• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

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The Effects of Authentic Leadership on the Positive Psychological Capital and the Teamwork Competence -Focusing on Nurses of General Hospitals- (진성리더십이 조직구성원의 긍정심리자본과 팀워크역량에 미치는 영향 -종합병원 간호사를 중심으로-)

  • Yoon, Sun-Hwa;Kim, Hae-Ryong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.191-205
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the relationship of authentic leadership(AL) with positive psychological capital(PPC) and teamwork competence(TC) and the mediation effect of PPC to facilitate theoretical and practical development of AL. For the empirical analysis, data were collected from the sample of 172 nurses working at general hospitals. Collected data were analyzed with factor analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, mediated regression analysis using SPSS 21.0 to test the hypotheses. Results showed that the AL was positively related to the PPC as well as TC and the PPC was positively related to the TC. And further, the PPC is found as playing as a partial mediator on the relationship between the AL and the TC. These results provided the positive influence of authentic leadership on work team. Based on these results, practical implications were discussed for effectiveness of nurse organizations. Lastly, limitations were indicated and some possible directions for authentic leadership and its relationship to work team were suggested for future studies.

Effects of Informal Learning and Positive Psychological Capital on Job Satisfaction and Customer orientation (무형식 학습과 긍정심리자본이 직무만족 및 고객지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joon-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2017
  • Previous studies on salesperson's performance have concentrated on increasing job satisfaction through compensations and benefits or effective communication processes and have not sufficiently considered the emotional aspect of salesperson's selling behaviors. The purpose of this study is to investigate informal learning and positive psychological capital on the relationship between job satisfaction and customer orientation of IT salespeople. Data were collected from 159 IT salespeople and analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM). As a result, it was found that the informal learning of IT salesperson had a significantly positive impact on positive psychological capital. Positive psychological capital was significantly affect on job satisfaction and customer orientation. Positive psychological capital mediated the relationship between informal learning and job satisfaction/customer orientation. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to develop informal learning based on positive psychology and to strengthen the reflected job satisfaction and customer orientation.

The Effect of the Medium and Small Hospitals Nurses Role Conflict on Organization Effectiveness of Positive Psychological Capital (중소병원 간호사의 역할갈등이 긍정심리자본과 조직효과성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.60-73
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    • 2019
  • This study is a descriptive research study to identify the role conflicts, positive psychological capital, organizational effectiveness, and factors affecting organizational effectiveness of nurses in small hospitals. The subjects of the study were nurses working in three small and medium-sized hospitals located in A city and 255 copies were used for final data analysis. The results showed that the roles of role conflict, isolation, role ambiguity, and resource shortage had a significant negative effect on organizational effectiveness. Role ambiguity and resource shortage of role conflict were significant (-) on positive psychological capital. Positive optimism, positive self efficacy, hope and optimism have a positive (+) effect on organizational effectiveness. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a variety of programs to reduce role conflict and demonstrate positive psychological capital in order to improve the organizational effectiveness of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals.

The Influences of Employees' Volunteer Activities on Organizational Commitment: The Mediated Moderating Effects of Perceived Organizational Support through Positive Psychological Capital (직장인의 자원봉사활동이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본을 통한 조직후원인식의 매개된 조절효과)

  • Cho, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of employees' volunteer activities on organizational behavior and the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship with organizational commitment, and the mediating effect of perceived organizational support adjusted through positive psychological capital. The collected 347 survey data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. As a result, the mediating effect of positive psychological capital and the moderating effect of perceived organizational support were found. It was found to have a mediated moderating effect of perceived organizational support. Further research on extended concepts of organizational behavior of employee volunteers is needed.

The Mechanism behind Authentic Leadership's Effect on Coopetition: Focusing on Positive Psychological Capital as a Mediator and Performance-based Rewards as a Mediating Moderator (진성 리더십이 경쟁적 협력에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 성과보상연계성의 매개된 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Myunghu;Shin, Je-Goo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.420-451
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    • 2017
  • This study verified the effectiveness of authentic leadership in promoting coopetition with the mediation of positive psychological capital and identified how this mediating effect of positive psychological capital is moderated by performance-based rewards Our findings showed that positive psychological capital played the role of mediator (indirect effect) between authentic leadership and coopetition. Also, performance-based rewards had negative conditional direct effect on the relationship between authentic leadership and coopetition as well as a positive mediated moderation (conditional indirect effect) when the relationship is mediated by positive psychological capital. This research presents a novel empirical study on the mechanism involved in the promotion of coopetition among organization members, especially concerning the antecendents involved at the individual level.

Structural Relationships between the Variables of Person-Environment Fit, Positive Psychological Capital and Innovative Work Behavior (개인-환경 적합성, 긍정심리자본, 혁신 행동 간의 구조적 관계)

  • Han, Jee-Hoon;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.225-240
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    • 2016
  • The importance of person-environment fit has been highlighted for human resources management in convergence environment. This paper was validated through a structural relationships model, the impact of person-environment fit on innovative work behavior by focusing on mediating role of positive psychological capital. Person-environment fit showed a significant effect on positive psychological capital and turnover intentions. Innovative work behavior appeared to have a mediating effect on the relationship between person-environment fit and innovative work behavior. Especially the person-environment fit itself has no direct effect on innovative work behavior, and when the awareness of the positive psychological capital is firstly formed into a person, it can increase innovative work behavior.

