• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

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The Effect of the Medium and Small Hospitals Nurses Role Conflict on Organization Effectiveness of Positive Psychological Capital (중소병원 간호사의 역할갈등이 긍정심리자본과 조직효과성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.60-73
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    • 2019
  • This study is a descriptive research study to identify the role conflicts, positive psychological capital, organizational effectiveness, and factors affecting organizational effectiveness of nurses in small hospitals. The subjects of the study were nurses working in three small and medium-sized hospitals located in A city and 255 copies were used for final data analysis. The results showed that the roles of role conflict, isolation, role ambiguity, and resource shortage had a significant negative effect on organizational effectiveness. Role ambiguity and resource shortage of role conflict were significant (-) on positive psychological capital. Positive optimism, positive self efficacy, hope and optimism have a positive (+) effect on organizational effectiveness. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a variety of programs to reduce role conflict and demonstrate positive psychological capital in order to improve the organizational effectiveness of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals.

The Influences of Employees' Volunteer Activities on Organizational Commitment: The Mediated Moderating Effects of Perceived Organizational Support through Positive Psychological Capital (직장인의 자원봉사활동이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본을 통한 조직후원인식의 매개된 조절효과)

  • Cho, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of employees' volunteer activities on organizational behavior and the mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship with organizational commitment, and the mediating effect of perceived organizational support adjusted through positive psychological capital. The collected 347 survey data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. As a result, the mediating effect of positive psychological capital and the moderating effect of perceived organizational support were found. It was found to have a mediated moderating effect of perceived organizational support. Further research on extended concepts of organizational behavior of employee volunteers is needed.

The Mechanism behind Authentic Leadership's Effect on Coopetition: Focusing on Positive Psychological Capital as a Mediator and Performance-based Rewards as a Mediating Moderator (진성 리더십이 경쟁적 협력에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 성과보상연계성의 매개된 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Myunghu;Shin, Je-Goo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.420-451
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    • 2017
  • This study verified the effectiveness of authentic leadership in promoting coopetition with the mediation of positive psychological capital and identified how this mediating effect of positive psychological capital is moderated by performance-based rewards Our findings showed that positive psychological capital played the role of mediator (indirect effect) between authentic leadership and coopetition. Also, performance-based rewards had negative conditional direct effect on the relationship between authentic leadership and coopetition as well as a positive mediated moderation (conditional indirect effect) when the relationship is mediated by positive psychological capital. This research presents a novel empirical study on the mechanism involved in the promotion of coopetition among organization members, especially concerning the antecendents involved at the individual level.

Structural Relationships between the Variables of Person-Environment Fit, Positive Psychological Capital and Innovative Work Behavior (개인-환경 적합성, 긍정심리자본, 혁신 행동 간의 구조적 관계)

  • Han, Jee-Hoon;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.225-240
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    • 2016
  • The importance of person-environment fit has been highlighted for human resources management in convergence environment. This paper was validated through a structural relationships model, the impact of person-environment fit on innovative work behavior by focusing on mediating role of positive psychological capital. Person-environment fit showed a significant effect on positive psychological capital and turnover intentions. Innovative work behavior appeared to have a mediating effect on the relationship between person-environment fit and innovative work behavior. Especially the person-environment fit itself has no direct effect on innovative work behavior, and when the awareness of the positive psychological capital is firstly formed into a person, it can increase innovative work behavior.

The Analysis on the Mediating Effects of Social Support on the Relation between Positive Psychological Capital and Happiness of Childcare Teachers in Charge of Young Children with Disabilities (장애영아담당 보육교사의 긍정심리자본과 행복감 관계에서 원장과 동료교사의 사회적 지지 매개효과 분석)

  • Jung, Dae-Young;Yoon, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.470-479
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    • 2018
  • This is an empirical study aiming to analyze the relations between positive psychological capital, social support from the school director and fellow teachers, and happiness of childcare teachers in charge of young children with disabilities. In addition, we analyze the mediating effects of social support from the school director and fellow teachers on the relation between positive psychological capital and happiness. To achieve these aims, a survey was conducted targeting 205 childcare teachers in Gyeonggi province. Results of this study are as follows: First, there were significantly positive correlations between positive psychological capital, social support, and happiness. Furthermore, positive psychological capital and social support from the school director and fellow teachers had positive effects on the happiness of childcare teachers. Second, the social support from the school director and fellow teachers had partially mediating effects on the relation between positive psychological capital and happiness. This implies that positive psychological capital and social support from the school director and fellow teachers play essential roles in the enhancement of happiness of childcare teachers.

