중 매개효과)

  • Ko, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the causal relationship between positive emotions, positive psychological capital, and organizational identification, and to examine the double mediating effect. In this study, 369 social workers in 10 social welfare facilities in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province were sampled. The results of this study show that compassion experienced by the social workers has a positive effect on positive emotion and organizational identification, and positive psychological capital has a significant effect on the organization identification. In addition, double mediating effect of positive emotion and positive psychological capital were also shown to be significant in the relationship between compassion and organizational identification. Therefore, this study has the theoretical implication that double mediating effect of positive emotion and positive psychological capital are demonstrated in the relationship between compassion and organization identification. In future research, sample collection should be done for the generalization of the sample, and the mediating effect of positive organizational identity should also be performed.

The Effects of Positive Psychological Capital on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction - The Mediating Role of Positive Emotion - (중국인 근로자의 긍정심리자본이 조직몰입과 직무만족에 미치는 영향 - 긍정적 정서의 매개효과 -)

  • Choi, Su-Heyong;Kang, Hee-Kyung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.233-249
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    • 2015
  • The role of positive psychological capital of an organizational member on organization effectiveness has received serious attention from researchers. However, the previous research has focused mainly on the direct effect of positive psychological capital on organization effectiveness, not paying enough attention on a mediating or a moderating role in their relationship. The purpose of this study is to finding out relationship between employees' positive psychological capital and job satisfaction, organizational commitment and the mediating role of positive emotion. Based on advanced literature, we regard positive psychological capital as four factors, self-efficacy, hope, optimism and resilience. We tested the proposed relationships using date from 350 employees in Chinese firms. The main finding are as follows: First, self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience has a significant positive effect on organizational commitment, job satisfaction and positive emotion. Secondly, self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience influence directly and indirectly on organizational commitment, job satisfaction. Positive affect plays a mediating role between variables.

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Effects of Empowerment and Academic Resilience on Positive Psychological Capital of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임파워먼트, 학업탄력성이 긍정심리자본에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2020
  • This purpose of this study was to examine relationships among empowerment, academic resilience and positive psychological capital and identify the factors that influence on positive psychological capital in the nursing students. The data were collected from 200 nursing students in the three colleges located Y and S city and 20 April 2019 to 10 May 2019. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 20.0. program. Positive psychological capital in nursing students was significantly correlated with empowerment(r=.610, p<.001) and academic resilience(r=669, p<.001). The result of the multiple regression indicates the academic resilience predict 58.7%(F=19.47, p<.001) of positive psychological capital. Therefore, it is necessary to develop academic resilience increase education program for strategy positive psychological capital in nursing students.

A Convergence Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Psychological Well-being on Work Engagement of Medium and Small Hospitals Nurses (중소병원 간호사의 긍정심리자본과 심리적웰빙이 직무열의에 미치는 융합적 영향)

  • Kang, Jung Mi;Kwon, Jeong-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2017
  • This study was to identify the convergence factors that affect work engagement in medium and small hospitals nurses, The research method were self -report questionnaire was completed by 198 nurse three hospitals in B city between April 18th to April 30th, 2016. and date analyzed using the IBM SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. As a result, work engagement was positively correlated with psychological capital and psychological well-being, significantly affecting Convergence Factors analysis showed that with positive psychological capital(${\beta}=.363$, p<.001) and psychological well-being(${\beta}=.300$, p<.001) explained 52.7%, level of education(${\beta}=.102$, p=.040), job satisfaction(${\beta}=.109$, p=.044), nursing satisfaction(${\beta}=.137$, p=.022) explained 4.4% of the work engagement. Based on this, It is necessary to develop and verify program to enhance the positive psychological capital and psychological well-being of medium small hospital nurses.