A Phenomenological Study on the Continuing Participation of the Elderly in Sports : Focusing on Positive Psychological Capital (여성 노인의 지속적 운동참여에 관한 현상학적 연구 : 긍정심리자본을 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Hyun-Mee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.494-502
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    • 2020
  • This study is a phenomenological study conducted to gain a deeper understanding of the positive psychological capital experience of the elderly women who participated in the long-term movement. In Korea, women are eight years older on average than men, and two-thirds of the elderly in need are women, so research on the issue of women and senior citizens is urgent. The research participants include seven female senior citizens from the Seoul-based sports center. The data collection was conducted through in-depth interviews once for 90 to 180 minutes and twice per participant from March to May 2020, and was analyzed using the phenomenological research method of Colaizzi. The analysis results showed that regular life, relationship and interest life, changing life, and satisfying life were factors that acquired and developed positive psychological capital for elderly women, which were possible only if they maintained their health, regularity and relationship. The experience of participants who achieved successful aging by acquiring positive psychological capital through exercise is suggested as a solution to aging social problems, and furthermore, it is expected to serve as a healthy guide for successful aging for young and old people ahead of their old age.

The Analysis on the Mediating Effects of Social Support on the Relation between Positive Psychological Capital and Happiness of Childcare Teachers in Charge of Young Children with Disabilities (장애영아담당 보육교사의 긍정심리자본과 행복감 관계에서 원장과 동료교사의 사회적 지지 매개효과 분석)

  • Jung, Dae-Young;Yoon, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.470-479
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    • 2018
  • This is an empirical study aiming to analyze the relations between positive psychological capital, social support from the school director and fellow teachers, and happiness of childcare teachers in charge of young children with disabilities. In addition, we analyze the mediating effects of social support from the school director and fellow teachers on the relation between positive psychological capital and happiness. To achieve these aims, a survey was conducted targeting 205 childcare teachers in Gyeonggi province. Results of this study are as follows: First, there were significantly positive correlations between positive psychological capital, social support, and happiness. Furthermore, positive psychological capital and social support from the school director and fellow teachers had positive effects on the happiness of childcare teachers. Second, the social support from the school director and fellow teachers had partially mediating effects on the relation between positive psychological capital and happiness. This implies that positive psychological capital and social support from the school director and fellow teachers play essential roles in the enhancement of happiness of childcare teachers.

Effects of Authentic Leadership on Positive Psychological Capital and Change-Oriented Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Flight Attendants -Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital- (항공사 승무원의 진정성리더십이 긍정심리자본 및 변화지향 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향 -긍정심리자본의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Park, Jung-Min;Ha, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether authentic leadership influenced positive psychological capital and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior(CO-OCB) in airline service context. Moreover, this study was designed to test the mediating effect of positive psychological capital between authentic leadership and CO-OCB to provide fundamental and practical information for airline industry. A convenience sample of 390 flight attendants was surveyed and a total of 377 usable questionnaires were analyzed. Then hypotheses were tested using structural equation modelling(SEM). The results were as follows. Firstly, authentic leadership was divided into 'self-awarenese', 'relational transparency', internalized moral perspective' and 'balanced process'. Secondly, 'self-awarenese' and 'internalized moral perspective' influenced positive psychological capital. Thirdly, positive psychological capital influenced CO-OCB. Fourtjly, positive psychological capital had mediating effects partially between authentic leadership and CO-OCB.

A Study on the Influence of Positive Psychological Capital of Small and Medium Business Members, Job Burnout, and Organizational Citizen Behavior (중소기업 구성원의 긍정심리자본, 직무소진, 조직시민행동의 영향관계)

  • Choi, Sung Yong;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.159-174
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    • 2020
  • This study is an empirical study analyzing the effects of positive psychological capital on job burnout. In addition, positive psychological capital played a role in organizational citizenship behavior, and tried to verify the role of organizational citizenship behavior as a black box, or parameter, between job burnout. And then, the sub-factors of organizational citizenship behavior were divided into two: individual-oriented organizational citizenship behavior and organization-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted for members of small and medium-sized enterprises to compare and analyze the relationship between variables. Positive psychological capital is increasing interest in that it can reduce the job burnout of members and embrace the propensity of young generations represented by millennials because it can improve the effectiveness by developing positive mental states and strengths of the organization. There is a need for research as a keyword. As a result of this study, first, it was found that positive psychological capital of SME(small and medium-sized enterprises) members had a positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior. Second, positive psychological capital was found to have a significant negative effect on job burnout. Third, it was a verification of how positive psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior affect job burnout. In the relationship between positive psychological capital and job burnout, organization-oriented organizational citizenship behavior was found to play a mediating role. However, it was found that individual-oriented organizational citizenship behaviors among the organizational citizenship behaviors are not valid. In this study, positive psychological capital and job burnout, which have been mainly studied in service workers' emotional workers(crew, nurses, counselors, etc.), nursery teachers, and social workers, were applied to SME members by using the parameters of organizational citizenship behavior. You can put that implication on things. The positive psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior can be further enhanced through SME members' love for the company, improvement of consideration among employees and resulting organizational commitment and work performance. It could also provide momentum for sustainable management for small and medium-sized enterprises that are relatively short of capital and resources.

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