Effects of Authentic Leadership on Positive Psychological Capital and Change-Oriented Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Flight Attendants -Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital- (항공사 승무원의 진정성리더십이 긍정심리자본 및 변화지향 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향 -긍정심리자본의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Park, Jung-Min;Ha, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether authentic leadership influenced positive psychological capital and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior(CO-OCB) in airline service context. Moreover, this study was designed to test the mediating effect of positive psychological capital between authentic leadership and CO-OCB to provide fundamental and practical information for airline industry. A convenience sample of 390 flight attendants was surveyed and a total of 377 usable questionnaires were analyzed. Then hypotheses were tested using structural equation modelling(SEM). The results were as follows. Firstly, authentic leadership was divided into 'self-awarenese', 'relational transparency', internalized moral perspective' and 'balanced process'. Secondly, 'self-awarenese' and 'internalized moral perspective' influenced positive psychological capital. Thirdly, positive psychological capital influenced CO-OCB. Fourtjly, positive psychological capital had mediating effects partially between authentic leadership and CO-OCB.

A Study on the Influence of Positive Psychological Capital of Small and Medium Business Members, Job Burnout, and Organizational Citizen Behavior (중소기업 구성원의 긍정심리자본, 직무소진, 조직시민행동의 영향관계)

  • Choi, Sung Yong;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.159-174
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    • 2020
  • This study is an empirical study analyzing the effects of positive psychological capital on job burnout. In addition, positive psychological capital played a role in organizational citizenship behavior, and tried to verify the role of organizational citizenship behavior as a black box, or parameter, between job burnout. And then, the sub-factors of organizational citizenship behavior were divided into two: individual-oriented organizational citizenship behavior and organization-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted for members of small and medium-sized enterprises to compare and analyze the relationship between variables. Positive psychological capital is increasing interest in that it can reduce the job burnout of members and embrace the propensity of young generations represented by millennials because it can improve the effectiveness by developing positive mental states and strengths of the organization. There is a need for research as a keyword. As a result of this study, first, it was found that positive psychological capital of SME(small and medium-sized enterprises) members had a positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior. Second, positive psychological capital was found to have a significant negative effect on job burnout. Third, it was a verification of how positive psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior affect job burnout. In the relationship between positive psychological capital and job burnout, organization-oriented organizational citizenship behavior was found to play a mediating role. However, it was found that individual-oriented organizational citizenship behaviors among the organizational citizenship behaviors are not valid. In this study, positive psychological capital and job burnout, which have been mainly studied in service workers' emotional workers(crew, nurses, counselors, etc.), nursery teachers, and social workers, were applied to SME members by using the parameters of organizational citizenship behavior. You can put that implication on things. The positive psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior can be further enhanced through SME members' love for the company, improvement of consideration among employees and resulting organizational commitment and work performance. It could also provide momentum for sustainable management for small and medium-sized enterprises that are relatively short of capital and resources.

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Effects of Positive Psychological Capital, Academic Stress and Academic Achievement in Nursing Student on Grit (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본, 학업스트레스, 학업성취도가 그릿(Grit)에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine influences on grit in the nursing student. The data were collected from 146 nursing students in the H university located Y city and April 16 2018 to April 20 2018. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Grit was found to be in a significant positive correlation with positive psychological capital and academic achievement. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital predict 21.1% of grit. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an education program to strengthen the positive psychological capital of nursing students.

Convergence Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Social Support in Adolescents on Depression (청소년의 긍정심리자본과 사회적 지지가 우울에 미치는 융복합적 효과)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.365-373
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among positive psychological capital and social support on depression and identify the factors that influence on depression in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the two middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and May 9 2017 to May 19 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Depression was found to be in a significant negative correlation with positive psychological capital and social support. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital, social support and economic status predict 22.4% (F=14.38, p<.001) of depression. Therefore, it is necessary to develop convergence positive psychological capital and social support strategy program for decrease and prevents depression in adolescents.

Study on the Factors Effecting the Positive Psychological Capital of Social Workers at Seniors Welfare Centers on Job Burnout (노인복지관 사회복지사의 긍정심리자본이 직무소진에 미치는 영향 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyong-Suk;Kim, Min-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.581-597
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    • 2019
  • This study was designed to examine the factors effecting the positive psychological capital of social workers at senior welfare centers on job burnout. The subjects were 350 social workers who care for the elderly at senior welfare centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Based on a total 344 data collected and using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Reliability test, frequency analysis, t-test, One-way ANOVA, correlation analysis and Multiple regression analysis were performed. The results showed that positive psychological capital had a statistically significant negative effect (-) on emotional exhaustion, a sub variable of job burnout and depersonalization. The effect of sub-variables of positive psychological capital on emotional depletion and depersonalization was in order of optimism> resilience> hope> self-efficacy. Lastly, it was found that positive psychological capital had a statistically significant negative effect(-) on decreased sense of accomplishment. The effect of sub-variables of positive psychological capital on decreased sense of accomplishment was in order of optimism> hope > self-efficacy > resilience. The effect of positive psychological capital on decreased sense of accomplishment was not significant depending on sub-variables. Based on the results of this study, suggestions, the limits of this study, and future directions for research were presented for the improvement of positive psychological capital, which is confirmed as a factor to reduce the job burnout of social workers.